Parentheticals in Spoken English

... parentheses do the job in writing, while these devices correspond to tonal and temporal prosodic cues in spoken language. It follows from these definitions that parentheticals are a relevant phenom- enon in the syntax, phonology and ...

Author: Nicole Dehé

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139991544

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

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Taking both an empirical and a theoretical view of the prosodic phrasing of parentheticals in English, this book reviews the syntactic and prosodic literature on parentheticals along with relevant theoretical work at the syntax-prosody interface. It offers a detailed prosodic analysis of six types of parentheticals - full parenthetical clauses, non-restrictive relative clauses, nominal appositions, comment clauses, reporting verbs, and question tags, all taken from the spoken part of the British Component of the International Corpus of English. To date, the common assumption is that, by default, parentheticals are prosodically phrased separately, an assumption which, as this study shows, is not always in line with the predictions made by current prosodic theory. The present study provides new empirical evidence for the prosodic phrasing of parentheticals in spontaneous and semi-spontaneous spoken English, and offers new implications for a theory of linguistic interfaces.

Spontaneous Spoken English

Parentheticals in spoken English: The syntax-prosody relation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Dehé, Nicole. 2016. The prosodic phrasing of parenthetical comment clauses in spontaneous spoken language: Evidence from Icelandic ...

Author: Alexander Haselow

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108266352

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

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A new, thought-provoking book on the theory of grammar and language processing, based on the analysis of authentic speech produced in real time. Drawing on insights from cognitive psychology, neurology and conversation analysis, the author offers a fascinating, easy-to-follow account of why spoken English is structured the way it is. The traditional product-based approach to grammar is given up in favour of a speaker-based, dynamic perspective that integrates language-structural, neurocognitive and dialogic aspects of speech production. Based on fresh empirical research Haselow argues that grammatical knowledge rests upon two cognitive principles of linearization called 'microgrammar' and 'macrogrammar', which are shown to interact in various ways. The book discusses a broad range of speech phenomena under an integrated framework, such as the omnipresence of 'unintegrated' constituents (e.g. discourse markers), ellipses, or the allegedly 'fragmented' character of syntax, and explains the mechanisms of processing efficiency that guide syntactic planning.

Parentheticals in Spoken English

This book investigates the prosodic phrasing of parentheticals in spoken English and implications for a theory of the syntax-prosody interface.

Author: Nicole Dehé

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521761925

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 257

View: 975

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This book investigates the prosodic phrasing of parentheticals in spoken English and implications for a theory of the syntax-prosody interface.

Parentheticals

Reduced Parenthetical Clauses as Mitigators . A Corpus Study of Spoken French , Italian and Spanish . Amsterdam : Benjamins . Schourup , L.C. 1985. Common Discourse Particles in English Conversation . New York NY : Garland Skrebnev ...

Author: Nicole Dehé

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027233705

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 314

View: 798

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This volume offers a unique collection of articles investigating the often neglected phenomenon of parentheticals, which are commonly seen as expressions interrupting the linear structure of a host utterance, but lacking a structural relation to it. The book provides an up-to-date introduction to the subject, as well as a range of research articles addressing questions including the syntactic link between parenthetical and frame utterance, the relation between syntactic and prosodic form, the usage and interpretation of parentheticals, and many more. It embraces research findings from different European languages (English, German, Dutch, Romance) and covers an array of forms of syntactic interpolations (from one-word parentheticals to clausal) and a range of methodologies, including empirical research, corpus research, and theoretical analyses. The collection underlines the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to a multi-faceted phenomenon such as parentheticals.

Parenthetical Verbs

The comment clause in English: Syntactic origins and pragmatic development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ... Les parenthèses en français (= Verbum 30: 1). Nancy: Presses Universitaires de ... Parentheticals in spoken English.

Author: Stefan Schneider

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110376142

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 364

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Parenthesis has recently seen a considerable surge in interest. This volume presents the – often contrasting – theoretical positions on parenthetical verbs and examines them from different analytical perspectives. It covers parenthetical verbs in English as well as in several other languages. Methodologically, the volume is marked by its empirical orientation: Most contributions are based on data from experiments or corpora.

Parenthetical Meaning

In C. Maienborn, K. von Heusinger, and P. Portner (eds), Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning, pp. 2297–331. Berlin/Boston, MA: De Gruyter ... Parentheticals in Spoken English: The Syntax-Prosody Relation.

Author: Todor Koev

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198869535

Category:

Page: 176

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Todor Koev investigates the semantics and pragmatics of a representative sample of parenthetical constructions from three theoretical viewpoints. He argues that these constructions fall into two major classes, pure and impure, and explains parenthetical meaning through a formally precise and predictive dynamic model.

