Advances in Materials Science and Implant Orthopedic Surgery

Advances in Materials Science and Implant Orthopedic Surgery brings together experts from major university hospitals, materials scientists specializing in bio-materials, and development engineers working for implant manufacturers to address ...

Author: R. Kossowsky

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: STANFORD:36105018311444

Category: Medical

Page: 340

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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on `Materials Science and Orthopaedic Surgery II', Chania, Crete, Greece, June 19--July 2, 1994

Materials Sciences and Implant Orthopedic Surgery

Levine, S.N. Survey of materials for hard-tissue prosthesis. ... Williams, D. F. Corrosion and corrosion prevention in orthopaedic implants (Summary). ... Peters, W.J. Implant materials and their use in orthopaedic surgery.

Author: R. Kossowsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400944749

Category: Science

Page: 412

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Combining experts from the medical and materials sciences, the Institute considered current concepts in medical and materials sciences as they relate to implantable prostheses in orthopedic surgical practice. The syllabus included theory and applications of materials properties, physiological function, and host response to metal and non-metal materials. Total hip prostheses are the most common orthopedic device implanted today involved in over 200,000 operations. Failures occur at the rate of 10~-40~ at ~ to 10 years. Failures are due to loosening, infection, fracture of femoral components, or destruction of the pe 1 vi c components .' All these, and other problems related to the implantation of the devices, the surgical procedures, and device pathology, were. discussed in light of current, as well as, emerging technologies and scientific knowledge. Repeatedly, scientists designing prostheses became aware of a lack of understanding of physiological phenomena associated with biocompatibility; the interchange among practising physicians, basic scientists, and pathologists at this Institute was appreciated. We thank all the contributors and participants for their effort. Thanks are also due to the personnel of the Scientific Affairs Division of NATO. The daily routines of running the Institute were greatly facilitated by the efforts of Pedro Cuevas, M.D, Jose Gutierrez Diaz, M.D, and Dr. Hanita Kossowsky. The devoted help of Nir Kossovsky, M.D, in setting the conference and in editing this book, is sincerely appreci ated.

Advances in Materials Science and Implant Orthopedic Surgery

NATO ASI Series Advanced Science Institutes Series A Series presenting the results of activities sponsored by the NATO Science Committee, which aims at the ... 294 Advances in Materials Science and Implant Orthopedic Surgery edited by.

Author: R. Kossowsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401101578

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 315

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Advances in Materials Science and Implant Orthopedic Surgery brings together experts from major university hospitals, materials scientists specializing in bio-materials, and development engineers working for implant manufacturers to address such issues as: mechanisms of fixation; foreign-body immune response; generation and consequences of ionic and wear debris; materials selection, design and manufacturing schemes; and surgical techniques to maximize the safety and efficacy of the devices.

Current Catalog

8709811 NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Visual Spatial Prosthesis for the Blind ( 1984 : Lake Arrowhead , Calif . ) . ... Materials sciences and implant orthopedic surgery / edited by Ram Kossowsky and Nir Kossovsky .

Author: National Library of Medicine (U.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015074107569

Category: Medicine

Page: 1712

View: 962

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First multi-year cumulation covers six years: 1965-70.

National Library of Medicine Current Catalog

Published in cooperation with NATO Scientific Affairs Nert Sus Neon Cha Neona the ill Mer 15 ... Materials sciences and implant orthopedic surgery / edited by Ram Kossowsky and Nir Kossovsky . Dordrecht ; Boston : M. Nijhoff ; Norwell ...

Author: National Library of Medicine (U.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105214548989

Category: Medicine

Page:

View: 913

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McGlamry s Comprehensive Textbook of Foot and Ankle Surgery

Materials sciences and implant orthopedic surgery . Dordrecht , Netherlands : Martinus Nijhoff , 1986 : 13-31 . 29. Rae T. The toxicity of metals used in orthopedic prosthesis . An experi- mental study using cultured human synovial ...

Author:

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 0683304712

Category: Medical

Page: 2340

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McGlamry's Comprehensive Textbook of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Third Edition is a standard core text in podiatric education, for those who specialize in managing the many problems of the foot and ankle. New content for the Third Edition includes: biomaterials; expansion of the external/internal fixation devices (pins, staples, cannulated screws); principles of fixation; and expansion of neurological disorders material. There will also be a new chapter on selected rearfoot arthrodeses.

Medical engineering in Japan

Materials Sciences and Implant Orthopedic Surgery Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Marbella, Spain, July 14–22, 1984 edited by RAM KOSSOWSKY, NIR KOSSOVSKY NATO ADVANCED SCIENCE INSTITUTES SERIES E: Applied Sciences 116 ...

Author: K. Atsumi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400933613

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 864

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The complete volume 12 of Medical Progress through Technology is devoted to the work of colleagues in Japan. Additionally, whole authority and responsibility both for the election of topics and for the reviewing procedure had been delegated to Guest Editors from Japan. What are the objectives of this special issue and why has Japan been elected to present itself in this way? International journals such as Medical Progress through Technology usually contain papers from authors all over the world. Such issues provide a rather comprehensive survey on different scientific projects but do not reflect the standard and extent of medical technology in a certain country. I think that issues like the present one give far better information on the actual state of research and development in a country than an irregular sequence of scientific reports. It is not intended that all future issues of Medical Progress through Technology will concern only national issues. The present issue is an exception. However, if the readers appreciate such an approach, then other national issues may be published. There are several reasons in favor of Japan preparing the first national issues. We all admire the history, tradition and culture of this country, but we are also impressed by the high standard of research, develop ment and technical realisation achieved in nearly all high technology fields. There is no doubt, that Japan is among the leading nations in the field of medical technology.

