The Other Great Migration

In her thorough study of migration to Houston, Bernadette Pruitt portrays the move from rural to urban homes in Jim Crow Houston as a form of black activism and resistance to racism.

Author: Bernadette Pruitt

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9781603449489

Category: History

Page: 480

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The twentieth century has seen two great waves of African American migration from rural areas into the city, changing not only the country’s demographics but also black culture. In her thorough study of migration to Houston, Bernadette Pruitt portrays the move from rural to urban homes in Jim Crow Houston as a form of black activism and resistance to racism. Between 1900 and 1950 nearly fifty thousand blacks left their rural communities and small towns in Texas and Louisiana for Houston. Jim Crow proscription, disfranchisement, acts of violence and brutality, and rural poverty pushed them from their homes; the lure of social advancement and prosperity based on urban-industrial development drew them. Houston’s close proximity to basic minerals, innovations in transportation, increased trade, augmented economic revenue, and industrial development prompted white families, commercial businesses, and industries near the Houston Ship Channel to recruit blacks and other immigrants to the city as domestic laborers and wage earners. Using census data, manuscript collections, government records, and oral history interviews, Pruitt details who the migrants were, why they embarked on their journeys to Houston, the migration networks on which they relied, the jobs they held, the neighborhoods into which they settled, the culture and institutions they transplanted into the city, and the communities and people they transformed in Houston.

South Side Girls

In South Side Girls Marcia Chatelain recasts Chicago's Great Migration through the lens of black girls.

Author: Marcia Chatelain

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822375708

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 516

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In South Side Girls Marcia Chatelain recasts Chicago's Great Migration through the lens of black girls. Focusing on the years between 1910 and 1940, when Chicago's black population quintupled, Chatelain describes how Chicago's black social scientists, urban reformers, journalists and activists formulated a vulnerable image of urban black girlhood that needed protecting. She argues that the construction and meaning of black girlhood shifted in response to major economic, social, and cultural changes and crises, and that it reflected parents' and community leaders' anxieties about urbanization and its meaning for racial progress. Girls shouldered much of the burden of black aspiration, as adults often scrutinized their choices and behavior, and their well-being symbolized the community's moral health. Yet these adults were not alone in thinking about the Great Migration, as girls expressed their views as well. Referencing girls' letters and interviews, Chatelain uses their powerful stories of hope, anticipation and disappointment to highlight their feelings and thoughts, and in so doing, she helps restore the experiences of an understudied population to the Great Migration's complex narrative.

The Warmth of Other Suns

With stunning historical detail, Wilkerson tells this story through the lives of three unique individuals: Ida Mae Gladney, who in 1937 left sharecropping and prejudice in Mississippi for Chicago, where she achieved quiet blue-collar ...

Author: Isabel Wilkerson

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9780679604075

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 262

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In this bestselling, beautifully written masterwork, Pulitzer Prize–winning author Isabel Wilkerson chronicles one of the great untold stories of American history: the decades-long migration of black citizens who fled the South for northern and western cities, in search of a better life. NATIONAL BOOK CRITICS CIRCLE AWARD WINNER From 1915 to 1970, this exodus of almost six million people changed the face of America. Wilkerson compares this epic migration to the migrations of other peoples in history. She interviewed more than a thousand people, and gained access to new data and official records, to write this definitive and vividly dramatic account of how these American journeys unfolded, altering our cities, our country, and ourselves. With stunning historical detail, Wilkerson tells this story through the lives of three unique individuals: Ida Mae Gladney, who in 1937 left sharecropping and prejudice in Mississippi for Chicago, where she achieved quiet blue-collar success and, in old age, voted for Barack Obama when he ran for an Illinois Senate seat; sharp and quick-tempered George Starling, who in 1945 fled Florida for Harlem, where he endangered his job fighting for civil rights, saw his family fall, and finally found peace in God; and Robert Foster, who left Louisiana in 1953 to pursue a medical career, the personal physician to Ray Charles as part of a glitteringly successful medical career, which allowed him to purchase a grand home where he often threw exuberant parties. Wilkerson brilliantly captures their first treacherous and exhausting cross-country trips by car and train and their new lives in colonies that grew into ghettos, as well as how they changed these cities with southern food, faith, and culture and improved them with discipline, drive, and hard work. Both a riveting microcosm and a major assessment, The Warmth of Other Suns is a bold, remarkable, and riveting work, a superb account of an “unrecognized immigration” within our own land. Through the breadth of its narrative, the beauty of the writing, the depth of its research, and the fullness of the people and lives portrayed herein, this book is destined to become a classic. MARK LYNTON HISTORY PRIZE WINNER HEARTLAND AWARD WINNER DAYTON LITERARY PEACE PRIZE FINALIST NAMED ONE OF THE TEN BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY The New York Times • USA Today • O: The Oprah Magazine • Amazon • Publishers Weekly • Salon • Newsday • The Daily Beast NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY The New Yorker • The Washington Post • The Economist • Boston Globe • San Francisco Chronicle • Chicago Tribune • Entertainment Weekly • Philadelphia Inquirer • The Guardian • The Seattle Times • St. Louis Post-Dispatch • The Christian Science Monitor

