Humanitarian Philosophy

Dear Mr. Kusel : -I have been wonderfully guided and blessed by reading " Humanitarian Philosophy ” . as it is truly an inspired work that should be thought upon by all religious people . The beauty of your blessed reason . ing is that ...

Author: Emil Edward Kusel

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B260640

Category: Animal welfare

Page: 39

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Humanitarian Intervention

Moral and Philosophical Issues Aleksandar Jokic ... different ways of thinking about morality and moral philosophy and will examine the ways in which they influence our approach to the question of humanitarian intervention.

Author: Aleksandar Jokic

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 1551114895

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

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International law makes it explicit that states shall not intervene militarily or otherwise in the affairs of other states; it is a central principle of the charter of the United Nations. But international law also provides an exception; when a conflict within a state poses a threat to international peace, military intervention by the UN may be warranted. (Indeed, the UN Charter provides for an international police force, though nothing has ever come of this provision). The Charter and other UN documents also assert that human rights are to be protected—but in the past the responsibility for the protection of human rights has for the most part been allowed to rest on the government of the state where the violation of rights occurs. Not surprisingly in this context, the question of what protection (if any) should be provided by the UN or otherwise to individuals when their human rights are violated by their governments or with the complicity of their governments remains a contentious issue. Should the principle of respect for state sovereignty trump the principle of respect for human rights? Historically it has been allowed to do so, but recently it has been more and more widely argued that when states fail to respect the human rights of their citizens (or of others who reside within their boundaries), they may be held accountable for their actions. Is military humanitarian intervention justifiable? And if so, under what circumstances? Those are the questions addressed in this collection of essays. The focus of the volume is on the abstract principles involved; though reference is sometimes made to specific cases, the essays here consist primarily of philosophical reflection on the abstract issues. (A companion volume on the specific issues surrounding a particular case, Lessons of Kosovo, is being published simultaneously.)

The Philosophy of Law and Legal Science

Socio-humanitarian knowledge is widely interpreted: including philosophical essays, publicity, art criticism, fiction, and so on. But the correct statement of the problem should be different. It requires a clear distinction between ...

Author: V.P. Salnikov

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527517875

Category: Law

Page: 280

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The book explores a variety of problems connected to philosophy and philosophy of law. It discusses the problem of monism-pluralism in philosophy and philosophy of law, criticizes philosophy of post-positivism and postmodernism, and investigates dialectics as a universal global methodological basis of scientific cognition and philosophy of law. The volume also pays particular attention to contemporary legal education, offering potential solutions to problems in this field. The book is the result of a range of sociological studies conducted both in Russia and abroad concerning the legal process and legal consciousness.

The History and Practice of Humanitarian Intervention and Aid in Africa

The philosophical roots of these views can be found in Schweitzer's theoretical writings, including in his cultural philosophy, published in two volumes in 1923 as Verfall und Wiederaufbau der Kultur (Decline and Rebuilding of Culture) ...

Author: B. Everill

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137270023

Category: History

Page: 250

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The history of humanitarian intervention has often overlooked Africa. This book brings together perspectives from history, cultural studies, international relations, policy, and non-governmental organizations to analyze the themes, continuities and discontinuities in Western humanitarian engagement with Africa.

Secular and Religious Dynamics in Humanitarian Response

... philosophy of humanitarianism around this point: “To the question, 'What is man?,' humanitarian philosophy replies simply, 'He is not made to suffer'” (Braumann 2002, 60 in Benthall 2017, p. 6). Reaching back to the very beginning ...

Author: Olivia J. Wilkinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429581984

Category: Philosophy

Page: 128

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This book investigates the ways in which the humanitarian system is secular and understands religious beliefs and practices when responding to disasters. The book teases out the reasons why humanitarians are reluctant to engage with what are seen as "messy" cultural dynamics within the communities they work with, and how this can lead to strained or broken relationships with disaster-affected populations and irrelevant and inappropriate disaster assistance that imposes distant and relatively meaningless values. In order to interrogate secular boundaries within humanitarian response, the book draws particularly on qualitative primary data from the aftermath of Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines. The case study shows how religious practices and beliefs strongly influenced people's disaster experience, yet humanitarian organisations often failed to recognise or engage with this. Whilst secularity in the humanitarian system does not completely exclude religious participation and expression, it does create biases and boundaries. Many humanitarians view their secularity as essential to their position of impartiality and cultural sensitivity in comparison to what were seen as the biased and unprofessional beliefs and practices of religions and religious actors, even though disaster-affected people felt that it was the secular humanitarians that were less impartial and culturally sensitive. This empirically driven examination of the role of secularity within humanitarianism will be of interest to the growing field of "pracademic" researchers across NGOs, government, consultancy, and think tanks, as well as researchers working directly within academic institutions.

The Practice of Humanitarian Intervention

Symposia on Gender, Race and Philosophy 8 (1). ... Slim, H. (2002) Not Philanthropy But Rights: The Proper Politicisation of Humanitarian Philosophy. The International Journal of Human Rights 6 (1), 1–22. Smirl, L. (2012) The state we ...

