Infrared spectra of mineral species

In this book, he presents 3309 spectra of these minerals with detailed description and analytical data for reference samples. In the course of this work, about 150 new mineral species have been discovered.

Author: Nikita V. Chukanov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400771284

Category: Science

Page: 1726

View: 327

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Over the last 30 years, Dr. Nikita V. Chukanov has collected IR spectra of about 2000 mineral species, including 247 holotype samples. In this book, he presents 3309 spectra of these minerals with detailed description and analytical data for reference samples. In the course of this work, about 150 new mineral species have been discovered. After an introductory chapter, infrared spectra of minerals are given together with the descriptions of standard samples used (occurrence, appearance, associated minerals, empirical formula etc.) and some comments. Sections are organized according to different classes of compounds (silicates, phosphates, arsenates, oxides etc.).

Infrared Spectroscopy of Minerals and Related Compounds

This book provides an overview of the application of IR spectroscopy in mineralogical investigations, as well as modern trends in the IR spectroscopy of minerals.

Author: Nikita V. Chukanov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319253497

Category: Science

Page: 1109

View: 364

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This book provides an overview of the application of IR spectroscopy in mineralogical investigations, as well as modern trends in the IR spectroscopy of minerals. It includes the most important methodological aspects; characteristic IR bands of different chemical groups and coordination polyhedra; application of IR spectroscopy to the investigation of the crystal chemistry of amphiboles, phyllosilicates, tourmalines etc.; neutral molecules entrapped by microporous minerals; and analysis of hydrogen in nominally anhydrous minerals. About 1600 IR spectra (illustrations as well as a list of wavenumbers) of minerals and some related compounds are accompanied by detailed descriptions of the standard samples used. Each spectrum provides information about the occurrence, appearance, associated minerals, its empirical formula, and unit-cell parameters. The book also provides insights into sample preparation and/or spectrum registration methods. It includes IR spectra of 1020 minerals that were not covered in the book “Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library” published in 2014 and written by one of the authors. On average, each page provides information on two minerals/compounds. Subsections correspond to different classes of compounds (silicates, phosphates, arsenates, oxides etc.). About 290 new spectra have been obtained, and the remaining 1310 spectra are taken from most reliable literature sources (published over the last 60 years) and are redrawn in a unified style.

Vibrational Infrared and Raman Spectra of Minerals and Related Compounds

This chapter contains IR spectra of mineral species and varieties, most of which
was not included in the preceding reference books (Chukanov 2014; Chukanov
and Chervonnyi 2016). Along with spectra obtained by us, we provide most ...

Author: Nikita V. Chukanov

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030268039

Category: Science

Page: 1376

View: 913

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The book presents new data on the IR spectra of minerals and on the Raman spectra of more than 2000 mineral species. It also includes examples of IR spectroscopy applications to investigate minerals, and discusses the most important potential applications of Raman spectroscopy in mineralogical research. The book serves as a reference resource and a methodological guide for mineralogists, petrologists and technologists working in the field of inorganic materials.

The Infrared Spectra of Minerals

Author: Victor Colin Farmer

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105118327720

Category: Infrared spectra

Page: 539

View: 710

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The principal concern of this book is the use of vibrational spectroscopy as a tool in identifying mineral species and in deriving information concerning the structure, composition and reactions of minerals and mineral products.

Minerals Structure Properties Methods of Investigation

In some cases, the type of infrared spectrum can directly indicate the nature of the
diamond, and further testing by ... It is possible to determine any imitation of a
precious stone or identify its mineral species with the help of IR-spectroscopy.

Author: Sergei Votyakov

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030494681

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 331

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This book is devoted to the most relevant issues in crystal chemistry and mineral typomorphism; the structure, physico-chemical and technological properties of minerals; and the computational modeling of mineral structure and properties. Considerable attention is paid to the latest advances in and applications of physical methods of investigation for mineral structure and composition, in particular, X-Ray diffraction, spectroscopic (optical, vibrational, ESR, Moessbauer, etc.) and microscopic (SEM, TEM, AFM, etc.) studies, as well as chemical and isotopic analysis methods. The current research trends in space and planetary mineralogy (meteorites, regolites, tektites) are also discussed. Though specifically intended for the specialist earth and planetary science readership, the book will be of interest to a broad range of scientists. It gathers the proceedings of the Tenth All-Russian Youth Scientific Conference “Minerals: structure, properties, methods of investigation.” Jointly organized by the Institute of Geology and Geochemistry, the Institute of Mineralogy (Urals Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences) and Ural Federal University, the event was held in Ekaterinburg, Russia, on May 27–June 1, 2019.

