Hierarchies in Neurology

This is a reappraisal of Jackson's work, both within its historical framework and in light of modern concepts of neurology.

Author: Christopher Kennard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447131472

Category: Medical

Page: 183

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Hughlings Jackson, the noted English neurologist, fathered many ideas that today still underlie our understanding of common clinical phenomena. This is a reappraisal of Jackson's work, both within its historical framework and in light of modern concepts of neurology. The approach is new, combining historical, clinical and basic scientific information in one synthesis on the organization and function of the nervous system. The concept of levels of function is addressed, specifically with regard to areas of brain function; and the hierarchical strategy is considered as part of the current concept of a distributed system of neurons. Clinicians and scientists alike will find much food for thought in this modern treatise of Jacksonian concepts.

Handbook Of Clinical And Experimental Neuropsychology

Archives of Neurology, 45, 275-279. Kenin, M., & Swisher, L.P (1972). A study of pattern of recovery in aphasia. Cortex, 8, 56-68. Kennard, C., & Swash, M. (Eds.) (1989). Hierarchies in neurology. A reappraisal of a Jacksonian concept.

Author: Gianfranco Denes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317735021

Category: Psychology

Page: 1120

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The domain of neuroscience has had one of the most explosive growths in recent decades: within this development there has been a remarkable and renewed interest in the study of the relations between behaviour and the central nervous system. Part of this new attention is connected with the contribution of new technologies (PET, fMRI) permitting more precise mapping of neural structures responsible for cognitive functions and the development of new theoretical models of mental activities. The diffusion of new pathologies (for example the pattern of cognitive impairment associated with AIDS) has further enlarged the field of clinical neuropsychology. Finally there has been an expanding clinical interest in the understanding and management of age-related cognitive changes. This volume is the translated and updated version of the second edition of Manuale di Neuropsicologia (Zanichelli, 1996), by the same authors, and it reflects the current status of the art. It is intended to blend clinical and theoretical aspects of neuropsychology. The first part discusses the instrumental and clinical methods of investigation in neuropsychology, together with their development. A long section is dedicated to the language and memory disorders. The impairment of non-verbal cognitve functions, such as the disorders of space orientation, of of visuo-perceptive abilities, and of the emotions and attention, are extensively discussed. The pattern of degenerative dementias is thorougly described, as e is thoroughly described, as well as a number of new topics, such as a neuropsychological approach to consciousness. Finally, perspectives for treatment of some cognitive disorders are outlined.

Neurobionics

Vallbo, A. (1989), Single fibre microneurography and sensation, in Hierarchies in Neurology. Springer, London, pp.93–109. van den Honert, C. and Kelsall, D.C. (2007) Focused intracochlear electric stimulation with phased array channels.

Author: Robert K. Shepherd

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118816141

Category: Science

Page: 360

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Technological advances have greatly increased the potential for, and practicability of, using medical neurotechnologies to revolutionize how a wide array of neurological and nervous system diseases and dysfunctions are treated. These technologies have the potential to help reduce the impact of symptoms in neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s Disease and depression as well as help regain lost function caused by spinal cord damage or nerve damage. Medical Neurobionics is a concise overview of the biological underpinnings of neurotechnologies, the development process for these technologies, and the practical application of these advances in clinical settings. Medical Neurobionics is divided into three sections. The first section focuses specifically on providing a sound foundational understanding of the biological mechanisms that support the development of neurotechnologies. The second section looks at the efforts being carried out to develop new and exciting bioengineering advances. The book then closes with chapters that discuss practical clinical application and explore the ethical questions that surround neurobionics. A timely work that provides readers with a useful introduction to the field, Medical Neurobionics will be an essential book for neuroscientists, neuroengineers, biomedical researchers, and industry personnel.

Oxford Textbook of Neuropsychiatry

Box 1.1 Hughlings Jackson's four principles of nervous action • Evolution of nervous functions • Hierarchy of those ... Charcot came to dominate late nineteenth- century clinical neurology in France, but he can be referred to as a ...

Author: Niruj Agrawal

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198757139

Category: Medical

Page: 608

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New from Oxford Textbooks in Psychiatry, the Oxford Textbook of Neuropsychiatry bridges the gap between general psychiatric textbooks and reference texts in neuropsychiatry. Divided into four sections, it covers core knowledge and skills for practice in all psychiatric disciplines, with key information for training in neuropsychiatry.

Current Catalog

8917643 Neurology and general medicine : the neurological aspects of medical disorders / ( edited by ] Michael J. ... 8917612 NEURONS Hierarchies in neurology : a reappraisal of a Jacksonian concept / edited by Christopher Kennard and ...

Author: National Library of Medicine (U.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN: 00903132

Category: Medicine

Page:

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First multi-year cumulation covers six years: 1965-70.

