Lockouts and Work Stoppages in Professional Sports

This book provides an examination of the circumstances of each strike followed by a table that identifies relevant legislative measures, and an overview of Congressional comments and report language regarding the strike, which were drawn ...

Author: Conor A. Walsh

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 1629480800

Category: Social Science

Page: 112

View: 468

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Work stoppages involving professional sports, whether caused by the players going on strike or the owners imposing a lockout, are by their very nature contentious and not always resolved quickly or easily. Major League Baseball has experienced the greatest number of work stoppages (eight), followed by the NFL (five), NHL (four), and NBA (two). While both NBA work stoppages were lockouts, the other three leagues have experienced a combination of strikes and lockouts. Major League Baseball has had five strikes and three lockouts, and the NHL one strike and three lockouts. This book provides an examination of the circumstances of each strike followed by a table that identifies relevant legislative measures, and an overview of Congressional comments and report language regarding the strike, which were drawn from hearings and reports, and remarks made on the House or Senate floor. This information shows the extent of actual, or intended, congressional involvement and how some members viewed congressional involvement in the strike, and a discussion of antitrust exemptions applicable to professional sports is also included.

Lockouts and Work Stoppages in Professional Sports

This book provides an examination of the circumstances of each strike followed by a table that identifies relevant legislative measures, and an overview of Congressional comments and report language regarding the strike, which were drawn ...

Author: Conor A. Walsh

Publisher:

ISBN: 1629480819

Category: Political Science

Page: 126

View: 273

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Work stoppages involving professional sports, whether caused by the players going on strike or the owners imposing a lockout, are by their very nature contentious and not always resolved quickly or easily. Major League Baseball has experienced the greatest number of work stoppages (eight), followed by the NFL (five), NHL (four), and NBA (two). While both NBA work stoppages were lockouts, the other three leagues have experienced a combination of strikes and lockouts. Major League Baseball has had five strikes and three lockouts, and the NHL one strike and three lockouts. This book provides an examination of the circumstances of each strike followed by a table that identifies relevant legislative measures, and an overview of Congressional comments and report language regarding the strike, which were drawn from hearings and reports, and remarks made on the House or Senate floor. This information shows the extent of actual, or intended, congressional involvement and how some members viewed congressional involvement in the strike, and a discussion of antitrust exemptions applicable to professional sports is also included.

Encyclopedia of Sports Management and Marketing

Work stoppages in professional sports are represented by both strikes and lockouts. Courts have ruled that when a CBA expires, the terms of the current CBA must continue until another agreement is reached ...

Author: Linda E. Swayne

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781452266480

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1960

View: 994

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This four-volume set introduces, on the management side, principles and procedures of economics, budgeting and finance; leadership; governance; communication; business law and ethics; and human resources practices; all in the sports context. On the marketing side this reference resource explores two broad streams: marketing of sport and of sport-related products (promoting a particular team or selling team- and sport-related merchandise, for example), and using sports as a platform for marketing non-sports products, such as celebrity endorsements of a particular brand of watch or the corporate sponsorship of a tennis tournament. Together, these four volumes offer a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the state of sports management and marketing today, providing an invaluable print or online resource for student researchers.

International Sports Law and Business

Strikes and Lockouts The history of professional sports has involved numerous strikes and lockouts. The frequency of these work stoppages has varied widely between sports, from the NBA, which, at this writing, has never experienced a ...

Author: Aaron N. Wise

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9789041109774

Category: Law

Page: 2185

View: 558

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This comprehensive, three-volume set focuses on the legal and business aspects of sports in the United States and abroad. The authors have presented the subject matter from a practical and pragmatic perspective, yet with analytical precision and attention to fine points of detail. This book is composed of five parts: Part I deals with the law and business of sports in the United States, with the primary emphasis on the legal aspects of professional sports. Part II deals with the internationalization of sports from various perspectives, principally North American team sports. Part III explores the law and business of sports in 18 non-U.S. jurisdictions--subject matter hardly covered in other sources, if at all. Part IV treats the legal and, to some extent, business aspects of broadcasting and sports, both in the United States and in selected foreign jurisdictions. Part V focuses upon sports marketing in its various forms in the United States, as well as its international perspectives. This easy-to-read work is unmatched in that it covers subjects not addressed or only tangentially addressed in other works, presents insiders perspectives on the subject matter, and focuses extensively on international aspects of sports law and business in connection with many different subjects. Among its exhibits, International Sports Law and Business includes a World League of American Football Standard Player Contract form, a sample World League of American Football Acquisition and Operation Agreement, Statute of Court of Arbitration for Sport and Regulations. It also includes a comprehensive index.

Essentials of Sports Law

In addition, many established unions have funds set aside in the event of a strike/lockout that can be distributed to members during a work stoppage. With respect to professional athletes, their bargaining power can be high because of ...

Author: Glenn M. Wong

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313356759

Category: Law

Page: 899

View: 663

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Outlines the American legal system and tort law as they apply to sports from high school to professional, and discusses liability, drugs, discrimination, contracts, antitrust, labor relations, violence, gambling, and other topics.

Congressional Responses to Selected Work Stoppages in Professional Sports

In attempting to address this particular question, this report examines congressional responses to the 1982 and 1987 work stoppages in the NFL. With the conclusion of the 2011 NFL lockout in July, this work stoppage is also included.

