Metaphor and Thought

These mappings provide part of the link between the lexical makeup of idioms and their figurative meanings such that many idioms make sense in having the meanings they do . Conclusions My aim in discussing tropes other than metaphor is ...

Author: Ortony Andrew

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521405610

Category: Philosophy

Page: 700

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Metaphor and Thought, first published in 1979, reflects the surge of interest in and research into the nature and function of metaphor in language and thought. In this revised and expanded second edition, the editor has invited the contributors to update their original essays to reflect any changes in their thinking. Reorganised to accommodate the shifts in central theoretical issues, the volume also includes six new chapters that present important and influential fresh ideas about metaphor that have appeared in such fields as the philosophy of language and the philosophy of science, linguistics, cognitive and clinical psychology, education and artificial intelligence.

Making Sense of Life

Explaining Biological Development with Models, Metaphors, and Machines Evelyn Fox KELLER, Evelyn Fox Keller ... or veriacation—for narratives that make productive use of the imprecision of metaphor and other linguistic tropes not so ...

Author: Evelyn Fox KELLER

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674039445

Category: Science

Page: 400

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What do biologists want? If, unlike their counterparts in physics, biologists are generally wary of a grand, overarching theory, at what kinds of explanation do biologists aim? How will we know when we have made sense of life? Such questions, Evelyn Fox Keller suggests, offer no simple answers. Explanations in the biological sciences are typically provisional and partial, judged by criteria as heterogeneous as their subject matter. It is Keller's aim in this bold and challenging book to account for this epistemological diversity--particularly in the discipline of developmental biology. In particular, Keller asks, what counts as an explanation of biological development in individual organisms? Her inquiry ranges from physical and mathematical models to more familiar explanatory metaphors to the dramatic contributions of recent technological developments, especially in imaging, recombinant DNA, and computer modeling and simulations. A history of the diverse and changing nature of biological explanation in a particularly charged field, Making Sense of Life draws our attention to the temporal, disciplinary, and cultural components of what biologists mean, and what they understand, when they propose to explain life.

Making Sense of Metaphors and Other Tropes

The book's case for the centrality of energeia will also command the interest of philosophers, linguists, and theorists of poetry, not least for the objections it raises to some of their favorite lines of thought.

Author: David Reid

Publisher:

ISBN: 1680532162

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 149

View: 709

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"Making Sense of Metaphors and Other Tropes argues that figures of speech in prose or poetry, literature or talk, make sense as turns of rhetoric by means of their energeia (vividness, radiance, éclat), a forceful expressing of an idea rather than a means of arriving at one, a process of speech, not a fundamental shape of understanding or trick of mind"--

Making Sense of Messages

m Simile Figures of speech (or what Aristotle called "tropes") are language devices commonly used to influence how an ... Since it often requires audiences to involve themselves in making sense of the trope, and since the metaphor may ...

Author: Mark Stoner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317351054

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 362

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Using a developmental approach to the process of criticism, Making Sense of Messages serves as an introduction to rhetorical criticism for communication majors. The text employs models of criticism to offer pointed and reflective commentary on the thinking process used to apply theory to a message. This developmental/apprenticeship approach helps students understand the thinking process behind critical analysis and aids in critical writing.

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric and Composition

Modern composition instruction has for the most part followed this tradition (Seitz), treating metaphors (and other tropes) minimally, and then as techniques for ornamenting or adding emotional impact—both questionable functions in the ...

Author: Theresa Enos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136993695

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 833

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This reference guide surveys the field, covering rhetoric's principles, concepts, applications, practical tools, and major thinkers. Drawing on the scholarship and expertise of 288 contributors, the Encyclopedia presents a long-needed overview of rhetoric and its role in contemporary education and communications, discusses rhetoric's contributions to various fields, surveys the applications of this versatile discipline to the teaching of English and language arts, and illustrates its usefulness in all kinds of discourse, argument, and exchange of ideas. 媭

The Cambridge Introduction to Literature and Philosophy

Metaphors and other figures of speech (tropes) provide one illustration of these issues. On the one hand, the notion of metaphor only makes sense if we contrast it to “literal meaning.” Aristotle says that metaphor involves giving ...

