Reflective Learning and Teaching in Primary Schools

Research Focus: Internal and external dialogue as a means of reflection For the purpose of this chapter internal dialogue is framed within the concept of ...

Author: Alice Hansen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780857257710

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 256


Trainee teachers are expected to demonstrate reflective practice in many ways throughout their course. Unlike other texts, this book takes a focused look at what primary trainees need to know and offers specific and details guidance on how to be meaningfully reflective in learning and teaching. Examining reflection as a tool for both teachers and children, this text considers how teachers can encourage the children they teach to be reflective in their own learning and how this can improve learning and teaching. Chapters on lesson study and reflective journals offer practical guidance, and a chapter on using children's voice as a tool for reflection explores this popular topical theme. Case studies and activities are included to help the reader relate theory to practice and all chapters are linked to the 2012 Teachers' Standards. About the Transforming Primary QTS series This series reflects the new creative way schools are begining to teach, taking a fresh approach to supporting trainees as they work towards primary QTS. Titles provide fully up to date resources focused on teaching a more integrated and inclusive curriculum, and texts draw out meaningful and explicit cross curricular links.

Internal Dialogue

Internal dialogue is the voice inside our heads that we can't ignore, even when we want to.

Author: Marcy Kennedy


ISBN: 1988069017


Page: 134

View: 381


Internal dialogue is the voice inside our heads that we can't ignore, even when we want to. We second-guess ourselves, pass judgment on the world around us, and are at our most emotionally vulnerable. And the same needs to be true for our characters. Internal dialogue is one of the most powerful tools in a fiction writer's arsenal. It's an advantage we have over TV and movie script writers and playwrights. It's also one of the least understood and most often mismanaged elements of the writing craft. In "Internal Dialogue: A Busy Writer's Guide," you'll learn... - the difference between internal dialogue and narration, - best practices for formatting internal dialogue, - ways to use internal dialogue to advance your story, - how to balance internal dialogue with external action, - clues to help you decide whether you're overusing or underusing internal dialogue, - tips for dealing with questions in your internal dialogue, - and much more! Each book in the "Busy Writer's Guide" series is intended to give you enough theory so that you can understand why things work and why they don't, but also enough examples to see how that theory looks in practice. In addition, they provide tips and exercises to help you take it to the pages of your own story, with an editor's-eye view. Most importantly, they cut the fluff so that you have more time to write and to live your life.

Your Inner Coach

His internal dialogue had led him so far astray from any outer reality that it almost cost him the friendship. Since internal dialogue can be both helpful ...

Author: Ian McDermott

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781405513401

Category: Self-Help

Page: 208

View: 554


NLP master practitioner and executive coach Ian McDermott and NLP practitioner and psychotherapist Wendy Jago combine their expertise to provide a step-by step self-coaching guide. They show you how you can make the most of all of yourself once you learn how to access and harness the hidden power of your unconscious mind. Discover how to: Access your inner wisdom; Make the most of your gut feelings, dreams and intuitions; Use simple NLP techniques to access your subconscious mind; Find your purpose and identify your goals; Harness your inner wisdom to deliver insights, resolve problems, enhance creativity, improve decision making, increase confidence and communication skills; Use the right questions to achieve the right answers; Become your own inner coach


DIALOGUE The internal dialogue A raising of consciousness The internal dialogue A sacred journey into the unconscious The internal dialogue To arouse the ...

Author: Leticia Gossdenovich Feldman, Ed.D,

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781441584304


Page: 257

View: 168


Virtual Learning Environments Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

The internal dialogue is a cognitive process that happens in a private space (cognitive mental space). In the absence of a 'window' into the cognitive space ...

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466600126

Category: Computers

Page: 1942

View: 704


As the world rapidly moves online, sectors from management, industry, government, and education have broadly begun to virtualize the way people interact and learn. Virtual Learning Environments: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications is a three-volume compendium of the latest research, case studies, theories, and methodologies within the field of virtual learning environments. As networks get faster, cheaper, safer, and more reliable, their applications grow at a rate that makes it difficult for the typical practitioner to keep abreast. With a wide range of subjects, spanning from authors across the globe and with applications at different levels of education and higher learning, this reference guide serves academics and practitioners alike, indexed and categorized easily for study and application.

