Nutrition Exercise and Epigenetics Ageing Interventions

This book focuses on the three most important aspects of ageing research: nutrition, physical exercise and epigenetics.

Author: Byung Pal Yu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319357263

Category: Medical

Page: 278

View: 792

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This book focuses on the three most important aspects of ageing research: nutrition, physical exercise and epigenetics. The contributors discuss ways that age-related epigenetic imprints such as DNA methylation and histone acetylation are modified by these two interventions. The emphasis on epigenetics helps to illuminate the underlying mechanisms of anti-ageing interventions, as ageing and disease are predominately epigenetic phenomena. Among the highlights are chapter-length discussion of such topics as: how anti-inflammatory action of calorie restriction underlies the retardation of ageing and age-related diseases (Chapter 3); epigenetic modification of gene expression by exercise (Chapter 5); the role of functional foods and their bioactive components in bone health (Chapter 8); and an account of the first decade of a study of calorie restriction in nonhuman primates, conducted by the National Institute on Ageing.

Nutrition Exercise and Epigenetics Ageing Interventions

Nutritional. Epigenetics. and. Aging. Kyong Chol Kim and Sang-Woon Choi Abstract Epigenetics refers to an inheritable but reversible phenomenon that changes gene expression without altering the underlying DNA sequence.

Author: Byung Pal Yu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319148304

Category: Medical

Page: 278

View: 655

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This book focuses on the three most important aspects of ageing research: nutrition, physical exercise and epigenetics. The contributors discuss ways that age-related epigenetic imprints such as DNA methylation and histone acetylation are modified by these two interventions. The emphasis on epigenetics helps to illuminate the underlying mechanisms of anti-ageing interventions, as ageing and disease are predominately epigenetic phenomena. Among the highlights are chapter-length discussion of such topics as: how anti-inflammatory action of calorie restriction underlies the retardation of ageing and age-related diseases (Chapter 3); epigenetic modification of gene expression by exercise (Chapter 5); the role of functional foods and their bioactive components in bone health (Chapter 8); and an account of the first decade of a study of calorie restriction in nonhuman primates, conducted by the National Institute on Ageing.

Sarcopenia

Sarcopenia and its intervention. In: Yu, B. P., Ed. Nutrition, Exercise and Epigenetics: Ageing Interventions. Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 127–151. Sakuma, K., and A. Yamaguchi. 2015c. Molecular mechanisms controlling skeletal ...

Author: Dominique Meynial-Denis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429531972

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 402

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Sarcopenia: Molecular, Cellular, and Nutritional Aspects describes the progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, defined by Rosenberg in 1997 as a hallmark of aging and referred to as “sarcopenia.” As life expectancy continues to increase worldwide, sarcopenia has become a major public health issue. The condition worsens in the presence of chronic diseases accelerating its progression. Sarcopenia is not considered to be “a process of normative aging” but according to the International Classification of Disease, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM), as a disease. As sarcopenia is an ineluctable process, prevention and management are the only options to promote healthy aging; these actions should perhaps be taken during youth. Included in this book: · Features essential information on sarcopenia, its current definition, and molecular and cellular aspects of this disease · Discusses the development of physical frailty, a complication of sarcopenia, and predicts its occurrence in the older population · Presents alterations in muscle protein turnover and mitochondrial dysfunction in the aging process · Provides data on the negative involvement of sarcopenia in certain chronic diseases · Describes presbyphagia or age-related changes in the swallowing mechanism in older people · Details possible strategies to combat muscle wasting in healthy older adults and their limits This book features information collected from pioneers or experts on human aging from around the globe, including Europe, Brazil, Canada, Japan and the United States. It is a valuable source of information for nutritional scientists, medical doctors, sports scientists, food scientists, dietitians, students in these fields, and for anyone interested in nutrition. We hope this book provides a better understanding of sarcopenia which inevitably occurs with aging without weight loss. Moreover, this book will supply information outlining strategies to prevent or limit muscle wasting due to normal aging in order to promote successful aging.

Nurturing Natures

(2015) 'Epigenetic Modulation of Gene Expression by Exercise', in Byung Pal Yu (ed.) Nutrition, Exercise and Epigenetics: Ageing Interventions. Healthy Ageing and Longevity. Cham: Springer International Publishing. pp. 85–100.

