Letters from the Hittite Kingdom

This is the first book-length collection in English of letters from the ancient kingdom of the Hittites.

Author: Harry A. Hoffner

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 9781589832121

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 450

View: 593

DOWNLOAD →

This is the first book-length collection in English of letters from the ancient kingdom of the Hittites. All known well-preserved examples, including the important corpus of letters from the provincial capital of Tapikka, are reproduced here in romanized transcription and English translation, accompanied by introductory essays, explanatory notes on the text and its translation, and a complete description of the rules of Hittite correspondence compared with that of other ancient Middle Eastern states. Letters containing correspondence between kings and their foreign peers, between kings and their officials in the provinces, and between these officials themselves reveal rich details of provincial administration, the relationships and duties of the officials, and tantalizing glimpses of their private lives. Matters discussed include oversight of agriculture, tax liabilities, litigation, inheritance rights, defense against hostile groups on the kingdom's periphery, and consulting the gods by means of oracular procedures.

The Hittites

From Books Back Cover: The rediscovery of the ancient empire of the Hittites has been a major achievement of the last hundred years.

Author: Oliver Robert Gurney

Publisher: Penguin Group USA

ISBN: UOM:39015022005071

Category: History

Page: 214

View: 181

DOWNLOAD →

From Books Back Cover: The rediscovery of the ancient empire of the Hittites has been a major achievement of the last hundred years. Known from the Old Testament as one of the tribes occupying the Promised Land, the Hittites were in reality a powerful neighboring kingdom: highly advanced in political organization, administration of justice and military genius; with a literature inscribed in cuneiform writing on clay tablets; and with a rugged and individual figurative art, to be seen on stone monuments and on scattered rock faces in isolated areas. Newly revised and updated, this classic account reconstructs, in fascinating detail, a complete and balanced picture of Hittite civilization, using both established and more recent sources.

The Kingdom of the Hittites

Translations from the original texts are a particular feature of the book. Thus on many issues the Hittites and their contemporaries are allowed to speak to the modern reader for themselves."--BOOK JACKET.

Author: Trevor Bryce

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199279081

Category: History

Page: 554

View: 790

DOWNLOAD →

Translations from the original texts are a particular feature of the book. Thus on many issues the Hittites and their contemporaries are allowed to speak to the modern reader for themselves."--BOOK JACKET.

Letters of the Great Kings of the Ancient Near East

Offering fascinating insights into the people and politics of the ancient near Eastern kingdoms, Trevor Bryce uses the letters of the five Great Kings of Egypt, Babylon, Hatti, Mitanni and Assyria as the focus of a fresh look at this ...

Author: Trevor Bryce

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134575855

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 978

DOWNLOAD →

Offering fascinating insights into the people and politics of the ancient near Eastern kingdoms, Trevor Bryce uses the letters of the five Great Kings of Egypt, Babylon, Hatti, Mitanni and Assyria as the focus of a fresh look at this turbulent and volatile region in the late Bronze Age. Numerous extracts from the letters are constantly interwoven into the fabric of narrative and discussion, and this lively approach allows us to witness history through the eyes of the people who lived it, revealing the personalities and reactions of kings, queens, princes, princesses and royal officials more than 3500 years ago to the current events of the day.

The Ancient Near East A Very Short Introduction

Letter from the Hittite king to the Assyrian king: KUB 23.102: Text 104: Harry A. Hoffner Jr., Letters from the Hittite Kingdom, Writings from the Ancient World 15 (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009), 323–24.

