Jews in American Academy 1900 1940

LITERARY STUDIES / JEWISH STUDIES " Jews in the American Academy is intellectual history founded on singular figures , and reads like chapters of a compelling novel by a master psychologist . ” -Cynthia Ozick THIS ORIGINAL BOOK recounts ...

Author: Susanne Klingenstein

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815605412

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 536


This work examines how the philosophy and literature departments of Ivy League colleges in the early 20th century gradually accepted Jewish men, and how this integration transformed the thinking of these Jewish professors, many of whom had been raised in Orthodox homes.

Insecure Prosperity Small Town Jews in Industrial America 1890 1940

Quotation from a new tkhine is from Chava Weissler , " American Transformations of the Tkhines " ( paper presented at a ... or a recent study of Suzanne Klingenstein , Jews in the American Academy , 1900-1940 : The Dynamics of ...

Author: Ewa Morawska

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691005370

Category: History

Page: 440

View: 309


This captivating story of the Jewish community in Johnstown, Pennsylvania reveals a pattern of adaptation to American life surprisingly different from that followed by Jewish immigrants to metropolitan areas. Although four-fifths of Jewish immigrants did settle in major cities, another fifth created small-town communities like the one described here by Ewa Morawska. Rather than climbing up the mainstream education and occupational success ladder, the Jewish Johnstowners created in the local economy a tightly knit ethnic entrepreneurial niche and pursued within it their main life goals: achieving a satisfactory standard of living against the recurrent slumps in local mills and coal mines and enjoying the company of their fellow congregants. Rather than secularizing and diversifying their communal life, as did Jewish immigrants to larger cities, they devoted their energies to creating and maintaining an inclusive, multipurpose religious congregation. Morawska begins with an extensive examination of Jewish life in the Eastern European regions from which most of Johnstown's immigrants came, tracing features of culture and social relations that they brought with them to America. After detailing the process by which migration from Eastern Europe occurred, Morawska takes up the social organization of Johnstown, the place of Jews in that social order, the transformation of Jewish social life in the city, and relations between Jews and non-Jews. The resulting work will appeal simultaneously to students of American history, of American social life, of immigration, and of Jewish experience, as well as to the general reader interested in any of these topics.

The Jews of the United States 1654 to 2000

Our Gang: Jewish Crime and the New York Jewish Community, 19001940. ... The Wonders of America: Reinventing Jewish Culture, 1880–1950. ... Jews in the American Academy, 19001940: The Dynamics of Intellectual Assimilation.

Author: Hasia R. Diner

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520248489

Category: History

Page: 437

View: 386


Annotation A history of Jews in American that is informed by the constant process of negotiation undertaken by ordinary Jews in their communities who wanted at one and the same time to be good Jews and full Americans.

Jews in America

Suzanne Klingsenstein, Jews in the American Academy. 1900 1940, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1991. Q. What fellow Jew swore in Herbert Lehman when he became governor of NY? A. On Dec. 31, 1932, the newly elected Governor Lehman ...

Author: Matthew B. Schwartz

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532644115

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 963


Using a readable question-and-answer format, Jews in America: The First 500 Years presents the activities of Jews in America since the beginnings of European settlement. It tells something of the story of how Jews came to the “golden land” and what they have done here—men and women, scientists and athletes, soldiers and merchants, settlers and scholars. It is indeed a remarkable story.

International Handbook of Jewish Education

In M. L. Raphael (Ed.), The Columbia history of Jews and Judaism in America (pp. 189–216). New York: Columbia University Press. Klingenstein, S. (1991). Jews in the American academy, 19001940: The dynamics of intellectual assimilation.

Author: Helena Miller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400703544

Category: Religion

Page: 649

View: 988


The International Handbook of Jewish Education, a two volume publication, brings together scholars and practitioners engaged in the field of Jewish Education and its cognate fields world-wide. Their submissions make a significant contribution to our knowledge of the field of Jewish Education as we start the second decade of the 21st century. The Handbook is divided broadly into four main sections: Vision and Practice: focusing on issues of philosophy, identity and planning –the big issues of Jewish Education. Teaching and Learning: focusing on areas of curriculum and engagement Applications, focusing on the ways that Jewish Education is transmitted in particular contexts, both formal and informal, for children and adults. Geographical, focusing on historical, demographic, social and other issues that are specific to a region or where an issue or range of issues can be compared and contrasted between two or more locations. This comprehensive collection of articles providing high quality content, constitutes a difinitive statement on the state of Jewish Education world wide, as well as through a wide variety of lenses and contexts. It is written in a style that is accessible to a global community of academics and professionals.

