Neocolonialism and Built Heritage

Neocolonialism and Built Heritage addresses the sustained presence and influence of historic built environments and processes inherited from colonialism within the contemporary lives of cities in Africa, Asia, and Europe.

Author: Daniel E. Coslett

Publisher:

ISBN: 1138368385

Category: Architecture and history

Page: 296

View: 432

DOWNLOAD →

Architectural relics of nineteenth- and twentieth-century European and Japanese colonialism -- actively exploited and experienced neocolonialist sites of memory -- dot cityscapes throughout our globalizing world, just as built traces of colonialism remain embedded within the urban fabric of many European capitals. Neocolonialism and Built Heritage addresses the sustained presence and influence of historic built environments and processes inherited from colonialism within the contemporary lives of cities in Africa, Asia, and Europe. Novel in their focused consideration of ways in which these built environments reinforce neocolonialist connections among former colonies and colonizers, states and international organizations, the volume's case studies engage highly relevant issues such as historic preservation, heritage management, tourism, toponymy, and cultural imperialism. Interrogating the life of the past in the present, authors thus challenge readers to consider the roles played by a diversity of historic built environments in the ongoing asymmetrical balance of power and unequal distribution capital around the globe. They present buildings' maintenance, management, reuse, and (re)interpretation, and in so doing they raise important questions, the ramifications of which transcend the specifics of the individual sites and architectural histories they present.

Neocolonialism and Built Heritage

... 18n32 “dark tourism” 205 see also heritage: tourism see also Morocco: postcolonial tourism infrastructure Taiwan: Chimei Museum of Western Art 250, 251 colonization 236, 239–41 nation-building projects 247–51 neocolonialism 238–39, ...

Author: Daniel E. Coslett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429769511

Category: Architecture

Page: 274

View: 875

DOWNLOAD →

Architectural relics of nineteenth and twentieth-century colonialism dot cityscapes throughout our globalizing world, just as built traces of colonialism remain embedded within the urban fabric of many European capitals. Neocolonialism and Built Heritage addresses the sustained presence and influence of historic built environments and processes inherited from colonialism within the contemporary lives of cities in Africa, Asia, and Europe. Novel in their focused consideration of ways in which these built environments reinforce neocolonialist connections among former colonies and colonizers, states and international organizations, the volume’s case studies engage highly relevant issues such as historic preservation, heritage management, tourism, toponymy, and cultural imperialism. Interrogating the life of the past in the present, authors thus challenge readers to consider the roles played by a diversity of historic built environments in the ongoing asymmetrical balance of power and unequal distribution capital around the globe. They present buildings’ maintenance, management, reuse, and (re)interpretation, and in so doing they raise important questions, the ramifications of which transcend the specifics of the individual sites and architectural histories they present.

Postcolonialism Heritage and the Built Environment

community organization can come together to preserve heritage and achieve sustainable progress in postcolonial contexts within rural landscapes. ... Neocolonialism and built heritage: Echoes of empire in Africa, Asia, and Europe.

Author: Jessica L. Nitschke

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030608583

Category: Archaeology

Page: 141

View: 407

DOWNLOAD →

This book proposes new ways of looking at the built environment in archaeology, specifically through postcolonial perspectives. It brings together scholars and professionals from the fields of archaeology, urban studies, architectural history, and heritage in order to offer fresh perspectives on extracting and interpreting social and cultural information from architecture and monuments. The goal is to show how on-going critical engagement with the postcolonial critique can help archaeologists pursue more inclusive, sensitive, and nuanced interpretations of the built environment of the past and contribute to heritage discussions in the present. The chapters present case studies from Africa, Greece, Belgium, Australia, Syria, Kuala Lumpur, South Africa, and Chile, covering a wide range of chronological periods and settings. Through these diverse case studies, this volume encourages the reader to rethink the analytical frameworks and methods traditionally employed in the investigation of built spaces of the past. To the extent that these built spaces continue to shape identities and social relationships today, the book also encourages the reader to reflect critically on archaeologists' ability to impact stakeholder communities and shape public perceptions of the past.

Architecture State Modernism and Cultural Nationalism in the Apartheid Capital

... 1949–1964 Edited by Anoma Pieris Neocolonialism and Built Heritage Echoes of Empire in Africa, Asia, and Europe Edited by Daniel Coslett Postmodern Architecture in Socialist Poland Transformation, Symbolic Form and National Identity ...

