God and Logic in Islam

This book investigates the central role of reason in Islamic intellectual life.

Author: John Walbridge

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139492349

Category: Religion

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This book investigates the central role of reason in Islamic intellectual life. Despite widespread characterization of Islam as a system of belief based only on revelation, John Walbridge argues that rational methods, not fundamentalism, have characterized Islamic law, philosophy and education since the medieval period. His research demonstrates that this medieval Islamic rational tradition was opposed by both modernists and fundamentalists, resulting in a general collapse of traditional Islamic intellectual life and its replacement by more modern but far shallower forms of thought. However, the resources of this Islamic scholarly tradition remain an integral part of the Islamic intellectual tradition and will prove vital to its revival. The future of Islam, Walbridge argues, will be marked by a return to rationalism.

Logic and Islam

Throughout history, a believer did not need logical proof to believe in Almighty God. This is because the spiritual proof was always enough to admit the existence of Almighty God and to submit to Him.

Author: Magd Abdel Wahab

Publisher:

ISBN: 9463385827

Category:

Page: 152

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Throughout history, a believer did not need logical proof to believe in Almighty God. This is because the spiritual proof was always enough to admit the existence of Almighty God and to submit to Him. Finding Almighty God is not a mathematical equation that needs to be proven. Rather, it is a spiritual feeling due to a call from inside a human being. The relationship between Almighty God and humans is spiritual rather logical. However, with the advances in science and technology, this spiritual relationship decreases. Nowadays, modern man is looking for logic and scientific answers to many questions relating to Almighty God and religions. In fact, nonbelievers or atheists are not the only ones looking for answers to these types of questions; believers also want to increase their faith and remove doubts from their hearts. The main objective of this book is to provide logical answers to questions relating to belief in Almighty God, creations and Islam as the last heavenly religion. These questions are grouped under several topics, namely: 1) Almighty God, 2) the creation, 3) the soul, 4) the hereafter, 5) the destiny and freedom in choices, 6) the holy Quran and 7) the Islam. The main feature of this book is that the author provides logic flowcharts with each presented question relating to the different topics. Each logic flowchart has three phases: a start, a process and an end.

Logic and Islam Part II Scientific Issues

This book, Logic and Islam, summarises his experiences and provides logical answers to questions related to Almighty God, creations and Islam.

Author: Magd Abdel Wahab

Publisher:

ISBN: 9463388583

Category:

Page: 166

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In part II of this book series 'Logic and Islam', we answer the main question: can science prove that the Holy Quran is from Almighty God and has a divine origin? To answer this question, we gathered 77 scientific miracles from the Holy Quran. These miracles are scientific issues that have been revealed 1400 years ago and proven to be correct through our modern science and technology. We present each scientific issue from revelation and historical points of view, by comparing the year of its revelation with that of its discovery by modern science. 0The 77 scientific issues are grouped in six different categories: 1) astronomical issues, 2) earth science issues, 3) medical and biological issues, 4) animal and plant issues, 5) physics issues and 6) historical issues.0By using the theory of probability, we demonstrate that the possibility to predict all 77 issues correctly by chance is quasi-zero. In other words, if a human being tried to predict the 77 issues correctly, they would need an infinite number of trials. This provides solid proof that the Holy Quran could not have been written by a human being but that it should have been revealed by Almighty God. 0The last chapter of this book is devoted to responding to the allegations of anti-Muslims about scientific mistakes in the Holy Quran. We prove that all these allegations are based on a pure misunderstanding of the actual meaning of the original Arabic Quran verses.

Islam Is a Religion of Logic

Islam is viable and applicable in America and Europe, and there is no clash between Islam and Western democracy. There are many misconceptions about Islam, the Qur'an and Muhammad, and this book clears some of these misconceptions.

