Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery

Arranged chronologically, the texts examined include John Mandeville's Travels, Richard Eden's English-language translations of the accounts of Spanish and Portuguese discovery and conquest, George Best's account of Martin Frobisher's ...

Author: Michael Householder

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317113225

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 879


Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery traces the linguistic, rhetorical, and literary innovations that emerged out of the first encounters between Europeans and indigenous peoples of the Americas. Through analysis of six texts, Michael Householder demonstrates the role of language in forming the identities or characters that permitted Europeans (English speakers, primarily) to adapt to the unusual circumstances of encounter. Arranged chronologically, the texts examined include John Mandeville's Travels, Richard Eden's English-language translations of the accounts of Spanish and Portuguese discovery and conquest, George Best's account of Martin Frobisher's voyages to northern Canada, Ralph Lane's account of the abandonment of Roanoke, John Smith's writings about Virginia, and John Underhill's account of the Pequot War. Through his analysis, Householder reveals that English colonists did not share a universal, homogenous view of indigenous Americans as savages, but that the writers, confronted by unfamiliar peoples and situations, resorted to a mixed array of cultural beliefs, myths, and theories to put together workable explanations of their experiences, which then became the basis for how Europeans in the colonies began transforming themselves into Americans.

The Alchemy of Conquest

Amerigo Vespucci, Letters from a New World: Amerigo Vespucci's Discovery of America, ed and introd. ... 1992); and Michael Householder, Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives of Encounter (Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2011).

Author: Ralph Bauer

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813942551

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 670

View: 546


The Age of the Discovery of the Americas was concurrent with the Age of Discovery in science. In The Alchemy of Conquest, Ralph Bauer explores the historical relationship between the two, focusing on the connections between religion and science in the Spanish, English, and French literatures about the Americas during the early modern period. As sailors, conquerors, travelers, and missionaries were exploring "new worlds," and claiming ownership of them, early modern men of science redefined what it means to "discover" something. Bauer explores the role that the verbal, conceptual, and visual language of alchemy played in the literature of the discovery of the Americas and in the rise of an early modern paradigm of discovery in both science and international law. The book traces the intellectual and spiritual legacies of late medieval alchemists such as Roger Bacon, Arnald of Villanova, and Ramon Llull in the early modern literature of the conquest of America in texts written by authors such as Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, José de Acosta, Nicolás Monardes, Walter Raleigh, Thomas Harriot, Francis Bacon, and Alexander von Humboldt.

The Columbian Covenant Race and the Writing of American History

... Invention of America: An Inquiry into the Historical Nature of the New World and the Meaning of Its History (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1961); Michael Householder, Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives ...

Author: James Carson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137438638

Category: History

Page: 127

View: 246


This provocative analysis of American historiography argues that when scholars use modern racial language to articulate past histories of race and society, they collapse different historical signs of skin color into a transhistorical and essentialist notion of race that implicates their work in the very racial categories they seek to transcend.

Settling the Good Land

Distance and mediation also accompanied accounts of American reality because the existence of the New World ... 4 Michael Householder, Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery (Farnham: Ashgate, 2011), 5 (“the errancy of the thought ...

Author: Agnès Delahaye

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004435216

Category: History

Page: 370

View: 590


The history of the settlement project of the Massachusetts Bay Company in early New England. this book offers a critical reading of the settler history of its first governor, John Winthrop.

The New World in Early Modern Italy 1492 1750

22 Michael Househoulder's edited volume Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery focuses on the English colonization of North America through the study of English travel writing, revising David Quinn's comprehensive chronological ...

Author: Elizabeth Horodowich

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108509237

Category: History


View: 304


Italians became fascinated by the New World in the early modern period. While Atlantic World scholarship has traditionally tended to focus on the acts of conquest and the politics of colonialism, these essays consider the reception of ideas, images and goods from the Americas in the non-colonial states of Italy. Italians began to venerate images of the Peruvian Virgin of Copacabana, plant tomatoes, potatoes, and maize, and publish costume books showcasing the clothing of the kings and queens of Florida, revealing the powerful hold that the Americas had on the Italian imagination. By considering a variety of cases illuminating the presence of the Americas in Italy, this volume demonstrates how early modern Italian culture developed as much from multicultural contact - with Mexico, Peru, Brazil, and the Caribbean - as it did from the rediscovery of classical antiquity.

The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Colonial Latin America and the Caribbean 1492 1898

Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives of Encounter. Farnham, UK: Ashgate. Jennings, Francis. 1975. The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism, and the Cant of Conquest. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina ...

Author: Yolanda Martínez-San Miguel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351606349

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 442

View: 559


The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Colonial Latin America and the Caribbean (1492-1898) brings together an international team of scholars to explore new interdisciplinary and comparative approaches for the study of colonialism. Using four overarching themes, the volume examines a wide array of critical issues, key texts, and figures that demonstrate the significance of Colonial Latin America and the Caribbean across national and regional traditions and historical periods. This invaluable resource will be of interest to students and scholars of Spanish and Latin American studies examining colonial Caribbean and Latin America at the intersection of cultural and historical studies; transatlantic, postcolonial and decolonial studies; and critical approaches to archives and materiality. This timely volume assesses the impact and legacy of colonialism and coloniality.

