Ionospheric Space Weather

This book describes essential concepts of, and the status quo in, the field of ionospheric space weather.

Author: Ljiljana R. Cander

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319993317

Category: Science

Page: 297

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This book describes essential concepts of, and the status quo in, the field of ionospheric space weather. It explains why our society on planet Earth and moving outwards into space cannot work safely, function efficiently, or progress steadily without committed and comprehensive research initiatives addressing space weather. These initiatives must provide space environment specifications, warnings, and forecasts, all of which need to be timely, accurate and reliable. Cause and effect models of the Earth’s ionosphere are discussed in terms of the spatial and temporal dimensions of background variability, storms, gradients, irregularities, and waves in both current and long-term research activities. Starting from dynamic processes on the Sun, in the interplanetary medium, and in the Earth’s magnetosphere, ionosphere, and atmosphere, the text focuses on the dominant features of the plasma medium under normal and extreme conditions over the European zone during the last few Solar Cycles. One of the book’s most unique features is a series of fundamental examples that offer profound insights into ionospheric climate and weather. Various approaches for acquiring and disseminating the necessary data and forecasting analyses are discussed, and interesting analogies are observed between terrestrial and space weather – both of which could produce lasting social consequences, with not only academic but also concrete economic implications. The book’s primary goal is to foster the development of ionospheric space weather products and services that are capable of satisfying the ever-growing demand for space-based technology, and are ready for the society of the not-so-distant future.

Ionospheric Space Weather

Because this volume is an outcome of the research presented at this first space science Chapman Conference held in Africa, it has further provided an opportunity for African scientists to communicate their research results with the ...

Author: Timothy Fuller-Rowell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118929209

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 901

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"'Ionospheric Space Weather' includes articles from six science themes that were discussed at the Chapman Conference in 2012. These include: Hemispherical dependence of magnetospheric energy injection and the thermosphere-ionosphere response, longitude and hemispheric dependence of storm-enhanced densities (SED), response of the thermosphere and ionosphere to variability in solar radiation, longitude spatial structure in total electron content and electrodynamics, temporal response to lower-atmosphere disturbances, and ionospheric irregularities and scintillation. 'Ionospheric Space Weather: Longitude Dependence and Lower Atmosphere Forcing' will be useful to both active researchers and advanced graduate students in the field of physics, geophysics, and engineering, especially those who are keen to acquire a global understanding of ionospheric phenomena, including observational information from all longitude sectors across the globe"--Provided by publisher.

Ionospheric Space Weather

See International Center for Space Weather Science and Education ICTP. See International Centre for Theoretical Physics IED. See Ionospheric electron density IEEY. See International Equatorial Electrojet Year IGRF model.

Author: Timothy Fuller-Rowell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118929223

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 976

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This monograph is the outcome of an American Geophysical Union Chapman Conference on longitude and hemispheric dependence of ionospheric space weather, including the impact of waves propagating from the lower atmosphere. The Chapman Conference was held in Africa as a means of focusing attention on an extensive geographic region where observations are critically needed to address some of the fundamental questions of the physical processes driving the ionosphere locally and globally. The compilation of papers from the conference describes the physics of this system and the mechanisms that control ionospheric space weather in a combination of tutorial-like and focused articles that will be of value to the upper atmosphere scientific community in general and to ongoing global magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere (MIT) modeling efforts in particular. A number of articles from each science theme describe details of the physics behind each phenomenon that help to solve the complexity of the MIT system. Because this volume is an outcome of the research presented at this first space science Chapman Conference held in Africa, it has further provided an opportunity for African scientists to communicate their research results with the international community. In addition, the meeting and this conference volume will greatly enhance the space science education and research interest in the African continent and around the world. Ionospheric Space Weather includes articles from six science themes that were discussed at the Chapman Conference in 2012. These include: Hemispherical dependence of magnetospheric energy injection and the thermosphere-ionosphere response Longitude and hemispheric dependence of storm-enhanced densities (SED) Response of the thermosphere and ionosphere to variability in solar radiation Longitude spatial structure in total electron content and electrodynamics Temporal response to lower-atmosphere disturbances Ionospheric irregularities and scintillation Ionospheric Space Weather: Longitude Dependence and Lower Atmosphere Forcing will be useful to both active researchers and advanced graduate students in the field of physics, geophysics, and engineering, especially those who are keen to acquire a global understanding of ionospheric phenomena, including observational information from all longitude sectors across the globe.

Space Weather Telecommunications

This brings space weather home as it were. It is not some abstract topic of interest to scientists alone; it is a topic of concern to all of us. I hope to make this clear as the book unfolds. Why have I written this book?

