Handbook of Justice Research in Law

We begin with retributive justice . 1. Retributive ( Corrective ) Justice Retribution is a passionate reaction to the violation of a rule , norm , or law that evokes a desire for punishment of the violator ( Durkheim , 1893/1964 : 85–96 ) ...

Author: Joseph Sanders

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306463407

Category: Law

Page: 388

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This handbook provides a comprehensive cross-disciplinary perspective on the role of justice research in studies of the legal system. Leading authorities from sociology, political science, criminology, psychology, and law analyze justice research, including the various dimensions of justice, the interaction among these dimensions, and the relationship between law and culture. Featured are in-depth discussions of retribution/revenge and distributive and procedural justice.

Juvenile Justice

Restorative justice views crime and the justice process as distinct and different from traditional retributive justice. Restorative justice views crime as a violation of interpersonal relationships, in the sense that victims and the ...

Author: Richard Lawrence

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412970129

Category: Social Science

Page: 313

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This textbook presents an overview of the major subject areas in juvenile justice, with some of the latest research available from books, journal articles, and government documents. It includes special features that engage the reader in thinking critically about the subjects, with practical examples of justice in action, laws, policies, and programs in juvenile justice.

Handbook of Restorative Justice

According to a retributive theory of justice, wrongdoing 'must be punished simply because the wrongful act merits condemnation and punishment' (Mani 2002: 33). But you will not find this sort of narrow definition of retributive justice ...

Author: Gerry Johnstone

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781843921516

Category: Law

Page: 650

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This book provides a comprehensive and authoritative account and analysis of restorative justice, one of the most rapidly growing phenomena in the field of criminology and justice studies. This book aims to meet the need for a comprehensive, reliable and accessible overview of the subject. It draws together leading authorities on the subject from around the world in order to: elucidate and discuss the key concepts and principles of restorative justice explain how the campaign for restorative justice arose and developed into the influential social movement it is today describe the variety of restorative justice practices, explain how they have developed in various places and contexts, and critically examine their rationales and effects identify and examine key tensions and issues within the restorative justice movement brings a variety of disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives to bear upon the understanding and assessment of restorative justice. The Handbook of Restorative Justice is essential reading for students and practitioners in the field.

Restorative Justice

Finally, I will return to the question of whether the differences between restorative justice on the one hand, and retributive and therapeutic justice on the other, are as sharp as most proponents would have us believe.

Author: Gerry Johnstone

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136643934

Category: Law

Page: 200

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Restorative justice is one of the most talked about developments in the field of crime and justice. Its advocates and practitioners argue that state punishment, society's customary response to crime, neither meets the needs of crime victims nor prevents reoffending. In its place, they suggest, should be restorative justice, in which families and communities of offenders encourage them to take responsibility for the consequences of their actions, express repentance and repair the harm they have done. First published in 2002, Restorative Justice: Ideas, Values, Debates is renowned worldwide as an accessible, balanced and invaluable analysis of the argument that restorative justice can provide an attractive alternative to traditional responses to crime. The second edition includes a new chapter identifying and analyzing fundamental shifts and developments in restorative justice thinking over the last decade. It suggests that the campaign for restorative justice has not only grown rapidly in the last decade, but has also changed in its focus and character. What started as a campaign to revolutionize criminal justice has evolved into a social movement that aspires to implant restorative values into the fabric of everyday life. This new edition explores the implications of this development for restorative justice’s claim to provide a feasible and desirable alternative to mainstream thinking on matters of crime and justice. This book provides an essential introduction to the most fundamental and distinctive ideas of restorative justice and will appeal to students of criminology, law or related disciplines or researchers and professionals with an interest in crime and justice issues. In addition it extends the debate about the meaning of restorative justice – pros, cons and wider significance – hence it will also be of interest to those already familiar with the topic.

The Healing of Nations

This approach aims to protect individual rights through the rule of law and more particularly through punishment of wrongdoing . The retributive justice tradition , rooted in both deontological and utilitarian reasoning , demands that ...