Anti Black Racism in Early Modern English Drama

Aside from primary document collections, scholars have also theorized and historicized the moment of encounter in works such as New World Encounters2 and Michael Householder's Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives of ...

Author: Matthieu Chapman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317195511

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 200

View: 761


This is the first book to deploy the methods and ensemble of questions from Afro-pessimism to engage and interrogate the methods of Early Modern English studies. Using contemporary Afro-pessimist theories to provide a foundation for structural analyses of race in the Early Modern Period, it engages the arguments for race as a fluid construction of human identity by addressing how race in Early Modern England functioned not only as a marker of human identity, but also as an a priori constituent of human subjectivity. Chapman argues that Blackness is the marker of social death that allows for constructions of human identity to become transmutable based on the impossibility of recognition and incorporation for Blackness into humanity. Using dramatic texts such as Othello, Titus Andronicus, and other Early Modern English plays both popular and lesser known, the book shifts the binary away from the currently accepted standard of white/non-white that defines "otherness" in the period and examines race in Early Modern England from the prospective of a non-black/black antagonism. The volume corrects the Afro-pessimist assumption that the Triangle Slave Trade caused a rupture between Blackness and humanity. By locating notions of Black inhumanity in England prior to chattel slavery, the book positions the Triangle Trade as a result of, rather than the cause of, Black inhumanity. It also challenges the common scholarly assumption that all varying types of human identity in Early Modern England were equally fluid by arguing that Blackness functioned as an immutable constant. Through the use of structural analysis, this volume works to simplify and demystify notions of race in Renaissance England by arguing that race is not only a marker of human identity, but a structural antagonism between those engaged in human civil society opposed to those who are socially dead. It will be an essential volume for those with interest in Renaissance Literature and Culture, Shakespeare, Contemporary Performance Theory, Black Studies, and Ethnic Studies.

The Unsettlement of America

Haynes, Stephen R. Noah's Curse: The Biblical Justification of American Slavery. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. ... Inventing America in the Age of Discovery: Narratives of Encounter. Surrey, UK: Ashgate, 2011.

Author: Anna Brickhouse

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199729722

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 366

View: 408


"The Unsettlement of America explores the career and legacy of Don Luis de Velasco, an early modern indigenous translator of the sixteenth-century Atlantic world who traveled far and wide and experienced nearly a decade of Western civilization before acting decisively against European settlement. The book attends specifically to the interpretive and knowledge-producing roles played by Don Luis as a translator acting not only in Native-European contact zones but in a complex arena of inter-indigenous transmission of information about the hemisphere. The book argues for the conceptual and literary significance of unsettlement, a term enlisted here both in its literal sense as the thwarting or destroying of settlement and as a heuristic for understanding a wide range of texts related to settler colonialism, including those that recount the story of Don Luis as it is told and retold in a wide array of diplomatic, religious, historical, epistolary, and literary writings from the middle of the sixteenth century to the middle of the twentieth. Tracing accounts of this elusive and complex unfounding father from the colonial era as they unfolds across the centuries, The Unsettlement of America addresses the problems of translation at the heart of his story and speculates on the implications of the broader, transhistorical afterlife of Don Luis for the present and future of hemispheric American studies"--

Fur Fashion and Transatlantic Trade During the Seventeenth Century

460–2, 493–4; Michael Householder, Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives of Encounter (Farnham, 2011), pp. 120–3; Shannon Miller, Invested with Meaning: The Raleigh Circle in the New World (Philadelphia 1998), pp.

Author: John C. Appleby

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9781783275793

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 823


Offers insight, using the example of the Chesapeake Bay fur trade, into how the different elements of transatlantic trade in the seventeenth century fitted together.

Insatiable Appetites

American Anthropologists 73, no. ... New Discovery of a Vast Country in America by Father Louis Hennipin. ... Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives EAP NYUP Watson Final.indd 220 2/11/15 2:21 PM 220 / bibliography.

Author: Kelly L. Watson

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479877652

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 166


A comparative history of cross-cultural encounters and the critical role of cannibalism in the early modern period. Cannibalism, for medieval and early modern Europeans, was synonymous with savagery. Humans who ate other humans, they believed, were little better than animals. The European colonizers who encountered Native Americans described them as cannibals as a matter of course, and they wrote extensively about the lurid cannibal rituals they claim to have witnessed. In this definitive analysis, Kelly L. Watson argues that the persistent rumors of cannibalism surrounding Native Americans served a specific and practical purpose for European settlers. These colonizers had to forge new identities for themselves in the Americas and find ways to not only subdue but also co-exist with native peoples. They established hierarchical categories of European superiority and Indian inferiority upon which imperial power in the Americas was predicated. In her close read of letters, travel accounts, artistic renderings, and other descriptions of cannibals and cannibalism, Watson focuses on how gender, race, and imperial power intersect within the figure of the cannibal. Watson reads cannibalism as a part of a dominant European binary in which civilization is rendered as male and savagery is seen as female, and she argues that as Europeans came to dominate the New World, they continually rewrote the cannibal narrative to allow for a story in which the savage, effeminate, cannibalistic natives were overwhelmed by the force of virile European masculinity. Original and historically grounded, Insatiable Appetites uses the discourse of cannibalism to uncover the ways in which difference is understood in the West.