Pivot Patterns in the Former Prophets

... particularly in identifying and analysing the chiastic pattern in biblical poetry. He was greatly assisted in this by his study of Ugaritic literature. His contribution 16 Pivot Patterns in the Former Prophets.

Author: Nathan Klaus

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780567403575

Category: Religion

Page: 312

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The 'pivot pattern' is a unique type of chiasmus, a linguistic pattern characterized by an inversion of the internal order of a phrase or passage. The main idea is found primarily at its pivot, while its elements, normally of an uneven number, are distributed on both sides of the pivot in a mirrored symmetry. Klaus undertakes here to compile a 'grammar' of the pattern, and to characterize, exemplify and differentiate its various forms.

The War Between the Two Beasts and the Two Witnesses

Nathan Klaus has convincingly demonstrated that pivot patterns appear frequently in literary units throughout the Former Prophets of the Old Testament.'71 He writes, First and foremost the pivot pattern enables us to arrive at a ...

Author: Tony Siew

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567132017

Category: Religion

Page: 352

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Siew seeks to examine the events that will unfold within the three and a half years before the dawn of the kingdom of God on earth. He argues that John composed the textual unit of Rev 11:1--14:5 as a coherent and unified literary unit structured in a macro-chiasm. He pays special attention to the fusion of form and content and seeks to elucidate how the concentric and chiastic pattern informs the meaning of the literary units within 11:1--14:5, and proposes that the text of 11:1--14:5 is best analyzed using Hebraic literary conventions, devices, and compositional techniques such as chiasm, parallelism, parataxis, and structural parallelism. The macro-chiastic pattern provides the literary-structural framework for John to portray that the events of the last three and a half years unfold on earth as a result of what transpires in heaven. Specifically, the war in heaven between Michael and the dragon has earthly ramifications. The outcome of the heavenly war where Satan is defeated and thrown out of heaven to earth results in the war on earth between the two beasts of Rev 13 and the two witnesses of Rev 11. The narrative of the war in heaven (12:7-12) is seen as the pivot of the macro-chiastic structure. Siew pays close attention to the time-period of the three-and-a-half years as a temporal and structural marker which functions to unite the various units in 11:1--14:5 into a coherent and integral whole. The events of the last days will be centred in Jerusalem.

Pivot Patterns in the Former Prophets

Klaus undertakes here to compile a 'grammar' of the pattern, and to characterize, exemplify and differentiate its various forms.

Author: Nathan Klaus

Publisher: Sheffield Academic Press

ISBN: 185075912X

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 973

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The 'pivot pattern' is a unique type of chiasmus, a linguistic pattern characterized by an inversion of the internal order of a phrase or passage. The main idea is found primarily at its pivot, while its elements, normally of an uneven number, are distributed on both sides of the pivot in a mirrored symmetry. Klaus undertakes here to compile a 'grammar' of the pattern, and to characterize, exemplify and differentiate its various forms.

The Poetic Priestly Source

First, a word can be written twice: He gave their land as a heritage, As a heritage to his people Israel. ... VT48 (1998): 399–407; and Nathan Klaus, Pivot Patterns in the Former Prophets, JSOTS 247 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic, 114.

Author: Jason M. H. Gaines

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 9781506400464

Category: Religion

Page: 546

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Applying criteria for the identification of biblical Hebrew poetry, Jason M. H. Gaines distinguishes a nearly complete poetic Priestly stratum in the Pentateuch (“Poetic P”), coherent in literary, narrative, and ideological terms, from a later prose redaction (“Prosaic P”), which is fragmentary, supplemental, and distinct in thematic and theological concern. Gaines describes the whole of the “Poetic P” source and offers a Hebrew reconstruction of the document. This dramatically innovative understanding of the history of the Priestly composition opens up new vistas in the study of the Pentateuch.

Legitimacy Illegitimacy and the Right to Rule

Nathan Klaus has pointed out that Judg 9:56–57 exhibits a pattern found at the ending of a number of stories in the former prophets—the pivot pattern or chiasm. The Former Prophets frequently use pivot patterns when relating stories ...

Author: Gordon K. Oeste

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9780567557186

Category: Religion

Page: 288

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This book explores the portrayal of the rise, reign, and demise of Abimelech in Judges 9 and asks about whose interests this portrayal may have served. The negative depiction of Abimelech's kingship in this chapter, coupled with Gideon's rejection of kingship in Judges 8:22-23, has led interpreters to view the passage as anti-monarchic. This perspective clashes with the pro-monarchic stance of Judges 17-21. However, while the portrayal of Abimelech's kingship is negative, it may yet have served as a legitimation strategy for the monarchy. In support, this study examines Judges 9 through three methodological lenses: a narrative analysis, a rhetorical analysis and a social scientific analysis. In addition, anthropological data on early and developing states shows that such states attempt to prevent fissioning (the tendency inherent within political systems to break up and form other similar units) by subverting local leaders, groups, and institutions, and so legitimate the centralization of power. When read in this light, Judges 9 supports monarchic interests by seeking to subvert localized rule and alliances in favor of a centralized polity.