Divergent Jewish Cultures

On colleges, see Harold S. Wechsler, The Qualified Student: A History of Selective College Admissions in America (New York, 1977); Susanne Klingenstein, Jews in the American Academy, 19001940: The Dynamics of Cultural Assimilation (New ...

Author: Deborah Dash Moore

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300130218

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 770


Two creative centers of Jewish life rose to prominence in the twentieth century, one in Israel and the other in the United States. Although Israeli and American Jews share kinship and history drawn from their Eastern European roots, they have developed divergent cultures from their common origins, often seeming more like distant cousins than close relatives. This book explores why this is so, examining how two communities that constitute eighty percent of the world’s Jewish population have created separate identities and cultures. Using examples from literature, art, history, and politics, leading Israeli and American scholars focus on the political, social, and memory cultures of their two communities, considering in particular the American Jewish challenge to diaspora consciousness and the Israeli struggle to forge a secular, national Jewish identity. At the same time, they seek to understand how a sense of mutual responsibility and fate animates American and Israeli Jews who reside in distant places, speak different languages, and live within different political and social worlds.

Jewish Emancipation

For Columbia and Harvard, see Harold S. Wechsler, The Qualified Student: A History of Selective College Admission in America (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1977), 133–75. 14. Susanne Klingenstein, Jews in the American Academy, 19001940: ...

Author: David Sorkin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691189673

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 125


The first comprehensive history of how Jews became citizens in the modern world For all their unquestionable importance, the Holocaust and the founding of the State of Israel now loom so large in modern Jewish history that we have mostly lost sight of the fact that they are only part of—and indeed reactions to—the central event of that history: emancipation. In this book, David Sorkin seeks to reorient Jewish history by offering the first comprehensive account in any language of the process by which Jews became citizens with civil and political rights in the modern world. Ranging from the mid-sixteenth century to the beginning of the twenty-first, Jewish Emancipation tells the ongoing story of how Jews have gained, kept, lost, and recovered rights in Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, the United States, and Israel. Emancipation, Sorkin shows, was not a one-time or linear event that began with the Enlightenment or French Revolution and culminated with Jews' acquisition of rights in Central Europe in 1867–71 or Russia in 1917. Rather, emancipation was and is a complex, multidirectional, and ambiguous process characterized by deflections and reversals, defeats and successes, triumphs and tragedies. For example, American Jews mobilized twice for emancipation: in the nineteenth century for political rights, and in the twentieth for lost civil rights. Similarly, Israel itself has struggled from the start to institute equality among its heterogeneous citizens. By telling the story of this foundational but neglected event, Jewish Emancipation reveals the lost contours of Jewish history over the past half millennium.

Antisemitism in America

Stranger Within the Gate City: The Jews of Atlanta, 1845-1915. ... World of Our Fathers: The Journey of the East European Jews to America and the Life They Found and Made. ... Jews In The American Academy, 1900-1940.

Author: Leonard Dinnerstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195313543

