Letters from the Hittite Kingdom

This is the first book-length collection in English of letters from the ancient kingdom of the Hittites.

Author: Harry A. Hoffner

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 9781589832121

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 450

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This is the first book-length collection in English of letters from the ancient kingdom of the Hittites. All known well-preserved examples, including the important corpus of letters from the provincial capital of Tapikka, are reproduced here in romanized transcription and English translation, accompanied by introductory essays, explanatory notes on the text and its translation, and a complete description of the rules of Hittite correspondence compared with that of other ancient Middle Eastern states. Letters containing correspondence between kings and their foreign peers, between kings and their officials in the provinces, and between these officials themselves reveal rich details of provincial administration, the relationships and duties of the officials, and tantalizing glimpses of their private lives. Matters discussed include oversight of agriculture, tax liabilities, litigation, inheritance rights, defense against hostile groups on the kingdom's periphery, and consulting the gods by means of oracular procedures.

The Kingdom of the Hittites

This book presents a comprehensive history of the Late Bronze Age kingdom of the Hittites, and the role it played within the context of the ancient Near Eastern world.

Author: Trevor Bryce

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199240108

Category: History

Page: 464

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This book presents a comprehensive history of the Late Bronze Age kingdom of the Hittites, and the role it played within the context of the ancient Near Eastern world. From their capital, Hattusa, in central Anatolia, the Hittite kings ruled a vast network of subject territories and vassalstates reaching from the Aegean coast of Anatolia through Syria to the river Euphrates. In the fourteenth century BC the Hittites became the supreme political and military power in the Near East. How did they achieve their supremacy? How successful were they in maintaining it? What brought abouttheir collapse and disappearance? In seeking to answer these questions, the book begins with an account of the Hittites predecessors in Anatolia, particularly in the early centuries of the second millennium, traces the rise and development of the Hittite kingdom over a period of some five hundredyears, and ends with the events which followed in the wake of the kingdoms collapse. Translations from the original texts are a particular feature of the book; thus on many issues the Hittites and their contemporaries are allowed to speak to the modern reader for themselves.

The Tawananna in the Hittite Kingdom

Was there any larger political unit in pre - Hittite Anatolia " which could be called
a state ? However , in this controversy the princesses who appear occasionally in
letters from Anatolia6 at the time of the Assyrian colonies should not be ignored ...

Author: Shoshana R. Bin-Nun

Publisher:

ISBN: 3533024385

Category: Hittites

Page: 404

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The Sunken Kingdom

Indeed , a letter from a Hittite emperor describes how one Tawagalawas , brother
of the king of Ahhiyawa , came to him to ask for a kingdom.36 Even the idea that
Pelops won his throne through a chariot race seems less bizarre when it is ...

Author: Peter James

Publisher: Random House UK

ISBN: IND:30000052995176

Category: Aegean Sea Region

Page: 338

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This work suggests a solution to a mystery which has baffled scholars for nearly 2400 years - since Plato first wrote about Atlantis. It reviews previous theories and shows why they will not work. Atlantis could not have been in the Atlantic; nor was it the volcanic island of Santorini near Crete, as currently held. Through an analysis of the sources available to Plato, it becomes clear that the story of Atlantis came from western Turkey, where about 3400 years ago, a major Bronze Age city was devastated by an earthquake and submerged beneath a lake. The new theory also provides an explanation of how and why this event grew into the story of a lost continent.

Admonition and Curse

While the correspondents cannot be regarded as Hittites , the letter attests to
concepts in Anatolia around the time of the rise of the Hittite kingdom . The letter
is written in Old Assyrian . Are the treaty and historical concepts also a borrowing
 ...

