Institution and Passivity

Philosophically, this collection connects the issue of passive constitution of meaning with the dimension of history, furthering discussions and completing arguments started in The Visible and the Invisible and Signs (both published by ...

Author: Maurice Merleau-Ponty

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 0810126893

Category: Philosophy

Page: 313

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Institution and Passivity is based on course notes for classes taught at the Bibliothèque Nationale de Paris. Philosophically, this collection connects the issue of passive constitution of meaning with the dimension of history, furthering discussions and completing arguments started in The Visible and the Invisible and Signs (both published by Northwestern). Leonard Lawlor and Heath Massey’s translation makes available to an English-speaking readership a critical transitional text in the history of phenomenology.

Institution and Passivity

Time is the very model of institution : passivity - activity , it continues , because it has been instituted , it fuses , it cannot stop being , it is total because it is partial , it is a field . One can speak of a quasi - eternity not ...

Author: Maurice Merleau-Ponty

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556039824487

Category: Education

Page: 322

View: 525

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Institution and Passivity is based on course notes for classes taught at the Bibliothèque Nationale de Paris. Philosophically, this collection connects the issue of passive constitution of meaning with the dimension of history, furthering discussions and completing arguments started in The Visible and the Invisible and Signs (both published by Northwestern). Leonard Lawlor and Heath Massey’s translation makes available to an English-speaking readership a critical transitional text in the history of phenomenology.

New Feminist Perspectives on Embodiment

Merleau-Ponty, M. Institution and Passivity, trans. Lawlor and Massey, with a foreword by Claude Lefort. (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2010). Merleau-Ponty, Institution and Passivity, 6. Lefort forward to: Merleau-Ponty, ...

Author: Clara Fischer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319723532

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 580

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Despite several decades of feminist activism and scholarship, women’s bodies continue to be sites of control and contention both materially and symbolically. Issues such as reproductive technologies, sexual violence, objectification, motherhood, and sex trafficking, among others, constitute ongoing, pressing concerns for women’s bodies in our contemporary milieu, arguably exacerbated in a neoliberal world where bodies are instrumentalized as sites of human capital. This book engages with these themes by building on the strong tradition of feminist thought focused on women’s bodies, and by making novel contributions that reflect feminists’ concerns—both theoretically and empirically—about gender and embodiment in the present context and beyond. The collection brings together essays from a variety of feminist scholars who deploy diverse theoretical approaches, including phenomenology, pragmatism, and new materialisms, in order to examine philosophically the question of the current status of gendered bodies through cutting-edge feminist theory.

Body Self Other

Merleau-Ponty has many accounts of this ambiguity but the two that I draw on here are from The Visible and the Invisible and his 1954–55 lecture courses on “Institution in Personal and Public History” and “The Problem of Passivity” ...

Author: Luna Dolezal

Publisher: State University of New York Press

ISBN: 9781438466224

Category: Philosophy

Page: 422

View: 775

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Examines the lived experience of social encounters drawing on phenomenological insights. Body/Self/Other brings together a variety of phenomenological perspectives to examine the complexity of social encounters across a range of social, political, and ethical issues. It investigates the materiality of social encounters and the habitual attitudes that structure lived experience. In particular, the contributors examine how constructions of race, gender, sexuality, criminality, and medicalized forms of subjectivity affect perception and social interaction. Grounded in practical, everyday experiences, this book provides a theoretical framework that considers the extent to which fundamental ethical obligations arise from the fact of individuals’ intercorporeality and sociality. Luna Dolezal is Lecturer in Medical Humanities and Philosophy at the University of Exeter, United Kingdom, and author of The Body and Shame: Phenomenology, Feminism, and the Socially Shaped Body. Danielle Petherbridge is Assistant Professor of Continental Philosophy at University College Dublin, Ireland, and the author of The Critical Theory of Axel Honneth.

Merleau Ponty between Philosophy and Symbolism

Sedimentation and Symbolism in Institution It might seem that such a phenomenology would only form its own ... Such delimitation speaks to a primordial passivity that matrixes my capabilities for reflexion and those things I am capable ...

