Mixed Metaphors

In Mixed Metaphors: Their Use and Abuse, Karen Sullivan employs findings from linguistics and cognitive science to explore how metaphors are combined and why they sometimes mix.

Author: Karen Sullivan

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350066069

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 910


Critics shudder at mixed metaphors like 'that wet blanket is a loose cannon', but admire 'Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player', and all the metaphors packed into Macbeth's 'Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow' speech. How is it that metaphors are sometimes mixed so badly and other times put together so well? In Mixed Metaphors: Their Use and Abuse, Karen Sullivan employs findings from linguistics and cognitive science to explore how metaphors are combined and why they sometimes mix. Once we understand the ways that metaphoric ideas are put together, we can appreciate why metaphor combinations have such a wide range of effects. Mixed Metaphors: Their Use and Abuse includes analyses of over a hundred metaphors from politicians, sportspeople, writers and other public figures, and identifies the characteristics that make these metaphors annoying, amusing or astounding.

Mixed Metaphors

Why did Lawrence choose to mix these metaphors? And, why is the result dramatic rather than ridiculous? Goatly guesses 'that the disorder being described by Lawrence here is the very motivation for this metaphorical mixing – to mirror a ...

Author: Karen Sullivan

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350066052

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 821


Critics shudder at mixed metaphors like 'that wet blanket is a loose cannon', but admire 'Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player', and all the metaphors packed into Macbeth's 'Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow' speech. How is it that metaphors are sometimes mixed so badly and other times put together so well? In Mixed Metaphors: Their Use and Abuse, Karen Sullivan employs findings from linguistics and cognitive science to explore how metaphors are combined and why they sometimes mix. Once we understand the ways that metaphoric ideas are put together, we can appreciate why metaphor combinations have such a wide range of effects. Mixed Metaphors: Their Use and Abuse includes analyses of over a hundred metaphors from politicians, sportspeople, writers and other public figures, and identifies the characteristics that make these metaphors annoying, amusing or astounding.

Mixed Metaphors

Death is often presented as a lover, and metaphors of flowers, marriage and death are mixed as in the words of Paris in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet as he scatters flowers on the tomb of his seemingly dead bride Juliet: 'Sweet flower, ...

Author: Stefanie A. Knöll

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443879224

Category: Dance of death

Page: 450

View: 601


This groundbreaking collection of essays by a host of international authorities addresses the many aspects of the Danse Macabre, a subject that has been too often overlooked in Anglo-American scholarship. The Danse was once a major motif that occurred in many different media and spread across Europe in the course of the fifteenth century, from France to England, Germany, Scandinavia, Poland, Spain, Italy and Istria. Yet the Danse is hard to define because it mixes metaphors, such as dance, di ...

Mixing Metaphor

This volume brings together a distinguished group of linguists, psychologists and computer scientists, who tackle the issue of how and why mixed metaphors arise and what communicative purposes they may serve.

Author: Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr.

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027267504

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 269

View: 195


Mixing metaphors in speech, writing, and even gesture, is traditionally viewed as a sign of inconsistency in thought and language. Despite the prominence of mixed metaphors, there have been surprisingly few attempts to comprehensively explain why people mix their metaphors so frequently and in the particular ways they do. This volume brings together a distinguished group of linguists, psychologists and computer scientists, who tackle the issue of how and why mixed metaphors arise and what communicative purposes they may serve. These scholars, almost unanimously, argue that mixing metaphors is a natural consequence of common metaphorical thought processes, highlighting important complexities of the metaphorical mind. Mixing Metaphor, for the first time, offers new, critical empirical and theoretical insights on a topic that has long been ignored within interdisciplinary metaphor studies.

Breezy with a Chance of Mixed Metaphors Parodies Poems Palindromes Personal Memoirs

"Yes." "What are you doing at the movies?" The duck replied, "Well, I liked the book." Ducks on the lake Are baked in the cake Geese and loons too An Audubon Zoo Graceful vees paint. 3 BREEZY WITH A CHANCE OF MIXED METAPHORS Ben Crane's ...

Author: Marvin Francis Fouty

Publisher: First Edition Design Pub.