Author: Anthony J. Cascardi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107729049

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 230

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Literature and philosophy have long shared an interest in questions of truth, value, and form. And yet, from ancient times to the present, they have often sharply diverged, both in their approach to these questions and in their relationship to one another. Moreover, the vast differences among individual writers, historical periods, and languages pose challenges for anyone wishing to understand the relationship between them. This Introduction provides a synthetic and original guide to this vast terrain. It uncovers the deep interests that literature and philosophy share while offering a lucid account of their differences. It sheds new light on many standing debates and offers students and scholars of literary criticism, literary theory, and philosophy a chance to think freshly about questions that have preoccupied the Western tradition from its very beginnings up until the present.

Tamil Oratory and the Dravidian Aesthetic

Specifically, ethnographers of tropes have sought to understand how people make sense oftheir worlds by examining metaphor, metonym, and other movements of meaning within the semeiosocial production of human life. In other words, it is ...

Author: Bernard Bate

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231147569

Category: Social Science

Page: 289

View: 800

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This is a book about the newness of old things. It concerns an oratorical revolution, a transformation of oratorical style linked to larger transformations in society at large. It explores the aesthetics of Tamil oratory and its vital relationship to one of the key institutions of modern society: democracy. Therefore this book also bears on the centrality of language to the modern human condition. Though Tamil oratory is a relatively new practice in south India, the Dravidian (or Tamil nationalist) style employs archaic forms of Tamil that suggest an ancient mode of speech. Beginning with the advent of mass democratic politics in the 1940s, a new generation of politician adopted this style, known as "fine," or "beautiful Tamil" ( centamil), for its distinct literary virtuosity, poesy, and alluring evocation of a pure Tamil past. Bernard Bate explores the centamil phenomenon, arguing that the genre's spectacular literacy and use of ceremonial procession, urban political ritual, and posters, praise poetry are critical components in the production of a singularly Tamil mode of political modernity: a Dravidian neoclassicism. From his perspective, the centamil revolution and Dravidian neoclassicism suggest that modernity is not the mere successor of tradition but the production of tradition, and that this production is a primary modality of modernity, a new newness-albeit a newness of old things.

The Oxford Handbook of Experimental Semantics and Pragmatics

The relation between metaphor and literal meaning is the first issue begging to be tackled. ... differences and similarities in processing between different types of metaphors and between metaphors and other tropes.

Author: Chris Cummins

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192509543

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 720

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This handbook is the first to explore the growing field of experimental semantics and pragmatics. In the past 20 years, experimental data has become a major source of evidence for building theories of language meaning and use, encompassing a wide range of topics and methods. Following an introduction from the editors, the chapters in this volume offer an up-to-date account of research in the field spanning 31 different topics, including scalar implicatures, presuppositions, counterfactuals, quantification, metaphor, prosody, and politeness, as well as exploring how and why a particular experimental method is suitable for addressing a given theoretical debate. The volume's forward-looking approach also seeks to actively identify questions and methods that could be fruitfully combined in future experimental research. Written in a clear and accessible style, this handbook will appeal to students and scholars from advanced undergraduate level upwards in a range of fields, including semantics and pragmatics, philosophy of language, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics, cognitive science, and neuroscience.

Contexts of Metaphor

... time dealing with metaphors that are not literally false or odd , and with distinguishing metaphors from other tropes . ... and that we must look for some other metaphorical interpretation in order to make sense of the utterance .

Author: Michiel Leezenberg

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9780585473932

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 331

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This study presents an approach to metaphor that takes contextual factors into account. It analyses how metaphors depend on and change the context in which they are uttered, and how metaphorical interpretation involves the articulation of asserted, implied and presupposed materials.

Figuring Religions

Tweed notes—and all of the other contributors to this volume may agree—that metaphor is a widely used trope and, ... metaphors can influence how one perceives and senses the world, and can also influence how one makes sense of, ...

Author: Shubha Pathak

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438445373

Category: Religion

Page: 316

View: 509

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Offers new ways of comparing features of the world’s religions.