Hydroprocessing for Clean Energy

Hydroprocessing for Clean Energy: Design, Operation and Optimization features: Fundamentals of hydroprocessing Process Simulation and Optimization Techniques Operational Assessments Process Design and Integration Methods Troubleshooting ...

Author: Frank Zhu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118921357

Category: Science

Page: 576

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Provides a holistic approach that looks at changing process conditions, possible process design changes, and process technology upgrades Includes process integration techniques for improving process designs and for applying optimization techniques for improving operations focusing on hydroprocessing units. Discusses in details all important aspects of hydroprocessing – including catalytic materials, reaction mechanism, as well as process design, operation and control, troubleshooting and optimization Methods and tools are introduced that have a successful application track record at UOP and many industrial plants in recent years Includes relevant calculations/software/technologies hosted online for purchasers of the book

Progress in Clean Energy Volume 1

Bambang V, Han JY, Kim SK, Hong S-A, Kim YJ, Lim JS, Shu Y-W, Seong-Geun O, Kim J (2012) Production of renewable diesel by hydroprocessing of soybean oil: effect of catalysts. Fuel 94:578–585 7. Donnis B, Egeberg RG, Blom P, ...

Author: Ibrahim Dincer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319167091

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 968

View: 623

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This expansive reference on clean energy technologies focuses on tools for system modelling and analysis, and their role in optimizing designs to achieve greater efficiency, minimize environmental impacts and support sustainable development. Key topics ranging from predicting impacts of on-grid energy storage to environmental impact assessments to advanced exergy analysis techniques are covered. The book includes findings both from experimental investigations and functional extant systems, ranging from microgrid to utility-scale implementations. Engineers, researchers and students will benefit from the broad reach and numerous engineering examples provided.

Hydroprocessing Catalysts And Processes The Challenges For Biofuels Production

Renewable. Energy. Group. Inc. The Bio-Synfining process was originally developed by Syntroleum Co. through a joint venture with Tyson Foods [33]. This process consists of three steps and utilizes a wide variety of feedstocks that are ...

Author: Seddon Duncan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9781786344854

Category: Science

Page: 316

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The demand for hydroprocessing catalysts has shown an increasing trend, because of their applications in refining of petroleum and biofuels, in order to comply with strict environmental regulations controlling emissions from transportation vehicles. Transport fuel is dominated by fossil fuels with carbon emission intensive production methods. If we are to move away from these sources, the alternative is to produce liquid fuels from agricultural stocks -- crops, crop waste, forestry waste or algae. Converting these feedstocks into high quality fuels is a considerable challenge. By describing the current status in processing agricultural feedstock into high quality liquid transport fuels, the authors set out the means to develop better chemistry and catalysis for the necessary conversion processes. This book offers an intriguing insight into the mechanisms and protocols involved in new hydroprocessing catalysts and processes, and covers the methods for upgrading these liquids to modern transport vehicles suitable for operation in modern gasoline and diesel engines. It provides an introduction to the mechanism of hydroprocessing reactions, application of different metals in hydroprocessing, the effect of catalyst supports, applications in refining new feedstock, renewable fuels standards, the management of spent hydroprocessing catalysts, and hydrogen production. Hydroprocessing Catalysts and Processes will prove useful for both researchers in academe and industry concerned with future fuels development and treatment to produce current and future liquid transport fuels. Contents: PrefaceHydroprocessing and the ChemistryStabilization of Bio-Oil to Enable Its Hydrotreating to Produce Bio-FuelsHydroprocessing Catalysts: Inexpensive Ni Based Non-Sulfided CatalystsCatalytic Upgrading of Pinewood Pyrolysis Bio-Oil Over Carbon-Encapsulated Bimetallic Co-Mo Carbides and Sulfides CatalystsHydroprocessing Catalysts for Algal BiofuelsEffects of Catalyst Support on HydroprocessingCommercial Hydroprocessing Processes for Bio-FeedstockRenewable Fuels and Fuel Regulations and StandardsSpent Hydroprocessing Catalysts ManagementHydrogen Production Readership: Graduate students in catalysis, refinery feedstock operations and planners, fuel technologists. Keywords: Hydrodesulfurization;Hydrodenitrogenation;Hydrodeoxygenation;Hydrogenation;Hydrocracking;Hydrodemetallization;Hydroprocessing Catalyst Model;Bio-Oil Stabilization;Ni Based Catalysts;Cobalt-Molybdenum Carbide Catalysts;Algal Biofuels;Support Effect;Commercial Hydroprocessing Processes for Bio-feedstock;Neste MY;BP;Ecofining;ENI;Honeywell-UOP;Bio-Synfining;Vegan;HydroFlex;Renewable Fuels Standards;Spent Hydroprocessing Catalyst;Hydrogen ProductionReview: Key Features: Most recent books related to hydroprocessing catalysts were published over 8 years agoNew challenges in biorefining and petroleum refining have required development of entirely new catalyst formulations and improvements of currently used catalystsIt is anticipated that the consumption of hydroprocessing catalysts will show a significant increase in the near future

