Herrin Massacre

The prosecution from the outset had made every effort in the "court" of public opinion to make the Herrin massacre about mass murder.... not a fight between organized labor and big business.... Chamber of Commerce Poster The Chamber of ...

Author: Scott Doody

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 9781312744455

Category: History


View: 343


Twenty three men killed in Williamson County and the streets of Herrin, Illinois over a two day killing spree on June 21st and 22nd, 1922. The largest mass murder of non-union labor in the history of America. The event would become known around the world as The Herrin Massacre. Read about the toughest (deadliest) little city in America and the modern day hunt for the massacre victim's lost graves in the potter's field of the Herrin city cemetery. Written by Scott Doody, this four year adventure uncovers the ugly secret of what happens when a town buries their past so deep, it changes their future.

The Herrin Massacre of 1922

Illinois National Guard troops. which may have prevented the massacre had they been called, were in and out of Herrin on an almost routine basis. In 1924 the Kluxers took over the county government. Delos Duty had been shot and slightly ...

Author: Greg Bailey

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9781476681719

Category: History

Page: 178

View: 842


In 1922, a coal miner strike spread across the United States, swallowing the heavily-unionized mining town of Herrin, Illinois. When the owner of the town's local mine hired non-union workers to break the strike, violent conflict broke out between the strikebreakers and unionized miners, who were all heavily armed. When strikebreakers surrendered and were promised safe passage home, the unionized miners began executing them before large, cheering crowds. This book tells the cruel truth behind the story that the coal industry tried to suppress and that Herrin wants to forget. A thorough account of the massacre and its aftermath, this book sets a heartland tragedy against the rise and decline of the coal industry.

The Herrin Massacre

It contains a full and complete statement of facts leading up to and including the Herrin Massacre — the Crime of Agescommitted in Williamson County , Illinois , June 21-22 , 1922 . They are given without any promise to any one ...

Author: Chatland Parker


ISBN: UOM:39015073379060

Category: Herrin (Ill.)

Page: 116

View: 889


The 1922 Herrin Massacre

Because of his relationship with District 12 , Oscar Ameringer has been considered by many writers as an authority on the Herrin Massacre . Horrever , Ameringer's headquarters were in Oklahoma and he depended upon staff correspondents ...

Author: Woodrow Wilson Everett


ISBN: CORNELL:31924002217200

Category: Herrin Massacre, Ill., 1922

Page: 198

View: 454


Tales and Trails of Illinois

Wrought in Madness " The 1922 Herrin Massacre On the morning of June 22 , 1922 , an enraged mob of union miners wreaked vengeance on a motley collection of scabs and company guards near the southern Illinois town of Herrin .

Author: Stu Fliege

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252070852

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 313


Tells the stories of fifty-two significant events in the history of Illinois.

Bloody Williamson

MASSACRE There is no satisfactory account of the Herrin Massacre. The longest narratives within books are to be found in Oscar Ameringer's If You Don't Weaken (New York: Holt; 1940), McAlister Coleman's Men and Coal (New York: Farrar ...

Author: Paul M. Angle

Publisher: Knopf

ISBN: 9780804152778

Category: True Crime

Page: 300

View: 753


This is a horror story of native American violence. It carries a grim lesson for the whole country. Political doctrines have played no part in the violence and murder that have brought much ill fame to one corner of Illinois. On the map, Williamson is just another county. But in history it is a place in which a strange disease has raged for more than eighty years—a disease marked by a pathological tendency to settle differences by force. Fascinated by this, Paul M. Angle, the well-known historian, set out to discover what really had happened. Through enormous research he has been able to reconstruct the whole story in all its horrible, scarifying detail. Using the best techniques of reportage, without editorializing, without subjective coloration, he has produced a narrative beyond imagination. It begins with the "Bloody Vendetta," a feud that rampaged in the 1870s. It deals with labor's success in organizing coal mines in southern Illinois, an affair that twice blew up in violence. It covers the Herrin Massacre of 1922—perhaps the most shocking episode in the history of organized labor in this country—and the subsequent trials. The Ku Klux Klan provides material for four chapters that come to a climax in a fatal duel between the Klan and its opponents. And it ends with the story of the gang war between Charlie Birger and the Shelton brothers. It is a tale to shake the most phlegmatic reader.