ISBN: 9781506900964

Category: Poetry

Page: 116

View: 134


Breezy with a Chance of Mixed Metaphors is a collection of parodies, poems, palindromes and memoirs of people I've encountered through the years. All of the poems in the book are written by me with the minor exception of a few poems that I love which are duly attributed. Readers have said: “It was a delight through and through. I KNEW that I would enjoy it and you didn't let me down. Inspiring and delightful.” “The lyrical fun of witty poetry and sports parodies and stories are a joy to read. In this book I met some of the friends Marvin travelled with through the years. He handles their memories so well.” “The book is different in many ways from the hundreds I've read before. Marvin chose a style of presentation that fits him well, and entertained me a lot!” “You have a rich heritage and can be so proud of your relatives. It brought back so many memories I have of my family! You are one of the best teller of stories I have ever had the pleasure to read.“ “The various poems are beautiful, charming, witty, and sometimes, ahem...a bit bawdy!” “Delightful. You have a talent to communicate feelings in our hearts and paint images in our brains. Just thanks!”

Metaphors Dead and Alive Sleeping and Waking

appears to be straightforward: the mixing of metaphors results from the non- activation of the literal meaning, which is not brought to the speaker's focal attention during speaking. In this chapter, I shall follow up this assumption in ...

Author: Cornelia Müller

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226548265

Category: Psychology

Page: 290

View: 665


Traditional thinking on metaphors has divided them into two camps: dead and alive. Conventional expressions from everyday language are classified as dead, while much rarer novel or poetic metaphors are alive. In the 1980s, new theories on the cognitive processes involved with the use of metaphor challenged these assumptions, but with little empirical support. Drawing on the latest research in linguistics, semiotics, philosophy, and psychology, Cornelia Müller here unveils a new approach that refutes the rigid dead/alive dichotomy, offering in its place a more dynamic model: sleeping and waking. To build this model, Müller presents an overview of notions of metaphor from the classical period to the present; studies in detail how metaphors function in speech, text, gesture, and images; and examines the way mixed metaphors sometimes make sense and sometimes do not. This analysis leads her to conclude that metaphors may oscillate between various degrees of sleeping and waking as their status changes depending on context and intention. Bridging the gap between conceptual metaphor theory and more traditional linguistic theories, this book is a major advance for the field and will be vital to novices and initiates alike.

Mixing Metaphors

Rather than simply referring to the interweaving of metaphors as a 'mixed metaphor', Lakoff and Johnson enable us to see how multiple metaphors interact. The areas of overlap or coherence serve to highlight specific aspects of the ...

Author: Sarah J. Dille

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826469694

Category: Religion

Page: 216

View: 615


While most treatments of biblical metaphor examine individual metaphors in isolation, Sarah J. Dille presents a model for interpretation based on their interaction with one another. Using Lakoff and Johnson's category of "metaphoric coherence", she argues that when nonconsistent or contradictory metaphors appear together in a literary unit, the areas of overlap (coherence) are highlighted in each. Using the images of father and mother in Deutero-Isaiah as a starting point, she explores how these images interact with others: for example, the divine warrior, the redeeming kinsman, the artisan of clay, or the husband. The juxtaposition of diverse metaphors (common in Hebrew prophetic literature) highlights common "entailments", enabling the reader to see aspects of the image which would be overlooked or invisible if read in isolation. Dille argues that any metaphor for God can only be understood if it is read or heard in interaction with others within a particular cultural context.

Iconographic Exegesis of the Hebrew Bible Old Testament

On Mixed Metaphors In their classic textbook on proper English usage, The Elements of Style, William Strunk and E. B. White warn against using mixed metaphor in writing: When you use a metaphor, do not mix it up.

Author: Izaak J. de Hulster

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783647534602

Category: Religion

Page: 383

View: 213


Iconographic exegesis combines the study of biblical texts (exegesis) with the study of ancient expressions of visual art (iconography).Studying ancient visual art that is contemporary with the documents of the Old Testament gives remarkable insight, not only on the meaning and historical context of the biblical text, but also because it facilitates greater understanding of how the ancient authors and audiences saw, thought, and made sense of the world. Iconography thus merits close attention as another avenue that can lead to a more nuanced and more complete understanding of the biblical text.Each chapter of this book provides an exegesis of a particular biblical text or theme. The book is organized around the tripartite structure of the Hebrew Bible, and demonstrates that iconographical exegesis is pertinent to “every nook and cranny” of the Bible.Within the three parts, there is special emphasis on Genesis, Isaiah, and the Psalms in order to make the book attractive for classes that deal with one or more of these books and might therefore include an iconographic perspective.In addition to connecting with a major issue in biblical interpretation, theology, or visual studies each chapter will end with one or two exercises directing the reader/student to comparable texts and images, enabling them to apply what was described in the chapter for themselves. This approach enables beginners as well as advanced readers to integrate iconography into their toolbox of exegetical skills.