Author: Baher Foad

Publisher:

ISBN: 1947247522

Category: Religion

Page: 98

View: 673

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The Qur'an encourages Muslims to think, refl ect and ask questions, because faith based on knowledge and proper understanding is sound faith that can withstand tests and trials. We are tested and tried by God to examine our faith. We are given a free choice: we can reject faith in God, give up and despair, or we can patiently persevere, turn to God seeking his help and guidance. We do have power over our reaction to the tests and trials, and we are responsible for the choice that we make, and therefore we are accountable. There are two sources of knowledge in Islam: The Qur'an, God's literal words, inspired to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), and the sayings of the Prophet. Both were safeguarded and authenticated. It is up to us as human beings to understand God's message and how to apply its teachings in our life. Some adhere to the literal word, while others take into consideration the society that we live in and apply the guidelines in God's divine revelation accordingly. We need to listen to different interpretations and different points of view, since collective opinions are more correct than the opinion of one individual. The Qur'an revealed more than 1400 years ago outlined the guidelines of justice, freedom and accountability that are the foundations of the American constitution. Islam is viable and applicable in America and Europe, and there is no clash between Islam and Western democracy. There are many misconceptions about Islam, the Qur'an and Muhammad, and this book clears some of these misconceptions. Muhammad did not write the Qur'an for he was illiterate. Qur'anic verses are clear and logical and none of its verses were proven wrong. The Qur'an gave women the same rights and obligations as men, and each human being is judged according to his faith and deeds, and no one is better than another except for his/her degree of piety. Muslims are forbidden in the Qur'an from forcing anyone to become a Muslim against his will. Shari'a law is applicable only on Muslims, and it applies, not only to laws of punishment for crimes, but involves our rituals of worship and how we behave as human beings.

Ibn al Arab and Islamic Intellectual Culture

̄ (God and Logic in Islam: the Caliphate of Reason [Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011], pp. 84¥85.) 50 Ghazālī composed a treatise on Avicennian logic titled Mi1⁄4yār al-1⁄4ilm fE1⁄2l52 mantiq (Beirut, ...

Author: Caner K Dagli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317673903

Category: Religion

Page: 168

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Ibn al-'Arabī (d. 1240) was one of the towering figures of Islamic intellectual history, and among Sufis still bears the title of al-shaykh al-akbar, or "the greatest master." Ibn al-'Arabī and Islamic Intellectual Culture traces the history of the concept of "oneness of being" (wahdat al-wujūd) in the school of Ibn al- 'Arabī, in order to explore the relationship between mysticism and philosophy in Islamic intellectual life. It examines how the conceptual language used by early mystical writers became increasingly engaged over time with the broader Islamic intellectual culture, eventually becoming integrated with the latter’s common philosophical and theological vocabulary. It focuses on four successive generations of thinkers (Sadr al-Dīn al-Qūnawī, Mu'ayyad al-Dīn al-Jandī, 'Abd al-Razzāq al-Kāshānī, and Dāwūd al-Qaysarī), and examines how these "philosopher-mystics" refined and developed the ideas of Ibn al-'Arabī. Through a close analysis of texts, the book clearly traces the crystallization of an influential school of thought in Islamic history and its place in the broader intellectual culture. Offering an exploration of the development of Sufi expression and thought, this book will be a valuable resource for students and scholars of Islamic thought, philosophy, and mysticism.

The religion that captivated minds with its logic

This book is based upon selected (translated) verses from the holy book: the Quran; verses that contain logical information or reasoning with the human mind.

Author: Hatem Yahia

Publisher: XinXii

ISBN: 9783961421725

Category: Religion

Page: 126

View: 514

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This book is based upon selected (translated) verses from the holy book: the Quran; verses that contain logical information or reasoning with the human mind. These verses indicate that Islam is a religion that respects, moreover rewards, thinking and contemplation. The verses present irrefutable logic that leave a person astonished as he gradually comprehends the weight of what he is presented with, leaving him thinking deeply. If a person truly grasps the logic, and is objective in his deductions without being hindered by pride, he will end up with one option: submission to the one God. But to those who doubt that the verses are from God, it is up to them to decide whether these verses are within a human's capability and knowledge to compose or if they surpass human limits. For I believe, that within everyone is a God-given innate instinct that can recognize what is unique and sent from Him. The book will be divided into sections, each section responding to a false claim via simple logic provided in the Quran. This will begin by responding to the basic claim that there is no God, and progressing systematically through the sections to reach the final logical conclusion; the truth. The purpose of the book is to encourage people to choose their religion by applying logic. It is intended for the general populace. If the book manages to activate a persons mind, setting him on the path of deep thought and self-dependence, then the book has accomplished a large part of its purpose.