Author: Kai Koddenbrock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317481003

Category: Political Science

Page: 166

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This book examines the practices in Western and local spheres of humanitarian intervention, and shows how the divide between these spheres helps to perpetuate Western involvement. Using the Democratic Republic of the Congo as a case study – an object of Western intervention since colonial times – this book scrutinizes the contemporary practice of humanitarian intervention from the inside. It seeks to expose how humanitarian aid and peacekeeping works, what obstacles they encounter and how they manage to retain their legitimacy. By examining the relationship between the West and the DR Congo, this volume asks why intervention continues to be so central for the relationship between Western and local spheres. Why is it normal and self-evident? The main answer developed here is that the separation of these two spheres allows intervention to enjoy sufficient degrees of legitimacy to be sustained. Owing to the contradictions that surface when juxtaposing the Western and Congolese spheres, this book highlights how keeping them separate is key to sustaining intervention. Bridging the divide between the liberal peace debate in International Relations and anthropologies of humanitarianism, this volume thus presents an important contribution to taking both the legitimizing proclamations and ‘local’ realities of intervention seriously. The book will be of much interest to students of statebuilding, peacebuilding, peacekeeping, anthropology, research methods and IR in general.

Humanitarian Ethics

Bernard Williams, “Humanitarianism and the Right to Intervene”, in In the Begin- ning Was the Deed: Realism and Moralism in ... Anais Resseguier, “Dignity and Humanitarian Action: A Journey through the Western Philosophical Tradition”, ...

Author: Hugo Slim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190613044

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

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Humanitarians are required to be impartial, independent, professionally competent and focused only on preventing and alleviating human suffering. It can be hard living up to these principles when others do not share them, while persuading political and military authorities and non-state actors to let an agency assist on the ground requires savvy ethical skills. Getting first to a conflict or natural catastrophe is only the beginning, as aid workers are usually and immediately presented with practical and moral questions about what to do next. For example, when does working closely with a warring party or an immoral regime move from practical cooperation to complicity in human rights violations? Should one operate in camps for displaced people and refugees if they are effectively places of internment? Do humanitarian agencies inadvertently encourage ethnic cleansing by always being ready to 'mop-up' the consequences of scorched earth warfare? This book has been written to help humanitarians assess and respond to these and other ethical dilemmas.

The Humanitarian Fix

The very distance created by this imagery has cast the humanitarian as a traveller, of the centre travelling to the ... are necessary components of the modern humanitarian philosophy and the mechanisations of humanitarian protection.

Author: Joe Cropp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000288391

Category: Social Science

Page: 166

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This book investigates how humanitarians balance the laws and principles of civilian protection with the realities of contemporary warzones, where non-state armed actors assert cultural, political and religious traditions that are often at odds with official frameworks. This book argues that humanitarian protection on the ground is driven not by official frameworks in the traditional sense, but by the relationships between the complex mix of actors involved in contemporary wars. The frameworks, in turn, act as a unifying narrative that preserves these relationships. As humanitarian practitioners navigate this complex space, they act as unofficial brokers, translating the official frameworks to align with the often-divergent agendas of non-state armed actors. In doing so, they provide an unofficial humanitarian fix for the challenges inherent in applying the official frameworks in contemporary wars. Drawing on rich ethnographic observations from the author’s time in northern Iraq, and complemented by interviews with a range of fieldworkers and humanitarian policy makers and lawyers, this book will be a compelling read for researchers and students within humanitarian and development studies, and to practitioners and policy makers who are grappling with the contradictions this book explores.

Humanitarian Work Psychology

When we trace thehistory of anyscience, we usually go back to its prescientific roots when itwaspart of philosophy. When we traceits roots to philosophy, we findthatthe elements of psychology can be foundin the philosophical quest to ...

Author: S. C Carr

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137015228

Category: Psychology

Page: 359

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Contextualizing Humanitarian work in history, justice, methods and professional ethics, this book articulates process skills for transformational partnerships between diverse organizations, motivating education, organisational learning and selecting the disaster workforce.

Humanitarian Reason

And for good measure, he does not hesitate to compare these critics of humanitarianism with “the young members of ... on the “ethics of humanitarian intervention” and Hugo Slim's (2002) on “humanitarian philosophy”: both propose ways of ...

Author: Didier Fassin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520950481

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

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In the face of the world’s disorders, moral concerns have provided a powerful ground for developing international as well as local policies. Didier Fassin draws on case materials from France, South Africa, Venezuela, and Palestine to explore the meaning of humanitarianism in the contexts of immigration and asylum, disease and poverty, disaster and war. He traces and analyzes recent shifts in moral and political discourse and practices — what he terms "humanitarian reason"— and shows in vivid examples how humanitarianism is confronted by inequality and violence. Deftly illuminating the tensions and contradictions in humanitarian government, he reveals the ambiguities confronting states and organizations as they struggle to deal with the intolerable. His critique of humanitarian reason, respectful of the participants involved but lucid about the stakes they disregard, offers theoretical and empirical foundations for a political and moral anthropology.