Author: John M. Goodman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780387236711

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 267

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Space weather has an enormous influence on modern telecommunication systems even though we may not always appreciate it. We shall endeavor throughout this monograph to expose the relationships between space weather factors and the performance (or lack thereof) of telecommunication, navigation, and surveillance systems. Space weather is a rather new term, having found an oMicial expression as the result of several government initiatives that use the term in the title of programs. But it is the logical consequence of the realization that space also has weather, just as the lower atmosphere has weather. While the weather in space will influence space systems that operate in that special environment, it is also true that space weather will influence systems that we understand and use here on terra firma. This brings space weather home as it were. It is not some abstract topic of interest to scientists alone; it is a topic of concern to all of us. I hope to make this clear as the book unfolds. Why have I written this book? First of all, I love the topic. While at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), I had the opportunity to do research on many topics including: Thomson scatter radar and satellite beacon studies of the ionosphere, utilization of the NASA Gemini platform for ionospheric investigations, microwave radar propagation studies, I-IF signal intercept and direction-finding experiments, and multi-disciplinary studies of certain physical phenomena relevant to weapon systems development.

Space Weather

36 (2), 261–275 (2001) Bilitza, D.: International reference ionosphere 2002: Examples of improvements and new features, Adv. Space Res, 31(3), 757–767 (2003) Buonsanto, M.J.: Inospheric storms – A review, Space Sci.

Author: Jean Lilensten

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402054464

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 111

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This book shows the state-of-the-art in Europe on a very new discipline, Space Weather. This discipline lies at the edge between science and industry. This book reflects such a position with theoretic papers and applicative papers as well. Each chapter starts with a short introduction, which shows the coherence of a given domain. Then, four to five contributions written by the best specialists in Europe give detailed hints of a hot topic in space weather.

What is Space Weather and who Should Forecast It

W. KENT TOBISKA PRESIDENT AND CHIEF SCIENTIST SPACE ENVIRONMENT TECHNOLOGIES 1676 PALISADES DRIVE PACIFIC PALISADES ... Space and ground operational systems that are affected by ionospheric space weather include telecommunications ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Environment, Technology, and Standards

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000053974143

Category: Space environment

Page: 147

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Space Weather

[2] Brunner, F.K. and Gu, M., An improved model for the dual frequency ionospheric correction of GPS observations. ... [16] Jakowski, N., Wilken, V., Schlueter, S., Stankov, S., and Heise, S., Ionospheric space weather eects monitored ...

Author: Volker Bothmer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540345787

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 924

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The editors present a state-of-the-art overview on the Physics of Space Weather and its effects on technological and biological systems on the ground and in space. It opens with a general introduction on the subject, followed by a historical review on the major developments in the field of solar terrestrial relationships leading to its development into the up-to-date field of space weather. Specific emphasis is placed on the technological effects that have impacted society in the past century at times of major solar activity. Chapter 2 summarizes key milestones, starting from the base of solar observations with classic telescopes up to recent space observations and new mission developments with EUV and X-ray telescopes (e.g., STEREO), yielding an unprecedented view of the sun-earth system. Chapter 3 provides a scientific summary of the present understanding of the physics of the sun-earth system based on the latest results from spacecraft designed to observe the Sun, the interplanetary medium and geospace. Chapter 4 describes how the plasma and magnetic field structure of the earth's magnetosphere is impacted by the variation of the solar and interplanetary conditions, providing the necessary science and technology background for missions in low and near earth's orbit. Chapter 5 elaborates the physics of the layer of the earth's upper atmosphere that is the cause of disruptions in radio-wave communications and GPS (Global Positioning System) errors, which is of crucial importance for projects like Galileo. In Chapters 6-10, the impacts of technology used up to now in space, on earth and on life are reviewed.

Space Physics and Aeronomy Space Weather Effects and Applications

Space Weather, 3, S12C03. Retterer, J. M. (2010). Forecasting low‐latitude radio scintillation Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(8), 1187. doi:10.1029/2001GL013982 Yizengaw, E. (2019). Ionospheric dynamics and its strong longiwith 3‐D ionospheric ...

Author: Philip J. Erickson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119815594

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 365

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Examines how solar and terrestrial space phenomena affect sophisticated technological systems Contemporary society relies on sophisticated technologies to manage electricity distribution, communication networks, transportation safety, and myriad other systems. The successful design and operation of both ground-based and space-based systems must consider solar and terrestrial space phenomena and processes. Space Weather Effects and Applications describes the effects of space weather on various present-day technologies and explores how improved instrumentation to measure Earth's space environment can be used to more accurately forecast changes and disruptions. Volume highlights include: Damage and disruption to orbiting satellite equipment by solar particles and cosmic rays Effects of space radiation on aircraft at high altitudes and latitudes Response of radio and radar-based systems to solar bursts Disturbances to the propagation of radio waves caused by space weather How geomagnetic field changes impact ground-based systems such as pipelines Impacts of human exposure to the space radiation environment The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals. Find out more about the Space Physics and Aeronomy collection in this Q&A with the Editors in Chief

Auroral Dynamics and Space Weather

For different ionospheric spaceweather‐related applications, however, modelers can use the statistical empirical data of precipitated electrons presented by Hardy et al. [1985] or by Newell et al. [2009, 2010], where both processes ...