The Great Migration in Historical Perspective

"The essays collected in this book represent the best of our present understanding of the African-American migration which began in the early twentieth century."Â —Southern Historian "As an overview of a field in transition, this is a ...

Author: Joe William Trotter

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253206693

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 959

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"The essays collected in this book represent the best of our present understanding of the African-American migration which began in the early twentieth century." --Southern Historian "As an overview of a field in transition, this is a valuable and deeply thought-provoking anthology." --Pennsylvania History " . . . provocative and informative . . . " --Louisiana History "The papers themselves are uniformly strong, and read together cast interesting light upon one another." --Georgia Historical Quarterly " . . . well-written and insightful essays . . . " --Journal of American History "This well-researched and well-documented collection represents the latest scholarship on the black migration." --Illinois Historical Journal " . . . an impressive balance of theory and historical content . . . " --Indiana Magazine of History Legions of black Americans left the South to migrate to the jobs of the North, from the meat-packing plants of Chicago to the shipyards of Richmond, California. These essays analyze the role of African Americans in shaping their own geographical movement, emphasizing the role of black kin, friend, and communal network. Contributors include Darlene Clark Hine, Peter Gottlieb, James R. Grossman, Earl Lewis, Shirley Ann Moore, and Joe William Trotter, Jr.

The Next Great Migration

Tracking the history of misinformation from the 18th century through to today's anti-immigration policies, The Next Great Migration makes the case for a future in which migration is not a source of fear, but of hope.

Author: Sonia Shah

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781526646309

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 364

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'A dazzlingly original picture of our relentlessly mobile species' NAOMI KLEIN 'Fascinating . . . Likely to prove prophetic in the coming months and years' OBSERVER 'A dazzling tour through 300 years of scientific history' PROSPECT 'A hugely entertaining, life-affirming and hopeful hymn to the glorious adaptability of life on earth' SCOTSMAN We are surrounded by stories of people on the move. Wild species, too, are escaping warming seas and desiccated lands in a mass exodus. Politicians and the media present this upheaval of migration patterns as unprecedented, blaming it for the spread of disease and conflict, and spreading anxiety across the world as a result. But the science and history of migration in animals, plants, and humans tell a different story. Far from being a disruptive behaviour, migration is an ancient and lifesaving response to environmental change, a biological imperative as necessary as breathing. Climate changes triggered the first human migrations out of Africa. Falling sea levels allowed our passage across the Bering Sea. Unhampered by borders, migration allowed our ancestors to people the planet, into the highest reaches of the Himalayan Mountains and the most remote islands of the Pacific, disseminating the biological, cultural and social diversity that ecosystems and societies depend upon. In other words, migration is not the crisis – it is the solution. Tracking the history of misinformation from the 18th century through to today's anti-immigration policies, The Next Great Migration makes the case for a future in which migration is not a source of fear, but of hope.

Black Exodus

In Black Exodus eight noted scholars consider the causes that stimulated the migration and examine the far-reaching results. An exploration of the impact of the massive migration of southern blacks to the North

Author: Alferdteen Harrison

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 0878056092

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 107

View: 487

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What were the causes that motivated legions of black southerners to immigrate to the North? What was the impact upon the land they left and upon the communities they chose for their new homes? Perhaps no pattern of migration has changed America's socioeconomic structure more than this mass exodus of African Americans in the first half of the twentieth century. Because of this exodus, the South lost not only a huge percentage of its inhabitants to northern cities like Chicago, New York, Detroit, and Philadelphia but also its supply of cheap labor. Fleeing from racial injustice and poverty, southern blacks took their culture north with them and transformed northern urban centers with their churches, social institutions, and ways of life. In Black Exodus eight noted scholars consider the causes that stimulated the migration and examine the far-reaching results.

The Great Migration

In this collection of poems and collage artwork, award winners Eloise Greenfield and Jan Spivey Gilchrist gracefully depict the experiences of families like their own, who found the courage to leave their homes behind and make new lives for ...

