Plants People and Culture

KEY FEATURES • An engrossing narrative that invites the reader to personally engage with the relationship between plants, people, and culture • Full-color illustrations throughout—including many original photographs captured by the ...

Author: Michael J Balick

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9781000098402

Category: Science

Page: 228

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Is it possible that plants have shaped the very trajectory of human cultures? Using riveting stories of fieldwork in remote villages, two of the world’s leading ethnobotanists argue that our past and our future are deeply intertwined with plants. Creating massive sea craft from plants, indigenous shipwrights spurred the navigation of the world’s oceans. Today, indigenous agricultural innovations continue to feed, clothe, and heal the world’s population. One out of four prescription drugs, for example, were discovered from plants used by traditional healers. Objects as common as baskets for winnowing or wooden boxes to store feathers were ornamented with traditional designs demonstrating the human ability to understand our environment and to perceive the cosmos. Throughout the world, the human body has been used as the ultimate canvas for plant-based adornment as well as indelible design using tattoo inks. Plants also garnered religious significance, both as offerings to the gods and as a doorway into the other world. Indigenous claims that plants themselves are sacred is leading to a startling reformulation of conservation. The authors argue that conservation goals can best be achieved by learning from, rather than opposing, indigenous peoples and their beliefs. KEY FEATURES • An engrossing narrative that invites the reader to personally engage with the relationship between plants, people, and culture • Full-color illustrations throughout—including many original photographs captured by the authors during fieldwork • New to this edition—"Plants That Harm," a chapter that examines the dangers of poisonous plants and the promise that their study holds for novel treatments for some of our most serious diseases, including Alzheimer’s and substance addiction • Additional readings at the end of each chapter to encourage further exploration • Boxed features on selected topics that offer further insight • Provocative questions to facilitate group discussion Designed for the college classroom as well as for lay readers, this update of Plants, People, and Culture entices the reader with firsthand stories of fieldwork, spectacular illustrations, and a deep respect for both indigenous peoples and the earth’s natural heritage.

The People and Culture of the Wampanoag

When deer were hunted and plants harvested, the Wampanoag acknowledged their sacrifice and expressed gratitude to the spirit of the animal or plant. People believed that various spirits could use supernatural powers known as manitous to ...

Author: Cassie M. Lawton

Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9781502618993

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

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The Wampanoag were one of the first tribes to welcome European settlers to North America. Their tribe has gone down in history as teachers to the Pilgrims on how to farm the land and fish. Their history is intricate and unique, filled with prosperity and also great hardship and sadness. Today the Wampanoag persist as one of the Native American tribes in North America. This is their story, from their beginnings to modern times.

Plants People and Places

In short, berry picking and its associated activities provide people with the necessary cultural and environmental knowledge to maintain their cultural identity, health, and well-being. They also connect people with the plant world in ...

Author: Nancy J. Turner

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780228003175

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

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For millennia, plants and their habitats have been fundamental to the lives of Indigenous Peoples - as sources of food and nutrition, medicines, and technological materials - and central to ceremonial traditions, spiritual beliefs, narratives, and language. While the First Peoples of Canada and other parts of the world have developed deep cultural understandings of plants and their environments, this knowledge is often underrecognized in debates about land rights and title, reconciliation, treaty negotiations, and traditional territories. Plants, People, and Places argues that the time is long past due to recognize and accommodate Indigenous Peoples' relationships with plants and their ecosystems. Essays in this volume, by leading voices in philosophy, Indigenous law, and environmental sustainability, consider the critical importance of botanical and ecological knowledge to land rights and related legal and government policy, planning, and decision making in Canada, the United States, Sweden, and New Zealand. Analyzing specific cases in which Indigenous Peoples' inherent rights to the environment have been denied or restricted, this collection promotes future prosperity through more effective and just recognition of the historical use of and care for plants in Indigenous cultures. A timely book featuring Indigenous perspectives on reconciliation, environmental sustainability, and pathways toward ethnoecological restoration, Plants, People, and Places reveals how much there is to learn from the history of human relationships with nature.