Metaphors Similes and Other Word Pictures

Do you use any clichés or mixed metaphors ? Rewrite your poem until you think your images are the best they can be . GLOSSARY abstract : unclear , not specific , or unable. 10. Activity : State of mind . Go to one of your favorite ...

Author: Jennifer Fandel

Publisher: The Creative Company

ISBN: 1583413405

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 547


Describes the importance of using descriptions, details, metaphors, and similes to bring poems, even about everyday objects, to life.

Cooper Hill Stylebook

39 Mixed metaphors What are mixed metaphors? Like other figurative expressions, metaphors enliven writing with vivid images. To be effective, however, these images must complement each other. Awkwardly matched images are called mixed ...

Author: Gregory Heyworth

Publisher: eBook Partnership

ISBN: 9781783018642

Category: Electronic books

Page: 599

View: 661


Now in its 3rd edition, The Cooper Hill Stylebook is the classic high school and college revision manual. It's a 599-page, practical, step-by-step how-to for every writer. Based on 70 years of experience in high school and university classrooms, The Stylebook helps teachers cut correcting time in half and turns students into independent learners with all the revision expertise they need immediately at their fingertips. FAQ at the beginning of each chapter anticipates questions and defines terms. Explanations to grammar/writing problems use short sentences in classroom-tested language. 1500+ humorous and topical examples illustrate and correct errors. Up to 50 practice exercises follow each part of every chapter. 1000+ exercises represent actual student mistakes. Click SEE ANSWER after each question for immediate answers and explanations. Ready-made unit on rhetorical fallacies for journalism and media studies. Every chapter a complete user-friendly lessonWhat users are saying"e;I love the book and am using it every day. As soon as I can, I will order more because more department members want to start using it."e;- June Davison, English Department Chair ret., Valley Regional High School, CT "e;I wanted to write and tell you how valuable and magnificent your Stylebook has been to my work. [...] It's an invaluable resource to have."e;- Karen Dugan, North Attleboro, MA "e;Thanks to this fantastic book I've been placed in a sophomore English class with only two other freshmen."e;-Nancy Marie Spagnolo, Marymount College of Fordham University "e;This is one of the best books on writing and revision I've ever seen. I'm brushing up to return to school. Writing essays is a weak spot for me, and I know this book is going to help me."e;-Tina K. Fusco (Online Review) "e;I wish I had had this book years ago when I first started teaching freshman writing. It will be the standard handbook for my students from now on."e;-Yael Halevi-Wise, McGill University "e;The Stylebook strikes a very practical balance between teacher instruction and student self-help. The explanations are clear and accessible, and the exercises eliminate the need for constant reinforcement by teachers."e;-Harold Freedman, English Department Chair ret., Amity Regional High School, CT "e;An educational rarity [...] a good read! Here is something of value for writers of every stripe: high school, university, and beyond."e;-Dorothea Braginsky, Fairfield University "e;A great tool for any college writer. The book covers everything from improving writing efficiency to spotting and correcting rhetorical fallacies. The index makes the book accessible for research. A really handy guide and reference."e;- Del, Online Review "e;The Stylebook is the only book I will go by from the end of high school, to college, to graduate school, to life. The Stylebook is the only grammar/writing book I'm able to read and not fall asleep."e;-Zhang, Online Review "e;The Stylebook is the only writing reference book you will need to own. It covers completely mechanics, punctuation, tricky spellings, confusing word pairs, and the fine art of logical thinking. It is easy to use. Exercises are amusing, answers are explained clearly. I feel comfortable grabbing this book for a quick reference."e;- Aunt D, Online Review "e;I am studying English at Cornell University, and was looking for a book to help me hone my writing skills. This book answers even the most nitpicky questions about grammar and sentence structure."e;- jackmike1, Online Review

Conceptual Conflicts in Metaphors and Figurative Language

The reactivation of the source meaning of lexical extensions is a relevant point for the discussion about mixed metaphors in sentences and texts (Gibbs (ed.), 2016). As Steen (2016, 118) argues, “If a metaphor is not used deliberately ...