Author: Rajiv Kaushik

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438476759

Category: Philosophy

Page: 204

View: 928

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Argues that symbolism is an important and unique element of Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology. Merleau-Ponty says in his Institution and Passivity lectures that he wants to “consider criticism itself as a symbolic form” instead of doing “a philosophy of symbolic form.” This invites the possibility of an unconventional thought: If critical philosophy is a symbolic form, it cannot disclose its own limits and is, in fact, uncritical. Furthermore, the symbolic form can never itself be thought according to the terms of the criticism it produces but is always only constellated and matrixed within them—a symbolic form within both reflection and what it reflects on, within consciousness and the world. Thus, as Rajiv Kaushik argues, the symbolic form is another name for what Merleau-Ponty calls ontological divergence. Only now divergence introduces the question of a limit to both the subject and philosophy itself. This is nothing less than a psychoanalysis of philosophy. Kaushik’s analyses of the matrices between space—imagination, light—dark, awake—asleep, and repression—expression reveal this symbolism in its form of divergence, its lack of origin and destination. Kaushik also argues that the phenomenology of symbolism must detour from the purely descriptive method. Drawing from Merleau-Ponty’s recently published course materials, and attentive to his reliance on literature and literary language, Merleau-Ponty between Philosophy and Symbolism continues the living force of Merleau-Ponty’s thought and develops his radical insight of the primacy of the symbolic form, even in an ontology that claims to be about the sensible and its elements. “One of the best, most original books in Merleau-Ponty studies in recent years.” — Galen A. Johnson, author of The Retrieval of the Beautiful: Thinking Through Merleau-Ponty’s Aesthetics

Merleau Ponty and Contemporary Philosophy

Rather, it is a finite center of meaning. “Signification in tufts,” to use a phrase from The Visible and the Invisible.8 Lefort captures well Merleau-Ponty's meaning when he writes in his introduction to the Institution and Passivity ...

Author: Emmanuel Alloa

Publisher: State University of New York Press

ISBN: 9781438476926

Category: Philosophy

Page: 326

View: 153

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Assesses the importance of Merleau-Ponty to current and ongoing concerns in contemporary philosophy. Maurice Merleau-Ponty is widely recognized as one of the major figures of twentieth-century philosophy. The recent publication of his lecture courses and posthumous working notes has opened new avenues for both the interpretation of his thought and philosophy in general. These works confirm that, with a surprising premonition, Merleau-Ponty addressed many of the issues that concern philosophy today. With the benefit of this fuller picture of his thought, Merleau-Ponty and Contemporary Philosophy undertakes an assessment of the philosopher’s relevance for contemporary thinking. Covering a diverse range of topics, including ontology, epistemology, anthropology, embodiment, animality, politics, language, aesthetics, and art, the editors gather representative voices from North America and Europe, including both Merleau-Ponty specialists and thinkers who have come to the philosopher’s work through their own thematic interest. Emmanuel Alloa is Professor of Aesthetics at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland. His books include Resistance of the Sensible World: An Introduction to Merleau-Ponty. Frank Chouraqui is Assistant Professor of Contemporary Continental Philosophy at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. His books include Ambiguity and the Absolute: Nietzsche and Merleau-Ponty on the Question of Truth. Rajiv Kaushik is Professor of Philosophy at Brock University, Canada. His books include Merleau-Ponty between Philosophy and Symbolism: The Matrixed Ontology, also published by SUNY Press.

The Imaginary of Animals

In Institution and Passivity, Merleau-Ponty points out that, even after waking up, many of our dreams keep worrying, scaring, or pleasing us diffusely. Many relevant connections can be found between dreams and the preoccupations that ...

Author: Annabelle Dufourcq

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000414325

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 742

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This book explores the phenomenon of animal imagination and its profound power over the human imagination. It examines the structural and ethical role that the human imagination must play to provide an interface between humans’ subjectivity and the real cognitive capacities of animals. The book offers a systematic study of the increasing importance of the metaphors, the virtual, and figures in contemporary animal studies. It explores human-animal and real-imaginary dichotomies, revealing them to be the source of oppressive cultural structures. Through an analysis of creative, playful and theatric enactments and mimicry of animal behaviors and communication, the book establishes that human imagination is based on animal imagination. This helps redefine our traditional knowledge about animals and presents new practices and ethical concerns in regard to the animals. The book strongly contends that allowing imagination to play a role in our relation to animals will lead to the development of a more empathetic approach towards them. Drawing on works in phenomenology, contemporary animal philosophy, as well as ethological evidence and biosemiotics, this book is the first to rethink the traditional philosophical concepts of imagination, images, the imaginary, and reality in the light of a zoocentric perspective. It will appeal to philosophers, scholars and students in the field of animal studies, as well as anyone interested in human and non-human imaginations.