A People s History of Science

35. 185. Balick and Cox, Plants, People and Culture, p. 25. 186. Ibid., pp. vii, 20–21. Quoted in Balick and Cox, Plants, People and Culture, p. 14. 188. Balick and Cox, Plants, People and Culture, p. 18. 189. Ibid., pp. 38–39, 53–54.

Author: Clifford D Conner

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9780786737864

Category: Science

Page: 424

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We all know the history of science that we learned from grade school textbooks: How Galileo used his telescope to show that the earth was not the center of the universe; how Newton divined gravity from the falling apple; how Einstein unlocked the mysteries of time and space with a simple equation. This history is made up of long periods of ignorance and confusion, punctuated once an age by a brilliant thinker who puts it all together. These few tower over the ordinary mass of people, and in the traditional account, it is to them that we owe science in its entirety. This belief is wrong. A People's History of Science shows how ordinary people participate in creating science and have done so throughout history. It documents how the development of science has affected ordinary people, and how ordinary people perceived that development. It would be wrong to claim that the formulation of quantum theory or the structure of DNA can be credited directly to artisans or peasants, but if modern science is likened to a skyscraper, then those twentieth-century triumphs are the sophisticated filigrees at its pinnacle that are supported by the massive foundation created by the rest of us.

A Companion to Latin American Literature and Culture

The close relationship between people and plants is an enduring theme of Latin American literature. From the colonial period on, writers explored the significance of plants to culture and society in the “New World” as well as the ...

Author: Sara Castro-Klaren

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119692539

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 772

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Cutting-edge and insightful discussions of Latin American literature and culture In the newly revised second edition of A Companion to Latin American Literature and Culture, Sara Castro-Klaren delivers an eclectic and revealing set of discussions on Latin American culture and literature by scholars at the cutting edge of their respective fields. The included essays—whether they're written from the perspective of historiography, affect theory, decolonial approaches, or human rights—introduce readers to topics like gaucho literature, postcolonial writing in the Andes, and baroque art while pointing to future work on the issues raised. This work engages with anthropology, history, individual memory, testimonio, and environmental studies. It also explores: A thorough introduction to topics of coloniality, including the mapping of the pre-Columbian Americas and colonial religiosity Comprehensive explorations of the emergence of national communities in New Imperial coordinates, including discussions of the Muisca and Mayan cultures Practical discussions of global and local perspectives in Latin American literature, including explorations of Latin American photography and cultural modalities and cross-cultural connections In-depth examinations of uncharted topics in Latin American literature and culture, including discussions of femicide and feminist performances and eco-perspectives Perfect for students in undergraduate and graduate courses tackling Latin American literature and culture topics, A Companion to Latin American Literature and Culture, Second Edition will also earn a place in the libraries of members of the general public and PhD students interested in Latin American literature and culture.

Ethnobotany of Palau

These volumes result from a collaboration and partnership of the Belau National Museum, the New York Botanical Garden, National Tropical Botanical Garden and other institutions, communities and civic groups involving more than 75 ...

Author: Ann Hillmann Kitalong

Publisher:

ISBN: 9798685012555

Category:

Page: 256

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Ethnobotany of Palau is a two-volume series that examines the relationship between plants, people and traditional culture in the Republic of Palau. Palau is a place where cultural traditions are still intact, including respect for the environment, a value foundational to Palauan society. Based on a decade of field studies that began in 2007 as part of the Plants and People of Micronesia Program, it builds on prior studies of the Palauan flora, and emphasizes the biocultural diversity and wisdom of the Palauan people and their environment. The research included studies of botany, traditional uses of plants, resource management, phytochemistry, conservation and other topics intended to help support "cultural memory" for the people of Palau and the generations who will follow. These volumes result from a collaboration and partnership of the Belau National Museum, the New York Botanical Garden, National Tropical Botanical Garden and other institutions, communities and civic groups involving more than 75 individuals--plant collectors, local experts and ethnobotanical contributors. Volume 1 contains an introductory chapter on Palau and its environment, followed by a study of human impact on the landscape; the role of plants throughout Palauan life, from birth to death; the bai, a structure essential to Palauan culture; the relationship of people to the ocean that surrounds them; the importance of dait (Colocasia esculenta), a plant key to sustaining Palauan culture; the importance of traditional medicine; and, ethnomedical and phytochemical studies of Palauan plants.