Love s Next Meeting

Herrin Massacre's fetishized violence is redoubled as the viewer looks deeper into the picture plane, in the background of which Cadmus depicts a presumably white man being hanged from a tree. This gruesome detail relates an actual ...

Author: Aaron Lecklider


ISBN: 9780520381421

Category: History

Page: 375

View: 573


How queerness and radical politics intersected--earlier than you thought. Well before Stonewall, a broad cross section of sexual dissidents took advantage of their space on the margins of American society to throw themselves into leftist campaigns. Sensitive already to sexual marginalization, they also saw how class inequality was exacerbated by the Great Depression, witnessing the terrible bread lines and bread riots of the era. They participated in radical labor campaigns, sympathized like many with the early, prewar Soviet Union, contributed to the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War, opposed US police and state harassment, fought racial discrimination, and aligned themselves with the dispossessed. Whether they were themselves straight, gay, or otherwise queer, they brought sexual dissidence and radicalism into conversation at the height of the Left's influence on American culture. Combining rich archival research with inventive analysis of art and literature, Love's Next Meeting explores the relationship between homosexuality and the Left in American culture between 1920 and 1960. Author Aaron S. Lecklider uncovers a lively cast of individuals and dynamic expressive works revealing remarkably progressive engagement with homosexuality among radicals, workers, and the poor. Leftists connected sexual dissidence with radical gender politics, antiracism, and challenges to censorship and obscenity laws through the 1920s and 1930s. In the process, a wide array of activists, organizers, artists, and writers laid the foundation for building a radical movement through which homosexual lives and experiences were given shape and new political identities were forged. Love's Next Meeting cuts to the heart of some of the biggest questions in American history: questions about socialism, about sexuality, about the supposed clash still making the headlines today between leftist politics and identity politics. What emerges is a dramatic, sexually vibrant story of the shared struggles for liberation across the twentieth century.

Victims of the Herrin Massacre

Twenty-three men were killed in Williamson County and the streets of Herrin, Illinois over a two day killing spree on June 21st and 22nd, 1922.

Author: John Foster

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1511736984


Page: 142

View: 289


On June 22, 1922, one of the deadliest days in the history of labor in the U.S. occurred near and in the town of Herrin, Williamson County, Illinois. On that day, men who had been imported into the county to work at a strip mine during a nationwide coal strike by members of the United Mine Workers of America, were taken prisoner and unarmed, marched for several miles on a warm June morning under the belief that they would be sent out of the area by train. Along the way it became clear to most of them that a different fate awaited them after a more radical faction of striking miners and their supporters took command of the prisoners. Men, who were normally hard working family men, became cold blooded, heartless and relentless killers. Before that Thursday was over, eighteen men would be dead and lying in a makeshift morgue in Herrin. Numerous wounded would find themselves in the Herrin Hospital or making their way back to Chicago. One of those in the hospital would die within days and another two within a few months. The incident would be dubbed "The Herrin Massacre" and be remembered as such for all time. On Sunday, June 25th, 1922, sixteen of the dead were buried in an out of the way spot at the Herrin City Cemetery referred to as the potter's field. Time, as it is wont to do, eventually erased all evidence of the graves as life returned to normal in Herrin and Williamson County. Recent events in the Herrin City Cemetery have resulted in the discovery of the location of these long lost and forgotten graves. For the first time in more than 90 years, the men who came to Herrin in June of 1922 will be revealed. Includes fourteen pages of photos, some seen for the first time, and also for the first time, an accurate, to scale map of the death march and massacre areas, produced by Professor Steven Di Naso of Eastern Illinois University.

Workers in America A Historical Encyclopedia 2 volumes

The Herrin massacre is a stain on organized labor's record, albeit an exceedingly rare blemish. Although workers often sabotaged property during labor disputes and gunfire exchanges during mine strikes were not unusual, ...

