Information Structure and Reference Tracking in Complex Sentences

Dedicated to exploring the crossroads where complex sentences and information management - more specifically information structure and reference tracking - come together.

Author: Erik van Gijn

Publisher:

ISBN: 9027206864

Category: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES

Page: 409

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This volume is dedicated to exploring the crossroads where complex sentences and information management – more specifically information structure and reference tracking – come together. Complex sentences are a highly relevant but understudied domain for studying notions of IS and RT. On the one hand, a complex sentence can be studied as a mini-unit of discourse consisting of two or more elements describing events, situations, or processes, with its own internal information-structural and referential organization. On the other hand, complex sentences can be studied as parts of larger discourse structures, such as narratives or conversations, in terms of how their information-structural characteristics relate to this wider context. The book offers new perspectives for the study of the interaction between complex sentences and information management, and moreover adds typological breadth by focusing on lesser studied languages from several parts of the world.

Information Structure and Reference Tracking in Complex Sentences

Information. structure. and. reference. tracking. in. complex. sentences. An. overview*. Dejan Matić, Rik van Gijn & Robert D. Van Valin, Jr. Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen / University of Zürich / Heinrich Heine ...

Author: Rik van Gijn

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027270757

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 409

View: 252

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This volume is dedicated to exploring the crossroads where complex sentences and information management – more specifically information structure and reference tracking – come together. Complex sentences are a highly relevant but understudied domain for studying notions of IS and RT. On the one hand, a complex sentence can be studied as a mini-unit of discourse consisting of two or more elements describing events, situations, or processes, with its own internal information-structural and referential organization. On the other hand, complex sentences can be studied as parts of larger discourse structures, such as narratives or conversations, in terms of how their information-structural characteristics relate to this wider context. The book offers new perspectives for the study of the interaction between complex sentences and information management, and moreover adds typological breadth by focusing on lesser studied languages from several parts of the world.

Challenges at the Syntax Semantics Pragmatics Interface

Floor, Sebastian Jonathan 2004 From information structure, topic and focus, to theme in Biblical Hebrew narrative. ... Information structure and reference tracking in complex sentences: An overview. In van Gijn, Rik, Hammond, Jeremy, ...

Author: Robert D. Van Valin Jr.

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527569690

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 330

View: 872

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This volume brings together recent scholarship addressing a number of significant issues in linguistic theory and description, including verb classification, case marking, comparative constructions, noun phrase structure, clause linkage and reference-tracking in discourse. These topics are discussed with respect to a wide range of languages, including Bamunka (Bantu), Biblical Hebrew, Japanese, Persian, Pitjantjatjara (Australia), Russian and Taiwan Sign Language. The theoretical perspective employed in these analyses is that of Role and Reference Grammar (RRG), a theory which strives to describe language structure and grammatical phenomena in terms of the interaction of syntax, semantics and discourse-pragmatics. RRG differs from other parallel-architecture, constructionally-oriented theories in important ways, particularly with respect to the ability to formulate cross-linguistic generalizations. The ability of RRG to facilitate the formulation of cross-linguistic generalizations is exemplified well in the contributions to this volume. As such, this text makes important theoretical and descriptive contributions to contemporary linguistic discussions.

Information Structuring in Discourse

Information structure and reference tracking in complex sentences: An overview. In R. van Gijn, J. Hammond, D. Matic, S. van Putten, & A.V. Galucio (Eds.), Information structure and reference trackingincomplexsentences(pp.1–42).

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004436725

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

View: 795

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This collection presents current work on discourse structuring from a theoretical as well as a processing perspective. The main objectives are the investigation of appropriate levels of analysis for discourse segmentation and criteria for the identification of basic discourse units.

Switch Reference 2 0

Left-dislocation, sentences and clauses in Avatime, Tundra Yukaghir and Whitesands. ... In Information Structure and Reference Tracking in Complex Sentences [Typological Studies in Language 2], Rik van Gijn, Jeremy Hammond, Dejan Matić, ...

Author: Rik van Gijn

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027266774

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 503

View: 275

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Switch reference is a grammatical process that marks a referential relationship between arguments of two (or more) verbs. Typically it has been characterized as an inflection pattern on the verb itself, encoding identity or non-identity between subject arguments separately from traditional person or number marking. In the 50 years since William Jacobsen’s coinage of the term, switch reference has evolved from an exotic phenomenon found in a handful of lesser-known languages to a widespread feature found in geographically and linguistically unconnected parts of the world. The growing body of information on the topic raises new theoretical and empirical questions about the development, functions, and nature of switch reference, as well as the internal variation between different switch-reference systems. The contributions to this volume discuss these and other questions for a wide variety of languages from all over the world, and endevaour to demonstrate the full functional and morphosyntactic range of the phenomenon.

Koromu Kesawai

Grammar and Information Structure of a New Guinea Language Carol Priestley ... and Van Valin (2014), the intersection between complex sentences, information structure and reference tracking has been a neglected area of research.

