Order and Organism

Order and Organism shows how Alfred North Whitehead's thought can reconcile some of the most insistent demands of common sense with the esoteric results of modern physics and mathematics.

Author: Murray Code

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0873959515

Category: Mathematics

Page: 265

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What is now needed is a way of thinking about the physical that is realistic in outlook but which departs radically from the mechanistic post-Galilean tradition. Since it seems clear that we can no longer take for granted the certainty and absolute objectivity of scientific knowledge, any alternative view must be able to do full justice to subjective modes of knowing. Order and Organism shows how Alfred North Whitehead's thought can reconcile some of the most insistent demands of common sense with the esoteric results of modern physics and mathematics. Whitehead shows a way to resolve the perennial puzzle of why mathematics works. Under his view, it is possible to account for the necessity and uniqueness of mathematical theories without denying the fact that such theories often arise from the mathematician's essentially aesthetic interest in various kinds of pattern.

Synergetics Chaos Order Self organization

In what way does a living organism prevent the transition to the inert state of
equilibrium? Just by feeding ... In order to escape this danger it has to constantly
absorb negative entropy from the surrounding medium. Consequently, living ...

Author: Michael Bushev

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814504546

Category: Science

Page: 252

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For centuries, humankind has believed that the world with all its form and structure was created by supernatural forces. In recent decades science has shaken these beliefs with the discovery of the exciting possibility of a self-created and self-creating world — of self-organization. Synergetics endeavours to reveal the intimate mechanisms of self-organization. The transitions from chaos to order, the nature of self-organization, the various approaches to it and certain philosophical inferences are outlined. Synergetics thus represents a remarkable confluence of many strands of thought, and has become a paradigm in modern culture. This book exposes the reader to striking new vistas in physics and mathematics, chemistry and biology, social sciences and philosophy — all interlocked around the concept of self-organization.

The Origins of Order

The first correlate is that we have come to see selection as the sole source of
order in organisms. ... The second is that we have come to think of the
development of an organism as though that development were controlled by a “
genetic ...

Author: Stuart A. Kauffman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199826676

Category: Science

Page: 734

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Stuart Kauffman here presents a brilliant new paradigm for evolutionary biology, one that extends the basic concepts of Darwinian evolution to accommodate recent findings and perspectives from the fields of biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics. The book drives to the heart of the exciting debate on the origins of life and maintenance of order in complex biological systems. It focuses on the concept of self-organization: the spontaneous emergence of order that is widely observed throughout nature Kauffman argues that self-organization plays an important role in the Darwinian process of natural selection. Yet until now no systematic effort has been made to incorporate the concept of self-organization into evolutionary theory. The construction requirements which permit complex systems to adapt are poorly understood, as is the extent to which selection itself can yield systems able to adapt more successfully. This book explores these themes. It shows how complex systems, contrary to expectations, can spontaneously exhibit stunning degrees of order, and how this order, in turn, is essential for understanding the emergence and development of life on Earth. Topics include the new biotechnology of applied molecular evolution, with its important implications for developing new drugs and vaccines; the balance between order and chaos observed in many naturally occurring systems; new insights concerning the predictive power of statistical mechanics in biology; and other major issues. Indeed, the approaches investigated here may prove to be the new center around which biological science itself will evolve. The work is written for all those interested in the cutting edge of research in the life sciences.

Deleuze and Religion

and order on the machinic BwO in order to remake it as organism. The body-
asorganism, the theological body, is 'a stratum on the BwO [...] that, in order to
extract a useful labor from the BwO, imposes upon it forms, functions, bonds,
dominant ...

Author: Mary Bryden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134551859

Category: Religion

Page: 224

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Despite the ever-expanding body of Deleuzian scholarship, single volume has explored the religious dimensions of Delueze's writing. Now, Mary Bryden has assembled a team of international scholars to do just that. Their essays illustrate the ways in which Deleuzian thought is antithetical to religious debate, as well as the ways in which it contributes to those debates. This volume will be invaluable for researchers, teachers and students of theology, philosophy, critical theory, cultural studies and literary criticism as well as to students of French who read Deleuze's work in its original language.

Liberty Not the Daughter But the Mother of Order

101 of Liberty entitled: "Contract or Organism, What's That to Us?" To the Editor of
Jus : Sik, — Referring to Mr.Tucker's criticisms ou my letters in "Jus" dealing with
Voluntary Taxation, the principle of a State organism seems to be at the bottom ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: PRNC:32101067001170

Category:

Page:

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The Order of Things

... emerge : they screen off anatomy and function , they conceal the organism , in
order to raise up before the eyes of those who await the truth the visible relief of
forms , with their elements , their mode of distribution , and their measurements .

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415267374

Category: Philosophy

Page: 422

View: 167

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"English edition first published in the United Kingdom 1970 by Tavistock Publications; First published by Routledge 1989"--Title page verso.