Rewriting Cultural Psychology

Dialogical states in daily life Internal dialogue takes place not just in dreams but also daydreaming; it is an integral part of daily living.

Author: David Y. F. Ho

Publisher: BrownWalker Press

ISBN: 9781627347341

Category: Psychology

Page: 270

View: 801


This volume is addressed to scholars as well as a popular audience, aimed to bridge the gap between academia and the general public. It deals with "who we are," concerning our sense of self and identity; and "how we live," concerning our ways of life in diverse cultures. It affirms that we may transcend our cultural-ethnic roots and redefine our identities, individual or collective. Transcendence opens the door not only to personal transformation but also to confront ethnic stereotypes and prejudices. Readers will gain fresh cultural knowledge from both the East and the West and be attuned to the theme of letting no ethnic group be alien to us. This book is at once about the immersion of life in culture and the remaking of culture by human action--reciprocal influence at work.  The idea of immersion underscores the powerful cultural forces that shape our perceptions, thinking, and emotions. Unlike other cultural psychology texts, this volume dwells on the accelerating alterations of culture by human action, and hence the remaking of our own being, in the age of the Internet. In the author's own words: "I write with the passion of a person who has lived life from being marginal, neither Eastern nor Western, to being a world citizen; turned to English like a duck to the water, thus circumventing my handicap of Chinese orthographic dyslexia. I have two cultural parents, one Chinese and one Western, who transformed me into a thoroughly bilingual-bicultural person, empowered to build intercultural bridges. The East is rising, and the West can ill-afford to remain ignorant of the East."

The Ultimate Weight Solution

STEP THREE: RESTRUCTURE YOUR THINKING WITH POSITIVE INTERNAL DIALOGUE You've seen through the examples here that internal dialogue can be highly negative ...

Author: Phil McGraw

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781476757643

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 464

View: 807


Discusses how to get to the root of eating habits, and offers advice on improving body image, dealing with emotional eating, and exercise.

Transforming Historical Trauma through Dialogue

Transparent internal dialogues occur when participants share personal self-explorations with the larger group. When people share these internal dialogues, ...

Author: David S. Derezotes

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781483310244

Category: Education

Page: 272

View: 324


Transforming Historical Trauma, by David S. Derezotes, helps readers understand the causes and treatment of historical trauma at an individual, group, and community level and demonstrates how a participatory, strengths-based approach can work effectively in its treatment. The first to offer a combination of theory, literature review, and practice knowledge on dialogue, this book begins with a definition of historical trauma and transformation, includes the dialogue necessary to aid in transformation (such as self-care, self-awareness and professional self- development). The author proposes six key models of dialogue practice—psychodynamic, cognitive behavioral, experiential, transpersonal, biological, and ecological—and shows how these models can be used to help transform sociohistorical trauma in clients. He then applies these six dialogue models to five common practice settings, including work with community divides, social justice work, peace and conflict work, dialogues with populations across the lifespan, and community therapy.

NLP and Coaching for Health Care Professionals

Exercise 2.4 Hearing Internal Dialogue This exercise will help you to appreciate the powerful repercussions of our inner dialogue.

Author: Suzanne Henwood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470510978

Category: Medical

Page: 234

View: 688


NLP (Neuro Linguistic Programming) is a recognised and validated means of providing expert communication and personal effectiveness in both life and work contexts. It is well used in all contexts and is well established in the business world, but is yet to be widely used in health care practice (although is gaining ground in terms of improving health of individuals). This book provides an accessible introduction to NLP for healthcare professionals. Breaking down any complicated terminology, it gives practical applications of all commonly used NLP tools, demonstrating their value and inspiring readers to apply them in their day-to-day work. Demonstrates NLP and coaching can be used in healthcare by practitioners to enhance their own practice, the service delivered by the team and improve patient care Highlights effective tools in coaching to make a difference in practice Demonstrates the value of self development through coaching to individuals in health care It is written as a practical tool kit, making development effective, accessible and fun


It explores the choices you make, the reactions and responses you have to the life you are living, and how the very way you view your life experiences comes directly from the stories you are telling yourself.

