Making the World Safe

Making the World Safe is a history of American relief and assistance to foreign civilians in the early twentieth century. It traces how the U.S. government came to realize the value of overseas aid as a tool of statecraft and diplomacy.

Author: Julia F. Irwin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199990092

Category: History

Page: 336

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In Making the World Safe, historian Julia Irwin offers an insightful account of the American Red Cross, from its founding in 1881 by Clara Barton to its rise as the government's official voluntary aid agency. Equally important, Irwin shows that the story of the Red Cross is simultaneously a story of how Americans first began to see foreign aid as a key element in their relations with the world. As the American Century dawned, more and more Americans saw the need to engage in world affairs and to make the world a safer place--not by military action but through humanitarian aid. It was a time perfectly suited for the rise of the ARC. Irwin shows how the early and vigorous support of William H. Taft--who was honorary president of the ARC even as he served as President of the United States--gave the Red Cross invaluable connections with the federal government, eventually making it the official agency to administer aid both at home and abroad. Irwin describes how, during World War I, the ARC grew at an explosive rate and extended its relief work for European civilians into a humanitarian undertaking of massive proportions, an effort that was also a major propaganda coup. Irwin also shows how in the interwar years, the ARC's mission meshed well with presidential diplomatic styles, and how, with the coming of World War II, the ARC once again grew exponentially, becoming a powerful part of government efforts to bring aid to war-torn parts of the world. The belief in the value of foreign aid remains a central pillar of U.S. foreign relations. Making the World Safe reveals how this belief took hold in America and the role of the American Red Cross in promoting it.

Making the World Safe for Diversity

ON AND EDUCATION MANDERS Н THIS CHANGING WORLD VOL . 4 , NO . 5 1 SEPTEMBER 1964 MAKING THE WORLD SAFE FOR RWERSITY Part II 5. WILS DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GOVU D 2.15 : 4/5 SC 14 LIBRAR Commanders of the United States Armed Forces will ...

Author: United States. Office of Armed Forces Information and Education

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D03698861N

Category:

Page:

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Making the World Safe for Dictatorship

the point more starkly, insofar as such visions are “mostly about inveighing against a Western- dominated liberal order that is deemed threatening to the CCP's survival and about altering the world to make it safer for China's unimpeded ...

Author: Alexander Dukalskis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197520130

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 680

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"Authoritarian states try to present a positive image of themselves abroad. They invest in foreign-facing media, retain public relations firms, and showcase their successes to elite and popular foreign audiences. But there is also a darker side to these efforts. Authoritarian states try to obscure or censor bad news about their governments and often discredit their critics abroad. In extreme cases authoritarian states intimidate, physically attack, or even murder their opponents overseas. This book is about how authoritarian states manage their image abroad using both "promotional" tactics of persuasion and "obstructive" tactics of repression. They adopt these practices to enhance their internal and external regime security, or put differently, to make their world safe for dictatorship. To substantiate these arguments the book uses a diverse array of data, including fieldwork and author interviews, cross-national data on extraterritorial repression, examination of public relations filings with the United States government, analysis of authoritarian propaganda, media frequency analysis, and speeches and statements by authoritarian leaders. It builds a new dataset - the Authoritarian Actions Abroad Database - that uses publicly available information to categorize nearly 1,200 instances in which authoritarian states repressed their critical exiles abroad, ranging from vague threats to confirmed assassinations. It also selects three cases for closer examination to understand in more detail how authoritarian states manage their image abroad using combinations of promotional and obstructive tactics: China, North Korea, and Rwanda. The result is a new way of thinking about the international dimensions of authoritarian politics"--

Making the World Safe for Democracy

He had no strategy for world order except a resurrection of some Wilsonian ideals such as collective security and a world safe for democracy and free trade. The Teheran and Yalta Conferences were designed to establish the world order ...

Author: Amos Perlmutter

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807863848

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

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In this interpretive study, Amos Perlmutter offers a comparative analysis of the twentieth century's three most significant world orders: Wilsonianism, Soviet Communism, and Nazism. Anchored in three hegemonical states--the United States, the Soviet Union, and Nazi Germany--these systems, he argues, shared certain characteristics that distinguished them from other attempts to restructure the international political scene. While Communism and Nazism were committed to imperial ideologies, Wilsonianism was inspired by an exceptionalist, peaceful, democratic, and free market world order. But all three were able to mobilize industrial, technological, and military resources in pursuing their goals. In the process of examining the democratic, Communist, and Nazi systems, Perlmutter also provides a framework for understanding U.S. foreign policy over the course of the century, particularly during the Cold War. He underscores the importance of ideology in establishing an international order, arguing that in the wake of the Soviet Union's demise, no system--not even Wilsonianism--can lay claim to the title of new world order. Originally published in 1997. A UNC Press Enduring Edition -- UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in digital technology to make available again books from our distinguished backlist that were previously out of print. These editions are published unaltered from the original, and are presented in affordable paperback formats, bringing readers both historical and cultural value.