Author: Robert E. Weir

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781598847192

Category: History

Page: 920

View: 270


This encyclopedia traces the evolution of American workers and labor organizations from pre-Revolutionary America through the present day. • Suggested reading for each entry, including both print and online resources • A chronology of important labor highlights • 350 entries covering key topics


There are a handful of wellknown works on Herrin, Williamson County and Southern Illinois history, ... media coverage after the Herrin Massacre; the working files of writer Paul Angle; and the archives of Herrin editor Hal Trovillion.

Author: John Griswold

Publisher: Arcadia Publishing

ISBN: 9781625843197

Category: Photography

Page: 160

View: 517


Herrin, Illinois, has seen many dramatic events unfold in the nearly two hundred years since it was a bell-shaped prairie on the frontier. Now, Herrin native John Griswold, a writer and teacher at the University of Illinois, provides the first comprehensive history of this most American city, a place that in its time became not just a melting pot, but a cauldron. Discover why the coal was so good in the “Quality Circle” and what happened to the boom that followed its discovery. Explore the roots of the vicious Herrin Massacre of 1922 and learn why the entire nation has focused its gaze on this small Midwestern city so many times. Incorporating the most recent scholarship, interviews, and classic histories and narratives, this brief and entertaining history is illustrated with more than seventy-five archival photos that help tell this important American story.

Mary Jane s Ghost

The reaction from Herrin mayor Vic Ritter and others was to discourage the exhumations. He contended that the massacre had taught its lessons of civility. In his view, the shame and anger that Herrin residents felt after the massacre ...

Author: Ted Gregory

Publisher: University of Iowa Press

ISBN: 9781609385231

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 203

View: 622


Summer 1948. In the scenic, remote river town of Oregon, Illinois, a young couple visiting the local lovers’ lane is murdered. The shocking crime garners headlines from Portland, Maine, to Long Beach, California. But after a sweeping manhunt, no one is arrested and the violent deaths of Mary Jane Reed and Stanley Skridla fade into time’s indifference. Fast forward fifty years. Eccentric entrepreneur Michael Arians moves to Oregon, opens a roadhouse, gets elected mayor, and becomes obsessed with the crime. He comes up with a scandalous conspiracy theory and starts to believe that Mary Jane’s ghost is haunting his establishment. He also reaches out to the Chicago Tribune for help. Arians’s letter falls on the desk of general assignment reporter Ted Gregory. For the next thirteen years, while he ricochets from story to story and his newspaper is deconstructed around him, Gregory remains beguiled by the case of the teenaged telephone operator Mary Jane and twenty-eight-year-old Navy vet Stanley—and equally fascinated by Arians’s seemingly hopeless pursuit of whoever murdered them. Mary Jane’s Ghost is the story of these two odysseys.

A Caterwaul from Egypt

During a national strike of the United Mine Workers of America, an exchange of gunfire, at a mining area in Herrin, Illinois, by armed guards and union miners, three miners and 20 non-miners were killed, including the superintendent and 19 ...

Author: Woodrow W. Everett


ISBN: WISC:89058503525

Category: Herrin Massacre, Ill., 1922

Page: 105

View: 466


During a national strike of the United Mine Workers of America, an exchange of gunfire, at a mining area in Herrin, Illinois, by armed guards and union miners, three miners and 20 non-miners were killed, including the superintendent and 19 strikebreakers.

Williamson County Illinois Sesquicentennial History

The Herrin Massacre By Paula M. Davenport The Southern 1 1 1 i rtoisan Reprinted with permission It remains one of the darkest moments in Williamson County's history; a vengeful two-day attack against non-union coal miners.

Author: Stan J. Hale

Publisher: Turner Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780938021766

Category: History

Page: 503

View: 307


The Young and Evil

As Erika Doss and others have explained, Herrin Massacre resulted from a commission by Life magazine, which, in 1939, began asking artists to depict scenes from the previous quarter-century of American history.4 Subjects were suggested ...