Soil Components

A. Introduction The infrared spectrum of a mineral is a characteristic feature,
which permits the identification of mineral species. The absorption bands arise
from vibrations of the atoms or ions in the structure, and the frequencies of
vibrations ...

Author: J. E. Gieseking

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642659171

Category: Science

Page: 684

View: 136

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The major components of most soils are inorganic. These constituents are derived from the weathering of rocks and minerals or from subsequent reaetions and interactions of the weathering products. During the weathering and interactions of weathering products, in organic soil colloids are formed. Large amounts of inorganic colloids are essential in soils if they are to support luxurious plant growth. The colloids adsorb water and nutrient element s that might be lost from the soil &ystem and they release these as plants need them. They also adsorb and buffer the soil system against large excesses of soluble toxic substances that might otherwise exist as free moieties in soils. Soil and plant root interactions occur across two interfaces. One is the interface between plant roots and the liquid phase and the other is the interface between the soil particles and the liquid phase. Reaetions across the interface between colloid crystals and the soilliquid phase may also suppress the availability of nutrient elements to plants. The effectiveness of these interfaciaI reaetions in supporting optimum plant growth ultimately depends on the arrangements of ions in the surfaces and subsurfaces of the mineraI crystals. For this reason much of this volume is devoted to the arrangement of ions in crystalline mineraI particles commonly occuring in soils and the properties that these particles contribute to soiI systems.

Modern Luminescence Spectroscopy of Minerals and Materials

Visible, near-infrared, thermal, reflectance and in many cases emission
spectroscopy of minerals all suffer from broad ... sharp and largely non-
overlapping features that are much more easily identified and assigned to
various mineral species.

Author: Dan Gafta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540219188

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 822

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Luminescence Spectroscopy of Minerals and Materials presents an overview of the general concepts in luminescence spectroscopy as well as experimental methods and their interpretation. Special emphasis is laid on the fluorescence lifetime and the determination of time-resolved spectra. This method enables the exposure of new luminescence in minerals previously hidden by more intensive centers. Specialists in the fields of solid state physics, chemistry and spectroscopy will find a wealth of new information in this unique book.

Dean s Analytical Chemistry Handbook

... are more easily identified from their IR spectra than from their X - ray diffraction
patterns . 23.1.1.1 Identification of Minerals . Infrared spectroscopy is largely
complementary to X - ray diffraction as a tool for the identification of mineral
species ...

Author: Pradyot Patnaik

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071410600

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1280

View: 470

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This essential on-the-job resource for the analytical chemist has been revised and updated with 40% new material. Readers will find all the conventional wet and instrumental techniques in one exhaustive reference along with all the critical data needed to apply them. Worked examples, troubleshooting tips, and numerous tables and charts are provided for easy access to the data. * The most up-to-date and complete guide to analytical chemistry available today * NEW: 3 major chapters on Analysis of Indoor Air, Analysis of Pesticides, Analysis of Trace Metals

Phytoremediation

... and Antonio de Haro-Bailón Summary Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has
been applied for decades to the analysis of agri- food products, and in recent
years its use has been extended to the determination of mineral species and
trace ...

Author: Neil Willey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781597450980

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 478

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Phytoremediation: Methods and Reviews presents the most innovative recent methodological developments in phytoremediation research, and outlines a variety of the contexts in which phytoremediation has begun to be applied. A significant portion of this volume is devoted to groundbreaking methods for the production of plants that are able to degrade, take up, or tolerate the effects of pollutants. Phytoremediation: Methods and Reviews adopts a multidisciplinary approach to the examination of principles and practices of phytoremediation, from molecular manipulation to field application. Parts I and II discuss detailed protocols for achieving several different goals of phytoremediation, including enhancing contaminant degradation, uptake, and tolerance by plants; exploiting plant diversity for phytoremedation; modifying contaminant availability; and experimentally analyzing phytoremediation potential. Parts III and IV examine a variety of progressive techniques for phytoremediation and explore their implementation and success on a global scale. This cutting-edge volume highlights the myriad of contexts in which phytoremediation can be applied, and energizes new research by describing ways in which barriers to success have been recently overcome.