Author: L. Elaine Halchin

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 148015167X

Category: Law

Page: 48

View: 424

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Prior to the 2011 National Football League (NFL) lockout, developments in professional football's labor-management relations had prompted questions regarding how, when, and in what manner a new collective bargaining agreement (CBA) might be drafted. Interest in this matter included, on the part of some observers, questions about how Congress responded to previous work stoppages in professional sports. In attempting to address this particular question, this report examines congressional responses to the 1982 and 1987 work stoppages in the NFL. With the conclusion of the 2011 NFL lockout in July, this work stoppage is also included. Additionally, this report examines the 1994 Major League Baseball strike, which is useful considering the extent of congressional activity surrounding this strike. Compared to the 1994 baseball strike, the 1982 and 1987 football strikes and the 2011 lockout did not garner much attention from Congress in terms of legislative measures and hearings. Three legislative measures were introduced in response to the 1982 strike; one each was introduced in response to the 1987 strike and the 2011 lockout. Members introduced or offered 22 legislative measures and held five hearings that were related to the baseball strike. With one exception (S.Res. 294, 100th Congress), none of these measures was approved by either house. Members who introduced, or otherwise supported, legislative measures offered reasons for promoting congressional intervention. Their arguments touched on, for example, the economic impact of work stoppages, the role of baseball's antitrust exemption in establishing a climate conducive to players' strikes, previous congressional involvement in professional sports, and a responsibility to ensure the continuity of football (or baseball). Disagreeing that congressional intervention was warranted, other Members offered several reasons why Congress ought not to intervene. For example, one Member suggested that repealing baseball's antitrust exemption would alter the balance of power in professional baseball. Other Members believed that more pressing matters deserved Congress's attention. At least one Member suggested that a particular bill, if enacted, would have the effect of favoring the players over the owners.

Human Resources in Sports

The lockout is a tacticused by the employer to force accommodation or resolution of a labor dispute. ... Strikes and lockouts have been a part of major professional sports leagues in the United States since the first NFL work stoppage ...

Author: Tiell

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9781284102659

Category: Medical

Page: 475

View: 288

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Written for the upper-level undergraduate or graduate level course for students pursing a degree in Sports and Recreation Management, Human Resources in Sports: A Managerial Approach presents practical applications used by industry professionals in the areas of performance evaluation, benefits administration, candidate selection, employee discipline tactics, and much more. A wealth of information is provided by the authors who share a rich history of real-world sports experience as the former Human Resource Manager for a professional National Hockey League (NHL) franchise and an administrator for a Division II institution belonging to the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA). Every chapter features multiple case studies, industry voices, a global spotlight, discussion topics, and applied activities that emphasize the fusion of human resource management and sports.

Sports Law

Since 1968 there have been several work stoppages, either by way of strike or lockout, in Major League Baseball. Lockouts occurred in 1973, 1976, and 1990, and strikes occurred in 1972, 1981, 1985, and 1994 to 1995.

Author: Patrick Thornton

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763736507

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 823

View: 259

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Sports Law looks at major court cases, statutes, and regulations that explore a variety of legal issues in the sports industry. The early chapters provide an overview of sports law in general terms and explore its impact on race, politics, religion, and everyday affairs. Later chapters address hot button issues such as gender equity, drug testing, and discrimination. Written from a sport management perspective, rather than from a lawyer’s, this text covers all the major areas presented in sports law today including: cases relating to torts, contracts, intellectual property, and agents. Factual scenarios throughout the text allow students to critically examine and apply sport management principles to legal issues facing the sports executive.

The Business of Sports

The players' associations in professional sports leagues are among the most powerful in the world, ... The most recent work stoppages in each of the major North American professional leagues—the NHL lockout in 2004–2005, the NBA lockout ...

Author: Scott Rosner

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9780763780784

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 770

View: 475

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The Business of Sports, Second Edition is a comprehensive collection of readings that focus on the multibillion-dollar sports industry and the dilemmas faced by todays sports business leaders. It contains a dynamic set of readings to provide a complete overview of major sports business issues. The Second Edition covers professional, Olympic, and collegiate sports, and highlights the major issues that impact each of these broad categories. The Second Edition continue to provide insight from a variety of stakeholders in the industry and cover the major business disciplines of management, marketing, finance, information technology, accounting, ethics and law. In addition, it features concise introductions, targeted discussion questions, and graphs and tables to convey relevant financial data and other statistics discussed. This book is designed for current and future sports business leaders as well as those interested in the inner-workings of the industry.

The Oxford Handbook of American Sports Law

Although there are many distinctions between the collective bargaining relationship in professional sports leagues ... of options for professional athletes magnify the impact of a lockout because a work stoppage (either via a lockout or ...

Author: Michael A. McCann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190465957

Category: Law

Page: 648

View: 163

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The Oxford Handbook of American Sports Law takes the reader through the most important controversies and critical developments in law and U.S. sports. Over the course of 30 chapters, leading scholars explore this expanding and captivating area of law. The Handbook is the first book to gather dozens of perspectives on sports law controversies in the United States, and will be of interest to those who study and practice sports law, as well as journalists, broadcasters, and legally minded sports fans. The Oxford Handbook of American Sports Law incorporates analysis of key historical events in sports law-such as the rise of free agency in professional sports and the concept of "amateurism" for college athletes-and their broader context. Contemporary legal controversies in U.S. sports and their accompanying questions are also of central importance: In a sensible legal system, how would long-term neurological injuries from contact sports be addressed? How would the use of racially insensitive team names be resolved? How would a seemingly trivial dispute over air pressure in footballs be studied from the competing perspectives of players, teams, and leagues? The Oxford Handbook of American Sports Law weighs not just the facts, but how courts and lawmakers ought to consider the most important questions at stake. The essays in this volume also canvass the types of legal controversies in sports likely to surface in the future. This is particularly true of law and technology matters, including those related to broadcasting and streaming. Legal doctrine has been and will continue to be forced to adapt to these developments, and the Handbook both forecasts coming debates and outlines where the law may be headed.