Author: Amanda H. Podany

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199703234

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 652

DOWNLOAD →

The ancient Near East is known as the "cradle of civilization"--and for good reason. Mesopotamia, Syria, and Anatolia were home to an extraordinarily rich and successful culture. Indeed, it was a time and place of earth-shaking changes for humankind: the beginnings of writing and law, kingship and bureaucracy, diplomacy and state-sponsored warfare, mathematics and literature. This Very Short Introduction offers a fascinating account of this momentous time in human history. The three thousand years covered here--from around 3500 BCE, with the founding of the first Mesopotamian cities, to the conquest of the Near East by the Persian king Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE-represent a period of incredible innovation, from the invention of the wheel and the plow, to early achievements in astronomy, law, and diplomacy. As historian Amanda Podany explores this era, she overturns the popular image of the ancient world as a primitive, violent place. We discover that women had many rights and freedoms: they could own property, run businesses, and represent themselves in court. Diplomats traveled between the capital cities of major powers ensuring peace and friendship between the kings. Scribes and scholars studied the stars and could predict eclipses and the movements of the planets. Every chapter introduces the reader to a particular moment in ancient Near Eastern history, illuminating such aspects as trade, religion, diplomacy, law, warfare, kingship, and agriculture. Each discussion focuses on evidence provided in two or three cuneiform texts from that time. These documents, the cities in which they were found, the people and gods named in them, the events they recount or reflect, all provide vivid testimony of the era in which they were written. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.

A History of Hittite Literacy

Herbordt, Suzanne (2002) Hittite seals and sealings from the Nişantepe Archive, Boğazkoy: A prosopographical study, in A. Yener, H. Hoffner & S. ... (2009) Letters from the Hittite Kingdom (Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature).

Author: Theo van den Hout

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108849197

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 839

DOWNLOAD →

Why did the Anatolians remain illiterate for so long, although surrounded by people using script? Why and how did they eventually adopt the cuneiform writing system and why did they still invent a second, hieroglyphic script of their own? What did and didn't they write down and what role did Hittite literature, the oldest known literature in any Indo-European language, play? These and many other questions on scribal culture are addressed in this first, comprehensive book on writing, reading, script usage, and literacy in the Hittite kingdom (c.1650–1200 BC). It describes the rise and fall of literacy and literature in Hittite Anatolia in the wider context of its political, economic, and intellectual history.

Fighting for the King and the Gods

then most likely the same requirement would be true of Hittite troops.150 It seems that the Hittite standing army consisted mainly of the ... Hoffner, Letters from the Hittite Kingdom, 162 (HKM35; CTH 186); for more on the exact ...

Author: Charlie Trimm

Publisher: SBL Press

ISBN: 9780884142379

Category: Religion

Page: 748

View: 842

DOWNLOAD →

The most up-to-date sourcebook on warfare in the ancient Near East Fighting for the King and the Gods provides an introduction to the topic of war and the variety of texts concerning many aspects of warfare in the ancient Near East. These texts illustrate various viewpoints of war and show how warfare was an integral part of life. Trimm examines not only the victors and the famous battles, but also the hardship that war brought to many. While several of these texts treated here are well known (i.e., Ramses II's battle against the Hittites at Qadesh), others are known only to specialists. This work will allow a broader audience to access and appreciate these important texts as they relate to the history and ideology of warfare. Features References to recent secondary literature for further study Early Greek and Chinese illustrative texts for comparisons with other cultures Indices to help guide the reader

Beyond Hatti

Teil, THeth 16 (Heidelberg: Winter, 1989); idem, Korrespondenz 1; Sedat Alp, Hethitische Briefe aus Maşat-Höyük, TTKY VI/35 (Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu, 1991); and Harry A. Hoffner, Jr., Letters From the Hittite Kingdom, WAW 15 (Atlanta: ...

Author: Billie Jean Collins

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9781937040284

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 308

DOWNLOAD →

This collection of essays honors the life and work of Gary Beckman, Professor of Hittite and Mesopotamian Studies at the University of Michigan. The essays were contributed by his colleagues, students, and friends, and their breadth-traversing ancient Anatolia, Syria, Mesopotamia, and beyond-are a measure of the range of his influence as a scholar. His interest in the reception and adaptation of Syro-Mesopotamian culture by the Hittites in particular inspired this offering.

Caria and Crete in Antiquity

The problem over the identification of the kingdom of Ahhiyawa/Ahhiya is of further relevance to Bronze Age Caria, ... In the so-called 'Tawagalawa Letter, in fact a letter by a Hittite king to a king of Ahhiyawa, it is recorded that a ...