Author: Hilton Judin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000367119

Category: Architecture

Page: 206

View: 972

DOWNLOAD →

This book is the first comprehensive investigation of the architecture of the apartheid state in the period of rapid economic growth and political repression from 1957 to 1966 when buildings took on an ideological role that was never remote from the increasingly dominant administrative, legislative and policing mechanisms of the regime. It considers how this process reflected the usurpation of a regional modernism and looks to contribute to wider discourses on international postwar modernism in architecture. Buildings in Pretoria that came to embody ambitions of the apartheid state for industrialisation and progress serve as case studies. These were widely acclaimed projects that embodied for apartheid officials the pursuit of modernisation but carried latent apprehensions of Afrikaners about their growing economic prospects and cultural estrangement in Africa. It is a less known and marginal story due to the dearth of material and documents buried in archives and untranslated documents. Many of the documents, drawings and photographs in the book are unpublished and include classified material and photographs from the National Nuclear Research Centre, negatives of 1960s from Pretoria News and documents and pamphlets from Afrikaner Broederbond archives. State architecture became the most iconic public manifestation of an evolving expression of white cultural identity as a new generation of architects in Pretoria took up the challenge of finding form to their prospects and beliefs. It was an opportunistic faith in Afrikaners who urgently needed to entrench their vulnerable and contested position on the African continent. The shift from provincial town to apartheid capital was swift and relentless. Little was left to stand in the way of the ambitions and aim of the state as people were uprooted and forcibly relocated, structures torn down and block upon block of administration towers and slabs erected across Pretoria. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of architectural history as well as those with an interest in postcolonial studies, political science and social anthropology.

Routledge Handbook of the History of Colonialism in South Asia

Neocolonialism and Built Heritage: Echoes of Empire in Africa, Asia, and Europe (London: Routledge, 2019), pp. 168–88. 2. Bernard S. Cohn, 'Law and the colonial state in India', in: idem (ed.), Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: ...

Author: Harald Fischer-Tiné

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429774690

Category: Social Science

Page: 534

View: 830

DOWNLOAD →

The Routledge Handbook of the History of Colonialism in South Asia provides a comprehensive overview of the historiographical specialisation and sophistication of the history of colonialism in South Asia. It explores the classic works of earlier generations of historians and offers an introduction to the rapid and multifaceted development of historical research on colonial South Asia since the 1990s. Covering economic history, political history, and social history and offering insights from other disciplines and ‘turns’ within the mainstream of history, the handbook is structured in six parts: Overarching Themes and Debates The World of Economy and Labour Creating and Keeping Order: Science, Race, Religion, Law, and Education Environment and Space Culture, Media, and the Everyday Colonial South Asia in the World The editors have assembled a group of leading international scholars of South Asian history and related disciplines to introduce a broad readership into the respective subfields and research topics. Designed to serve as a comprehensive and nuanced yet readable introduction to the vast field of the history of colonialism in the Indian subcontinent, the handbook will be of interest to researchers and students in the fields of South Asian history, imperial and colonial history, and global and world history.

Postmodern Architecture in Socialist Poland

Architecture on the Borderline Bucharest, 1949–1964 Edited by Anoma Pieris Neocolonialism and Built Heritage Echoes of Empire in Africa, Asia, and Europe Edited by Daniel Coslett Postmodern Architecture in Socialist Poland ...

Author: Florian Urban

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000291971

Category: Architecture

Page: 226

View: 494

DOWNLOAD →

Garish churches, gabled panel blocks, neo-historical tenements—this book is about these and other architectural oddities that emerged in Poland between 1975 and 1989, a period characterised by the decline of the authoritarian socialist regime and waves of political protest. During that period, committed architects defied repressive politics and persistent shortages, and designed houses and churches which adapted eclectic historical forms and geometric volumes, and were based on traditional typologies. These buildings show a very different background of postmodernism, far removed from the debates over Robert Venturi, Philip Johnson, or Prince Charles in Western Europe and North America—a context in which postmodern architecture stood not for world-weary irony in an economically saturated society, but for individualised counter-propositions to a collectivist ideology, for a yearning for truth and spiritual values, and for a discourse on distinctiveness and national identity. Postmodern Architecture in Socialist Poland argues that this new architecture marked the beginning of socio-political transformation and at the same time showed postmodernism's reconciliatory potential. In light of massive historical ruptures and wartime destruction, these buildings successfully responded to the contradictory desires for historical continuity and acknowledgment of rupture and loss. Next to international ideas, the architects took up domestic traditions, such as the ideas of the Polish school of historic conservation and long-standing national-patriotic narratives. They thus contributed to the creation of a built environment and intellectual climate that have been influential to date. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars interested in postmodern architecture and urban design, as well as in the socio-cultural background and transformative potential of architecture under socialism.

