Plato Derrida and Writing

writing, which Plato is free to devalue because he has exempted his own “product” from writing by making it dialectic, writing's privileged opposite." 4. THE TRAP. Plato's Socrates claims that writers, especially those who aim at ...

Author: Jasper Neel

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 9780809335152

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 270

View: 978


Jasper Neel analyzes the emerging field of composition studies within the epistemological and ontological debate over writing precipitated by Plato, who would have us abandon writing entirely, and continued by Derrida, who argues that all human beings are written. This book offers a three-part exploration of that debate.

Writing Technology

Through the cumulative power of these multiple indictments of writing, Plato tried to close the book, as it were, on the Technology Question. He failed, of course, because Derrida, twentyfive centuries later, is still arguing with Plato ...

Author: Christina Haas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136687549

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

View: 218


Academic and practitioner journals in fields from electronics to business to language studies, as well as the popular press, have for over a decade been proclaiming the arrival of the "computer revolution" and making far-reaching claims about the impact of computers on modern western culture. Implicit in many arguments about the revolutionary power of computers is the assumption that communication, language, and words are intimately tied to culture -- that the computer's transformation of communication means a transformation, a revolutionizing, of culture. Moving from a vague sense that writing is profoundly different with different material and technological tools to an understanding of how such tools can and will change writing, writers, written forms, and writing's functions is not a simple matter. Further, the question of whether -- and how -- changes in individual writers' experiences with new technologies translate into large-scale, cultural "revolutions" remains unresolved. This book is about the relationship of writing to its technologies. It uses history, theory and empirical research to argue that the effects of computer technologies on literacy are complex, always incomplete, and far from unitary -- despite a great deal of popular and even scholarly discourse about the inevitability of the computer revolution. The author argues that just as computers impact on discourse, discourse itself impacts technology and explains how technology is used in educational settings and beyond. The opening chapters argue that the relationship between writing and the material world is both inextricable and profound. Through writing, the physical, time-and-space world of tools and artifacts is joined to the symbolic world of language. The materiality of writing is both the central fact of literacy and its central puzzle -- a puzzle the author calls "The Technology Question" -- that asks: What does it mean for language to become material? and What is the effect of writing and other material literacy technologies on human thinking and human culture? The author also argues for an interdisciplinary approach to the technology question and lays out some of the tenets and goals of technology studies and its approach to literacy. The central chapters examine the relationship between writing and technology systematically, and take up the challenge of accounting for how writing -- defined as both a cognitive process and a cultural practice -- is tied to the material technologies that support and constrain it. Haas uses a wealth of methodologies including interviews, examination of writers' physical interactions with texts, think-aloud protocols, rhetorical analysis of discourse about technology, quasi-experimental studies of reading and writing, participant-observer studies of technology development, feature analysis of computer systems, and discourse analysis of written artifacts. Taken as a whole, the results of these studies paint a rich picture of material technologies shaping the activity of writing and discourse, in turn, shaping the development and use of technology. The book concludes with a detailed look at the history of literacy technologies and a theoretical exploration of the relationship between material tools and mental activity. The author argues that seeing writing as an embodied practice -- a practice based in culture, in mind, and in body -- can help to answer the "technology question." Indeed, the notion of embodiment can provide a necessary corrective to accounts of writing that emphasize the cultural at the expense of the cognitive, or that focus on writing as only an act of mind. Questions of technology, always and inescapably return to the material, embodied reality of literate practice. Further, because technologies are at once tools for individual use and culturally-constructed systems, the study of technology can provide a fertile site in which to examine the larger issue of the relationship of culture and cognition.

Rhetoric Sophistry Pragmatism

In Plato , Derrida , and Writing , Neel argued for a re - evaluation of the Sophists in the face of Plato's degrading attack on rhetoric and writing and in place of Derrida's reinterpretation of Plato and the sophists as mutually ...