Author: Eloise Greenfield

Publisher: Amistad

ISBN: 0061259233

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 32

View: 384

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We were one family among the many thousands. Mama and Daddy leaving home, coming to the city, with their hopes and their courage, their dreams and their children, to make a better life. In this beautiful collection of poems and collage artwork, award winners Eloise Greenfield and Jan Spivey Gilchrist gracefully depict the experiences of families like their own, who found the courage to leave their homes behind during The Great Migration and make new lives for themselves elsewhere. When Eloise Greenfield was four months old, her family moved from their home in Parmele, North Carolina, to Washington, D.C. Before Jan Spivey Gilchrist was born, her mother moved from Arkansas and her father moved from Mississippi. Both settled in Chicago, Illinois. Though none of them knew it at the time, they had all become part of the Great Migration. The Great Migration concludes with a bibliography.

The Making of African America

These epic migra­tions have made and remade African American life. Ira Berlin's magisterial new account of these passages evokes both the terrible price and the moving triumphs of a people forcibly and then willingly migrating to America.

Author: Ira Berlin

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101189894

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 993

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A leading historian offers a sweeping new account of the African American experience over four centuries Four great migrations defined the history of black people in America: the violent removal of Africans to the east coast of North America known as the Middle Passage; the relocation of one million slaves to the interior of the antebellum South; the movement of more than six million blacks to the industrial cities of the north and west a century later; and since the late 1960s, the arrival of black immigrants from Africa, the Caribbean, South America, and Europe. These epic migra­tions have made and remade African American life. Ira Berlin's magisterial new account of these passages evokes both the terrible price and the moving triumphs of a people forcibly and then willingly migrating to America. In effect, Berlin rewrites the master narrative of African America, challenging the traditional presentation of a linear path of progress. He finds instead a dynamic of change in which eras of deep rootedness alternate with eras of massive move­ment, tradition giving way to innovation. The culture of black America is constantly evolving, affected by (and affecting) places as far away from one another as Biloxi, Chicago, Kingston, and Lagos. Certain to gar­ner widespread media attention, The Making of African America is a bold new account of a long and crucial chapter of American history.

Great Migrations

Examines several animals and their great migrations, ranging in size from the army ant to the sperm whale.

Author: Elizabeth Carney

Publisher: National Geographic Books

ISBN: 1426307004

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 45

View: 768

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Examines several animals and their great migrations, ranging in size from the army ant to the sperm whale.

Black Protest and the Great Migration

Eric Arnesen’s unique collection of articles from a variety of northern, southern, black, and white newspapers, magazines, and books explores the “Great Migration,” focusing on the economic, social, and political conditions of the Jim ...

Author: Eric Arnesen

Publisher: Macmillan Higher Education

ISBN: 9781319241711

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 685

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During World War I, as many as half a million southern African Americans permanently left the South to create new homes and lives in the urban North, and hundreds of thousands more would follow in the 1920s. This dramatic transformation in the lives of many black Americans involved more than geography: the increasingly visible “New Negro” and the intensification of grassroots black activism in the South as well as the North were the manifestations of a new challenge to racial subordination. Eric Arnesen’s unique collection of articles from a variety of northern, southern, black, and white newspapers, magazines, and books explores the “Great Migration,” focusing on the economic, social, and political conditions of the Jim Crow South, the meanings of race in general — and on labor in particular — in the urban North, the grassroots movements of social protest that flourished in the war years, and the postwar “racial counterrevolution.” An introduction by the editor, headnotes to documents, a chronology, questions for consideration, a bibliography, and an index are included.

Passage from India to El Dorado

This book is the story of these immigrants, who were transported from one side of the globe to another, almost exclusively in sailing ships."--BOOK JACKET.

Author: Dave Hollett

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 0838638198

Category: History

Page: 325

View: 998

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"At the instigation of William Gladstone, this challenge was met by implementing a controversial plan he had conceived, namely, the recruitment and importation of indentured workers from various places, but primarily from India, then the "jewel in the Crown" of the British Empire. This book is the story of these immigrants, who were transported from one side of the globe to another, almost exclusively in sailing ships."--BOOK JACKET.

Great Migration Newsletter

migration within New England in the years shortly after arrival ( termed by
Anderson “ The Great Reshuffling " ) . Virginia DeJohn Anderson , New England '
s Generation : The Great Migration and the Formation of Society and Culture in
the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105022115799

Category: New England

Page:

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The Great Migration I L

SCOPE For the user of this set of volumes to understand what is being presented
, we must define carefully the scope of the Great Migration Study Project . Who
were the participants in the Great Migration ? What information is being collected
 ...

Author: Robert Charles Anderson

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89082385832

Category: British Americans

Page: 474

View: 545

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Swallows and Settlers

In readable narrative prose, the book lays out the historical relationship between North China and the Northeast (Manchuria) and concludes with an examination of ongoing population movement between these regions since the founding of the ...

