Phylogenetics

The long-awaited revision of the industry standard on phylogenetics Since the publication of the first edition of this landmark volume more than twenty-five years ago, phylogenetic systematics has taken its place as the dominant paradigm of ...

Author: E. O. Wiley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118017876

Category: Science

Page: 424

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The long-awaited revision of the industry standard on phylogenetics Since the publication of the first edition of this landmark volume more than twenty-five years ago, phylogenetic systematics has taken its place as the dominant paradigm of systematic biology. It has profoundly influenced the way scientists study evolution, and has seen many theoretical and technical advances as the field has continued to grow. It goes almost without saying that the next twenty-five years of phylogenetic research will prove as fascinating as the first, with many exciting developments yet to come. This new edition of Phylogenetics captures the very essence of this rapidly evolving discipline. Written for the practicing systematist and phylogeneticist, it addresses both the philosophical and technical issues of the field, as well as surveys general practices in taxonomy. Major sections of the book deal with the nature of species and higher taxa, homology and characters, trees and tree graphs, and biogeography—the purpose being to develop biologically relevant species, character, tree, and biogeographic concepts that can be applied fruitfully to phylogenetics. The book then turns its focus to phylogenetic trees, including an in-depth guide to tree-building algorithms. Additional coverage includes: Parsimony and parsimony analysis Parametric phylogenetics including maximum likelihood and Bayesian approaches Phylogenetic classification Critiques of evolutionary taxonomy, phenetics, and transformed cladistics Specimen selection, field collecting, and curating Systematic publication and the rules of nomenclature Providing a thorough synthesis of the field, this important update to Phylogenetics is essential for students and researchers in the areas of evolutionary biology, molecular evolution, genetics and evolutionary genetics, paleontology, physical anthropology, and zoology.

Phylogenetics

Presents a clear, simple and comprehensive overview of the phylogenetic approach to systematics, which has two major goals: reconstructing the evolutionary relationships among organisms and integrating the results into general reference ...

Author: E. O. Wiley

Publisher: Wiley-Liss

ISBN: UCSD:31822005114848

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 764

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Presents a clear, simple and comprehensive overview of the phylogenetic approach to systematics, which has two major goals: reconstructing the evolutionary relationships among organisms and integrating the results into general reference classifications. Shows how the results of systematic research can be applied to studying the pattern and processes of evolution.

The Future of Phylogenetic Systematics

Systematic Zoology, 30, 1–11. Wheeler, Q.D. (2008). Undisciplined thinking: morphology and Hennig's unfinished revolution. Systematic Entomology, 33, 2–7. Wiley, E.O. (1981). Phylogenetics. The Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic ...

Author: David Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107117648

Category: Science

Page: 509

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This book documents Willi Hennig's founding of phylogenetic systematics and the relevancy of his work for the future of cladistics.

Cladistics

For all students interested in the systematic relationships among organisms, this book provides an integrated, state-of-the-art account of the techniques and methods of modern cladistics, and how to put them into practice.

Author: Ian J. Kitching

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198501382

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 400

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Systematics underpins all of biology. Cladistics is a method of systematic classification that aims to reconstruct genealogies based on common ancestry, thus revealing the phylogenetic relationships between taxa. Its applications vary from linguistic analysis to the study of conservation and biodiversity, and it has become a method of choice for comparative studies in all fields of biology. For all students interested in the systematic relationships among organisms, this book provides an integrated, state-of-the-art account of the techniques and methods of modern cladistics, and how to put them into practice.

Fishes of Arkansas

Phylogenetics: the theory and practice of phylogenetic systematics. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 439 pp. Wiley, E. O. 1986. A study of the evolutionary relationships of Fundulus topminnows (Teleostei: Fundulidae). Am. Zool.

Author: Henry W. Robison

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781682261033

Category: Nature

Page: 995

View: 118

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The second edition of Fishes of Arkansas, in development for more than a decade, is an extensive revision and expansion of the first edition, including reclassifications, taxonomic changes, and descriptions of more than thirty new species. An invaluable reference for anyone interested in the state's fish population--from professional ichthyologists, fisheries biologists, and managers of aquatic resources, to amateur naturalists and anglers--this new edition provides updated taxonomic keys as well as detailed descriptions, photographs, and line drawings to aid identification of the state's 241 fish species. There is also much information on the distribution and biology of each species, including descriptions of habitat, foods eaten, reproductive biology, and conservation status. This project and the preparation of this publication was funded in part by a grant from the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission.

The Intrinsic Value of Endangered Species

The Phylogenetic System: The Systematization of Organisms on the Basis of Their Phylogenesis. John Wiley and Sons. ... International Code of Phylogenetic Nomenclature. ... Phylogenetics: Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic Systematics.