Merleau Ponty and the Face of the World

Institution,. Sensible. Ideas,. and. Proustian. Sensitivity. Vision assumes its fundamental power of showing forth ... In his 1954–55 lecture course, “Institution and Passivity,” Merleau-Ponty begins by addressing something that he has ...

Author: Glen A. Mazis

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438462318

Category: Philosophy

Page: 416

View: 859

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Assesses Merleau-Ponty’s contribution to ethics as calling for a poetic interplay between perception and imagination, and between silence and solidarity, that reveals our place in the world, and our obligations to ourselves and others. Before his death in 1961, Merleau-Ponty worried about what he saw as humanity’s increasingly self-enclosed and manipulative way of experiencing self, others, and the world—the consequences of which remain apparent in our destructive inability to connect with others within and across cultures. In Merleau-Ponty and the Face of the World, Glen A. Mazis provides an overall consideration of Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy that brings out what he sees as a corrective prescription for ethical reorientation that is fundamental to Merleau-Ponty’s thought. Mazis begins by analyzing the key role that silence plays for Merleau-Ponty as a positive, powerful presence rather than a lack or emptiness, and then builds on this to explore the ethical significance of the face-to-face encounter in his thought as one of solidarity rather than obligation. In the last part of the book, Mazis traces the development of what he calls “physiognomic imagination” in Merleau-Ponty’s work. This understanding of imagination is not fancy or make-believe, but rather brings out the depths of perceptual meaning and leads to an appreciation of poetic language as the key to revitalizing both ethics and ontology. Drawing on Merleau-Ponty’s published works, lecture notes, unpublished writings, and the work of many phenomenologists and Merleau-Ponty scholars, Mazis also offers incisive readings of Merleau-Ponty’s work as it relates to that of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Gaston Bachelard, and Emmanuel Levinas.

The Question of Painting

Institution and Passivity: Course Notes from the Collège de France (1954–1955). Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 2010. Merleau-Ponty, Maurice. 'Introduction'. In Signs. Translated by Richard C. McCleary and Edited by John ...

Author: Jorella Andrews

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472574305

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 685

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Since the latter half of the 20th century, committed art has been associated with conceptual, critical and activist practices. Painting, by contrast, is all too often defined as an outmoded, reactionary, market-led venture; an ineffectual medium from the perspective of social and political engagement. How can paintings change the world today? The question of painting, in particular, fuelled the investigations of a major 20th-century philosopher: the French phenomenologist, Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1907-61). Merleau-Ponty was at the forefront of attempts to place philosophy on a new footing by contravening the authority of Cartesian dualism and objectivist thought-an authority that continues to limit present-day intellectual, imaginative, and ethical possibilities. A central aim of The Question of Painting is to provide a closely focused, chronological account of his unfolding project and its relationship with art, clarifying how painting, as a paradigmatically embodied and situated mode of investigation, helped him to access the fundamentally “intercorporeal” basis of reality as he saw it, and articulate its lived implications. With an exclusive and extended conversation about the contemporary virtues of painting with New York based artist Leah Durner, for whom the work of Merleau-Ponty is an important source of inspiration, The Question of Painting brings today's much debated concerns about the criticality of painting into contact with the question of painting in philosophy.

The Rhythm of Thought

Merleau-Ponty, Institution and Passivity, 48/87. Chapter Seven 1. The exact spelling of the pitches in the opening measures implies a root of A . However, throughout the piece the A is often respelled enharmonically as B , ...

Author: Jessica Wiskus

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226274256

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 181

View: 564

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Between present and past, visible and invisible, and sensation and idea, there is resonance—so philosopher Maurice Merleau-Ponty argued and so Jessica Wiskus explores in The Rhythm of Thought. Holding the poetry of Stéphane Mallarmé, the paintings of Paul Cézanne, the prose of Marcel Proust, and the music of Claude Debussy under Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenological light, she offers innovative interpretations of some of these artists’ masterworks, in turn articulating a new perspective on Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy. More than merely recovering Merleau-Ponty’s thought, Wiskus thinks according to it. First examining these artists in relation to noncoincidence—as silence in poetry, depth in painting, memory in literature, and rhythm in music—she moves through an array of their artworks toward some of Merleau-Ponty’s most exciting themes: our bodily relationship to the world and the dynamic process of expression. She closes with an examination of synesthesia as an intertwining of internal and external realms and a call, finally, for philosophical inquiry as a mode of artistic expression. Structured like a piece of music itself, The Rhythm of Thought offers new contexts in which to approach art, philosophy, and the resonance between them.