Author: Lyssa Danehy deHart

Publisher: Barn Swallow Publishing

ISBN: 1944335323

Category: Self-Help

Page: 350

View: 938


StoryJacking is a seven-step guide to help you reclaim a fundamental truth: You are whole, capable, resourceful, and creative. It explores the choices you make, the reactions and responses you have to the life you are living, and how the very way you view your life experiences comes directly from the stories you are telling yourself.

The Internal Dialogue

This is the case, for example, when a person is not clear what decision to make regarding a particular matter.The internal dialogue brings energy and vitality to cope with everyday routine.

Author: Srila Japananda Das Acbsp

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 153775985X


Page: 66

View: 837


"The Internal Dialogue" Communication is one of the essential pillars in personal relationships of love, friendship, family ties, etc. However, it is very important to note that one of the most important relationships that a human being has throughout his life is with himself. This is done through internal dialogue, since the person has the ability to think, reflect and deliberate. There is an inner struggle between two opposing intentions. This is the case, for example, when a person is not clear what decision to make regarding a particular matter. The internal dialogue brings energy and vitality to cope with everyday routine. This inner dialogue is very necessary and very constructive, and is in fact healthy; we find time and space in the day to be alone and get away from everything else. When a person improves dialogue with oneself, it also improves your communication with others, as a higher level of self-knowledge makes it possible to build stronger and more enriching relationships. The dialogue has been around since time immemorial, recorded in documents bequeathed to us by the ancient Sumerians. The deeper dialogue is found in the Bhagavad-gita, the most important work of Hindu thought. Dialogue was particularly important in Greek culture, especially through Socrates and his speeches in which the author held interesting and infinite discursive exchanges with different types of audiences. The internal dialogue needs to be open to tolerance and respect for other position. Basically, the internal dialogue should be characterized by a constant debate and exchange in order to find an objective to help us grow as human beings. The speech in dialogue form allows reflection that enhances the use of questions. In the Platonic dialogues, Socrates is the sage who enlightens his interlocutor through questions that are full of lucidity. Krishna in the Bhagavad-gita is the consciousness that clears all doubts of Arjuna and it throws light on matters such as yoga and self-realization. The internal dialogue is nothing but the conversations we have with ourselves all of the time, that little voice of mind with which we are always interacting, even as if it were someone else. Basically, internal dialogue can be called communication with our inner selves, partly guided by our subconscious mind, when we perform certain activities, we can count on its support or rejection, but through the guidance of consciousness, which is the argument, it allows our intelligence to make the link, discerning and using our free will. With self-communication and a good command of emotions, we may have the mind itself as an ally, which is one of the best things that can happen, and change is evident in the short and long term thankfully. The Internal Dialogue, when it is well structured and is directed towards success, allows you to continue and move forward despite tripping and falling, prevents your eyes clouding with tears and gives you the strength to continue when you know that all is lost. It is not something that humans come programmed to do, is not a gift that some people have at birth, but on the contrary is a skill that is created over time. The inner dialogue moulds and creates new habits; positive and constructive habits to grow as a person and give the best of yourself to the world. This book, through internal dialogue, builds on some of the doubts of Arjuna in the Bhagavad-gita Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa, and Krishna responds as if it were our consciousness that gives us these truths.

Sailor s Psychology

and still have an internal dialogue. The dialogue with a fragment does not give such strong satisfaction as dialogue with a real person, but by having ...

Author: Chester Litvin Phd

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9781475905588

Category: Psychology

Page: 250

View: 171


Our identity is an indication of how we feel about ourselves and how others feel about us; it is an important part of our existence. Our psyche is like a mirror trying to re ect the world around us, but what we are seeing in our mirror is not an exact replica of our surroundings. In "Sailor's Psychology," author Dr. Chester Litvin explores a host of issues relating to human psychology and existence. Drawing on cultural insight, Litvin, a psychotherapist, uses a sailor's analogy to discuss the human voyage to nd the self-to know who we are and accept it. "Sailor's Psychology" examines the human spirit through a thorough discussion of splitting from the self; splitting in the child; looking for meeting; meetings with the self; meetings with fragments; and meetings after restructurings. In "Sailor's Psychology," Litvin shows that when our psyche becomes whole we are ready for dialogs and real meetings, which are the true goals of our life."