Perspectives on Human Memory and Cognitive Aging

Hierarchical aspects of eye movement disorders. ln C. Kennard & M. Swash (Eds.l, Hierarchies in neurology: A reappraisal of a Jacksonian concepL London: Springer-Verlag. Kutas, M., & King, J. W. (1996l. The potentials for basic sentence ...

Author: Fergus I. M. Craik

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1841690406

Category: Psychology

Page: 422

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Divided into four parts, the first section of this book deals with levels of processing and memory theory, the second addresses working memory and attention, the third deals with cognitive aging, and the last addresses neuroscience perspectives.

Diseases of the Spinal Cord

Thus the series is particularly concerned with those neurological syndromes that may present in different contexts, ... by Anthony J. Furlan Electrophysiological Diagnosis E.M. Sedgwick Hierarchies in Neurology Christopher Kennard and ...

Author: Edmund Critchley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447133537

Category: Medical

Page: 453

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The spinal cord is a long structure, conslstmg of white and grey matter, that not only serves to provide a neural connection between the brain and the body, but also contains neural circuits that are organized segmentally and that are responsive to central and peripheral sensory input. Thus the spinal cord is capable of some behavioural activity that is of clinical significance, and that is more evident when higher modulation is disturbed. The released activity of spasticity, and the disturbances of bladder and bowel control that occur in patients with spinal cord lesions are examples. The spinal cord is well protected within its bony canal but is, nonetheless, susceptible to compression by degenerative joint or bone disease, or by neoplasm. Spinal cord compression is a common clinical problem that is not always easy to recognize. However, it is particularly important because of the good re sults of appropriate treatment and the unfortunate consequences should the diagnosis be missed. Many other medical and surgical disorders affect the spinal cord, including vascular disease, decom pression sickness, degenerative disorders and multiple sclerosis. In this book Dr. Critchley and Dr. Eisen, and their col laborators, chosen for their expertise and experience in spinal cord disorders, have gathered together descriptions of the symp toms and signs of spinal cord disease.

Emotion and Decision making Explained

Nature Reviews Neuroscience 6:363–375. Suri RE & Schultz W (1998). ... In Gabriel M & Moore J, editors, Learning and Computational Neuroscience, 497–537. ... In Kennard C & Swash M, editors, Hierarchies in Neurology, chap.

Author: Edmund T. Rolls

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191635151

Category: Medical

Page: 688

View: 370

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What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relation between emotion, and reward value, and subjective feelings of pleasure? How is the value of a good represented in the brain? Will neuroeconomics replace classical microeconomics? How does the brain implement decision-making? Are gene-defined rewards and emotions in the interests of the genes, and does rational multistep planning enable us to go beyond selfish genes to long-term plans and social contracts in the interests of the individual? This book seeks explanations of emotion and decision-making by considering these questions. The topics covered include: The nature of emotion, and a theory of emotion The functions of emotion, including a Darwinian theory of the adaptive value of emotion, which helps to illuminate many aspects of brain design and behaviour The brain mechanisms of emotion Affective states and motivated behaviour: hunger and sexual behaviour The pharmacology of emotion, and brain mechanisms for action Neuroeconomics, and the foundation of economic value Decision-making Emotional feelings, and consciousness Neural networks involved in emotion The book will be valuable for those in the fields of neuroscience and neurology, psychology, psychiatry, and philosophy

Oxford Textbook of Neurologic and Neuropsychiatric Epidemiology

Kennard C, Swash M. Hierarchies in Neurology. A reappraisal of a Jacksonian Concept. London: Springer, 1989. 72. Dubrovsky B. Evolution of nervous system and psychiatry. Consequences of the vertical and horizontal duality of the ...

Author: Carol Brayne

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192599315

Category: Medical

Page: 496

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Neurologic and neuropsychiatric disorders are of great importance to societies and they also raise special considerations in epidemiological research methodology. Not only do neurologic and neuropsychiatric disorders form a major group of disorders associated with ageing populations, but those disorders that occur in earlier life can be associated with severe individual, family, and societal distress and burden. The inter-relationship of syndromes and disorders is a topic of major interest and growing biological insights across psychiatry and neurology. This includes not only overlaps in neurodegenerative syndromes but also those related to other systems such as metabolic, inflammatory, immune and vascular disorders. Part of the Oxford Textbooks in Clinical Neurology series, the Oxford Textbook of Neurologic and Neuropsychiatric Epidemiology is designed to focus on the overlaps and inter-relationships between neuro-epidemiological disorders, as well as on ways to harmonise large cohort studies to maximise opportunities for determining causes related to rarer disorders. Divided into three main parts, the book covers 1) the principles of neurologic and neuropsychiatric epidemiology; 2) specific neuropsychiatric disorders and their inter-relationships and 3) the implications of neuro-epidemiologic research for patient populations and current medical practice. This comprehensive work serves as an invaluable reference to current neuro-epidemiological methods for neurologists, psychiatrists, and senior trainees in those disciplines, as well as public health practitioners and students with an interest in neurology and neuropsychiatry.