Fill er Up

... in the early 1920s with their own elaborate designs that drew on New England's neocolonial architectural heritage . Colonial Beacon ( later acquired by Exxon ) built a chain of Palladian pavilions with distinctive green domes that ...

Author: Tim Russell

Publisher:

ISBN: 1610603869

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page:

View: 975

DOWNLOAD →

In this car culture of ours, what could be more American than the gas station, from the roadside pit stop in the middle of nowhere to the spit-and-polish, full service city shop? This brightly illustrated history of service stations runs the gamut from East to West, North to South, spotlighting the culture and lore of the gas-pumping garage that has kept the United States moving for a century. Whether it's the last-chance Texaco or the Sinclair dinosaur winking in the distance, the beckoning Shell, or the winged Mobil horse, it's here in all its small-town glory of compact architecture, inspired promotions, art deco pumps, and endless views of the American horizon. Author Tim Russell, one of the world's foremost collectors and historians of Petroliana, rolls out the ribbon of highway that takes us to all of those way stations of Americas motoring past.

Urban and Architectural Heritage Conservation within Sustainability

Architecture needs to be erected to meet the desires and needs of its people; the built environment is shaped with unblemished ... and the cultural neocolonialism which plays such a great role in contemporary Arab World architecture. 7.

Author: Dr. Kabila Hmood

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9781838808815

Category: Science

Page: 124

View: 785

DOWNLOAD →

Urban and Architectural Heritage within Sustainability is interested in the cities of the future, which must tie together the past, present, and future through an advanced connective chain that meets all humans' requirements in any era. This book attempts to answer many questions, such as what is urban conservation? How do cities of historical depth deal with modern planning policies and our conservation policies, rehabilitation, restoration, and preservation of historical cities and heritage buildings? How can we explain sustainable heritage and sustainability? Comprised of four sections, this book includes six chapters by noted experts and researchers. Section 1 covers heritage conservation and rehabilitation of architectural and urban heritage. Section 2 investigates current retrofitting strategies and interventions in heritage buildings through the viewpoint of energy efficiency. Section 3 redefines what identity is and explores how new places and spaces offer an eyrie of cultural values. And Section 4 establishes heritage significant values and assesses sustainable heritage conservation options.

Old House Journal

NEO-COLONIAL HOUSES- - large , well-built, and comf ortable--provide tangible evidence of the cultural ... Because they comprise a large, identifiable housing stock with a clear architectural heritage, they deserve their own style ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 20

View: 641

DOWNLOAD →

Old-House Journal is the original magazine devoted to restoring and preserving old houses. For more than 35 years, our mission has been to help old-house owners repair, restore, update, and decorate buildings of every age and architectural style. Each issue explores hands-on restoration techniques, practical architectural guidelines, historical overviews, and homeowner stories--all in a trusted, authoritative voice.

Archaeology of Oceania

In this context, colonial heritage, in particular built heritage, is unlikely to be highly valued and its conservation may even be actively discouraged. O'Neill and Spennemann (2001:47) observe that in recently independent Micronesian ...

Author: Ian Lilley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405152297

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 122

DOWNLOAD →

This book is a state-of-the-art introduction to the archaeology of Oceania, covering both Australia and the Pacific Islands. The first text to provide integrated treatment of the archaeologies of Australia and the Pacific Islands Enables readers to form a coherent overview of cultural developments across the region as a whole Brings together contributions from some of the region’s leading scholars Focuses on new discoveries, conceptual innovations, and postcolonial realpolitik Challenges conventional thinking on major regional and global issues in archaeology

Rethinking Global Modernism

Architectural Historiography and the Postcolonial Vikramaditya Prakash, Maristella Casciato, Daniel E. Coslett ... and where they intersect with inherited colonial-era built environments, see Cosle , Neocolonialism and Built Heritage.