Author: Graham Music

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317326540

Category: Psychology

Page: 364

View: 139

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This new edition of the bestselling text, Nurturing Natures, provides an indispensable synthesis of the latest scientific knowledge about children’s emotional development. Integrating a wealth of both up-to-date and classical research from areas such as attachment theory, neuroscience developmental psychology and cross-cultural studies, it weaves these into an accessible enjoyable text which always keeps in mind children recognisable to academics, practitioners and parents. It unpacks the most significant influences on the developing child, including the family and social context. It looks at key developmental stages from life in the womb to the pre-school years and right up until adolescence, covering important topics such as genes and environment, trauma, neglect or resilience. It also examines how children develop language, play and memory and, new to this edition, moral and prosocial capacities. Issues of nature and nurture are addressed and the effects of different kinds of early experiences are unpicked, creating a coherent and balanced view of the developing child in context. Nurturing Natures is written by an experienced child therapist who has used a wide array of research from different disciplines to create a highly readable and scientifically trustworthy text. This book should be essential reading for childcare students, for teachers, social workers, health visitors, early years practitioners and those training or working in child counselling, psychiatry and mental health. Full of fascinating findings, it provides answers to many of the questions people really want to ask about the human journey from conception into adulthood. .

Korean Food Systems

Secrets of the K-Diet for Healthy Aging Dong-Hwa Shin, Kalidas Shetty. Hellstrand S, Ericson U, Gullberg B, ... Kim KC and Cho SW (2016) Nutrition, Exercise and Epigenetics; Ageing Intervention Chapter1. Springer. Kim KC, Jang HR, ...

Author: Dong-Hwa Shin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000635133

Category: Medical

Page: 249

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The Republic of Korea (ROK) is projected by 2030 to have the longest living population compared to any nation on earth. A girl born in the ROK in 2030 will live up to 90.8 years on average. What are the reasons for this improvement in longevity? Among many insights for longevity among the people of the ROK is the diverse Korean ethnic diet with roots in a traditional diet that has been preserved for centuries. Korean Food Systems: Secrets of the K-Diet for Healthy Aging provides an integrated and holistic approach towards the understanding how food systems of the ROK and experiences of the last 60-plus years has been sustained by traditions and ecology integrated with contemporary advances in technology and the economy. Key Features: Discusses the rationale and basis of food systems, traditions of healthy eating, and healthy aging in the Korean population and why by 2030 they will be the longest living population on the planet Reflects on the role of historical, cultural, and traditional food and dietary concepts of Korea and how they have influenced healthy eating habits, contributing to health and longevity Discusses the relevance of the modern genetic concepts of nutrigenomics and epigenetics, metabolic concepts such as circulation, and food concepts such as fermented and functional foods in advancing healthy food concepts and longevity Provides insights how a large population can advance an integrated holistic food-based approach to longevity and wellness As a collaboration between various outstanding authors, the insights from this book can provide global examples to align similar approaches and policies in other countries in different ecologies of planet earth.

Nutritional Epigenomics

Molecular mechanisms underlying cardiac adaptation to exercise. ... Resistance training and redox homeostasis: correlation with age-associated genomic changes. ... In: Nutrition, exercise and epigenetics: ageing interventions.

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128173107

Category: Medical

Page: 478

View: 689

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Nutritional Epigenomics offers a comprehensive overview of nutritional epigenomics as a mode of study, along with nutrition’s role in the epigenomic regulation of disease, health and developmental processes. Here, an expert team of international contributors introduces readers to nutritional epigenomic regulators of gene expression, our diet’s role in epigenomic regulation of disease and disease inheritance, caloric restriction and exercise as they relate to recent epigenomic findings, and the influence of nutritional epigenomics over circadian rhythms, aging and longevity, and fetal health and development, among other processes. Disease specific chapters address metabolic disease (obesity and diabetes), cancer, and neurodegeneration, among other disorders. Diet-gut microbiome interactions in the epigenomic regulation of disease are also discussed, as is the role of micronutrients and milk miRNAs in epigenetic regulation. Finally, chapter authors examine ongoing discussions of race and ethnicity in the social-epigenomic regulation of health and disease. Empowers the reader to employ nutritional epigenomics approaches in their own research Discusses the latest topics in nutritional epigenomics in the regulation of aging, circadian rhythm, inheritance and fetal development, as well as metabolism and disease Offers a full grounding in epigenetic reprogramming and nutritional intervention in the treatment and prevention of disease, as informed by population-based studies

Nutrition and Functional Foods for Healthy Aging

Pre-formulation studies of resveratrol. Drug Dev. Ind. Pharm. 41, 1464–1469. Roth, G.S., Ingram, D.K., 2015. Calorie Restriction Mimetics: Progress and Potential. Nutrition, Exercise and Epigenetics: Ageing Interventions 2, 211–243.