Author: Thomas Gottschang

Publisher: U of M Center for Chinese Studies

ISBN: 9780472038220

Category:

Page: 250

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Between the 1890s and the Second World War, twenty-five million people traveled from the densely populated North China provinces of Shandong and Hebei to seek employment in the growing economy of China's three northeastern provinces, the area known as Manchuria. This was the greatest population movement in modern Chinese history and ranks among the largest migrations in the world. Swallows and Settlers is the first comprehensive study of that migration. Drawing methods from their respective fields of economics and history, the coauthors focus on both the broad quantitative outlines of the movement and on the decisions and experiences of individual migrants and their families. In readable narrative prose, the book lays out the historical relationship between North China and the Northeast (Manchuria) and concludes with an examination of ongoing population movement between these regions since the founding of the People's Republic in 1949.

The Great Migration Begins

... Fifth Report of the Boston Record Commissioners (Boston revised 1887) John
Brooks Threlfall, Twenty-Six Great Migration Colonists To New England & Their
Origins (Madison, Wisconsin, 1993) John Brooks Threlfall, Fifty Great Migration ...

Author: Robert Charles Anderson

Publisher: New England Historic Genealogical Society(NEHGS)

ISBN: UVA:X004320353

Category: British Americans

Page: 53

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Given by Eugene Edge III.

China s Great Migration

More than simply a narrative of economic progress, China's Great Migration tells the human story of China's transformation, featuring interviews with the men and women whose way of life has been remade.

Author: Bradley Gardner

Publisher: Independent Institute

ISBN: 1598132245

Category: China

Page:

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China's rise over the past several decades has lifted more than half of its population out of poverty and reshaped the global economy. What has caused this dramatic transformation? In China's Great Migration: How the Poor Built a Prosperous Nation, author Bradley Gardner looks at one of the most important but least discussed forces pushing China's economic development: the migration of more than 260 million people from their birthplaces to China's most economically vibrant cities. By combining an analysis of China's political economy with current scholarship on the role of migration in economic development, China's Great Migration shows how the largest economic migration in the history of the world has led to a bottom-up transformation of China. Gardner draws from his experience as a researcher and journalist working in China to investigate why people chose to migrate and the social and political consequences of their decisions. In the aftermath of China's Cultural Revolution, the collapse of totalitarian government control allowed millions of people to skirt migration restrictions and move to China's growing cities, where they offered a massive pool of labor that propelled industrial development, foreign investment, and urbanization. Struggling to respond to the demands of these migrants, the Chinese government loosened its grip on the economy, strengthening property rights and allowing migrants to employ themselves and each other, spurring the Chinese economic miracle. More than simply a narrative of economic progress, China's Great Migration tells the human story of China's transformation, featuring interviews with the men and women whose way of life has been remade. In its pages, readers will learn about the rebirth of a country and millions of lives changed, hear what migration can tell us about the future of China, and discover what China's development can teach the rest of the world about the role of market liberalization and economic migration in fighting poverty and creating prosperity.

The Great Migration

Author: Jonathan Scott

Publisher: Rodale Books

ISBN: CORNELL:31924051780728

Category: Science

Page: 159

View: 137

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Describes the seasonal migration of the herds of wildebeests native to the Serengeti wildlife reserves

The Afro American Great Migration Novel

It was the first novel in which the characters participated in the 1916-1918 part of
the Great Migration , a period when both the number of migrants and the reams of
publicity promoting the event within the black communities were at their highest ...

Author: Lawrence Richard Rodgers

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89101171627

Category:

Page: 662

View: 266

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Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration

GLMR FILM 35035 Guide Library of Congress Cataloging - in - Publication Data
Records of southern plantations from emancipation to the great migration . Series
B , Selections from the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections ...

Author: University Publications of America (Firm)

Publisher: LexisNexis

ISBN: 1556558724

Category: African Americans

Page: 72

View: 811

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The Great Migration in Historical Perspective

New Dimensions of Race, Class, and Gender Joe William Trotter. r The Great
Migration in Historical Perspective Blacks in the Diaspora.

Author: Joe William Trotter

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015022068459

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 882

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Legions of black Americans left the South to migrate to the jobs of the North, from the meat-packing plants of Chicago to the shipyards of Richmond, California. These essays analyze the role of African Americans in shaping their own geographical movement, emphasizing the role of black kin, friend, and communal network. Contributors include Darlene Clark Hine, Peter Gottlieb, James R. Grossman, Earl Lewis, Shirley Ann Moore, and Joe William Trotter, Jr. (Publisher).