Safety of Silicone Breast Implants

Institute of Medicine, Committee on the Safety of Silicone Breast Implants Roger Herdman, Virginia Ernster, Stuart Bondurant ... Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition. ... Materials Sciences and Implant Orthopedic Surgery.

Author: Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309157407

Category: Medical

Page: 559

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The Dow Corning case raised serious questions about the safety of silicone breast implants and about larger issues of medical device testing and patient education. Safety of Silicone Breast Implants presents a well-documented, thoughtful exploration of the safety of these devices, drawing conclusions from the available research base and suggesting further questions to be answered. This book also examines the sensitive issues surrounding women's decisions about implants. In reaching conclusions, the committee reviews: The history of the silicone breast implant and the development of its chemistry. The wide variety of U.S.-made implants and their regulation by the Food and Drug Administration. Frequency and consequences of local complications from implants. The evidence for and against links between implants and autoimmune disorders, connective tissue disease, neurological problems, silicone in breast milk, or a proposed new syndrome. Evidence that implants may be associated with lower frequencies of breast cancer. Safety of Silicone Breast Implants provides a comprehensive, well-organized review of the science behind one of the most significant medical controversies of our time.

An Introduction to Bioceramics

B. A. Blencke, H. Brömer, E. Pfeil and H. Käs "Implantate aus Glaskeramik in der Knochenchirurgie ... "Bone Implant Surfaces with Coatings Containing Surface-Reactive Particles," in Material Sciences and Implant Orthopedic Surgery, eds.

Author: Larry L Hench

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814504164

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 396

View: 617

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Ceramic materials that are specially developed for use as medical and dental implants are termed bioceramics. They include alumina and zirconia, bioactive glasses, glass-ceramics, coatings and composites, hydroxyapatite and resorbable calcium phosphates, and radiotherapy glasses. This is the first textbook in a field which is growing rapidly in clinical applications including orthopedics, otolaryngology, maxillo-facial and plastic surgery, oral surgery, periodontology, and tumor therapy. Fourteen chapters, written by world experts, describe the processing, compositions, properties, surface chemistry, tissue response, and clinical applications. There are also chapters on characterization and quality assurance testing, and the procedures that must be followed to satisfy regulatory requirements. A forecast of the future needs of the field and Appendices that summarize the relevant standards and test methods complete this unique book. The purpose of the book is to summarize and synthesize the very large and disparate body of literature in the field. Thus, it is easy to use as a textbook for an undergraduate or first year graduate course, or short industrial course, or as a reference source. Contents:Introduction (L L Hench & J Wilson)The Use of Alumina & Zirconia in Surgical Implants (S F Hulbert)Bioactive Glasses (L L Hench & Ö Andersson)Bioactive Glasses: Clinical Applications (J Wilson et al.)A/W Glass-Ceramic: Processing and Properties (T Kokubo)A/W Glass Ceramic: Clinical Applications (T Yamamuro)Ceravital® Bioactive Glass-Ceramics (U M Gross et al.)Machineable and Phosphate Glass-Ceramics (W Höland & V Vogel)Dense Hydroxyapatite (R Z LeGeros & J P LeGeros)Porous Hydroxyapatite (E C Shors & R E Holmes)Stability of Calcium Phosphate Ceramics and Plasma Sprayed Coating (C P A T Klein et al.)Hydroxylapatite Coatings (W R Lacefield)Bioactive Glass Coatings (L L Hench & Ö Andersson)Pyrolytic Carbon Coatings (R H Dauskardt & R O Ritchie)Bioceramic Composites (P Ducheyne et al.)Design of Bioactive Ceramic-Polymer Composites (W Bonfield)Radiotherapy Glasses (D E Day & T E Day)Characterization of Bioceramics (L L Hench)Regulation of Medical Devices (E Horowitz & E Mueller)Ethical Issues (L L Hench)Summary and Future Directions (L L Hench)ASTM Standards for Bioceramics (J E Lemons & D Greenspan) Readership: Medical and engineering students. keywords:Bioceramics;Biomaterials;Bioengineering;Ceramics;Advanced Ceramics;Implants;Ceramic Implants “The book has summarized and synthesized the very large and disparate body of literature in the field. It can be used as a basic text book for undergraduate and first year graduate courses. It can also serve as a basic source book for researchers and clinicians involved in implants and prosthetic devices.” High Tech Ceramics News, 1994 “… this book not only is an introduction to biomaterials, but provides a balance between theory, qualitative and quantitative analysis and the techniques to do so, and invivo performance (both animal and human). It is an excellent introduction for the neophyte who wants exposure to the spectrum of ceramic-based materials of contemporary interest. To those experienced in the field, the book is not only rich in description and pertinent references, but provides valuable insight in other material disciplines. This book is well worth the investment, as it educates the reader as to where we have been, where we are and where we are headed in the future.” John F Kay Biomaterials Forum