Making the World Safe for Tourism

The same kind of social control that makes the world safe for tourism constricts it considerably , not only in less developed countries . Some social critics even argued that governments used the fear of terrorism and other Y2K ...

Author: Patricia Goldstone

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300087632

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 550

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A study of the social and political impacts of tourism. It explores how and why tourism aligned itself with political power; how it became embedded within non-tourist institutions like the World Bank; and how, since World War II, it has become an instrument of international development policy.

Making the World Safe for Workers

See Ulla Wikander, “Demands on the ILO by Internationally Organized Women in 1919,” in ILO Histories: Essays on the International Labour Organization and Its Impact on the World during the Twentieth Century, Jasmien Van Daele, ...

Author: Elizabeth McKillen

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252095139

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

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In this intellectually ambitious study, Elizabeth McKillen explores the significance of Wilsonian internationalism for workers and the influence of American labor in both shaping and undermining the foreign policies and war mobilization efforts of Woodrow Wilson's administration. McKillen highlights the major fault lines and conflicts that emerged within labor circles as Wilson pursued his agenda in the context of Mexican and European revolutions, World War I, and the Versailles Peace Conference. As McKillen shows, the choice to collaborate with or resist U.S. foreign policy remained an important one for labor throughout the twentieth century. In fact, it continues to resonate today in debates over the global economy, wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the impact of U.S. policies on workers at home and abroad.

To Make a World Safe for Revolution

As Grenada's ambassador to the Soviet Union wrote , the Soviets were “ very careful , and for us sometimes maddingly slow , in making up their minds about who [ sic ] to support . They have decided to support us for two main reasons .

Author: Jorge I. Domínguez

Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press

ISBN: UVA:X001508309

Category: Political Science

Page: 365

View: 215

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The twentieth-century history of Cuba borders on fantasy. This diminutive country boldly and repeatedly exercises the foreign policy of a major power. Although closely tied to the United States through most of its modern history, Cuba successfully defied the U.S. government after 1959, consolidated its own power, and defeated an invasion of U.S.-backed exiles at the Bay of Pigs in 1961. Fidel Castro then brought the world alarmingly close to nuclear war in 1962. Jorge Domínguez presents a comprehensive survey of Cuban international relations since Castro came to power. Domínguez unravels Cuba's response to the 1962 missile crisis and the U.S.-Soviet understandings that emerged from that. He explores the ties that link Cuba to the U.S.S.R. and other Communist countries; analyzes Cuban support for revolutionary movements throughout the world, especially in Latin America and Africa; and assesses the significance of Cuban political and economic relations with Western Europe, Canada, and Japan. Some have charged that Cuba does not have a foreign policy, that Fidel Castro merely takes orders from his Soviet bosses. Domínguez argues that there is indeed a specifically Cuban foreign policy, poised not only between hegemony and autonomy, between compliance and self-assertion, but also between militancy and pragmatism. He believes that within the context of Soviet hegemony Cuba's foreign policy is very much its own, and he marshals impressive evidence to support this belief. His book is based on extensive documentation from Cuba, the United States, and other countries, as well as from many in-depth interviews carried out during trips to Cuba.

Munitions Industry

land , calling for the bravest and best to make the world safe for democracy , you responded and you went overseas . But I would have to go a long ways before I would tear the last shred of idealism from the name of Woodrow Wilson and ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Special Committee to Investigate the Munitions Industry

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015081964424

Category: Firearms industry and trade

Page:

View: 387

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Making the World Global

The Knowledge Factory: Dismantling the Corporate University and Creating True Higher Learning. ... “Keeping the World Safe for Primary Colors: Area Studies, Development Studies, International Studies, and the Vicissitudes of ...

Author: Isaac A. Kamola

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9781478005612

Category: Education

Page: 304

View: 316

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Following World War II the American government and philanthropic foundations fundamentally remade American universities into sites for producing knowledge about the world as a collection of distinct nation-states. As neoliberal reforms took hold in the 1980s, visions of the world made popular within area studies and international studies found themselves challenged by ideas and educational policies that originated in business schools and international financial institutions. Academics within these institutions reimagined the world instead as a single global market and higher education as a commodity to be bought and sold. By the 1990s, American universities embraced this language of globalization, and globalization eventually became the organizing logic of higher education. In Making the World Global Isaac A. Kamola examines how the relationships among universities, the American state, philanthropic organizations, and international financial institutions created the conditions that made it possible to imagine the world as global. Examining the Center for International Studies, Harvard Business School, the World Bank, the Social Science Research Council, and NYU, Kamola demonstrates that how we imagine the world is always symptomatic of the material relations within which knowledge is produced.