Author: Ronald Ross Watson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128092996

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 386

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Nutrition and Functional Foods for Healthy Aging aims to equip anyone studying geriatric nutrition or working with aging adults with the latest scientific reviews of critical topics. The major objective of this book is to review, in detail, the health problems of the aged and how normal food, lifestyle, or nutritional and dietary supplements can help treat them. Nutrient requirements for optimum health and function of aging physiological systems are often quite distinct from those required for young people. The special nutrition problems of the aged are intensively researched and tested, especially as the elderly become a larger percentage of the population. Many chronic diseases and cancers are found with higher frequency in the aged, and it is also widely known that many elderly people use foods and nutrients well above the recommended daily allowance, which can be detrimental to optimal health. Explains the evidence supporting nutritional interventions relevant to age-related diseases Reviews the macro- and micro-nutrient requirements of aging adults and their variables Describes how alcohol, drugs, and caffeine can impact deficiencies, also exploring functional food and dietary supplements that can be used for prevention and treatment

Nutrition in Older Adults An Issue of Clinics in Geriatric Medicine

Frailty, Exercise and Nutrition Jean-Pierre Michel, MDa,*, Alfonso J. Cruz-Jentoft, MDb, Tommy Cederholm, MD c KEYWORDS Frailty Sarcopenia Physical exercise Nutrition Multicomponent intervention KEY POINTS Age, genetics, epigenetics ...

Author: John E. Morley

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323413336

Category: Medical

Page: 177

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This issue of Clinics in Geriatric Medicine is devoted to Nutrition in Older Adults. Guest Editor John E. Morley, MD has assembled a group of expert authors to review the following topics: Anorexia of Aging; Protein and Older Persons; Screening for Malnutrition in Older People; Obesity and Aging; Vitamins; Sarcopenia; Diabetes: Nutrition and Exercise; Frailty, Exercise and Nutrition; Dehydration; Cholesterol and Older Persons; Cognition and Nutrition; and Gastric Emptying in the Elderly.

Inflammation Advancing Age and Nutrition

Research and Clinical Interventions Irfan Rahman, Debasis Bagchi ... It is abnormal or premature aging due to environmental factors, diet, socioeconomic factors, and lifestyle has recently become a major concern for the general ...

Author: Irfan Rahman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123978073

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 394

View: 791

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The book provides a comprehensive overview to understanding the integrated impact of the concepts of cellular and molecular aspects, models, environmental factors, and lifestyle involved in premature aging. Additionally, it examines how functional food, dietary nutraceuticals or pharmacological compounds can reverse inflammation and premature aging based on personalized medicine. This book is a valuable resource for health professionals, scientists and researchers, nutritionists, health practitioners, students and for all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Includes models of aging, including worm, mouse and human Explores the relationship of inflammation with diseases, including ocular health, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, and muscle health Encompasses a variety of lifestyle impacts, including diet, exercise and nutrition Includes suggested nutritional interventions

Epigenetics of Exercise and Sports

It is important to note that while nutritional interventions may be seen as “less invasive” or “safer” than ... to vary with nutrition status, cellular dysfunction (disease) and the aging process.23–26 The level of DNA methylation will ...

Author: Stuart Raleigh

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128209370

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 667

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Epigenetics of Exercise and Sports: Concepts, Methods, and Current Research explains fundamental epigenetic processes and how these are altered by exercise and sports. After a brief review of fundamental epigenetic biology, this all-new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series offers step-by-step instruction in how epigenetic factors are investigated for their influence over exercise related traits of human physiology, disease, and injury. The current state of knowledge in the field and recent findings are discussed in-depth, illuminating how exercise and sports performance may epigenetically modify our physiology, disease and injury risks, and how this knowledge can be applied in personalized exercise approaches, diagnostics, and treatment. This book also explores the shortcomings of explaining exercise related phenomena using only genomics and traditional biochemical techniques, setting the scene for a paradigm shift in exercise biology. In addition, over a dozen international specialists contribute chapters on exercise and sports epigenetics, and their influence over metabolism, obesity, aging, immunity, and neurological disease, as well as the epigenetic impacts of concussions and sports doping. A concluding chapter discusses ongoing themes in the field and outlooks for future research. Thoroughly examines fundamental concepts in exercise and sports epigenetics, methods for new research, and known impacts for human physiology, disease, and clinical outcomes Discusses exercise and sports epigenetics in relation to metabolism, obesity, aging, immunity, and neurological disease, concussion, and sports doping, among other topics Includes preliminary information on exercise epigenetics and covid-19 infection Features chapter contributions from international experts in the field