Digitalization and Analytics for Smart Plant Performance

5, December Issue, Honeywell. Zhu XX (2014), energy and Process Optimization for the Process Industries, Wiley/AIChe, Hoboken, NJ. Zhu XX, Hoehn R, Thakkar, V., Yuh e. (2017), Hydroprocessing for Clean energy, Wiley/AIChe, Hoboken, NJ.

Author: Frank (Xin X.) Zhu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119634119

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 624

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This book addresses the topic of integrated digitization of plants on an objective basis and in a holistic manner by sharing data, applying analytics tools and integrating workflows via pertinent examples from industry. It begins with an evaluation of current performance management practices and an overview of the need for a "Connected Plant" via digitalization followed by sections on "Connected Assets: Improve Reliability and Utilization," "Connected Processes: Optimize Performance and Economic Margin " and "Connected People: Digitalizing the Workforce and Workflows and Developing Ownership and Digital Culture," then culminating in a final section entitled "Putting All Together Into an Intelligent Digital Twin Platform for Smart Operations and Demonstrated by Application cases."

Efficient Petrochemical Processes

Technology, Design and Operation Frank (Xin X.) Zhu, James A. Johnson, David W. Ablin, Gregory A. Ernst ... The first step in energy optimization. ... Hydroprocessing for Clean Energy: Design, Operation, and Optimization (ed.

Author: Frank (Xin X.) Zhu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119487869

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

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This book covers the application of methods and tools for energy optimization and process design. It focuses the application of these methods on petrochemical process units such as the aromatics process unit. The book provides practical methods and tools to industrial practitioners with the focus on improving industrial energy efficiency, reducing capital investment, and optimizing yields via better design, operation, and optimization. Broken down into six parts the book covers a range of topics including: Aromatics Process Description; Process Design Considerations; Petrochemical Separation Design; Process Integration; Process system optimization; Types of revamps; Equipment assessment; Common operating issues; and Troubleshooting case analysis to name a few.

Catalysis for Clean Energy and Environmental Sustainability

G. Valavarasu and B. Ramachandrarao Abstract Hydrotreating/hydrodesulfurization is one of the important refining processes to improve the quality of petroleum fractions such as naphtha, aviation fuels, diesel, vacuum gas oils, ...

Author: K. K. Pant

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030650216

Category: Biomass conversion

Page: 754

View: 175

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This book is part of a two-volume work that offers a unique blend of information on realistic evaluations of catalyst-based synthesis processes using green chemistry principles and the environmental sustainability applications of such processes for biomass conversion, refining, and petrochemical production. The volumes provide a comprehensive resource of state-of-the-art technologies and green chemistry methodologies from researchers, academics, and chemical and manufacturing industrial scientists. The work will be of interest to professors, researchers, and practitioners in clean energy catalysis, green chemistry, chemical engineering and manufacturing, and environmental sustainability. This volume focuses on catalyst synthesis and green chemistry applications for petrochemical and refining processes. While most books on the subject focus on catalyst use for conventional crude, fuel-oriented refineries, this book emphasizes recent transitions to petrochemical refineries with the goal of evaluating how green chemistry applications can produce clean energy through petrochemical industrial means. The majority of the chapters are contributed by industrial researchers and technicians and address various petrochemical processes, including hydrotreating, hydrocracking, flue gas treatment and isomerization catalysts.

Hydroprocessing of Heavy Oils and Residua

catalytic reforming hydrofinishing hydroconversion hydrotreating hydrocracking recovery from H2 rich off-gases FIGURE 11.3 Schematic of refinery ... 11.1.2 FUEL CELLS Fuel cells are a viable alternative for clean energy generation.