Author: Michele Prandi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351804622

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 487


This innovative volume provides a comprehensive integrated account of the study of conceptual figures, demonstrating the ways in which figures and in particular, conflictual figures, encapsulate linguistic expression in the fullest sense and in turn, how insights gleaned from their study can contribute to the wider body of linguistic research. With a specific focus on metaphor and metonymy, the book offers a unified and systematic typology of linguistic figures, drawing on a number of different approaches, including both traditional and emerging frameworks within cognitive linguistics as well as syntactic theory, while also providing an exhaustive look at the unique features of a variety of conceptual figures, including metaphor, metonymy, oxymoron, and synecdoche. In its aim of reconciling historically opposed theoretical approaches to the study of conflictual figures while also incorporating a thorough account of its distinctive varieties, this volume will be essential reading for researchers and scholars in cognitive linguistics, theoretical linguistics, philosophy of language, and literary studies.

Thinking Arabic Translation

204 Metaphor 14.4 Extended and mixed metaphors One of the interesting stylistic features of metaphor is the tendency for a particular metaphorical image to be maintained over a fairly long stretch of text. By 'image' here, we mean a ...

Author: James Dickins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315471556

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 314

View: 543


Thinking Arabic Translation is an indispensable book for linguists who want to develop their Arabic-to-English translation skills. Clear explanations, discussions, examples and exercises enable students to acquire the skills necessary for tackling a broad range of translation problems. The book has a practical orientation, addressing key issues for translators, such as cultural differences, genre, and revision and editing. It is a book on translation method, drawing on a range of notions from linguistics and translation theory to encourage thoughtful consideration of possible solutions to practical problems. This new edition includes: • new material in almost all chapters • a new chapter on parallelism • two new chapters on technical translation: botanical and Islamic finance texts • new and up-to-date examples from all types of translation, covering broad issues that have emerged in the Arab world in recent years • texts drawn from a wide variety of writing types, including newspapers, prose fiction, poetry, tourist material, scientific texts, financial texts, recipes, academic writing, constitutions and political speeches • at least three full-length practical translation exercises in each chapter to complement the discussions and consolidate learning. In addition to the updated Tutor’s Handbook, a Supplement, containing textual material and practical exercises aimed at further developing the translation issues discussed in the main text, and a Tutor’s Handbook to the Supplement, are available at www.routledge.com/cw/dickins. Thinking Arabic Translation is key reading for advanced students wishing to perfect their language skills or considering a career in translation.

Understanding Mixed Metaphor and Conceptual Metaphor Theory

Abstract Julia Elizabeth Lonergan Understanding Mixed Metaphor and Conceptual Metaphor Theory This paper describes four ... Mixed metaphors are language clusters of different metaphorical phrases that bring together multiple seemingly ...

Author: Julia Elisabeth Lonergan




Page: 190

View: 397


English Composition and Rhetoric

MIXED METAPHORS . 33 covsused when incompatible operations are required to be joined . The following example has often been quoted from Addison's poem on the victories of Marlborough :“ I bridle in my struggling muse with pain ...

Author: Alexander Bain


ISBN: PRNC:32101072898214

Category: English language

Page: 343

View: 600


Metaphors in Learner English

A further signal of potentially deliberate metaphor use is found in mixed metaphors, involving implicit comparison of the same topic in terms of two conflicting source domains (see e.g. Kimmel 2010). Such mixing may be intentionally ...

Author: Susan Nacey

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027271563

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 279

View: 567


This volume presents results from a corpus-based investigation into the metaphorical production of foreign language learners, comparing texts written by Norwegian (L2) learners of English with those written by British (L1) students. Three types of questions are addressed. The first has empirically measured answers: For example, do L2 English writers produce more metaphors than L1 novice writers? How frequent are novel metaphors in an L2, as compared with an L1? The second type has more subjective answers: How creatively do L2 English learners employ metaphor? Are they even expected to be able to produce metaphor at all? The third type combines theoretical and methodological perspectives: How is metaphorical creativity identified? What is the potential role of metaphoric competence? Most importantly, how are metaphors identified? To this end, the newly-developed ‘Metaphor Identification Procedure’ is tested and critiqued. This book is intended for metaphor researchers, corpus linguists, applied linguists and language educators.