Erwin Schr dinger s World View

Nevertheless, Schrödinger's bold hypothesis of "higher order of life from primitive
lifeless order" has been confirmed today by ... organisms. feed upon "negative
entropy" and maintain their order and organization by "extracting order" from the
 ...

Author: Johann Götschl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401124287

Category: Science

Page: 239

View: 437

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Erwin Schrödinger is one of the greatest figures of theoretical physics, but there is another side to the man: not only did his work revolutionize physics, it also radiacally changed the foundations of our modern worldview, modern biology, philosophy of science, philosophy of the mind, and epistemology. This book explores the lesser-known aspects of Schrödinger's thought, revealing the physicist as a philosopher and polymath whose highly original ideas anticipated the current merging of the natural and the social sciences and the humanities. Thirteen renowned scientists and philosophers have contributed to the volume. Part I reveals the philosophical importance of Schrödinger's work as a physicist. Part II examines his theory of life and of the self-organization of matter. Part III shows how Schrödinger's ideas have influenced contemporary philosophy of nature and our modern view of the world, drawing a fascinating picture of the ongoing synthesis of nature and culture: one of the most interesting developments of modern thought. The volume also contains the most comprehensive bibliography of Schrödinger's scientific work, making it at the same time a book of acute contemporary relevance and a major work of reference.

Moral Order and Progress

... moral world the species has a definite existence in the social V order as a
whole , with its institutions . The members of the moral species are not mere
numbers , but together they make of the species an organism which is a real
individual .

Author: Samuel Alexander

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015059860745

Category: Ethics

Page: 413

View: 178

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Orders in Council

Purpose of Order and meaning of " genetically modified organisms ” . and related
expressions 3 . ... ( 2 ) In this Order the term “ organism ” means any acellular ,
unicellular or multicellular entity ( in any form ) , other than humans or human ...

Author: Northern Ireland

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105060935785

Category: Law

Page:

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Postmodernism and the Environmental Crisis

On Whitehead's view of mathematics see Murray Code, Order and Organism,
New York, State University of New York Press, 1985. 33 Whitehead, Adventure of
Ideas, p.157. 34 Ibid.,p.l99. 35 Especially Ivor Leclerc's The Nature of Physical ...

Author: Arran Gare

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134802722

Category: Philosophy

Page: 200

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Postmodernism and the Environmental Crisis is the only book to combine cultural theory and environmental philosophy. In it, Arran Gare analyses the conjunction between the environmental crisis, the globalisation of capitalism and the disintegration of the culture of modernity. It explains the paradox of growing concern for the environment and the paltry achievements of environmental movements. Through a critique of the philosophies underlying approaches to the environmental crisis, Arran Gare puts forward his own, controversial theory of a new postmodern world view. This would be the foundation for the environmental movement to succeed. Arran Gare's work will be a vital reading for advanced students of environmental studies, as well as for environmental philosophers and cultural theorists.

The Sensory Order

CHAPTER IV SENSATION AND BEHAVIOUR I. SENSATION AND THE
ORGANISM 4.1 . ... The exclusive concentration on the order that might be
created by the establishment of the connexions between sensory impulses only
has been ...

Author: F. A. Hayek

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226321301

Category: Psychology

Page: 232

View: 958

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The Nobel Prize-winning economist explores how the mind works—an early landmark in the field of cognitive science. The Sensory Order, first published in 1952, sets forth F. A. Hayek's classic theory of mind in which he describes the mental mechanism that classifies perceptions that cannot be accounted for by physical laws. Though Hayek is more commonly known as an icon in the field of economics, his genius was wide-ranging—and his contribution to theoretical psychology is of continuing significance to cognitive scientists as well as to economists interested in the interplay between psychology and market systems, and has been addressed in the work of Thomas Szasz, Gerald Edelman, and Joaquin Fuster. “A most encouraging example of a sustained attempt to bring together information, inference, and hypothesis in the several fields of biology, psychology, and philosophy.”—Quarterly Review of Biology

Evolution Order and Complexity

The answer obviously depends on the type of quality and the type of organism
considered. In organisms whose development is largely determined genetically,
the individual qualities not resulting from genetic dispositions are predominantly
 ...

Author: Kenneth Boulding

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134775859

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

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Evolution, Order and Complexity reflects topical interest in the relationship between the social and natural worlds. It represents the cutting edge of current thinking which challenges the natural/social dichotomy thesis by showing how the application of ideas which derive from biology can be applied and offer insight into the social realm. This is done by introducing the general system theory to the methodological debate on the relation of human and natural sciences.

Order and Disorder

It can't just be that the structure and operation of an organism is detailed in a set
of blue prints or instructions, since that would require another organism capable
of reading the prints and following the instructions. In the past two chapters we ...