Author: Jorge Ancheyta

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420007432

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 842

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Many oil refineries employ hydroprocessing for removing sulfur and other impurities from petroleum feedstocks. Capable of handling heavier feedstocks than other refining techniques, hydroprocessing enables refineries to produce higher quality products from unconventional — and formerly wasted — sources. Hydroprocessing of Heavy Oils and Residua illustrates how to obtain maximum yields of high-value products from heavy oils and residue using hydroprocessing technologies. While most resources on hydroprocessing concentrate ongas oil and lower boiling products, this book details the chemistry involved and the process modifications required for the hydroprocessing of heavy crude oils and residua. Emphasizing the use of effective catalysts to ensure cleaner and more efficient industrial fuel processes, the book presents key principles of heterogeneous catalyst preparation, catalyst loading, and reactor systems. It explains how to evaluate and account for catalysts, reactor type, process variables, feedstock type, and feedstock composition in the design of hydroprocessing operations. The text concludes with examples of commercial processes and discusses methods of hydrogen production. To meet the growing demand for transportation fuels and fuel oil, modern oil refineries must find ways to produce high quality fuel products from increasingly heavy feedstocks. Hydroprocessing of Heavy Oils and Residua contains the fundamental concepts, technologies, and process modifications refineries need to adapt current hydroprocessing technologies for processing heavier feedstocks.

Clean Energy for Sustainable Development

Pyrolysis Bio-oil Hydroprocessing / FCC Gasoline Diesel Jet Fuels Algae F-T Synthesis Agricultural Residues MeOH Synthesis Methanol Gasification Forest Residues Syngas Water-Gas-Shift Hydrogen Syngas Fermentation Energy Crops ...

Author: Abul Kalam Azad

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128054246

Category: Science

Page: 630

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Clean Energy for Sustainable Development: Comparisons and Contrasts of New Approaches presents information on the fundamental challenge that the energy sector faces with regard to meeting the ever growing demand for sustainable, efficient, and cleaner energy. The book compares recent developments in the field of energy technology, clean and low emission energy, and energy efficiency and environmental sustainability for industry and academia. Rasul, Azad and Sharma, along with their team of expert contributors, provide high-end research findings on relevant industry themes, including clean and sustainable energy sources and technologies, renewable energy technologies and their applications, biomass and biofuels for sustainable environment, energy system and efficiency improvement, solar thermal applications, and the environmental impacts of sustainable energy systems. This book uses global institutes and case studies to explore and analyze technological advancements alongside practical applications. This approach helps readers to develop and affirm a better understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions necessary to achieve clean energy and sustainable development in both medium and large-scale industries. Compares in-depth research on a wide range of clean technologies, from global institutes in Australia, Europe, and India Evaluates the recent developments in clean technologies against the efficiency of tried and tested applications Considers case studies on the advancements of sustainable energy into industry from around the world

Advanced Solid Catalysts for Renewable Energy Production

The production of ultraclean transportation liquid fuel by catalytic hydrotreating process, from different liquid fractions of crude oil (non-renewable feed), is nowadays a consolidated technology in the petroleum refinery industry ...

Author: González-Cortés, Sergio

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522539049

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

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In recent years, the replacement of non-renewable crude oil by renewable sources has been addressed, particularly in developed countries. Its main driving force has been the increasing demand and limited reserves of fossil fuels, the greenhouse gas effect, and the need of securing energy supplies. Advanced Solid Catalysts for Renewable Energy Production provides emerging research on renewable energy production, catalysts, and environmental effects of increased productivity. While highlighting the challenges for future generations to develop in the sustainable energy age, readers will learn the importance of new approaches not only for synthesizing more active and selective (nano)catalysts, but also, for designing innovative catalytic processes that can eventually meet the growing energy efficiency demand and overcome the environmental issues. This book is an important resource for academicians, university researchers, technology developers, and graduate level students.

Handbook of Clean Energy Systems 6 Volume Set

Energy & Fuels, 24, 1222. Czernik, S., French, R., Feik, ... Historical developments in hydroprocessing biooils. Energy & Fuels, 21 ... Woolcock, P.J. and Brown, R.C. (2013) A review of cleaning technologies for biomass-derived syngas.