Author: Naomi Carless Unwin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108339773

Category: History

Page:

View: 341

DOWNLOAD →

A persistent tradition existed in antiquity linking Caria with the island of Crete. This central theme of regional history is mirrored in the civic mythologies, cults and toponyms of southwestern Anatolia. This book explains why by approaching this diverse body of material with a broad chronological view, taking into account both the origins of this regional narrative and its endurance. It considers the mythologies in the light of archaeologically attested contacts during the Bronze Age, exploring whether such interaction could have left a residuum in later traditions. The continued relevance of this aspect of Carian history is then considered in the light of contacts during the Classical and Hellenistic periods, with analysis of how, and in which contexts, traditions survived. The Carians were an Anatolian people; however, their integration into the mythological framework of the Greek world reveals that interaction with the Aegean was a fundamental aspect of their history.

Officials and Administration in the Hittite World

The Organization of the Anatolian Local Cults during the Thirteenth Century B. C. An Appraisal of the Hittite Cult Inventories. Cuneiform Monographs 21. ... Letters from the Hittite Kingdom, Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature.

Author: Tayfun Bilgin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781501509773

Category: Religion

Page: 523

View: 136

DOWNLOAD →

There are few studies that deal with an overall treatment of the Hittite administrative system, and various other works on its offices and officials have tended to be limited in scope, focusing only on certain groups or certain time periods. This book provides a comprehensive investigation of the administrative organization of the Hittite state throughout its history (ca. 1650–1180 BCE) with particular emphasis on the state offices and their officials. Bringing together previous works and updating with data recovered in recent years, the study presents a detailed survey of the high offices of the state, a prosopographical study of about 140 high officials, and a theoretical analysis of the Hittite administration in respect to factors such as hierarchy, kinship, and diachronical changes.

Performances of Ancient Jewish Letters

46 Harry A. Hoffner, Jr. Letters from the Hittite Kingdom, ed. Gary M. Beckman, WAW 15 (Atlanta: SBL, 2009), 33. Hoffner states that this use of the jussive is attested from the earliest to the latest period of Mesopotamian letter ...

Author: Marvin Miller

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783647550930

Category: Fiction

Page: 317

View: 409

DOWNLOAD →

This ambitious and engaging book sets itself the task of combining a wide range of approaches to cast new light on the form and function of several ancient Jewish letters in a variety of languages. The focus of The Performance of Ancient Jewish Lettersis on applying a new emerging field of performance theory to texts and arguing that letters and other documents were not just read in silence, as is normal today, but were “performed,” especially when they were addressed to a community. A distinctive feature of this book consists of being one of the first to apply the approach of performance criticism to ancient Jewish letters. Previous treatments of ancient letters have not given enough consideration to their oral context; however, this book prompts the reader to “listen” sympathetically with the audience. The Performance focuses close attention on the ways in which the engagement of the audience during the performance of a text might be read from traces present in the text itself. This book invites the audience to hear a fresh reading of a family letter from Hermopolis, concerning ugly tunics and castor oil; festal letters, about issues surrounding the celebration of Passover, Purim and Hanukkah; a diaspora letter on how to live in a foreign land; and also an official letter concerning the building of the Jerusalem temple. These letters will help us understand a text from the Dead Sea Scrolls, namely, MMT. Marvin L. Miller argues for the centrality of performance in the life of Jews of the Second Temple period, an area of study that has been traditionally neglected. The Performanceadvances the fields of orality and epistolography and supplements other scholars’ works in those fields.

Prophecy and Prophets in Stories

2 H.A. Hoffner Jr, Letters from the Hittite Kingdom (Writings from the Ancient World 15), Atlanta 2009, 24, especially Nos 3,50 & 92; A. Mouton, 'Au sujet du compte rendu oraculaire Hittite KBo 18.142,' in: D. Groddek, ...

Author: Bob E.J.H. Becking

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004291133

Category: Religion

Page: 292

View: 658

DOWNLOAD →

Much evidence on the phenomenon of prophecy has come down as part of stories and narratives. The essays in this volume search the role of prophets and prophecy in a variety of text, mainly from the Hebrew Bible.

Climate Change and the Health of Nations

In northern Anatolia, the powerful Hittite kingdom's subjects were starving, despite the kingdom's great prosperity and diplomatic and military success during the preceding two centuries. Ancient letters from the Hittite kingdom begged ...