Author: Jarrett Earnest

Publisher: David Zwirner Books

ISBN: 9781644230268

Category: Art

Page: 160

View: 689


Lauded by Jerry Saltz as “one of the most reactionary yet radical visions of art,” The Young and Evil tells the story of a group of artists and writers active during the first half of the twentieth century, when homosexuality was as problematic for American culture as figuration was for modernist painting. These artists—including Paul Cadmus, Fidelma Cadmus Kirstein, Charles Henri Ford, Jared French, Margaret Hoening French, George Platt Lynes, Bernard Perlin, Pavel Tchelitchew, George Tooker, Alexander Jensen Yow, and their circle—were new social creatures, playfully and boldly homosexual at a time when it was both criminalized and pathologized. They pursued a modernism of the body—driven by eroticism and bounded by intimacy, forming a hothouse world within a world that doesn’t nicely fit any subsequent narrative of modern American art. In their work, they looked away from abstraction toward older sources and models—classical and archaic forms of figuration and Renaissance techniques. What might be seen as a reactionary aesthetic maneuver was made in the service of radical content—endeavoring to depict their own lives. Their little-known history is presented here through never-before-exhibited photographs, sculptures, drawings, ephemera, and rarely seen major paintings—offering the first view of its kind into their interwoven intellectual, artistic, and personal lives. Edited by Jarrett Earnest, who also curated the exhibition, The Young and Evil features new scholarship by art historians Ann Reynolds and Kenneth E. Silver and an interview with Alexander Jensen Yow by Michael Schreiber.

Benton Pollock and the Politics of Modernism

Paul Cadmus's picture, The Herrin Massacre (fig. ... scabs were slain by armed unionists during a strike in the small mining town of Herrin, Illinois, Cadmus's 1940 picture revealed an ugly scene of class conflict and labor divisionism.

Author: Erika Doss

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226159430

Category: Art

Page: 445

View: 991



Commonsense Anticommunism

44 The BI concluded that the Herrin Massacre was a strictly local affair. So did the state's attorney, who stepped in after the Williamson County coroner's jury found that the coal company, not the mob, was responsible for the deaths of ...

Author: Jennifer Luff

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807835418

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 877


Between the Great War and Pearl Harbor, conservative labor leaders declared themselves America's "first line of defense" against Communism. In this surprising account, Jennifer Luff shows how the American Federation of Labor fanned popular anticommunism b

Illinois a Descriptive and Historical Guide

The “Herrin Massacre” was occasioned by an attempt to operate a strip mine near Herrin with non-union labor while tension was at the breaking point in the community. On June 21 an armed clash occurred at the mine; two union men were ...

Author: Best Books on

Publisher: Best Books on

ISBN: 9781623760120


Page: 707

View: 712


originally compiled and written by the Federal writersþ project for the state of Illinois. Rev., with additions, in 1946.

Illinois a descriptive and historical guide

The “Herrin Massacre" was occasioned by an attempt to operate a. strip mine near Herrin with non-union labor while tension was at the breaking point in the community. On June 21 an armed clash occurred at the mine; two union men were ...

Author: Federal Writers

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 9785871983058

Category: History


View: 376


Illinois a descriptive and historical guide

The WPA Guide to Illinois

But in the summer of 1922, when the Nation's coal fields were closed by lockout and strike, occurred the "Herrin Massacre," a tragic incident in the long contest between the United Mine Workers of America and the coal operators.

Author: Federal Writers' Project

Publisher: Trinity University Press

ISBN: 9781595342119

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 373


During the 1930s in the United States, the Works Progress Administration developed the Federal Writers’ Project to support writers and artists while making a national effort to document the country’s shared history and culture. The American Guide series consists of individual guides to each of the states. Little-known authors—many of whom would later become celebrated literary figures—were commissioned to write these important books. John Steinbeck, Saul Bellow, Zora Neale Hurston, and Ralph Ellison are among the more than 6,000 writers, editors, historians, and researchers who documented this celebration of local histories. Photographs, drawings, driving tours, detailed descriptions of towns, and rich cultural details exhibit each state’s unique flavor. The Prarie State, nestled in the heart of the Midwest among the Great Lakes and Mississippi River, is finely represented in the WPA Guide to Illinois. The section on Chicago could stand alone as a guidebook in itself, spanning over 100 pages and incorporating the history and tourist attractions of the city. An essay about Abraham Lincoln by then governor Henry Horner, 26 total tours of the state, and a list of 50 books about the state of Illinois are also included in this extensive guide.