Author: Jinyue Yan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118388587

Category: Science

Page: 4032

View: 790

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The Handbook of Clean Energy Systems brings together an international team of experts to present a comprehensive overview of the latest research, developments and practical applications throughout all areas of clean energy systems. Consolidating information which is currently scattered across a wide variety of literature sources, the handbook covers a broad range of topics in this interdisciplinary research field including both fossil and renewable energy systems. The development of intelligent energy systems for efficient energy processes and mitigation technologies for the reduction of environmental pollutants is explored in depth, and environmental, social and economic impacts are also addressed. Topics covered include: Volume 1 - Renewable Energy: Biomass resources and biofuel production; Bioenergy Utilization; Solar Energy; Wind Energy; Geothermal Energy; Tidal Energy. Volume 2 - Clean Energy Conversion Technologies: Steam/Vapor Power Generation; Gas Turbines Power Generation; Reciprocating Engines; Fuel Cells; Cogeneration and Polygeneration. Volume 3 - Mitigation Technologies: Carbon Capture; Negative Emissions System; Carbon Transportation; Carbon Storage; Emission Mitigation Technologies; Efficiency Improvements and Waste Management; Waste to Energy. Volume 4 - Intelligent Energy Systems: Future Electricity Markets; Diagnostic and Control of Energy Systems; New Electric Transmission Systems; Smart Grid and Modern Electrical Systems; Energy Efficiency of Municipal Energy Systems; Energy Efficiency of Industrial Energy Systems; Consumer Behaviors; Load Control and Management; Electric Car and Hybrid Car; Energy Efficiency Improvement. Volume 5 - Energy Storage: Thermal Energy Storage; Chemical Storage; Mechanical Storage; Electrochemical Storage; Integrated Storage Systems. Volume 6 - Sustainability of Energy Systems: Sustainability Indicators, Evaluation Criteria, and Reporting; Regulation and Policy; Finance and Investment; Emission Trading; Modeling and Analysis of Energy Systems; Energy vs. Development; Low Carbon Economy; Energy Efficiencies and Emission Reduction. Key features: Comprising over 3,500 pages in 6 volumes, HCES presents a comprehensive overview of the latest research, developments and practical applications throughout all areas of clean energy systems, consolidating a wealth of information which is currently scattered across a wide variety of literature sources. In addition to renewable energy systems, HCES also covers processes for the efficient and clean conversion of traditional fuels such as coal, oil and gas, energy storage systems, mitigation technologies for the reduction of environmental pollutants, and the development of intelligent energy systems. Environmental, social and economic impacts of energy systems are also addressed in depth. Published in full colour throughout. Fully indexed with cross referencing within and between all six volumes. Edited by leading researchers from academia and industry who are internationally renowned and active in their respective fields. Published in print and online. The online version is a single publication (i.e. no updates), available for one-time purchase or through annual subscription.

Biorefineries A Step Towards Renewable and Clean Energy

Renewable Energy Division, Paris, France El-Rub ZA, Bramer EA, Brem G (2008) Experimental comparison of biomass chars ... Resasco DE, Jongpatiwut S (2018) Effect of metal-acid balance on hydroprocessed renewable jet fuel synthesis from ...

Author: Pradeep Verma

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811595936

Category: Science

Page: 620

View: 767

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This book provides a comprehensive account of past, present and future of the biomass based biorefineries. It is an all-inclusive and insightful compilation of recent advancements in the technology and methods used for conversion of biomass to bioenergy and other useful biochemicals. The book also focuses on the limitations of existing technologies and provides the future prospects, as well as discusses socio-economic impact of biomass based biorefineries. This book assists researchers in the area of lignocellulosic biorefineries and can be used by the students, scientist and academician as an advanced reference textbook.

Intensification of Biobased Processes

The increasing demand for energy, environmental challenges and the limited stock of fossil fuels worldwide have ... Hydroprocessing of non-edible oil has been an attractive alternative for researchers to produce high-quality fuels.

Author: Andrzej Górak

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9781788014571

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 518

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In recent years bioprocessing has increased in popularity and importance, however, bioprocessing still poses various important techno-economic and environmental challenges, such as product yields, excessive energy consumption for separations in highly watery systems, batch operation or the downstream processing bottlenecks in the production of biopharmaceutical products. Many of those challenges can be addressed by application of different process intensification technologies discussed in the present book. The first book dedicated entirely to this area, Intensification of Biobased Processes provides a comprehensive overview of modern process intensification technologies used in bioprocessing. The book focusses on four different categories of biobased products: bio-fuels and platform chemicals; cosmeceuticals; food products; and polymers and advanced materials. It will cover various intensification aspects of the processes concerned, including (bio)reactor intensification; intensification of separation, recovery and formulation operations; and process integration. This is an invaluable source of information for researchers and industrialists working in chemical engineering, biotechnology and process engineering.