Category: History

Page: 369

View: 596


Is antisemitism on the rise in America? Did the "hymietown" comment by Jesse Jackson and the Crown Heights riot signal a resurgence of antisemitism among blacks? The surprising answer to both questions, according to Leonard Dinnerstein, is no--Jews have never been more at home in America. But what we are seeing today, he writes, are the well-publicized results of a long tradition of prejudice, suspicion, and hatred against Jews--the direct product of the Christian teachings underlying so much of America's national heritage. In Antisemitism in America, Leonard Dinnerstein provides a landmark work--the first comprehensive history of prejudice against Jews in the United States, from colonial times to the present. His richly documented book traces American antisemitism from its roots in the dawn of the Christian era and arrival of the first European settlers, to its peak during World War II and its present day permutations--with separate chapters on antisemititsm in the South and among African-Americans, showing that prejudice among both whites and blacks flowed from the same stream of Southern evangelical Christianity. He shows, for example, that non-Christians were excluded from voting (in Rhode Island until 1842, North Carolina until 1868, and in New Hampshire until 1877), and demonstrates how the Civil War brought a new wave of antisemitism as both sides assumed that Jews supported with the enemy. We see how the decades that followed marked the emergence of a full-fledged antisemitic society, as Christian Americans excluded Jews from their social circles, and how antisemetic fervor climbed higher after the turn of the century, accelerated by eugenicists, fear of Bolshevism, the publications of Henry Ford, and the Depression. Dinnerstein goes on to explain that just before our entry into World War II, antisemitism reached a climax, as Father Coughlin attacked Jews over the airwaves (with the support of much of the Catholic clergy) and Charles Lindbergh delivered an openly antisemitic speech to an isolationist meeting. After the war, Dinnerstein tells us, with fresh economic opportunities and increased activities by civil rights advocates, antisemititsm went into sharp decline--though it frequently appeared in shockingly high places, including statements by Nixon and his Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. "It must also be emphasized," Dinnerstein writes, "that in no Christian country has antisemitism been weaker than it has been in the United States," with its traditions of tolerance, diversity, and a secular national government. This book, however, reveals in disturbing detail the resilience, and vehemence, of this ugly prejudice. Penetrating, authoritative, and frequently alarming, this is the definitive account of a plague that refuses to go away.

The Cambridge Companion to Jewish American Literature

Jews in the American Academy , 1900-1940 : The Dynamics of Intellectual Assimilation . New Haven : Yale University Press , 1991 . Kramer , Michael P. “ New English Typology and the Jewish Question . ” Studies in Puritan American ...

Author: Hana Wirth-Nesher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521796997

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 296

View: 197


For more than two hundred years, Jews have played important roles in the development of American literature. The Cambridge Companion to Jewish American Literature addresses a wide array of themes and approaches to the distinct yet multifaceted body of Jewish American literature. Essays examine writing from the 1700s to major contemporary writers such as Saul Bellow and Philip Roth. Topics covered include literary history, immigration and acculturation, Yiddish and Hebrew literature, popular culture, women writers, literary theory and poetics, multilingualism, the Holocaust, and contemporary fiction. This collection of specially commissioned essays by leading figures discusses Jewish American literature in relation to ethnicity, religion, politics, race, gender, ideology, history, and ethics, and places it in the contexts of both Jewish and American writing. With its chronology and guides to further reading, this volume will prove valuable to scholars and students alike.

The Soul of the American University Revisited

Susanne Klingenstein, Jews in the American Academy 19001940: The Dynamics of Intellectual Assimilation (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991), illustrates this point, though she is asking a different set of questions. 23.

Author: George M. Marsden

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190073312

Category: Education

Page: 488

View: 195


The Soul of the American University is a classic and much discussed account of the changing roles of Christianity in shaping American higher education, presented here in a newly revised edition to offer insights for a modern era. As late as the World War II era, it was not unusual even for state schools to offer chapel services or for leading universities to refer to themselves as �Christian� institutions. From the 1630s through the 1950s, when Protestantism provided an informal religious establishment, colleges were expected to offer religious and moral guidance. Following reactions in the 1960s against the WASP establishment and concerns for diversity, this specifically religious heritage quickly disappeared and various secular viewpoints predominated. In this updated edition of a landmark volume, George Marsden explores the history of the changing roles of Protestantism in relation to other cultural and intellectual factors shaping American higher education. Far from a lament for a lost golden age, Marsden offers a penetrating analysis of the changing ways in which Protestantism intersected with collegiate life, intellectual inquiry, and broader cultural developments. He tells the stories of many of the nation's pace-setting universities at defining moments in their histories. By the late nineteenth-century when modern universities emerged, debates over Darwinism and higher criticism of the Bible were reshaping conceptions of Protestantism; in the twentieth century important concerns regarding diversity and inclusion were leading toward ever-broader conceptions of Christianity; then followed attacks on the traditional WASP establishment which brought dramatic disestablishment of earlier religious privilege. By the late twentieth century, exclusive secular viewpoints had become the gold standard in higher education, while our current era is arguably �post-secular�. The Soul of the American University Revisited deftly examines American higher education as it exists in the twenty-first century.