Author: Ian A. Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317605966

Category: Philosophy

Page: 196

View: 835

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Why save endangered species without clear aesthetic, economic, or ecosystemic value? This book takes on this challenging question through an account of the intrinsic goods of species. Ian A. Smith argues that a species’ intrinsic value stems from its ability to flourish—its organisms continuing to reproduce successfully and it avoiding extinction—which helps to demonstrate a further claim, that humans ought to preserve species that we have endangered. He shows our need to exercise humility in our relations with endangered species through the preservation of their intrinsic goods, which in turn rectifies our degradation of their importance. Unique in its appeal to virtue ethics and to species concepts, The Intrinsic Value of Endangered Species is an important resource for scholars working in environmental ethics and the philosophy of biology.

A Century of Parasitology

Phylogenetics: The theory and practice of phylogenetic systematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, N.Y., 439 p. ______. 1988. Parsimony analysis and vicariance biogeography. Systematic Biology 37:271–290. ______, and B. S. Lieberman ...

Author: John Janovy, Jr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118884782

Category: Science

Page: 376

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Reviews key areas in ecological, medical and molecular parasitology Features essays from some of the world's leading parasitologists Each topic is set in context by featuring a key paper from the Journal of Paraistology over the past 100 years

Advances in Contact Linguistics

Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42: 817–826. ... Molecular Evolution: A Phylogenetic Approach. Oxford: Blackwell. ... Phylogenetics. Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic Systematics, 2nd edn. Hoboken NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.

Author: Norval Smith

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027260734

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

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Issues in multilingualism and its implications for communities and society at large, language acquisition and use, language diversification, and creative language use associated with new linguistic identities have become hot topics in both scientific and popular debates. A ubiquitous aspect of multilingualism is language contact. This book contains twelve articles that discuss specific aspects of Contact Linguistics. These articles cover a wide range of topics in the field, including creoles, areal linguistics, language mixing, and the sociolinguistic aspects of interactions with audiences. The book is dedicated to Pieter Muysken whose work on pidgin and creole languages, mixed languages, code-switching, bilingualism, and areal linguistics has been ground-breaking and inspirational for the authors in this book, as well as numerous other scholars working on the various facets of this rapidly expanding field.

Biogeology

Phylogenetics. The Theory of Phylogenetic Systematics.WileyInterscience, New York, NY. Wiley E.O., Lieberman B.S. 2011. Phylogenetics. Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic Systematics (2nd Edition). Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, New Jersy.

Author: Bernard Michaux

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429624841

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 903

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This detailed exposition gives background and context to how modern biogeography has got to where it is now. For biogeographers and other researchers interested in biodiversity and the evolution of life on islands, Biogeology: Evolution in a Changing Landscape provides an overview of a large swathe of the globe encompassing Wallacea and the western Pacific. The book contains the full text of the original article explored in each chapter, presented as it appeared on publication. Key features: Holistic treatment, collecting together a series of important biogeographical papers into a single volume Authored by an expert who has spent nearly three decades actively involved in biogeography Describes and interprets a region of exceptional biodiversity and extreme endemism The only book to provide an integrated treatment of Wallacea, Melanesia, New Zealand, the New Zealand Subantarctic Islands and Antarctica Offers a critique of fashionable neo-dispersalist arguments, showing how these still suffer from the same weaknesses of the original Darwinian formulation. The chapters also include analysis of many major theoretical and philosophical issues of modern biogeographic theory, so that those interested in a more philosophical approach will find the book stimulating and thought-provoking.

Evolutionary Theory

“Individuals, Hierarchies and Processes: Toward a More Complete Evolutionary Theory.” Paleobiology 10: 146–71. ... Phylogenetics: Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic Systematics, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons. chapter 2 Lineages ...

Author: Niles Eldredge

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226426198

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 210

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The natural world is infinitely complex and hierarchically structured, with smaller units forming the components of progressively larger systems: molecules make up cells, cells comprise tissues and organs that are, in turn, parts of individual organisms, which are united into populations and integrated into yet more encompassing ecosystems. In the face of such awe-inspiring complexity, there is a need for a comprehensive, non-reductionist evolutionary theory. Having emerged at the crossroads of paleobiology, genetics, and developmental biology, the hierarchical approach to evolution provides a unifying perspective on the natural world and offers an operational framework for scientists seeking to understand the way complex biological systems work and evolve. Coedited by one of the founders of hierarchy theory and featuring a diverse and renowned group of contributors, this volume provides an integrated, comprehensive, cutting-edge introduction to the hierarchy theory of evolution. From sweeping historical reviews to philosophical pieces, theoretical essays, and strictly empirical chapters, it reveals hierarchy theory as a vibrant field of scientific enterprise that holds promise for unification across the life sciences and offers new venues of empirical and theoretical research. Stretching from molecules to the biosphere, hierarchy theory aims to provide an all-encompassing understanding of evolution and—with this first collection devoted entirely to the concept—will help make transparent the fundamental patterns that propel living systems.