The Mystery of Spirit

Dictionary Definition The internal dialogue is inner and unspoken conversation. Today, Toltecs know that a person can maintain their view of the world only ...

Author: George Robbins

Publisher: Balboa Press

ISBN: 9781982233792

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 594

View: 724


Focusing on techniques of spiritual development and awareness of the presence of spirit in ordinary life, Robbins challenges the reader to move beyond spiritual blockages and obstacles and raise the vibrational frequencies that bring us to greater enlightenment. This reduces negative emotions such as despair, meaninglessness, and unhappiness. Robbins wants to help us increase our pro-social activity thereby contributing to a more open-minded service towards others. In this book he shows how to use effective techniques for practical and spiritual change while following a path of heart.

Everyday Evils

The internal dialogue takes place through the presence of what we would call the observing ego along with the superego. It is the observing ego that watches ...

Author: Coline Covington

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317593041

Category: Philosophy

Page: 186

View: 266


Everyday Evils takes a psychoanalytic look at the evils committed by "ordinary" people in different contexts – from the Nazi concentration camps to Stockholm Syndrome to the atrocities publicized by Islamic State – and presents new perspectives on how such evil deeds come about as well as the extreme ways in which we deny the existence of evil. Concepts of group behaviour, morality, trauma and forgiveness are reconsidered within a multi-disciplinary framework. The psychodynamics of dissociation, and the capacity to witness evil acts while participating in them, raise questions about the origin of morality, and about the role of the observing ego in maintaining psychic equilibrium. Coline Covington examines how we demonize the "other" and how violent actions become normalized within communities, such as during the Rwandan genocide and Polish pogroms. The recent attraction of the millenarian theocracy of the Islamic State also highlights our fascination with violence and death. Covington emphasizes that evil comes about through a variety of causes and is highly contextual. It is our capacity to acknowledge the evils we live with, witness and commit that is vital to how we manage and respond to violence within ourselves and others and in mitigating our innate destructiveness. In conclusion, the book addresses how individuals and societies come to terms with evil, along with the problematic concept of forgiveness and the restoration of good. Everyday Evils blends psychoanalytic concepts together with the disciplines of sociology, history, anthropology, philosophy, theology and studies of violence in order to develop a richer, deeper and more comprehensive understanding of evil. Intending to make the unthinkable thinkable, this book will appeal to scholars from across those disciplines, as well as psychoanalysts, psychotherapists and anyone who has ever asked the question: "How could anyone do something like that?"

The Dialogical Self in Psychotherapy

Modelling the dialogical brain We can roughly locate the epicentre of internal dialogues in the network of circuits between frontocortical and limbic ...

Author: H. J. M. Hermans

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781583918555

Category: Psychology

Page: 276

View: 393


How can a theory of the self be used to understand the psychotherapeutic process? The basic assumption of the 'dialogical self' is that there is no centralised 'headquarter' in the mind, but that the internal self is made up of a number of different 'characters'. Interpersonal relationships, from infancy onwards, become internalised - these internalised relationships then influence relationships during life. The Dialogical Self in Psychotherapy is divided into four clear and accessible sections, which explore: * theoretical and historical assumptions of the dialogical self from different angles: psychological, developmental and neurobiological * the relationships between Dialogical Self Therapy and the authors' own theoretical perspectives * treatment of clients suffering from severe disorders * method and research. The Dialogical Self in Psychotherapy gathers together psychotherapists from divergent origins to explore current thinking in the field: cognitive, constructivist, process-experiential, narrative, psychodynamic, psychodramatic, humanistic, and cognitive analytic. This innovative book brings together inter- and intra-subjective dialogue and clearly demonstrates how they are incorporated into the therapeutic process.

Interactive Systems Design Specification and Verification

Internal Dialogue – Correspondence Requirements: The internal dialogue must store & update the following dynamic sets of static mappings from temporary user ...