Author: Anthony McMichael

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190262952

Category:

Page: 400

View: 354

DOWNLOAD →

When we think of "climate change," we think of man-made global warming, caused by greenhouse gas emissions. But natural climate change has occurred throughout human history, and populations have had to adapt to the climate's vicissitudes. Anthony J. McMichael, a renowned epidemiologist and a pioneer in the field of how human health relates to climate change, is the ideal person to tell this story. Climate Change and the Health of Nations shows how the natural environment has vast direct and indirect repercussions for human health and welfare. McMichael takes us on a tour of human history through the lens of major transformations in climate. From the very beginning of our species some five million years ago, human biology has evolved in response to cooling temperatures, new food sources, and changing geography. As societies began to form, they too adapted in relation to their environments, most notably with the development of agriculture eleven thousand years ago. Agricultural civilization was a Faustian bargain, however: the prosperity and comfort that an agrarian society provides relies on the assumption that the environment will largely remain stable. Indeed, for agriculture to succeed, environmental conditions must be just right, which McMichael refers to as the "Goldilocks phenomenon." Global warming is disrupting this balance, just as other climate-related upheavals have tested human societies throughout history. As McMichael shows, the break-up of the Roman Empire, the bubonic Plague of Justinian, and the mysterious collapse of Mayan civilization all have roots in climate change. Why devote so much analysis to the past, when the daunting future of climate change is already here? Because the story of mankind�s previous survival in the face of an unpredictable and unstable climate, and of the terrible toll that climate change can take, could not be more important as we face the realities of a warming planet. This sweeping magnum opus is not only a rigorous, innovative, and fascinating exploration of how the climate affects the human condition, but also an urgent call to recognize our species' utter reliance on the earth as it is.

Paul s Large Letters

The Textual History of the Letter to the Romans. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. Gamble, H. 1995. Books and Readers in the Early Church: ... Letters from the Hittite Kingdom. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature. Holzberg, N., and S. Merkle.

Author: Steve Reece

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567669087

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 498

DOWNLOAD →

At the end of several of his letters the apostle Paul claims to be penning a summary and farewell greeting in his own hand: 1 Corinthians, Galatians, Philemon, cf. Colossians, 2 Thessalonians. Paul's claims raise some interesting questions about his letter-writing practices. Did he write any complete letters himself, or did he always dictate to a scribe? How much did his scribes contribute to the composition of his letters? Did Paul make the effort to proofread and correct what he had dictated? What was the purpose of Paul's autographic subscriptions? What was Paul's purpose in calling attention to their autographic nature? Why did Paul write in large letters in the subscription of his letter to the Galatians? Why did he call attention to this peculiarity of his handwriting? A good source of answers to these questions can be found among the primary documents that have survived from around the time of Paul, a large number of which have been discovered over the past two centuries and in fact continue to be discovered to this day. From around the time of Paul there are extant several dozen letters from the caves and refuges in the desert of eastern Judaea (in Hebrew, Aramaic, Nabataean, Greek, and Latin), several hundred from the remains of a Roman military camp in Vindolanda in northern England (in Latin), and several thousand from the sands of Middle and Upper Egypt (in Greek, Latin, and Egyptian Demotic). Reece has examined almost all these documents, many of them unpublished and rarely read, with special attention to their handwriting styles, in order to shed some light on these technical aspects of Paul's letter-writing conventions.

A History of Hittite Literacy

The first comprehensive overview of the development of literacy, script usage, and literature in Hittite Anatolia (1650-1200 BC).

Author: Theo van den Hout

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108494885

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 660

DOWNLOAD →

The first comprehensive overview of the development of literacy, script usage, and literature in Hittite Anatolia (1650-1200 BC).

Luwian Identities

Hoffner, H.A., Jr., 1982. “The Milawata Letter Augmented and Reinterpreted”, Archivfür Orientforschung Beiheft 19, 130–137. ——, 1997. The Laws of the Hittites, Leiden. ——, 2009. Letters from the Hittite Kingdom, Atlanta. Hood, S., 1986.

Author: Alice Mouton

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004253414

Category: History

Page: 612

View: 745

DOWNLOAD →

The Luwians inhabited Anatolia and Syria some three thousand years ago. The present collective volume addresses the questions of their homeland, material and spiritual culture, and relationship with neighbors. It strives to promote Luwian studies as a new interdisciplinary research field.