Author: Carol Priestley

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781501510229

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 554

View: 290

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This book is a grammatical description of Koromu (or Kesawai), an endangered and previously undescribed language in Papua New Guinea's Ramu Valley. Koromu belongs to the Madang subgroup of the putative Trans New Guinea family. The grammar covers the structures of the language, with an emphasis on information structure. Geographic, linguistic, social and historical setting are described as well as phonology and morphophonology. The book examines the morphosyntactic structures of the language, covering basic clause structure, word classes, phrase structures and structures of spatial reference, verbal morphology, serial verb constructions, experiencer object constructions and the various constructions of clause combining (clause chaining, complement clauses, adverbial and relative clauses). Chapters also deal with noun phrase (non)realisation and morphological signaling of prominence and show how links and tails are encoded grammatically. Appendices contain texts and a wordlist.

Non prototypical Clefts in French

Leonetti, Manuel, Pronominal pivots in existential sentences. Paper presented at the workshop ... Information structure and reference tracking in complex sentences, Amsterdam, John Benjamins, 2014, 1–42. Matić, Dejan/Wedgwood, Daniel, ...

Author: Lena Karssenberg

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110586435

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 370

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This monograph is the first large-scale corpus analysis of French il y a clefts. While most research on clefts focusses on the English ‘prototypical’ it-cleft and its equivalents across languages, this study examines the lesser-known il y a clefts – of both presentational-eventive and specificational type – and provides an in-depth analysis of their syntactic, semantic and discourse-functional properties. In addition to an extensive literature review and a comparison with Italian c’è clefts and with French c’est clefts, the strength of the study lies in the critical approach it develops to the common definition of clefts. Several commonly used criteria for clefts are applied to the corpus data, revealing that these criteria often lead to ambiguous results. The reasons for this ambiguity are explored, thus leading to a better understanding of what constitutes a cleft. In this sense, the analysis will be of interest to specialists of Romance and non-Romance clefts alike.

Perspectives on Historical Syntax

In Information Structure and Reference Tracking in Complex Sentences [Typological Studies in Language 105], Rick van Gijn, Jeremy Hammond, Dejan Matić, Saskia van Putten & Ana Vilacy Galucio (eds), 1–44. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Author: Carlotta Viti

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027268938

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 346

View: 904

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This volume discusses topics of historical syntax from different theoretical perspectives, ranging from Indo-European studies to generative grammar, functionalism, and typology. It examines mechanisms of syntactic change such as reanalysis, analogy, grammaticalization, independent drift, and language contact, as well as procedures of syntactic reconstruction. More than one factor is considered to explain a syntactic phenomenon, since it is maintained that an accurate account of multiple causations, of both structural and social nature, is to be preferred to considerations of economy. Special attention is given to the relationship between principles of syntactic theory and a search for data reliability through the methods of corpus linguistics. Data are drawn from a variety of languages, including Hittite, Vedic, Ancient Greek, Latin, Romance, Germanic, Baltic, Slavic, Austroasiatic, Gulf of Guinea creoles. The book may be therefore of interest for specialists of these languages in addition to scholars and advanced students of syntax and historical linguistics.

Agree to Agree

Information structure and reference tracking in complex sentences: An overview. In Rik van Gijn, JeremyHammond,DejanMatić,SaksiavanPutten&AnaVilacy Galucio(eds.), Information structure and reference tracking in complex sentences.

Author: Peter W. Smith

Publisher: Language Science Press

ISBN: 9783961102143

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 482

View: 794

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Agreement is a pervasive phenomenon across natural languages. Depending on one’s definition of what constitutes agreement, it is either found in virtually every natural language that we know of, or it is at least found in a great many. Either way, it seems to be a core part of the system that underpins our syntactic knowledge. Since the introduction of the operation of Agree in Chomsky (2000), agreement phenomena and the mechanism that underlies agreement have garnered a lot of attention in the Minimalist literature and have received different theoretical treatments at different stages. Since then, many different phenomena involving dependencies between elements in syntax, including movement or not, have been accounted for using Agree. The mechanism of Agree thus provides a powerful tool to model dependencies between syntactic elements far beyond φ-feature agreement. The articles collected in this volume further explore these topics and contribute to the ongoing debates surrounding agreement. The authors gathered in this book are internationally reknown experts in the field of Agreement.

CLARIN in the Low Countries

Chechen extraposition as an information ordering strategy. In Information structure and reference tracking in complex sentences. Rik van Gijn, Dejan Matić, Jeremy Hammond, Saskia van Putten & Ana Vilacy Galucio (eds), 99–126.

Author: Jan Odijk

Publisher: Ubiquity Press

ISBN: 9781911529255

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 414

View: 206

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This book describes the results of activities undertaken to construct the CLARIN research infrastructure in the Low Countries, i.e., in the Netherlands and in Flanders (the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium). CLARIN is a European research infrastructure for humanities and social science researchers that work with natural language data. This book introduces the CLARIN infrastructure, describes various aspects of the technical implementation of the infrastructure, and introduces data, applications and software services created in the Low Countries for a wide variety of humanities disciplines. These enable researchers to accelerate their research activities and to base their conclusions on a much larger and richer empirical base than was possible before, thus providing a basis for carrying out groundbreaking research in which old questions can be investigated in new ways and new questions can be raised and investigated for the first time. Given CLARIN's focus on language data, linguistics and particularly syntax are prominently present. However, other humanities disciplines that work with natural language data such as history, literary studies, religion studies, media studies, political studies, and philosophy are represented as well. The book is a must read for humanities scholars and students who want to understand and use the potential that the Digital Humanities offer, as well as for computer scientists and developers of research infrastructures, in particular for researchers working on the CLARIN infrastructure in other countries.