God Mind and Logical Space

The book offers a novel approach to the idea of divinity in guise of a philosophical doctrine called 'Logical Pantheism', according to which the only way to establish the existence of God undeniably is by equating God with Logical Space.

Author: I. Aranyosi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137280329

Category: Philosophy

Page: 210

View: 284

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The book offers a novel approach to the idea of divinity in guise of a philosophical doctrine called 'Logical Pantheism', according to which the only way to establish the existence of God undeniably is by equating God with Logical Space.

Contemporary Perspectives on Revelation and Qu ranic Hermeneutics

The term is also used by John Walbridge, God and Logic, p. 72. 74. See Mahdi, al-Farabi, pp. 155–6. 75. Rahman himself explains al-Farabi's idea in his Prophecy in Islam, p. 34. For a primary source, see al-Farabi, ...

Author: Akbar Ali Akbar

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9781474456197

Category:

Page: 200

View: 168

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A number of innovative hermeneutical approaches emerged in Muslim exegetical discourse in the second half of the 20th century. Among these developments is a trend of systematic reform theology that emphasises a humanistic approach, whereby revelation is understood to be dependent not only upon its initiator, God, but also upon its recipient, Prophet Muhammad, who takes an active role in the process.Ali Akbar examines the works of four noted scholars of Islam: Fazlur Rahman (Pakistan), Abdolkarim Soroush (Iran), Muhammad Mujtahed Shabestari (Iran) and Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd (Egypt). His study shows that the consequences of taking a humanistic approach to understanding revelation are not confined to the realm of speculation about God-human relations, but also to interpreting Qur'A nic socio-political precepts. And the four scholars emerge as a distinctive group of Muslim thinkers who open up a new horizon in contemporary Islamic discourse.

Quranic Concept of God

If now and then we spare a moment of solitude to think about these and similar questions, this scholarly delightful and refreshing book by Muhammad Zia Ullah will go to a great length to answer these.This book discusses God of Islam, Allah, ...

Author: Muhammad Zia Ullah

Publisher:

ISBN: 0578646846

Category:

Page:

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The delight and excitement of the modern world leave little or no time for us to think of the ultimate question: like whence we came, whither we go, who sent us into this world and to what end or purpose, who is our creator, what is good and evil, heaven and hell, life hereafter. If now and then we spare a moment of solitude to think about these and similar questions, this scholarly delightful and refreshing book by Muhammad Zia Ullah will go to a great length to answer these.This book discusses God of Islam, Allah, whose attributes have been manifested in the Quran. This book is different from similar other books because it tackles the subject with an open mind and logic. The basic source is the Quran, which is an introduction of God to man. His main line of argument comes from the Quran from which he gives suitable Quotations. Each quotation in original Arabic text is accompanied by suitable English translation. He also dwells on Shariah, Sufi tradition, and modern achievements of Science and Philosophy in a flawless style. The authors' premise is in the mans' own experience and his own comprehension of the material world that he must learn to know God. His God is God of reason. To arrive at the view of Allah, he meditates, thinks aloud aducing arguments from everyday life. He discusses nature of human love , its relationship with with Allah is his love for His creations. He clarifies the concept of divine beauty and links it with human life. He does not dwell on philosophical aspect alone. He tackles such complicated problems as the Quranic doctrine of crime and punishment obedience and reward with the help with help of erudite sources. The final impression is that of an enlightened modern man praising Allah in terms that are easily grasped by any man today. It is handiwork for those who wish to find a philosophical logical answer to their doubts and wish to persuade others into an act of praise which is the highest attribute given to man.

The Propositional Logic of Avicenna

The main purpose of this work is to provide an English translation of and commentary on a recently published Arabic text dealing with con ditional propositions and syllogisms.

Author: Avicenna

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401026246

Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

View: 349

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The main purpose of this work is to provide an English translation of and commentary on a recently published Arabic text dealing with con ditional propositions and syllogisms. The text is that of A vicenna (Abu represents his views on the subject as they were held throughout his life.