Aspects of Metaphor

Obviously , this metaphor is not a mixed one . A converse example is offered by our own idioms in this paper . We have spoken alternatively of a metaphor being " anchored " or " moored " to some instance to which the metaphorically used ...

Author: Jaakko Hintikka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792327861

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 263

View: 939


Metaphor is one of the most frequently evoked but at the same time most poorly understood concepts in philosophy and literary theory. In recent years, several interesting approaches to metaphor have been presented or outlined. In this volume, authors of some of the most important new approaches re-present their views or illustrate them by means of applications, thus allowing the reader to survey some of the prominent ongoing developments in this field. These authors include Robert Fogelin, Susan Haack, Jaakko Hintikka (with Gabriel Sandu), Bipin Indurkhya and Eva Kittay (with Eric Steinhart). Their stance is in the main constructive rather than critical; but frequent comparisons of different views further facilitate the reader's overview. In the other contributions, metaphor is related to the problems of visual representation (Noël Carroll), to the open class test (Avishai Margalit and Naomi Goldblum) as well as to Wittgenstein's idea of `a way of life' (E.M. Zemach).

Metaphor Wars

Various critics have argued that CMT is incapable of explaining mixed metaphors, because they appear to reveal inconsistency in metaphorical thought sequences. However, various linguistic and psycholinguistic analyses suggest that mixed ...

Author: Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108107624

Category: Psychology


View: 839


The study of metaphor is now firmly established as a central topic within cognitive science and the humanities. We marvel at the creative dexterity of gifted speakers and writers for their special talents in both thinking about certain ideas in new ways, and communicating these thoughts in vivid, poetic forms. Yet metaphors may not only be special communicative devices, but a fundamental part of everyday cognition in the form of 'conceptual metaphors'. An enormous body of empirical evidence from cognitive linguistics and related disciplines has emerged detailing how conceptual metaphors underlie significant aspects of language, thought, cultural and expressive action. Despite its influence and popularity, there have been major criticisms of conceptual metaphor. This book offers an evaluation of the arguments and empirical evidence for and against conceptual metaphors, much of which scholars on both sides of the wars fail to properly acknowledge.


DISCUSSION In high school we were all warned not to use “mixed metaphors.” Yet Dylan Thomas mixes several metaphors in his lines, “Do not go gentle into that good night / rage, rage against the dying of the light.

Author: L. David Ritchie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139619929

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines


View: 100


'Metaphor', a form of figurative language in which one thing or idea is expressed in terms of another, is becoming an increasingly popular area of study, as it is relevant to the work of semanticists, pragmatists, discourse analysts and also those working at the interface of language and literature and in other disciplines such as philosophy and psychology. This book provides a summary, critique and comparison of the most important theories on how metaphors are used and understood, drawing on research from linguistics, psychology and other disciplines. In order to ground the discussion in actual language use, the book uses examples from discourse, including casual conversations, political speeches, literature, humor, religion and science. Written in a non-technical style, the book includes clear definitions, examples, discussion questions and a glossary, making it ideal for graduate-level seminars.

Metaphor in Language and Culture across World Englishes

Mixing metaphors is a topic that has surprisingly not been a major focus of attention in the multidisciplinary world of metaphor scholarship until somewhat recently. A general consensus of some recent studies is that mixing metaphors is ...

Author: Marcus Callies

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350157552

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 517


This book advances and broadens the scope of research on conceptual metaphor at the nexus of language and culture by exploring metaphor and figurative language as a characteristic of the many Englishes that have developed in a wide range of geographic, socio-historical and cultural settings around the world. In line with the interdisciplinary breadth of this endeavour, the contributions are grounded in Cognitive (Socio)Linguistics, Conceptual Metaphor Theory, and Cultural Linguistics. Drawing on different research methodologies, including corpus linguistics, elicitation techniques, and interviews, chapters analyse a variety of naturalistic data and text types, such as online language, narratives, political speeches and literary works. Examining both the cultural conceptualisations underlying the use of figurative language and the linguistic-cultural specificity of metaphor and its variation, the studies are presented in contexts of both language contact and second language usage. Adding to the debate on the interplay of universal and culture-specific grounding of conceptual metaphor, Metaphor in Language and Culture across World Englishes advances research in a previously neglected sphere of study in the field of World Englishes.