Author: Steven Mailloux

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521467802

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 268

View: 278


The anti-sceptical relativism and self-conscious rhetoric of the pragmatist tradition, which began with the Older Sophists of Ancient Greece and developed through an American tradition including William James and John Dewey has attracted new attention in the context of late twentieth-century postmodernist thought. At the same time there has been a more general renewal of interest across a wide range of humanistic and social science disciplines in rhetoric itself: language use, writing and speaking, persuasion, figurative language, and the effect of texts. This book, written by leading scholars, explores the various ways in which rhetoric, sophistry and pragmatism overlap in their current theoretical and political implications, and demonstrates how they contribute both to a rethinking of the human sciences within the academy and to larger debates over cultural politics.

Ethics of Writing

We might, for more than convenience, schematise their relation as (i) Plato's attempt to uphold speech as logos in the birth of philosophy (Derrida); and (ii) logos upheld as interiorised writing in philosophy's agonistic emergence from ...

Author: Sean Burke

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748628865

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 256

View: 900


Beginning amidst the tombs of the 'dead' God, and the crematoria at Auschwitz, this book confronts Nietzsche's legacy through the lens of Plato. The key question is how authors can protect against the possible 'deviant readings' of future readers and assess 'the risk of writing'. Burke recommends an ethic of 'discursive containment'.The ethical question is the question of our times. Within critical theory, it has focused on the act of reading. This study reverses the terms of inquiry to analyse the ethical composition of the act of writing. What responsibility does an author bear for his legacy? Do 'catastrophic' misreadings of authors (e.g. Plato, Nietzsche) testify to authorial recklessness? These and other questions are the starting-point for a theory of authorial ethics.

Platonisms Ancient Modern and Postmodern

between a higher writing interior to the soul and a lower writing exterior to it, shows that these two writings are ... The third stage is where Plato-Derrida identifies King Thamus, writing (and by implication Theuth) with the Idea of ...

Author: Kevin Corrigan

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047420163

Category: Philosophy

Page: 291

View: 812


By questioning the modern categories of Plato and Platonism, this book offers new ways of reading the Platonic dialogues and the many traditions that resonate in them from Antiquity to Post-Modernity.

Derrida and Deconstruction

If writing for Plato is an ill-begotten and dangerous pharmakon, it is nevertheless the case that Plato writes. He writes after and in the face of the death of Socrates. Derrida writes: One could cite here both the writing and the ...

Author: Hugh J. Silverman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134969890

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 434


The effects of Derrida's writings have been widespread in literary circles, where they have transformed current work in literary theory. By contrast Derrida's philosophical writings--which deal with the whole range of western thought from Plato to Foucault--have not received adequate attention by philosophers. Organized around Derrida's readings of major figures in the history of philosophy, Derrida and Deconstruction focuses on and assesses his specifically philosophical contribution. Contemporary continental philosophers assess Derrida's account of philosophical tradition, with each contributor providing a critical study of Derrida's position on a philosopher she or he has already studied in depth These figures include Plato, Meister Eckhart, Descartes, Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche, Freud, Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre, and Foucault.

Derrida on Religion

intelligible/sensible opposition works itself out as a speech/writing hierarchy, the essay locates phonocentrism at the very founding of metaphysics. Third, “Plato's Pharmacy” introduces us to the “pharmakon,” one of Derrida's ...

Author: Dawne McCance

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317490944

Category: Religion

Page: 160

View: 281


Jacques Derrida is widely regarded as one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century. His thinking has radically transformed scholarship and critical practice across the Humanities and Social Sciences. 'Derrida on Religion' offers students an overview of Derrida's many influential writings on religion and also explores the potential of Derrida's methodologies for the study of religion. This is an essential textbook for any student who wants to explore the impact of Derrida's critical theory and practice on the study of religion.

Plato s Philosophers

When the proposals of public speakers are adopted by assemblies and written into law, he reminds Phaedrus, ... See, e.g., Jasper Neel, Plato, Derrida, and Writing (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1988).