Springer Handbook of Petroleum Technology

Henrik Rasmussen Hydroprocessing offers great potential for producing renewable diesel compatible with existing infrastructure and engine technology. This chapter discusses the catalyst technology and the process technology required to ...

Author: Chang Samuel Hsu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319493473

Category: Science

Page: 1238

View: 391

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This handbook provides a comprehensive but concise reference resource for the vast field of petroleum technology. Built on the successful book "Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing" published in 2006, it has been extensively revised and expanded to include upstream technologies. The book is divided into four parts: The first part on petroleum characterization offers an in-depth review of the chemical composition and physical properties of petroleum, which determine the possible uses and the quality of the products. The second part provides a brief overview of petroleum geology and upstream practices. The third part exhaustively discusses established and emerging refining technologies from a practical perspective, while the final part describes the production of various refining products, including fuels and lubricants, as well as petrochemicals, such as olefins and polymers. It also covers process automation and real-time refinery-wide process optimization. Two key chapters provide an integrated view of petroleum technology, including environmental and safety issues.Written by international experts from academia, industry and research institutions, including integrated oil companies, catalyst suppliers, licensors, and consultants, it is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students as well as practitioners and professionals.

Sustainable Bioprocessing for a Clean and Green Environment

“Bleaching and Hydroprocessing of Algal Biomass-Derived Lipids to Produce Renewable Diesel Fuel.” Energy and Fuels 31 (10): 10946–10953. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b01867. Kukushkin, R. G., O. A. Bulavchenko, V. V. Kaichev ...

Author: M. Jerold

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000377989

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 330

View: 368

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Sustainable Bioprocessing for a Clean and Green Environment: Concepts and Applications highlights the importance of waste to health in which waste is safely converted to value-added products via bioprocess technologies. Providing fundamental concepts and applications, this book also offers readers the methodology behind the operation of a variety of biological processes used in developing valuable products from waste. Features: Discusses synthesis and use of environmentally friendly biobased materials, such as biopolymer films and biobased plasticizers Highlights nanotechnology applications in the treatment of pollution and emphasizes the synthesis of biogenic nanomaterials for environmental remediation Describes the use of biosurfactants and emerging algal technologies, such as applications of microalgae in nutraceuticals and biofuel production Details delignification for lignocellulosic biomass This interdisciplinary book offers researchers and practitioners in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and related fields a broad perspective on fundamentals, technologies, and environmental applications of sustainable bioprocessing.

Sustainable Biofuels

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Technical Report NREL/TP-5100-62498. ... Modeling, simulation and intensification of hydroprocessing of micro-algae oil to produce renewable aviation fuel. Clean. Technol. Environ.

Author: Ramesh C. Ray

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128223925

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 502

View: 548

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Sustainable Biofuels: Opportunities and challenges, a volume in the “Applied Biotechnology Reviews series, explores the state-of-the-art in research and applied technology for the conversion of all types of biofuels. Its chapters span a broad spectrum of knowledge, from fundamentals and technical aspects to optimization, combinations, economics, and environmental aspects. They cover various facets of research, production, and commercialization of bioethanol, biodiesel, biomethane, biohydrogen, biobutanol, and biojet fuel. This book discusses biochemical, thermochemical, and hydrothermal conversion of unconventional feedstocks, including the role of biotechnology applications to achieve efficiency and competitiveness. Through case studies, techno-economic analysis and sustainability assessment, including life cycle assessment, it goes beyond technical aspects to provides actual resources for better decision-making during the development of commercially viable technology by researchers, PhD students, and practitioners in the field of bioenergy. It is also a useful resource for those in adjacent areas, such as biotechnology, industrial microbiology, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and sustainability science, who are working on solutions for the bioeconomy. The ability to compare different technologies and their outcome that this book provides is also beneficial for energy analysts, consultants, planners, and policy-makers. The “Applied Biotechnology Reviews series highlights current development and research in biotechnology-related fields, combining in single-volume works the theoretical aspects and real-world applications for better decision-making. Covers current technologies and advancements in biochemical, thermochemical, and hydrothermal conversion methods for production of various types of biofuels from conventional and nonconventional feedstock Examines biotechnology processes, including genetic engineering of microorganisms and substrates, applied to biofuel production Bridges the gap between technology development and prospects of commercialization of bioprocesses, including policy and economics of biofuel production, biofuel value chains, and how to accomplish cost-competitive results and sustainable development

Integration of Clean and Sustainable Energy Resources and Storage in Multi Generation Systems

availability of a steady source of biomass and government regulations regarding green energy production also affects ... and the integration of fast pyrolysis and hydroprocessing (FP-H) process were examined based on energy and exergy ...