Author: Mark R. Amstutz

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742535819

Category: Political Science

Page: 283

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How does one forgive an international political transgression as deep as genocide or apartheid? Forgiveness is often conceived of as an element of personal morality, and even at that it is difficult. This book argues that it is also an essential part of political ethics, especially when dealing with collective wrongdoing by political regimes. In the past, a retributive justice demanding prosecution and punishment of all past offenses has kept the international community away from moving on to the next step in regime change. Here, Mark R. Amstutz takes a restorative justice approach, calling for nations to account for crimes through truth commissions, public apology and repentance, reparations, and ultimately forgiveness and the lifting of deserved penalties. The distinctive feature of forgiveness is the balance it strikes between backward-looking accountability and forward-looking reconciliation. The Healing of Nations combines a theory of the role of forgiveness in public life with four key case studies that test this ethic: Argentina, Chile, Northern Ireland, and South Africa. Amstutz uses the hard cases to illustrate the promise and limits of forgiving without forgetting.

Tort Liability Under Uncertainty

Is a special damaging - per - se ' feature of the risk necessary for imposing liability under retributive justice ? Retributive justice does not entail any such requirement : it can justify liability for any risk , regardless of whether ...

Author: Ariel Porat

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198267975

Category: Law

Page: 214

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Providing a comprehensive and principled account of the uncertainty problem that arises in tort litigation, this text critically examines the existing doctrinal solutions of the problem, as evolved in England, United States, Canada & Israel.

The Justice Motive in Everyday Life

Retributive Justice : Its Social Context NEIL VIDMAR As for the social character of ( penal ] reaction , it comes from the social nature of the offended sentiments . Because they are found in all consciences , the infraction committed ...

Author: Michael Ross

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139432338

Category: Psychology

Page:

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This book contains essays in honour of Melvin J. Lerner, a pioneer in the psychological study of justice. The contributors to this volume are internationally renowned scholars from psychology, business, and law. They examine the role of justice motivation in a wide variety of contexts, including workplace violence, affirmative action programs, helping or harming innocent victims and how people react to their own fate. Contributors explore fundamental issues such as whether people's interest in justice is motivated by self-interest or a genuine concern for the welfare of others, when and why people feel a need to punish transgressors, how a concern for justice emerges during the development of societies and individuals, and the relation of justice motivation to moral motivation. How an understanding of justice motivation can contribute to the amelioration of major social problems is also examined.

Justice in Young Adult Speculative Fiction

See also New Justice, Open Justice, poetic justice, retributive justice Old Brain 64–7, 73, 76, 87, 115–17, 146, 152, 168. See also New Brain, Old Justice, poetic justice, retributive justice Open Justice 17, 25–26, 31–34, 37–41, 54, ...

Author: Marek C. Oziewicz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317610816

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 258

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This book is the first to offer a justice-focused cognitive reading of modern YA speculative fiction in its narrative and filmic forms. It links the expansion of YA speculative fiction in the 20th century with the emergence of human and civil rights movements, with the communitarian revolution in conceptualizations of justice, and with spectacular advances in cognitive sciences as applied to the examination of narrative fiction. Oziewicz argues that complex ideas such as justice are processed by the human mind as cognitive scripts; that scripts, when narrated, take the form of multiply indexable stories; and that YA speculative fiction is currently the largest conceptual testing ground in the forging of justice consciousness for the 21st century world. Drawing on recent research in the cognitive and evolutionary sciences, Oziewicz explains how poetic, retributive, restorative, environmental, social, and global types of justice have been represented in narrative fiction, from 19th century folk and fairy tales through 21st century fantasy, dystopia, and science fiction. Suggesting that the appeal of these and other nonmimetic genres is largely predicated on the dream of justice, Oziewicz theorizes new justice scripts as conceptual tools essential to help humanity survive the qualitative leap toward an environmentally conscious, culturally diversified global world. This book is an important contribution to studies of children’s and YA speculative fiction, adding a new perspective to discussions about the educational as well as social potential of nonmimetic genres. It demonstrates that the justice imperative is very much alive in YA speculative fiction, creating new visions of justice relevant to contemporary challenges.

Justice That Heals

Add the labels “ RETRIBUTIVE JUSTICE ” and “ RESTORATIVE JUSTICE ” to the descriptions on the chalkboard or newsprint . Activity 2 ( 10-15 min . ) Distribute Bibles and ask various participants to read the following passages .

Author: Arthur Paul Boers

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781725221604

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 309

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How do we deal with crime? It is inescapable. Since 1960, crime in the U.S. has increased 500% while the population has grown by only 41%. What is our responsibility to the victim and the offender? What is the Christian response? Explore the inadequacies of North American criminal justice systems and discover the alternative the Bible has to offer. Listen to stories of those involved in the system and from those pursuing a more "restorative justice." Hear clearly God's words of hope, challenge, and counsel.