Author: Catherine H. Zuckert

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226993386

Category: Political Science

Page: 896

View: 974


Faced with the difficult task of discerning Plato’s true ideas from the contradictory voices he used to express them, scholars have never fully made sense of the many incompatibilities within and between the dialogues. In the magisterial Plato’s Philosophers, Catherine Zuckert explains for the first time how these prose dramas cohere to reveal a comprehensive Platonic understanding of philosophy. To expose this coherence, Zuckert examines the dialogues not in their supposed order of composition but according to the dramatic order in which Plato indicates they took place. This unconventional arrangement lays bare a narrative of the rise, development, and limitations of Socratic philosophy. In the drama’s earliest dialogues, for example, non-Socratic philosophers introduce the political and philosophical problems to which Socrates tries to respond. A second dramatic group shows how Socrates develops his distinctive philosophical style. And, finally, the later dialogues feature interlocutors who reveal his philosophy’s limitations. Despite these limitations, Zuckert concludes, Plato made Socrates the dialogues’ central figure because Socrates raises the fundamental human question: what is the best way to live? Plato’s dramatization of Socratic imperfections suggests, moreover, that he recognized the apparently unbridgeable gap between our understandings of human life and the nonhuman world. At a time when this gap continues to raise questions—about the division between sciences and the humanities and the potentially dehumanizing effects of scientific progress—Zuckert’s brilliant interpretation of the entire Platonic corpus offers genuinely new insights into worlds past and present.

Seeming and Being in Plato s Rhetorical Theory

Just as Socrates and Phaedrus expose the flaws of the writer who is hiding beneath the words written on the page, ... In order for writing to truly be “ambiguous” (1981a, 103) as Derrida claimed it was for Plato, it must be capable of ...

Author: Robin Reames

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226567013

Category: Philosophy

Page: 244

View: 306


The widespread understanding of language in the West is that it represents the world. This view, however, has not always been commonplace. In fact, it is a theory of language conceived by Plato, culminating in The Sophist. In that dialogue Plato introduced the idea of statements as being either true or false, where the distinction between falsity and truth rests on a deeper discrepancy between appearance and reality, or seeming and being. Robin Reames’s Seeming & Being in Plato’s Rhetorical Theory marks a shift in Plato scholarship. Reames argues that an appropriate understanding of rhetorical theory in Plato’s dialogues illuminates how he developed the technical vocabulary needed to construct the very distinctions between seeming and being that separate true from false speech. By engaging with three key movements of twentieth- and twenty-first-century Plato scholarship—the rise and subsequent marginalization of “orality and literacy theory,” Heidegger’s controversial critique of Platonist metaphysics, and the influence of literary or dramatic readings of the dialogues—Reames demonstrates how the development of Plato’s rhetorical theory across several of his dialogues (Gorgias, Phaedrus, Protagoras, Theaetetus, Cratylus, Republic, and Sophist) has been both neglected and misunderstood.

Liminal Bodies Reproductive Health and Feminist Rhetoric

Sonogram, as I am developing it in this book, is a complicated ventriloquism where we can visualize/write through careful listening to those bodies of rhetoric hidden in ... See Jasper Neel's Plato, Derrida and Writing for more on this.

Author: Lydia McDermott

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498513401

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 183

View: 902


Liminal Bodies, Reproductive Health, and Feminist Rhetoric posits rhetoric and gynecology as sister discourses. While rhetoric has been historically concerned with the regulation of the productive male body, gynecology has been concerned with the discipline of the female reproductive body. Lydia M. McDermott examines these sister discourses by tracing key narrative moments in the development of thought about sexed bodies and about rhetorical discourse, from classical myth and natural philosophy to the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century decline of midwifery and the rise of scientific writing on the reproductive body. Liminal Bodies offers a metaphorical method of invention and criticism, “sonogram,” that emphasizes the voices and bodies that have been left on the margins of the dominant histories of rhetoric.