Verbs of Implicit Negation and their Complements in the History of English

As for the definition of the term “parentheticals”, see Brinton (2008: 7), who remarks: “Parentheticals are defined by their lack of syntactic connection with ... 93 Spoken English has some phonological clues to make this.

Author: Yoko Iyeiri

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027285126

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 223

View: 171

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For sale in all countries except Japan. For customers in Japan: please contact Yushodo Co. The principal focus of this book concerns various shifts of complements which verbs of implicit negation (e.g. forbid, forbear, avoid, prohibit, and prevent) have experienced in the history of English. Forbid, for example, was once followed by that-clauses, while in contemporary English it is in usual cases followed by to-infinitives except in the fixed form God forbid that ... Although a number of English verbs have undergone similar syntactic changes, the paths they have selected in their historical development are not always the same. Unlike forbid, the verb prevent is now followed by gerunds often with the preposition from. This book describes some of the most representative paths followed by different verbs of implicit negation and reveals the major complement shifts that have occurred throughout the history of English. It will be of particular interest to researchers and students specializing in English linguistics, historical linguistics, and corpus linguistics.

Outside the Clause

Prosodic Systems and Intonation in English. Cambridge: CUP. Dehé, Nicole. 2014. Parentheticals in Spoken English: The Syntax-prosody Relation. Cambridge: CUP. doi:10.1017/CBO9781139032391 Dehé, Nicole & Kavalova, Yordanka. 2007.

Author: Gunther Kaltenböck

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027266552

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 450

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This volume brings together a number of articles on the form and function of extra-clausal constituents, a group of linguistic elements which have puzzled linguists by defying analysis in terms of ordinary sentence grammar. Given their high frequency and communicative importance, these elements can, however, no longer be dismissed as a marginal linguistic phenomenon. In recent years this awareness has resulted not only in more systematic treatments of extra-clausal constituents, but has also highlighted the need to account for them in grammatical theory. Based on (mainly English) corpus data, the volume investigates the discourse-pragmatic, semantic, syntactic and phonological features of a range of extra-clausal constituents, including discourse markers, free adjuncts, left dislocands, insubordinate clauses and various kinds of adverbials. The individual chapters adopt a number of different perspectives, investigating the diachronic development of extra-clausal constituents, their multi-functionality and their use in bilingual settings, also addressing the question of how they can be incorporated into existing models of grammar.

Variational Text Linguistics

Revisiting Register in English Christoph Schubert, Christina Sanchez-Stockhammer ... Parentheses and ambiguity in poetry of the twentieth century. http:// ... Parentheticals in spoken English: The syntax-prosody relation.

Author: Christoph Schubert

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110443554

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 347

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Owing to the ever-increasing possibilities of communication, especially with the advent of modern communication technologies, register analysis offers a constantly widening range of research opportunities. Still, research has mainly concentrated on well-established and frequent registers such as newspaper articles, while many descriptive and theoretical issues have not yet been sufficiently investigated. This volume gives a state-of-the-art insight into register studies and points out emerging trends as well as new directions for future research. Furthermore, it provides a forum for the description and discussion of registers which have not received an appropriate amount of attention so far. In particular, it deals with specialized offline and online registers, cross-register comparison as well as regional, contrastive, and diachronic register variation. In parallel to the new discipline of variational pragmatics, this volume aims to foster the discipline of ‘variational text linguistics’ and to initiate fundamental investigations in this area. This field of research provides new insights into the concept of register, since it covers both functional and regional types of textual variation.

Reduced Parenthetical Clauses as Mitigators

A Corpus Study of Spoken French, Italian and Spanish Stefan Schneider ... similar expressions are not as mobile in American conversational English as might be expected and that they , therefore , cannot be considered parentheticals .

Author: Stefan Schneider

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027223017

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 237

View: 232

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While parentheticals attract constant attention, they very rarely constitute the main subject of monographs. This book provides a comprehensive account of reduced parenthetical clauses (RPCs) in three Romance languages. Typical French RPCs are je crois, disons, je dirais, je pense, je sais pas, and je trouve. The research draws on 22 corpora of spoken French, Italian, and Spanish comprising a total amount of 3,975,500 words. Its results consist in a typology of the relevant expressions in the three languages, in the understanding of their pragmatic function and of the factors influencing their use, and in the description of their syntactic and prosodic properties. Other findings are that RPCs are not restricted to statements but also occur in questions and that belief verbs are not as frequent as commonly assumed. Although the book is about Romance parentheticals, its conclusions are relevant for other languages.