Author: Yongliang Zhang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118978733

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 783

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The aurora is the most visible manifestation of the connection of the Earth to the space environment and has inspired awe, curiosity, and scientific inquiry for centuries. Recent advances in observing techniques and modeling and theoretical work have revealed new auroral phenomena, provided a better understanding of auroral dynamics, and have led to an enhanced capability for auroral forecasts. This monograph features discussions of: New auroral phenomena due to the ring current ion and polar rain electron precipitation Various auroral forms and hemispheric asymmetry Auroral model development and MHD simulations Application of the auroral observations for radio absorption and scintillation Aurora nowcast and forecast for space weather operations Auroral Dynamics and Space Weather is a valuable contribution for scientists, researchers, space weather operators, and students of Earth's space environment.

The Sun and Space Weather

However both navigational systems, space-systems as well as systems on the surface suffer from the transmission through the ionosphere. The Omega system requires it, the Loran system tries to avoid it and the GPS system depends on radio ...

Author: Arnold Hanslmeier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402056048

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 893

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This book presents comprehensive coverage of the Sun and space weather, two rapidly evolving topics. In this new edition, the information has been updated to include the latest results. In addition, new sections are included, like one on space weather data sources, as well as examples and information on new satellite missions.

Ionospheric Prediction and Forecasting

This book describes how to predict and forecast the state of planet Earth’s ionosphere under quiet and disturbed conditions in terms of dynamical processes in the weakly ionized plasma media of the upper atmosphere and their relation to ...

Author: Bruno Zolesi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642384301

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 273

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This book describes how to predict and forecast the state of planet Earth’s ionosphere under quiet and disturbed conditions in terms of dynamical processes in the weakly ionized plasma media of the upper atmosphere and their relation to available modern measurements and modelling techniques. It explains the close relationship between the state of the media and the radio wave propagation conditions via this media. The prediction and forecasting algorithms, methods and models are oriented towards providing a practical approach to ionospherically dependent systems design and engineering. Proper understanding of the ionosphere is of fundamental practical importance because it is an essential part of telecommunication and navigation systems that use the ionosphere to function or would function much better in its nonappearance on the Earth and on any planet with an atmosphere.

Space Weather Telecommunications

This brings space weather home as it were. It is not some abstract topic of interest to scientists alone; it is a topic of concern to all of us. I hope to make this clear as the book unfolds. Why have I written this book?

Author: John M. Goodman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387503633

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 191

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Space weather has an enormous influence on modern telecommunication systems even though we may not always appreciate it. We shall endeavor throughout this monograph to expose the relationships between space weather factors and the performance (or lack thereof) of telecommunication, navigation, and surveillance systems. Space weather is a rather new term, having found an oMicial expression as the result of several government initiatives that use the term in the title of programs. But it is the logical consequence of the realization that space also has weather, just as the lower atmosphere has weather. While the weather in space will influence space systems that operate in that special environment, it is also true that space weather will influence systems that we understand and use here on terra firma. This brings space weather home as it were. It is not some abstract topic of interest to scientists alone; it is a topic of concern to all of us. I hope to make this clear as the book unfolds. Why have I written this book? First of all, I love the topic. While at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), I had the opportunity to do research on many topics including: Thomson scatter radar and satellite beacon studies of the ionosphere, utilization of the NASA Gemini platform for ionospheric investigations, microwave radar propagation studies, I-IF signal intercept and direction-finding experiments, and multi-disciplinary studies of certain physical phenomena relevant to weapon systems development.

New Horizons in Occultation Research

Ionosphere. and. Space. Weather. Applications: Achievements. and. Prospects. J.-P. Luntama Abstract It is well known that the GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) signals are affected by the dispersive ionosphere, when the signals ...

Author: Andrea Steiner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642003214

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 213

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This book presents edited and peer-reviewed papers from the 3rd International Workshop on Occultations for Probing Atmosphere and Climate (OPAC-3), held in Austria. It provides a key reference on the current status in the field and looks toward new horizons.

Space Physics and Aeronomy Ionosphere Dynamics and Applications

... Koji 220 Ionospheric Space Weather: Longitude and Hemispheric Suzuki, and Motomitsu Takahashi (Eds.) 244 Geomagnetically Induced Currents from the Sun to the Dependences and Lower Atmosphere Forcing Timothy Fuller- Rowell, ...