Infrared 2 1 25 Um Spectra of Minerals

Aronson , J. R. , Emslie , A. G. , and McLinden , H. G. , 1966 , Infrared spectra
from particulate surfaces : Science , v . 152 , p . ... Fleischer , Michael , 1983 ,
Glossary of Mineral Species 1983 : The Mineralogical Record , Tucson , 202 pp .
Hapke ...

Author: John W. Salisbury

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822016458697

Category: Science

Page: 267

View: 357

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Infrared Spectra of Reference Clay Minerals

The infrared spectrum of a mineral powder is a characteristic property of the
mineral and may be used for ... clay minerals and certain other mineral species
when exposed to a sequence of monochromatic frequencies of infrared light . An
initial ...

Author: American Petroleum Institute

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924004049890

Category: Clay

Page: 146

View: 437

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Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt

Infrared Spectroscopy The method having found the most general application for
the characterization and identification ... groups etc. are not useful for the
characterization or for the distinction between different mineral species of fossil
resins.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822008793341

Category: Geology

Page:

View: 604

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SEG Newsletter

These two papers deal with imaging of the Earth's surface using the visible ( 0.4
um ) to near infrared ( 2.5 um ) part of the electromagnetic spectrum to map
various mineral species . Depending on their structure and molecular bonding ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105115022563

Category: Geology, Economic

Page:

View: 934

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Analytical Chemistry Handbook

1 Infrared Spectroscopy Table 21 . 1 Vibrational Frequencies of Molecular
Entities in Minerals Table 21 . 2 Absorption ... Infrared spectroscopy is largely
complementary to x - ray diffraction as a tool for the identification of mineral
species .

Author: John Aurie Dean

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: UCAL:B4448132

Category: Science

Page: 1152

View: 960

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This comprehensive book offers chemists and chemical engineers detailed coverage of the full range of analytical methods, including all the conventional wet and instrumental techniques. It also provides information on the preliminary operations of analysis, preeliminary separation methods, and statistics in chemical analysis--all essential in the application of any analytical method.

Clays and Clay Minerals

THE INFRARED SPECTRA OF SOIL CLAYS A pure mineral species can often be
more quickly and more fully defined in structure and composition by its infrared
spectrum than by any other single technique , but few , if any , soil clays are ...

Author: Clay Minerals Society

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39076006616606

Category: Clay

Page:

View: 650

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125 years Knappenwand

Infrared Spectroscopy The method having found the most general application for
the characterization and identification ... groups etc. are not useful for the
characterization or for the distinction between different mineral species of fossil
resins.

Author: Volker Höck

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015072702833

Category: Epidote

Page: 167

View: 986

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Remote Sensing and Spectral Geology

4 um ) to near infrared ( 2 . 5 um ) part of the electromagnetic spectrum to map
various mineral species . Depending on their structure and molecular bonding ,
minerals reflect and absorb the electromagnetic spectrum in unique ways . A
large ...

Author: Richard L. Bedell

Publisher:

ISBN: 1934969133

Category: Aerial photography in geology

Page: 266

View: 251

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Mineral Processing and the Environment

It was postulated that the process was controlled by the formation and adsorption
of bulk precipitated zinc xanthate on the alkyl chains of chemisorbed collector
species. Surface species were identified with infrared spectroscopy and
correlated ...

Author: G.P. Gallios

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401722841

Category: Science

Page: 403

View: 366

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Mineral processing technologies have been used for decades to protect the environment and many examples of such applications are given here. The book covers four major subject areas: fundamentals; environmental pollution and its prevention; separation processes; and innovative techniques. Audience: Scientists, engineers and technologists conducting both applied and basic research into the different environmental aspects of mineral processing.