Author: Noel Weeks

Publisher: T&T Clark

ISBN: UOM:39015052653204

Category: Political Science

Page: 211

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The occurrence of treaties throughout the Ancient Near East has been investigated on a number of occasions, generally in order to resolve certain questions arising in the biblical field. As a result of that focus, the existence of a similar institution in a number of different cultures has not been treated as a problem in itself. Generally the existence of treaties throughout the area has been taken for granted, or a simple borrowing model has been used to explain how similar forms came to be used in different cultures. Why forms were similar across the area has not been probed. This work investigates treaty occurrences in different cultures and finds that the forms used correlate with ways of maintaining political control both internally and over vassals. Related concepts are projected in official accounts of history. Thus one can roughly distinguish threats based on power from persuasion based on benevolence and historical precedent, though various combinations of these two occur. There is a likely further connection of the means chosen to the degree of centralisation of power within the society. Underlying the local traditions is a common tradition which has to be dated to the pre-literate period. Biblical covenants fit within this pattern. The cultures treated are Mesopotamia, the Hittites, Egypt, Syrian centres and Israel.

State Correspondence in the Ancient World

This collection's central thesis is straightforward: long-distance communication plays a key role in the cohesion and stability of early states and in turn, these states invest heavily in long-term communication strategies and networks.

Author: Karen Radner

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199354771

Category: History

Page: 306

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Introduction : long-distance communication and the cohesion of early empires / Karen Radner -- Egyptian state correspondence of the New Kingdom : the letters of the Levantine client kings in the Amarna correspondence and contemporary evidence / Jana Mynarova -- State correspondence in the Hittite world / Mark Weeden -- An imperial communication network : the state correspondence of the neo-Assyrian empire / Karen Radner -- The lost state correspondence of the Babylonian empire as reflected in contemporary administrative letters / Michael Jursa -- State communications in the Persian Empire / Amelie Kuhrt -- The king's words : Hellenistic royal letters in inscriptions / Alice Bencivenni -- State correspondence in the Roman Empire from Augustus to Justinian / Simon Corcoran.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

... Latin Kingdom , 1099-1244 Hitting ( Baseball ) USE Batting ( Baseball ) Hitting
( Softball ) USE Batting ( Softball ) Hittite ... BT Anatolian languages NT Luwian
language Palaic language Texts - Dating Hittite law USE Law , Hittite Hittite
letters ...

Author: Library of Congress

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435065916785

Category: Subject headings, Library of Congress

Page:

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The Historical Prologue of the Hittite Vassal Treaties

The only possible ray of light for the Hittite kingdom was perhaps Wiluša , in the
far northwest of Asia Minor . ... A third point deserving attention is the fact that in
the letters of Akizzi , the king of Qațna , to Egypt there are two features that
clearly ...

Author: Amnon Altman

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105119943509

Category: Dependency

Page: 573

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The so-called "Historical Prologue" section in the Ancient Near Eastern treaties is characteristic of "vassal treaties" and documents pertinent to political subordination. It is known so far mainly from Hittite documents, where it serves to present a set of legal arguments, justifying the imposition of obligations on the subordinate party, and depriving that party of the ability to contest the validity or legality of the subordination. As such, it constitutes a potentially rich source of legal conceptions and rules pertaining to the interstate law of the period, and particularly to the law of the treaty of the Ancient Near East - a source whose potential was hitherto unfortunately ignored due to a misinterpretation of this section's role in these documents. Taking as its starting point the premise that the function of this section was juridical and that it was addressed to the divine judges, this study attempts to unfold the legal considerations that underlie the wording of some 20 examples of the "historical prologue".--Dust jacket.

Journal of the American Oriental Society

... to be of a later type than the oldest Phenician , as indicated by its open heads
to such letters as beth , daleth , and resh . ... We know that there was a powerful
Hittite kingdom or confederation extending over this very region , which had ...

Author: American Oriental Society

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433069674004

Category: Electronic journals

Page:

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List of members in each volume.

Journal of the American Oriental Society

... to be of a later type than the oldest Phenician , as indicated by its open heads
to such letters as beth , daleth , and resh . ... We know that there was a powerful
Hittite kingdom or confederation extending over this very region , which had ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: BML:37001200154982

Category:

Page:

View: 832

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The Ancient Near East C 3000 330 BC

In this authoritative new study, Amélie Kuhrt examines its history from the earliest written documents to the conquest of Alexander the Great, c.3000-330 BC. This work dispels many of the misapprehensions which have surrounded the study of ...