A Companion to Byzantine Epistolography

The letter is thus defined by a matrix of specific material, communicative and formal elements.2 This ... Wente, Letters from Ancient Egypt; Hoffner, Letters from the Hittite Kingdom; Lindenberger, Ancient Aramaic and Hebrew Letters.

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004424616

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 363

DOWNLOAD →

A Companion to Byzantine Epistolography offers the first comprehensive introduction and scholarly guide to the cultural practice and literary genre of letter-writing in the Byzantine Empire.

Prophetic Divination

with dreams, extispicy, and, perhaps, prophecy.23 Evidence of its practice is attested in several Hittite sources. ... 3 in H. A. Hoffner, Jr., Letters from the Hittite Kingdom (SBLWAW 15; Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, ...

Author: Martti Nissinen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110467765

Category: Religion

Page: 804

View: 946

DOWNLOAD →

Prophecy was a wide-spread phenomenon in the ancient world - not only in ancient Israel but in the whole Eastern Mediterranean cultural sphere. This is demonstrated by documents from the ancient Near East, that have been the object of Martti Nissinen’s research for more than twenty years. Nissinen's studies have had a formative influence on the study of the prophetic phenomenon. The present volume presents a selection of thirty-one essays, bringing together essential aspects of prophetic divination in the ancient Near East. The first section of the volume discusses prophecy from theoretical perspectives. The second sections contains studies on prophecy in texts from Mari and Assyria and other cuneiform sources. The third section discusses biblical prophecy in its ancient Near Eastern context, while the fourth section focuses on prophets and prophecy in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. Even prophecy in the Dead Sea Scrolls is discussed in the fifth section. The articles are essential reading for anyone studying ancient prophetic phenomenon.

Over the Mountains and Far Away Studies in Near Eastern history and archaeology presented to Mirjo Salvini on the occasion of his 80th birthday

The Historical Geography of Anatolia and the Transition from the kārum-Period to the Early Hittite Empire, in J. Dercksen (ed.) Anatolia and the Jazira during ... Letters from the Hittite Kingdom (Writings from the Ancient World 15).

Author: Pavel S. Avetisyan

Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9781784919443

Category: Social Science

Page: 594

View: 736

DOWNLOAD →

This volume is a tribute to the career of Professor Mirjo Salvini on the occasion his 80th birthday, composed of 62 papers written by his colleagues and students. The majority of contributions deal with research in the fields of Urartian and Hittite Studies, the topics that attracted Prof. Salvini most during his long and fruitful career.

Pax Hethitica

In the introduction to her edition of Hittite letters , Hagenbuchner ( 1989 ) brought together a wealth of information about letter writing in the Ancient Near East , focusing on the Hittite Kingdom and Empire : physical , graphic and ...

Author: Yoram Cohen

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 3447061197

Category: History

Page: 439

View: 598

DOWNLOAD →

Mit Pax Hethitica erscheint die Festschrift fur Itamar Singer, langjahriger Professor an der Universitat Tel Aviv und fuhrender Hethitologe und Historiker des Alten Orients. Die Festschrift enthalt 34 Beitrage von seinen Kollegen aus der Altanatolistik und Altorientalistik vor allem zu hethitologischen, aber auch zu assyriologischen, syrischen, indogermanischen und agaischen Themen. Die vielfaltigen Beitrage entsprechen den umfassenden Forschungsinteressen des Jubilars, die weit uber die Grenzen Anatoliens und der Hethitologie hinausreichen. Mit Beitragen von: A. Altman, A. Archi, T. Bryce, B.J. Collins, L. d'Alfonso, S. de Martino, A. Dincol, B. Dincol, Y. Feder, M. Forlanini, M. Giorgieri, S. Gordin, J.D. Hawkins, V. Haas, S. Heinhold-Krahmer, H.A. Hoffner, Jr., C. Karasu, H.C. Melchert, C. Mora, N. Oettinger, I. Peled, F. Pecchioli Daddi, M. Poetto, M. Popko, A.F. Rainey, E. Rieken, D. Schwemer, O. Soysal, I. Tati'vili, P. Taracha, G. Torri, T. van den Hout, G. Wilhelm, I. Yakubovich, A. Yasur-Landau und R. Zadok