Author: Farkhondeh Jabari

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030424206

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 355

View: 137

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This book presents design principles, performance assessment and robust optimization of different poly-generation systems using renewable energy sources and storage technologies. Uncertainties associated with demands or the intermittent nature of renewables are considered in decision making processes. Economic and environmental benefits of these systems in comparison with traditional fossil fuels based ones are also provided. Case studies, numerical results, discussions, and concluding remarks have been presented for each proposed system/strategy. This book is a useful tool for students, researchers, and engineers trying to design and evaluate different zero-energy and zero-emission stand-alone grids.

The Role of Catalysis for the Sustainable Production of Bio fuels and Bio chemicals

Biomass, as a renewable source of energy, has great potential because of the absorption of CO2 emissions by the growing ... synthesis gas cleaning, Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis, and, finally, hydroprocessing and distillation of the ...

Author: Kostas Triantafyllidis

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 9780444563323

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 873

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The Role of Catalysis for the Sustainable Production of Bio-fuels and Bio-chemicals describes the importance of catalysis for the sustainable production of biofuels and biochemicals, focused primarily on the state-of-the-art catalysts and catalytic processes expected to play a decisive role in the "green" production of fuels and chemicals from biomass. In addition, the book includes general elements regarding the entire chain of biomass production, conversion, environment, economy, and life-cycle assessment. Very few books are available on catalysis in production schemes using biomass or its primary conversion products, such as bio-oil and lignin. This book fills that gap with detailed discussions of: Catalytic pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass Hybrid biogasoline by co-processing in FCC units Fischer-Tropsch synthesis to biofuels (biomass-to-liquid process) Steam reforming of bio-oils to hydrogen With energy prices rapidly rising, environmental concerns growing, and regulatory apparatus evolving, this book is a resource with tutorial, research, and technological value for chemists, chemical engineers, policymakers, and students. Includes catalytic reaction mechanism schemes and gives a clear understanding of catalytic processes Includes flow diagrams of bench-, pilot- and industrial-scale catalytic processing units and demonstrates the various process technologies involved, enabling easy selection of the best process Incorporates many tables, enabling easy comparison of data based on a critical review of the available literature

Advances in Fluid and Thermal Engineering

Singh D, Subramanian KA, Garg M (2017) Comprehensive review of combustion, performance and emissions characteristics of a compression ignition engine fueled with hydroprocessed renewable diesel. Renew Sustain Energy Rev.

Author: Basant Singh Sikarwar

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811601590

Category:

Page:

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Future Energy

Improved, Sustainable and Clean Options for our Planet Trevor M. Letcher ... Hydroprocessing of thermally produced oils will always necessitate high H2 pressures unless technology can be developed for low temperature and/or ...

Author: Trevor M. Letcher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080994222

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 738

View: 444

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As the demand for global energy increases, fact-based evaluations of alternative energy sources are needed in order to address the growing interest in how energy is produced, provided, and transported in sustainable ways. Future Energy, Second Edition provides scientists and decision makers with the knowledge they need to understand the relative importance and magnitude of various energy production methods in order to make the energy decisions needed for sustaining development and dealing with climate change. The second edition of Future Energy looks at the present energy situation and extrapolates to future scenarios related to global warming and the increase of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This thoroughly revised and updated edition contains over 30 chapters on all aspects of future energy, each chapter updated and expanded by expert scientists and engineers in their respective fields providing an unbiased and balanced view of the future of energy. Provides readers with an up-to-date overview of available energy options, both traditional and renewable, as well as the necessary tools to make informed decisions regarding selection, use, and environmental impacts. Covers a wide spectrum of future energy resources presented in a single book with chapters written by experts of the particular field Eleven new chapters including chapters on: solar heating, energy resources in developing nations and frontiers in oil and gas, Arctic drilling and unconventional oil and gas sources, thorium in nuclear fission, ethanol and other options for future transport fuel, fracking, smart grids, new batteries, environmental issues and the energy options for China