Author: Myron Kaufman

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9781848165748

Category: Science

Page: 451

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Order and Disorder is a non-mathematical introduction to the most important ideas in science for university students not majoring in a scientific area. The objective is to prepare non-science students for making both life and political decisions involving science and helping them to understand the advances in sciences as covered and reported in the mass media. The book is highly comprehensive in physics and chemistry, and provides the essential background to discuss and gain a better appreciation of selected topics in biological and neurological sciences, as well as astronomy and geology. The topics are integrated with the recurring theme of order and disorder, the organization achieved in the face of the never-ending drive towards disorganization. The book also lends an insight into some considerations of the philosophy of science, as well as the applications of science to health and a variety of other professions. The reading experience is enhanced by the provision of illuminating examples, supplementary reading and a summary of each chapter. New terminologies, that appear here for the first time, are set off in bold italics and annotated in the glossary. Where basic principles are introduced and explained, these are highlighted prominently in bold for ease of reference. Stimulating discussion questions are presented at the end of each chapter, giving readers some food for thought.

Excel Science Study Guide Years 9 10

In turn the water snails are food for crabs ( second order consumers ) . Crabs are
eaten by birds such as egrets ( third order consumers ) . Note : Some organisms
eat plants as well as animal material . These are omnivores . Humans and pigs ...

Author: Will Marchment

Publisher: Pascal Press

ISBN: 1741250056

Category: Science

Page: 242

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The book contains: coverage of five major topic areas in the NSW School Certificate test Energy, Force and Motion Atoms, Elements and Compounds Structure and Function of Liv ing Things Earth and Space Ecosystems, Resources and T echnology a chapter on Investigations and Problem Solving in Sc ience to help with practical skills revision questions and chap ter tests to help you remember important information a glossary and summary in each section of the book diagrams and illustrat ions to help your understanding a section to help you prepare f or the School Certificate test a sample School Certificate test paper with answers answers to all questions

Cyber Science 5 2007 Ed

In a food web , producers and consumers can be eaten by more than one kind of
organism . Here there are different feeding levels . ... All organisms depend on
the sun's energy in order to live . Do you know that only plants that carry on with ...

Author:

Publisher: Rex Bookstore, Inc.

ISBN: 9712347117

Category:

Page:

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The Conservator

In this simple sexless traceable to , must have had their origin and basis in ,
organism these instincts existed in perfect balance ... This falling in the cosmic
order may bring to bear upon any organism or falling out will depend upon the
plane of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000060120014

Category: Ethics

Page:

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Dynamic Sociology

units , is also composed of numerous proximate units , which , now greatly
modified , once represented organisms of lower orders , and are now united by
the law of integration in an organism of a higher order . If we take a plant -- a tree
, for ...

Author: Lester Frank Ward

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015014436730

Category: Sociology

Page: 1396

View: 515

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The Social Science of Hayek s The Sensory Order

This model, a ''continuous representation of the environment'' (5.49), represents
the present-time environment within which the organism is operating. It allows for
a continuous self-updating from new information (impulses) received, and, in a ...

Author: William N. Butos

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781849509749

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 430

View: 836

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Examines the relevance and significance of Hayek's cognitive psychology for economics and social science.

Urban Masses and Moral Order in America 1820 1920

"Every organism is composed of numberless living cells which freely give their
lives for the good of the organism," he wrote, and should those individual
components begin to drift away in pursuit of their own private interests under the
banner ...

Author: Paul Boyer

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674931106

Category: History

Page: 387

View: 828

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Explores the links between the urban reforms of the Progressive era and the long efforts of prior generations to tame the cities. Boyer integrates the ideologies of urban crusades with an examination of the careers and mentalities of a group of vigorous activists.

Origin of Life Man and God in That Order

These hypothetical autocatalytic particles made of nucleic acids and proteins
would have some of the properties of a virus or perhaps of a free gene. The next
step in this theoretical development of a living organism might have the addition
of ...

Author: Donald A. Wheeler

Publisher: Dog Ear Publishing

ISBN: 9781457511677

Category: Philosophy

Page: 84

View: 632

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E=MC2. Energy can be converted into mass, and mass into energy. Neither mass nor energy can be created or destroyed which is a characteristic of infinity. This is what sets the basis for this book to explore the possibility and mechanisms of the laws of nature to create life, and life to evolve into man, and man to create God. The creation of gods and the spiritual world is necessary for the human species. The arguments put forth by the religious community against these theories are analyzed and shown to be false by the use of knowledge and logic. Professor Wheeler was born in 1944 in Conneaut, Ohio. He was raised in a fundalmentalist environment. He received his B.S. degree in Biology from a Chris an college, Harding College, Searcy, Ark., 1966. He received his M.S.degree in Fisheries Biology from Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois. He did his Ph, D. (A.B.D.) work at Kent State University, Kent, Ohio in Comparative Animal Physiology with minors in Cellular Biology and Molecular Gene cs. His teaching experience was as a Teaching Assistant, Southern Illinois, 1966-1968, high school Teacher, Ashtabula, Ohio, 1968-1970, Teaching Assistant, Kent State, Ohio, 1970-1972, Full me Instructor of Anatomy and Physiology, Cuyahoga Community College, Cleveland Ohio, 1972-2004. His favorite pas me is golf.