Author: Chaosong Huang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119507550

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 722

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A comprehensive review of global ionospheric research from the polar caps to equatorial regions It's more than a century since scientists first identified the ionosphere, the layer of the Earth's upper atmosphere that is ionized by solar and cosmic radiation. Our understanding of this dynamic part of the near-Earth space environment has greatly advanced in recent years thanks to new observational technologies, improved numerical models, and powerful computing capabilities. Ionosphere Dynamics and Applications provides a comprehensive overview of historic developments, recent advances, and future directions in ionospheric research. Volume highlights include: Behavior of the ionosphere in different regions from the poles to the equator Distinct characteristics of the high-, mid-, and low-latitude ionosphere Observational results from ground- and space-based instruments Ionospheric impacts on radio signals and satellite operations How earthquakes and tsunamis on Earth cause disturbances in the ionosphere The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.

The Sun and Space Weather

This book provides an introduction and overview of modern solar-terrestrial physics for students as well as for researchers in the field of astrophysics, solar physics, geophysics, and climate research.

Author: A. Hanslmeier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306482113

Category: Science

Page: 253

View: 259

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Since the Sun is the main source of space weather effects, the first part of the book is devoted to a general introduction to the physics of the Sun. A better understanding of the phenomena underlying solar activity is also important for prediction of solar outbursts and thus for establishing alert systems for space missions and telecommunication systems. The book contains the following topics: possible influence of the Sun on the Earth's climate; the effects of radiation on humans in space and the expected radiation dose from various solar events; disturbances of the Earth's ionosphere and the implications of radio communication at different wavelength ranges; possible hazardous asteroids and meteoroids and their detection; and space debris and special shielding of spacecraft. In the cited literature more detailed information about the topics may be found. This book provides an introduction and overview of modern solar-terrestrial physics for students as well as for researchers in the field of astrophysics, solar physics, geophysics, and climate research.

Space Weather

Space weather is considered to be conditions on the Sun and in the solar wind, magnetosphere, ionosphere, and thermosphere that can influence the reliability and performance of space-borne or ground- based technological systems.

Author: Paul Song

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: UCSD:31822031266208

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 811

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Space weather is considered to be conditions on the Sun and in the solar wind, magnetosphere, ionosphere, and thermosphere that can influence the reliability and performance of space-borne or ground- based technological systems. Song (environmental earth and atmospheric sciences, U. of Massachusetts), Singer (Space Environment Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), and Siscoe (Center for Space Physics, Boston U.) present 50 articles on current understanding and advances in the description and prediction of space weather. Nine of the articles, accessible to non-specialists, touch upon broad issues of space weather in the area of technology, science, industry, and commerce. The remaining articles are geared more towards the scientific community and address the sun and its influence on space weather, specification and prediction of the magnetosphere, and specification and prediction of the ionosphere and thermosphere. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Analysis of Space Weather Impacts on the Terrestrial Ionosphere and Development and Testing of a Coronagraph for Space Weather Forecasts

The ionosphere is a conductive layer of the Earth's atmosphere, characterised by the presence of free electrons.

Author: Johannes Hinrichs

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1195434407

Category:

Page:

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The ionosphere is a conductive layer of the Earth's atmosphere, characterised by the presence of free electrons. Through interaction with electromagnetic waves, it influences a wide spectrum of radio wave communications, including short-wave communication between stations across the globe as well as Ultra-High Frequency (UHF) from ground to satellites. The ionosphere is generated mainly by solar Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) radiation, but also subject to changes due to a range of different phenomena, most importantly the effects of solar activity and space weather. Changes in the solar EUV out...

Space Weather Fundamentals

Space Weather, Geophysical Monograph, 125, 424–430. IEEE/ION (pp. 43–49). IEEE, Monterey, CA. Caton, R. G., Carrano, C. S., Alcala, C. M., Groves, K. M., Beach, Basu, S., MacKenzie, E., & Basu, S. (1988). Ionospheric con- T.

Author: George V. Khazanov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498749084

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 944

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Space weather is one of the most significant natural hazards to human life and health. Conditions of the sun and in the solar wind, magnetosphere, ionosphere, and thermosphere can influence the performance and reliability of space-borne and ground-based technological systems. If conditions in the space environment are adverse, they can cause disruption of satellite operations, communications, navigation, and electric power distribution grids, leading to a variety of socioeconomic losses. This book provides an overview of our current knowledge and theoretical understanding of space weather formation and covers all major topics of this phenomena, from the sun to the Earth’s ionosphere and thermosphere, thus providing a fully updated review of this rapidly advancing field. The book brings together an outstanding team of internationally recognised contributors to cover topics such as solar wind, the earth's magnetic field, radiation belts, the aurora, spacecraft charging, orbital drag and GPS.