Author: Vikramaditya Prakash

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000471632

Category: Architecture

Page: 394

View: 903

DOWNLOAD →

This anthology collects developing scholarship that outlines a new decentred history of global modernism in architecture using postcolonial and other related theoretical frameworks. By both revisiting the canons of modernism and seeking to decolonize and globalize those canons, the volume explores what a genuinely "global" history of architectural modernism might begin to look like. Its chapters explore the historiography and weaknesses of modernism's normative interpretations and propose alternatives to them. The collection offers essays that interrogate transnationalism in new ways, reconsiders the agency of the subaltern and the roles played by infrastructures, materials, and global institutions in propagating a diversity of modernisms internationally. Issues such as colonial modernism, architectural pedagogy, cultural imperialism, and spirituality are engaged. With essays from both established scholars and up-and-coming researchers, this is an important reference for a new understanding of this crucial and developing topic.

Architecture on the Borderline

Edited by Thomas A. Markus and Anthony D. King Architectural discourse has traditionally represented buildings as art ... politics and built space Edited by Anoma Pieris Neocolonialism and Built Heritage Echoes of Empire in Africa, ...

Author: Anoma Pieris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351594998

Category: Architecture

Page: 288

View: 272

DOWNLOAD →

Architecture on the Borderline interrogates space and territory in a turbulent present where nation-state borders are porous to a few but impermeable to many. It asks how these uneven and conflicted social realities are embodied in the physical and material conditions imagined, produced or experienced through architecture and urbanism. Drawing on historical, global examples, this rich collection of essays illustrates how empires, nations and cities expand their frontiers and contest boundaries, but equally how borderline identities of people and places influence or expose these processes. Empirical chapters covering Central Asia, the Asia Pacific region, the American continent, Europe and the Middle East offer multiple critical insights into the ways in which our spatial imagination is contingent on ‘border-thinking’; on the ways of being and navigating frontiers, boundaries and margins, the three themes used to organise their content. The underlying premise of the book is that sensitisation to border conditions can alter our understanding of the static physical spaces that service political or cultural ideologies, and that the view from the periphery opens up new ways of understanding sovereignty. In exploring these various spaces and their transformative subjectivities, this book also reveals the unrelenting precarity of contesting and living on the margins, and related spaces and discourses that are neglected or suppressed.

Justice and Tourism

The built heritage protection guidelines need to be altered to make them less focused on European, colonial built ... Governmental and heritage stakeholders must also directly address the exclusionary, predatory, and neocolonial aspects ...

Author: Tazim Jamal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000478433

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 442

View: 884

DOWNLOAD →

Research related to justice and tourism is at an early stage in tourism studies. Challenges abound due to the complex scope and scale of tourism, and thus the need to transcend disciplinary boundaries to inform a phenomenon that is intricately interwoven with place and people from local to global. The contributors to this book have drawn from diverse knowledge domains including but not limited to sociology, geography, business studies, urban planning and architecture, anthropology, philosophy and management studies, to inform their research. From case-based empirical research to descriptive and theoretical approaches to justice and tourism, they tackle critical issues such as social justice and gender, discrimination and racism, minority and worker rights, indigenous, cultural and heritage justice (including special topics like food sovereignty), while post-humanistic perspectives that call us to attend to non-human others, to climate justice and sustainable futures. A rich array of principles is woven within and between the chapters. The various contributions illustrate the need for continuing collaboration among researchers in the Global North and Global South to enable diverse voices and worldviews to inform the pluralism of justice and tourism, as arises in this book. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

Structural Studies Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture XIV

In order for the Nevisians to revitalize their architectural heritage and to uncover their multi-cultural identity and independence, ... We need to be sure that we're not creating a new intellectual imperialism” [6].

Author: S. Hernández

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 9781845649685

Category: Architecture

Page: 876

View: 429

DOWNLOAD →

Containing the proceedings of the 14th Conference on Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture (STREMAH 2015), this book provides the necessary scientific knowledge required to formulate regulatory policies and to ensure effective ways of preserving the architectural heritage. First held in 1989, the STREMAH conference attracts an extensive range of quality contributions from scientists, architects, engineers and restoration experts from all over the world dealing with various aspects of heritage buildings. The conference proceedings cover a wide range of topics related to the historical aspects and the reuse of heritage buildings, as well as technical issues on the structural integrity of different types of buildings, such as those constructed with materials as varied as iron and steel, concrete, masonry, wood or earth. Material characterisation techniques are also addressed, including non-destructive tests via computer simulation. Other topics include: Surveying and monitoring; Performance and maintenance; Modern (19th/20th century) heritage; Maritime heritage; Simulation and modelling; Material characterisation; New technologies or materials; Corrosion and material decay; Seismic vulnerability; Assessment and re-use of heritage buildings; Heritage and tourism; Social and economic aspects in heritage; Guidelines, codes and regulations for heritage; Heritage management; Defence heritage; Industrial heritage; Transportation heritage.