Ethnomedicinal Plant Use and Practice in Traditional Medicine

Ethnobotany ETHNOBOTANY: PLANTS, PEOPLE, AND CULTURE Ethnobotany is the study of the relationships between plants, people, and culture. It is well known that if plants did not exist on earth, human life would not be possible.

Author: Akash,

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799813217

Category: Medical

Page: 380

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Traditional medicinal knowledge, especially the use of ethnomedicinal plants in developing countries, has been passed down for generations. Today, however, scientists are poised to combine traditional medicinal plants and modern drug discoveries to further develop essential products that have followed the leads of indigenous cures used for centuries. Ethnomedicinal Plant Use and Practice in Traditional Medicine provides emerging research exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of indigenous knowledge and therapeutic potential within ethnobotany. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as drug discovery, traditional knowledge, and herbal medicine, this book is ideally designed for doctors, healers, medical professionals, ethnobotanists, naturalists, academicians, researchers, and students interested in current research on the medical use and applications of natural-based resources.

People Plants and Protected Areas

Balick, M.J. and Cox, P.A. (1996) Plants, People and Culture: The Science of Ethnobotany, Scientific American Library, New York. Balick, M.J., Arvigo, R. and Romero, L. (1994) The development of an ethnobio- medical forest reserve in ...

Author: John Tuxill

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134203864

Category: Nature

Page: 262

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Conservation of plant resources is often focused on seed banks and botanical gardens. However, the two authors of this volume present a comprehensive conservation strategy that complements this ex-situ approach with practical guidance on in-situ management and conservation of plant resources. The book aims to facilitate better management of protected areas and to illustrate new approaches to conservation of plants within their landscapes. It draws on concepts from forestry, the agricultural sciences, anthropology, ethnology and ethnobotany and should be useful to practitioners, academics and policy-makers.

People Plants and Protected Areas

Balick , M.J. and Cox , P.A. ( 1996 ) Plants , People and Culture : The Science of Ethnobotany , Scientific American Library , New York . 17. Balick , M. ) . , Arvigo , R. and Romero , L. ( 1994 ) The development of an ethnobiomedical ...

Author: John D. Tuxill

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1853837822

Category: Science

Page: 266

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* An invaluable, practical guide to the management and conservation of plant resources in their natural habitats

Research Anthology on Recent Advancements in Ethnopharmacology and Nutraceuticals

It is well known that if plants did not exist on earth, human life would not be possible. ... In ethnobotany, it is now a trend to measure the relationship between plants, people, cultures, and the environment quantitatively.

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781668435472

Category: Medical

Page: 1263

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For hundreds of years, indigenous populations have developed drugs based on medicinal plants. Many practitioners, especially advocates of traditional medicine, continue to support the use of plants and functional foods as methods by which many ailments can be treated. With relevance around the world as a complementary and alternative medicine, advancements for the use of both ethnopharmacology and nutraceuticals in disease must continually be explored, especially as society works to combat chronic illnesses, increasingly resilient infectious diseases, and pain management controversies. The Research Anthology on Recent Advancements in Ethnopharmacology and Nutraceuticals discusses the advancements made in herbal medicines and functional foods that can be used as alternative medical treatments for a variety of illness and chronic diseases. The anthology will further explain the benefits that they provide as well as the possible harm they may do without proper research on the subject. Covering topics such as food additives, dietary supplements, and physiological benefits, this text is an important resource for dieticians, pharmacists, doctors, nurses, medical professionals, medical students, hospital administrators, researchers, and academicians.