Theology of the Hebrew Bible Volume 1

See also Nathan Klaus, Pivot Patterns in the Former Prophets, JSoTSup 247 (Sheffield, england: JSoT Press, 1999); and from a New Testament perspective, see david a. deSilva, “X marks the Spot? a critique of the ...

Author: Marvin A. Sweeney

Publisher: SBL Press

ISBN: 9780884143024

Category: Religion

Page: 270

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Diverse approaches to biblical theology This volume presents a collection of studies on the methodology for conceiving the theological interpretation of the Hebrew Bible among Jews and Christians as well as the treatment of key issues such as creation, the land of Israel, and divine absence. Contributors include Georg Fischer, SJ, David Frankel, Benjamin J. M. Johnson, Soo J. Kim, Wonil Kim, Jacqueline E. Lapsley, Julia M. O’Brien, Dalit Rom-Shiloni, Marvin A. Sweeney, and Andrea L. Weiss. Features: Examination of metaphor, repentance, and shame in the presence of God Ten essays addressing the nature of biblical theology from a Jewish, Christian, or critical perspective Discussion of the changes that have taken place in the field of biblical theology since World War II

David Saul and God

Pivot Patterns in the Former Prophets (Sheffield, England: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999), 152. At the center of the chiasm, or ''pivot pattern,'' are David's words To appoint me prince over the people of the Lord, over Israel, ...

Author: Paul Borgman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199887125

Category: Bibles

Page: 352

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The biblical story of King David and his conflict with King Saul (1 and 2 Samuel) is one of the most colorful and perennially popular in the Hebrew Bible. In recent years, this story has attracted a great deal of scholarly attention, much of it devoted to showing that David was a far less heroic character than appears on the surface. Indeed, more than one has painted David as a despicable tyrant. Paul Borgman provides a counter-reading to these studies, through an attentive reading of the narrative patterns of the text. He focuses on one of the key features of ancient Hebrew narrative poetics -- repeated patterns -- taking special note of even the small variations each time a pattern recurs. He argues that such "hearing cues" would have alerted an ancient audience to the answers to such questions as "Who is David?" and "What is so wrong with Saul?" The narrative insists on such questions, says Borgman, slowly disclosing answers through patterns of repeated scenarios and dominant motifs that yield, finally, the supreme work of storytelling in ancient literature. Borgman concludes with a comparison with Homer's storytelling technique, demontrating that the David story is indeed a masterpiece and David (as Baruch Halpern has said) "the first truly modern human."

Understanding Dan

Prophets and Paradigms: Essays in Honor of Gene M. Tucker Kevin J. Cathcart and Michael Maher (eds.) ... Religion and the Bible: William Robertson Smith and his Heritage Nathan Klaus, Pivot Patterns in the Former Prophets Etienne Nodet, ...

Author: Mark Walter Bartusch

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826439758

Category: Religion

Page: 322

View: 277

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This book investigates the Dan/Danite tradition in the Hebrew Bible to determine not only what the Bible tells us about Dan, but also how far traditions about the territory, city, ancestor and tribe may have influenced each other. Bartusch argues that the political and theological interests reflected in the relatively late work of the Deuteronomistic Historian have cast a shadow over some earlier traditions, and that by combining social-science models and newer literary criticism with the more traditional historical-critical methodologies, the original meaning of the traditions of Dan may be recovered and clarified. The conclusion of such a study is that the Hebrew Bible as a whole does not entirely support the negative portrayal of Dan in its later traditions.

Biblical Hebrew

Gillian M. Bediako, Primal Religion and the Bible: William Robertson Smith and his Heritage Nathan Klaus, Pivot Patterns in the Former Prophets Etienne Nodet, A Search for the Origins of Judaism: From Joshua to the Mishnah William Paul ...

Author: Ian Young

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826468413

Category: Religion

Page: 409

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Leading Hebrew language scholars outline various views on the phenomenon of variation in biblical Hebrew and its significance for biblical studies. An important question that is addressed is whether "late biblical Hebrew" is a distinct chronological phase within the history of biblical Hebrew. Articles explore both chronological and non-chronological interpretations of the differences between "early biblical Hebrew" and "late biblical Hebrew". These discussions have an important contribution to make to the wider field of biblical studies, not only to the history of the Hebrew language.

The World of the Aramaeans

Gillian M. Bediako, Primal Religion and the Bible: William Robertson Smith and his Heritage Nathan Klaus, Pivot Patterns in the Former Prophets Etienne Nodet, A Search for the Origins of Judaism: From Joshua to the Mishnah William Paul ...

Author: P.M. Michèle Daviau

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781841271583

Category: Religion

Page: 329

View: 256

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The World of the Aramaeans is a three-volume collection of definitive essays about the Aramaeans and the biblical world of which they were a part. Areas of interest include the language, epigraphy and history of the Aramaeans of Syria as well of their neighbours, the Israelites, Phoenicians, Ammonites, Moabites and Edomites. The first volume, dealing with the Aramaeans in the Bible, has contributions by Douglas Frayne, Stephen Dempster, José Loza Vera, E.J. Revell, Alexander Rofé, André Lemaire, Francolino, J. Gontalves, Baruch Halpern, Raymond C. Van Leeuwen, John William Wevers, Albert Pietersma and Felice Israel.