International Heritage and Historic Building Conservation

He was active in the National Institute for Historical and Artistic Patrimony in Rio de Janeiro, which was in charge of the preservation and restoration of historic buildings across Brazil.39 Costa expressed his views on built heritage, ...

Author: Zeynep Aygen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415888141

Category: Architecture

Page: 321

View: 458

DOWNLOAD →

The majority of books in English on historic building conservation and heritage preservation training are often restricted to Western architecture and its origins. Consequently, the history of building conservation, the study of contemporary paradigms and case studies in most universities and within wider interest circles, predominantly in the UK, Europe, and USA focus mainly on Europe and sometimes the USA, although the latter is often excluded from European publications. With an increasingly multicultural student body in Euro-American universities and with a rising global interest in heritage preservation, there is an urgent need for publications to cover a larger geographical and social area including not only Asia, Australia, Africa and South America but also previously neglected countries in Europe like the new members of the European Community and the northern neighbour of the USA, Canada. The inclusion of the 'other' in built environment education in general and in building conservation in particular is a pre-requisite of cultural interaction and widening participation. International Heritage and Historic Building Conservation assesses successful contemporary conservation paradigms from around the world. The book evaluates conservation case studies from previously excluded areas of the world to create an integrated account of Historic Building Conservation that crosses the boundaries of language and culture and sets an example for further inclusive research. Analyzing the influence of financial constraints, regional conflicts, and cultural differences on the heritage of disadvantaged countries, this leading-edge volume is essential for researchers and students of heritage studies interested in understanding their topics in a wider framework.

Cultural Heritage and Tourism in the Developing World

... 190, 195, 202, 211, 231, 232, 233, 236–238 built environment 3, 10, 11, 20, 33, 57, 102, 148, 157, 186, 193–196, 197, 210, 229, 232, 238 built heritage see built environment Bulgaria 103,224,227, 228, 231, 234, 235 Burkina Faso 5, ...

Author: Dallen J. Timothy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134002283

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 891

DOWNLOAD →

Cultural Heritage and Tourism in the Developing World is the first book of its kind to synthesize global and regional issues, challenges, and practices related to cultural heritage and tourism, specifically in less-developed nations. The importance of preservation and management of cultural heritage has been realized as an increasing number of tourists are visiting heritage attractions. Although many of the issues and challenges developing countries face in terms of heritage management are quite different from those in the developed world, there is a lack of consolidated research on this important subject. This seminal book tackles the issues through theoretical discourse, ideas and problems that underlay heritage tourism in terms of conservation, management, economics and underdevelopment, politics and power, resource utilization, colonialism, and various other antecedent notions that have shaped the development of heritage tourism in the less-developed regions of the world. The book is comprised of two sections. The first section highlights the broader conceptual underpinnings, debates, and paradigms in the realm of heritage tourism in developing regions. The chapters of this section examine heritage resources and the tourism product; protecting heritage relics, places and traditions; politics of heritage; and the impacts of heritage tourism. The second section examines heritage tourism issues in specific regions, including the Pacific Islands, South Asia, the Caribbean, China and Northeast Asia, South-East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Central and Eastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, and Latin America. Each region has unique histories, cultures, political traditions, heritages, issues and problems, and the way these issues are tackled vary from place to place. This volume develops frameworks that are useful tools for heritage managers, planners and policy-makers, researchers, and students in understanding the complexity of cultural heritage and tourism in the developing world. Unlike many other books written about developing regions, this book provides insiders’ perspectives, as most of the empirical chapters are authored by the individuals who live or have lived in the various regions and have a greater understanding of the region’s culture, history, and operational frameworks in the realm of cultural heritage. The richness of this ‘indigenous’ or expert knowledge comes through as each regional overview elucidates the primary challenges and opportunities facing heritage and tourism managers in the less affluent areas of the world.

Tourism and Postcolonialism

... especially in some aspects of heritage tourism. The relics of imperialism can act as an attractor for tourism. Many countries that were once controlled by imperial powers have ruins, artefacts and cultural remnants of those powers ...