The Black Hole War

Documents the author's professional battles with Stephen Hawking and Gerard 't Hooft over their theories about black holes, a conflict that has significantly influenced the modern scientific community's understanding of the universe's ...

Author: Leonard Susskind

Publisher: Little Brown & Company

ISBN: UCSD:31822037145810

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 470

View: 765

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Documents the author's professional battles with Stephen Hawking and Gerard 't Hooft over their theories about black holes, a conflict that has significantly influenced the modern scientific community's understanding of the universe's fundamental laws. By the author of The Cosmic Landscape.

Making Judaism Safe for America

World War I and the Origins of Religious Pluralism Jessica Cooperman ... As part of the fight to make the world safe for democracy, the Wilson administration, Secretary Baker, and the CTCA initiated important structural changes within ...

Author: Jessica Cooperman

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479895991

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 857

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A compelling story of how Judaism became integrated into mainstream American religion In 1956, the sociologist Will Herberg described the United States as a “triple-melting pot,” a country in which “three religious communities - Protestant, Catholic, Jewish – are America.” This description of an American society in which Judaism and Catholicism stood as equal partners to Protestantism begs explanation, as Protestantism had long been the dominant religious force in the U.S. How did Americans come to embrace Protestantism, Catholicism, and Judaism as “the three facets of American religion?”Historians have often turned to the experiences of World War II in order to explain this transformation. However, World War I’s impact on changing conceptions of American religion is too often overlooked. This book argues that World War I programs designed to protect the moral welfare of American servicemen brought new ideas about religious pluralism into structures of the military. Jessica Cooperman shines a light on how Jewish organizations were able to convince both military and civilian leaders that Jewish organizations, alongside Christian ones, played a necessary role in the moral and spiritual welfare of America’s fighting forces. This alone was significant, because acceptance within the military was useful in modeling acceptance in the larger society. The leaders of the newly formed Jewish Welfare Board, which became the military’s exclusive Jewish partner in the effort to maintain moral welfare among soldiers, used the opportunities created by war to negotiate a new place for Judaism in American society. Using the previously unexplored archival collections of the JWB, as well as soldiers’ letters, memoirs and War Department correspondence, Jessica Cooperman shows that the Board was able to exert strong control over expressions of Judaism within the military. By introducing young soldiers to what it saw as appropriately Americanized forms of Judaism and Jewish identity, the JWB hoped to prepare a generation of American Jewish men to assume positions of Jewish leadership while fitting comfortably into American society. This volume shows how, at this crucial turning point in world history, the JWB managed to use the policies and power of the U.S. government to advance its own agenda: to shape the future of American Judaism and to assert its place as a truly American religion.

Making the World Safe for Dictatorship

This book is about how authoritarian states manage their image abroad using both "promotional" tactics of persuasion and "obstructive" tactics of repression.

Author: Alexander Dukalskis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197520154

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 997

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Authoritarian states work hard to manage their images abroad. They invest in foreign-facing media, hire public relations firms, tout their popular celebrities, and showcase their successes to elite and popular foreign audiences. However, there is a dark side to these efforts that is sometimes overlooked. Authoritarian states try to obscure or censor bad news about their governments and often discredit their critics abroad. In extreme cases, authoritarian states intimidate, physically attack, or even murder their opponents overseas. All states attempt to manage their global image to some degree, but authoritarian states in the post-Cold War era have special incentives to do so given the predominance of democracy as an international norm. This book is about how authoritarian states manage their image abroad using both "promotional" tactics of persuasion and "obstructive" tactics of repression. Alexander Dukalskis looks at the tactics that authoritarian states use for image management and the ways in which their strategies vary from one state to another. Moreover, Dukalskis looks at the degree to which some authoritarian states succeed in using image management to enhance their internal and external security, and, in turn, to make their world safe for dictatorship. Making the World Safe for Dictatorship uses a diverse array of data, including interviews, cross-national data on extraterritorial repression, examination of public relations filings with the United States government, analysis of authoritarian propaganda, media frequency analysis, and speeches and statements by authoritarian leaders. Dukalskis also builds a new dataset--the Authoritarian Actions Abroad Database--that uses publicly available information to categorize nearly 1,200 instances in which authoritarian states repressed their critical exiles abroad, ranging from vague threats to confirmed assassinations. The book looks closely at three cases, China, North Korea, and Rwanda, to understand in more detail how authoritarian states manage their image abroad using combinations of promotional and obstructive tactics. The result is a new way of thinking about the international dimensions of authoritarian politics.