Author: Amélie Kuhrt

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415167639

Category: Middle East

Page: 782

View: 991

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The Ancient Near East embraces a vast geographical area, from the borders of Iran and Afghanistan in the east to the Levant and Anatolia, and from the Black Sea in the north to Egypt in the south. It was a region of enormous cultural, political and linguistic diversity. In this authoritative new study, Amélie Kuhrt examines its history from the earliest written documents to the conquest of Alexander the Great, c.3000-330 BC. This work dispels many of the misapprehensions which have surrounded the study of the region. It provides a lucid, up-to-date narrative which takes into account the latest archaeological and textual discoveries and deals with the complex problems of interpretation and methodology. The Ancient Near East is an essential text for all students of history of this region and a valuable introduction for students and scholars working in related subjects.

Daughters of Isis

The distant Hittite kingdom had entered into a diplomatic treaty with Egypt in Year
21 of Ramesses ' reign , with both sides ... To mark the onset of cordial relations
between the two lands Ramesses wrote personal letters to both the Hittite King ...

Author: Joyce A. Tyldesley

Publisher: Penguin Uk

ISBN: UOM:39015028872250

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 195

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In ancient Egypt women enjoyed a legal, social and sexual independence unrivalled by their Greek or Roman sisters, or in fact by most women until the late nineteenth century. They could own and trade in property, work outside the home, marry foreigners and live alone without the protection of a male guardian. Some of them even rose to rule Egypt as 'female kings'. Joyce Tyldesley's vivid history of how women lived in ancient Egypt weaves a fascinating picture of daily life -- marriage and the home, work and play, grooming and religion -- viewed from a female perspective, in a work that is engaging, original and constantly surprising.

The Oxford encyclopedia of ancient Egypt

Amarna Letter EA 31 also mentions the fourth Anatolian group known to the New
Kingdom Egyptians, the "Kashka" (KVRGa-ash- ga). They were a neighboring
group, located to the northeast of the Hittite capital of Hattusas, and frequently at
 ...

Author: Donald B. Redford

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105025101853

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 469

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LETTERS FROM MESOPOTAMIA

the Persian Gulf) to the Hittite kingdom in central Asia Minor, to the west (between
the Euphrates and the Mediterranean coast), and to Cyprus and Egypt, scribes
communicate in more or less adequate Akkadian until the third quarter of the ...

Author: A. LEO OPPENHEIM

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 542

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The Hattian and Hittite Civilizations

So says the king of Mama : tell King Warsamas of Kanesh : you sent me a letter
and ( in this letter you said that ) I will pacify my ... Doubtless other kingdoms in
central Anatolia also began increasingly to pass into the hands of Hittite princes .

Author: Ekrem Akurgal

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015051706730

Category: Civilization, Ancient

Page: 300

View: 347

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The Orient and Greece

To assure the fidelity of these kingdoms , strong Egyptian garrisons , commanded
by Egyptian generals , were ... the capital of the Hittite kingdom , and also by a
small number of letters from the archives of the ruler of Taanach in Palestine .

Author: Michael Ivanovitch Rostovtzeff

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000005066612

Category: History, Ancient

Page:

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An Experienced Scribe who Neglects Nothing

Indeed , in the entire cuneiform corpus of the ancient Near East there are two
letter - address systems , as mentioned above , ana and umma . The ana -
system began to ... So , addressing in EA 31 the Anatolian Hittite kingdom of
Arzawa ...

Author: Yitschak Sefati

Publisher: University Press of Maryland

ISBN: UOM:39015060597781

Category: History

Page: 771

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Essays on the ancient history, culture, and literature of Sumer, Babylonia, Assyria, and Israel.

A History of Egypt

One of the Hittite dynasts had consolidated a kingdom beyond the Amanus ,
which Thutmose III regularly called “ Great Kheta , " as ... When Ikhnaton
ascended the throne Seplel , the king of the Hittites , wrote him a letter of
congratulation ...

Author: James Henry Breasted Ph.D.

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 370

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