Author: Michael C. Hall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134329663

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 503

DOWNLOAD →

Due to its centrality to the processes of transnational mobilities, migration and globalization, tourism studies has the potential to make a significant contribution to understanding the postcolonial experience. Drawing together theoretical and applied research, this fascinating book illuminates the links between tourism, colonialism and postcolonialism. Significantly, it creates a space for the voices of authors from postcolonial countries. Chapters are integrated and examined through concepts taken from the wider postcolonial literature, which identify tourism not only as an international industry but also as a postcolonial cultural form, which by its very nature is based on past and present day colonial structural relationships. The first book to explicitly explore the contribution tourism can make to the postcolonial experience, this book is an essential read for students of tourism, cultural studies and geography.

Latin American Modern Architectures

... definitively crossed by the neocolonial, whose architectural vocabulary was flexible enough to incorporate various local inflections while still speaking of a common Iberian cultural experience and historical legacy in América.27 In ...

Author: Patricio del Real

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136234422

Category: Architecture

Page: 306

View: 146

DOWNLOAD →

Latin American Modern Architectures: Ambiguous Territories has thirteen new essays from a range of distinguished architectural historians to help you understand the region’s rich and varied architecture. It will also introduce you to major projects that have not been written about in English. A foreword by historian Kenneth Frampton sets the stage for essays on well-known architects, such as Lucio Costa and Félix Candela, which will show you unfamiliar aspects of their work, and for essays on the work of little-known figures, such as Uruguayan architect Carlos Gómez Gavazzo and Peruvian architect and politician Fernando Belaúnde Terry. Covering urban and territorial histories from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, along with detailed building analyses, this book is your best source for historical and critical essays on a sampling of Latin America's diverse architecture, providing much-needed information on key case studies. Contributors include Noemí Adagio, Pedro Ignacio Alonso, Luis Castañeda, Viviana d’Auria, George F. Flaherty, María González Pendás, Cristina López Uribe, Hugo Mondragón López, Jorge Nudelman Blejwas, Hugo Palmarola Sagredo, Gaia Piccarolo, Claudia Shmidt, Daniel Talesnik, and Paulo Tavares.

Eugenics in the Garden

... center.60 Most of the pavilions designed for the site were built in the neocolonial style—a style selected by the ... was believed to compensate for the colonial architectural heritage destroyed with the razing of the mountain.61 ...

Author: Fabiola López-Durán

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9781477314968

Category: Architecture

Page: 312

View: 233

DOWNLOAD →

As Latin American elites strove to modernize their cities at the turn of the twentieth century, they eagerly adopted the eugenic theory that improvements to the physical environment would lead to improvements in the human race. Based on Jean-Baptiste Lamarck’s theory of the “inheritance of acquired characteristics,” this strain of eugenics empowered a utopian project that made race, gender, class, and the built environment the critical instruments of modernity and progress. Through a transnational and interdisciplinary lens, Eugenics in the Garden reveals how eugenics, fueled by a fear of social degeneration in France, spread from the realms of medical science to architecture and urban planning, becoming a critical instrument in the crafting of modernity in the new Latin world. Journeying back and forth between France, Brazil, and Argentina, Fabiola López-Durán uncovers the complicity of physicians and architects on both sides of the Atlantic, who participated in a global strategy of social engineering, legitimized by the authority of science. In doing so, she reveals the ideological trajectory of one of the most celebrated architects of the twentieth century, Le Corbusier, who deployed architecture in what he saw as the perfecting and whitening of man. The first in-depth interrogation of eugenics’ influence on the construction of the modern built environment, Eugenics in the Garden convincingly demonstrates that race was the main tool in the geopolitics of space, and that racism was, and remains, an ideology of progress.

Gentrification in a Global Context

These architectural artefacts have become the desirable remnants, the postcolonial heritage of colonial and neocolonial pasts. The task of this chapter, then, is to recount the reinvention of the built legacy of white settlement as ...

Author: Rowland Atkinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134330645

Category: Architecture

Page: 320

View: 877

DOWNLOAD →

Gentrification, a process of class neighbourhood upgrading, is being identified in a broader range of urban contexts throughout the world. This book throws new light and evidence to bear on a subject that deeply divides commentators on its worth and social costs given its ability to physically improve areas but also to displace indigenous inhabitants. Gentrification in a Global Perspective brings together the most recent theoretical and empirical research on gentrification at a global scale. Each author gives an overview of gentrification in their country so that each chapter retains a unique approach but tackles a common theme within a shared framework. The main feature of the book is a critical and well-written set of chapters on a process that is currently undergoing a resurgence of interest and one that shows no sign of abating.