The Body in Pain The Making and Unmaking of the World

If the democracy for which one dies existed in a world safe for democracy, one would not be dying to make the world safe for democracy. If the country for which one kills existed in a world in which there was an end of wars, ...

Author: Elaine Scarry

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195036015

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 238

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Part philosophical meditation, part cultural critique, The Body in Pain is a profoundly original study that has already stirred excitement in a wide range of intellectual circles. The book is an analysis of physical suffering and its relation to the numerous vocabularies and cultural forces--literary, political, philosophical, medical, religious--that confront it. Elaine Scarry bases her study on a wide range of sources: literature and art, medical case histories, documents on torture compiled by Amnesty International, legal transcripts of personal injury trials, and military and strategic writings by such figures as Clausewitz, Churchill, Liddell Hart, and Kissinger, She weaves these into her discussion with an eloquence, humanity, and insight that recall the writings of Hannah Arendt and Jean-Paul Sartre. Scarry begins with the fact of pain's inexpressibility. Not only is physical pain enormously difficult to describe in words--confronted with it, Virginia Woolf once noted, "language runs dry"--it also actively destroys language, reducing sufferers in the most extreme instances to an inarticulate state of cries and moans. Scarry analyzes the political ramifications of deliberately inflicted pain, specifically in the cases of torture and warfare, and shows how to be fictive. From these actions of "unmaking" Scarry turns finally to the actions of "making"--the examples of artistic and cultural creation that work against pain and the debased uses that are made of it. Challenging and inventive, The Body in Pain is landmark work that promises to spark widespread debate.

Making the Internet Safe for Kids

We support the efforts of everyone in the social networking industry to take safety seriously and to upgrade our practices to make the world safer and more secure for the members of all these sites . So we think that competition to ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000058946510

Category: Child sexual abuse

Page: 413

View: 107

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Taking on the World s Repressive Regimes

He sarcastically commented that the foundation was “making the world safe for capitalism.” The contemptuousness of Bundy's response, while not signaling what precisely agitated Ford, was nonetheless revealing as to where Bundy stood: “I ...

Author: W. Korey

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230608740

Category: Political Science

Page: 315

View: 812

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A study of the Ford Foundation's support and of funding of human rights projects and NGOs, illuminating its extraordinary role in helping undermine and destroy major world repressive authoritarian and totalitarian regimes during the latter part of the twentieth century.

Helping the United Nations by Making Everybody s World Safe

Makes every English word pronounceable on sight . 2. Makes the fewest possible changes in spelling . 3. Uses no needless diacritical marks . 89 per cent of our English syllables ... A Message to the Teacher Making Everybody's World Safe is.

Author: Frank Charles Laubach

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89097625123

Category: Peace

Page: 160

View: 863

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Making Music American

CHAPTER 9 w Anticipation September 1917 As Americans gradually reconciled themselves to the idea of sending their sons to fight and die in Europe in answer to President Wilson's call to make the world safe for democracy, ...

Author: E. Douglas Bomberger

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190872311

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 317

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The year 1917 was unlike any other in American history, or in the history of American music. The United States entered World War I, jazz burst onto the national scene, and the German musicians who dominated classical music were forced from the stage. As the year progressed, New Orleans natives Nick LaRocca and Freddie Keppard popularized the new genre of jazz, a style that suited the frantic mood of the era. African-American bandleader James Reese Europe accepted the challenge of making the band of the Fifteenth New York Infantry into the best military band in the country. Orchestral conductors Walter Damrosch and Karl Muck met the public demand for classical music while also responding to new calls for patriotic music. Violinist Fritz Kreisler, pianist Olga Samaroff, and contralto Ernestine Schumann-Heink gave American audiences the best of Old-World musical traditions while walking a tightrope of suspicion because of their German sympathies. Before the end of the year, the careers of these eight musicians would be upended, and music in America would never be the same. Making Music American recounts the musical events of this tumultuous year month by month from New Year's Eve 1916 to New Year's Day 1918. As the story unfolds, the lives of these eight musicians intersect in surprising ways, illuminating the transformation of American attitudes toward music both European and American. In this unsettled time, no one was safe from suspicion, but America's passion for music made the rewards high for those who could balance musical skill with diplomatic savvy.

Rule Making in Order the Consideration of S 3317

As an ex - officer of the Army I am fairly familiar with the temper of a good many men who were in the Army , and who took with very great seriousness the phrase about making the world safe for democracy .

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Rules

Publisher:

ISBN: LOC:0001933529A

Category: Civil rights

Page: 203

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Constitutional Amendment Making War Legally Impossible

The United States helped give the peace pact to the world , and it is now nothing less than its duty to make that pact effective by the passage of this amendment ... It will be taking the lead in making the world safe for democracy . 3.

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105045473852

Category:

Page: 90

View: 261

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