Author: Fabio Paterno

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642871153

Category: Computers

Page: 447

View: 864


Making systems easier to use implies increasingly complex management of communication between users and applications. An increasing part of the application program is devoted to the user interface. In order to manage this complexity, it is very important to have tools, notations, and methodologies that support the designer's work during the refinement process from specification to implementation. The purpose of this proceedings of the first (1994) Eurographics workshop on this area is to review the state of the art. It compares the different existing approaches in order to identify the principal requirements and the most suitable notations and methods, and indicates the relevant results.

Handbook of Dialogical Self Theory

internal dialogues to monologues as a form of internal mental activity differed in some personality traits measured by means of the NEOPIR.

Author: Hubert J. M. Hermans

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139502993

Category: Psychology


View: 320


In a boundary-crossing and globalizing world, the personal and social positions in self and identity become increasingly dense, heterogeneous and even conflicting. In this handbook scholars of different disciplines, nations and cultures (East and West) bring together their views and applications of dialogical self theory in such a way that deeper commonalities are brought to the surface. As a 'bridging theory', dialogical self theory reveals unexpected links between a broad variety of phenomena, such as self and identity problems in education and psychotherapy, multicultural identities, child-rearing practices, adult development, consumer behaviour, the use of the internet and the value of silence. Researchers and practitioners present different methods of investigation, both qualitative and quantitative, and also highlight applications of dialogical self theory.

I ll Try Is Not Good Enough

Other Self-Limiting Internal Dialogue A survey sheet like this can be helpful for you to help an individual identify limiting internal dialogue.

Author: Philip B. Nelson Kirk w. Nelson Michael J. Paxton

Publisher: Author House

ISBN: 9781468509274

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 120

View: 377


If people could change their competencies and characteristics at will, personal development would be a relatively simple matter. However, there are many reasons why people consciously or unconsciously tend to resist change. The purpose of this book is to make you aware of techniques for overcoming resistance to change and meaningfully influence the change process in others. Knowledge of these techniques will allow you to formulate and execute truly effective personnel planning and development. An individual’s behavior is a function of their innate capacity, their level of awareness, their motivation, and their competence to execute their work responsibilities. Behavior is profoundly influenced by each of these factors. Positively impacting an individual is essentially a matter of altering one or more of these factors that are an impediment to behavior change.


This view of understanding as a spur for dialogue rather than as a mark of the ... in that " internal dialogue ” called thinking or self - awareness .

Author: Hugh J. Silverman

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415919584

Category: Political Science

Page: 287

View: 536


First published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Dialogues on Italian Constitutional Justice

First, the need, or in the Italian context the requirement, to come to agreement on a single opinion necessarily requires greater internal dialogue and ...

Author: Vittoria Barsotti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000217476

Category: Law

Page: 290

View: 442


This collection adopts a distinctive method and structure to introduce the work of Italian constitutional law scholars into the Anglophone dialogue while also bringing a number of prominent non-Italian constitutional law scholars to study and write about constitutional justice in a global context. The work presents six distinct areas of particular interest from a comparative constitutional perspective: first, the role of legal scholarship in the work of constitutional courts; second, structures and processes that contribute to more “open” or “closed” styles of constitutional adjudication; third, pros and cons of collegiality in the work of constitutional courts; fourth, forms of access by individuals to constitutional justice; fifth, methods of constitutional interpretation; and sixth, the relationship between national constitutional adjudication and the transnational context. In each of these six areas, the volume sets up a new and genuine constitutional dialogue between an Italian scholar presenting a discussion and critical assessment of the specific topic, and a non-Italian scholar who responds elaborating the issue as seen from constitutional law beyond the Italian system. The resulting six such dialogues thus provide a dynamic, in-depth, multidimensional, national and transnational/comparative examination of these areas in which the `Italian style’ of constitutional adjudication has a distinctive contribution to make to comparative constitutional law in general. Fostering a deeper knowledge of the Italian Constitutional Court within the comparative global space and advancing a creative and fruitful methodological approach, the book will be fascinating reading for academics and researchers in comparative constitutional law.