Global Bioethics

At the present time it is necessary to go beyond Leopold and beyond medical bioethics. We must recognize that over-specialization in either branch can be counterproductive to the goal of acceptable survival on a global scale.

Author: Van Rensselaer Potter

Publisher: MSU Press

ISBN: 9781609172886

Category: Political Science

Page: 203

View: 586


Van Rensselaer Potter created and defined the term "bioethics" in 1970, to describe a new philosophy that sought to integrate biology, ecology, medicine, and human values. Bioethics is often linked to environmental ethics and stands in sharp contrast to biomedical ethics. Because of this confusion (and appropriation of the term in medicine), Potter chose to use the term "Global Bioethics" in 1988. Potter's definition of bioethics from Global Bioethics is, "Biology combined with diverse humanistic knowledge forging a science that sets a system of medical and environmental priorities for acceptable survival."

Global Bioethics

Preface Global Bioethics has become an international review in 1992 ; it was previously known as " Problemi di Bioetica " , founded in 1987 by a group of Italian researchers interested in debating the problems connected with the ...



ISBN: CORNELL:31924090136080

Category: Bioethics

Page: 334

View: 601


Global Bioethics

dominant neoliberal ideology and not to acquiesce in the unavoidability of global problems. These responses are possible because global bioethics presupposes, as discussed previously, a different horizon that puts in focus a perspective ...

Author: Henk ten Have

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317300823

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 208


The panorama of bioethical problems is different today. Patients travel to Thailand for fast surgery; commercial surrogate mothers in India deliver babies to parents in rich countries; organs, body parts and tissues are trafficked from East to Western Europe; physicians and nurses migrating from Africa to the U.S; thousands of children or patients with malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS are dying each day because they cannot afford effective drugs that are too expensive. Mainstream bioethics as it has developed during the last 50 years in Western countries is evolving into a broader approach that is relevant for people across the world and is focused on new global problems. This book provides an introduction into the new field of global bioethics. Addressing these problems requires a broader vision of bioethics that not only goes beyond the current emphasis on individual autonomy, but that criticizes the social, economic and political context that is producing the problems at global level. This book argues that global bioethics is a necessity because the social, economic and environmental effects of globalization require critical responses. Global bioethics is not a finished product that can simply be applied to solve global problems, but it is the ongoing result of interaction and exchange between local practices and global discourse. It combines recognition of differences and respect for cultural diversity with convergence towards common perspectives and shared values. The book examines the nature of global problems as well as the type of responses that are needed, in order to exemplify the substance of global bioethics. It discusses the ethical frameworks that are available for global discourse and shows how these are transformed into global governance mechanisms and practices.

Global Bioethics

In his chapter ''The Role and Influence of Religions in Bioethics,'' the Swiss theologian and bioethicist Denis M ̈uller defends the positive contribu- tion of world religions in furthering our understanding of global bioethical ...

Author: Ronald M. Green

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191563027

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 947


Medical care and biomedical research are rapidly becoming global. Ethical questions that once arose only in the narrow context of the physician-patient relationship in relatively prosperous societies are now being raised across societies, cultures, and continents. For example, what should be the "standard of care" for clinical trials of medical innovations in poorer countries? Are researchers obligated to compare new therapies or drugs with the best known ones available, or can they use as a benchmark the actual treatments (or lack of treatments) available to poor people? Should pharmaceutical companies seeking to lower the costs of new drug trials be allowed to enrol citizens of less developed countries in them even when those individuals cannot afford and will not be eligible for the resulting drugs? More generally, should the norms of medicine and research be the same across cultures or can they adapt to local social, economic, or religious conditions? Global Bioethics gathers some of the world's leading bioethicists to explore many of the new questions raised by the globalization of medical care and biomedical research. Among the topics covered are the impact of globalization on the norms of medical ethics, the conduct of international research, the ethics of international collaborations, challenges to medical professionalism in the international setting, and the relation of religion to global bioethics.

Global Bioethics

Acknowledging that “[B]ioethics has gone global”, Arras and Fenton support Mann's original idea that bioethics ought ... the unfortunate likelihood that it will not be honored for the majority of the world's poor for many years to come.

Author: Brunetto Chiarelli

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789533075372

Category: Medical

Page: 164

View: 242


Two new factor have been added to the ideological change in the second half of the past century: the “ecological impact” of humankind on the environment due to the population increase; and the “ innovative impact of science, first with atomic physics, which introduced the scission of the fundamental unit of matter, the atom, and then witch molecular biology, which led to the decoding of genetic information and intervention of biological engineering that annihilate our concepts of individual and species as fundamental units in biology. This stage of fundamental rethinking is however overshadowed by the threat of ecological disaster and catastrophic population increase, which not only impose limits to development, but undermine the very survival of Humankind. The future survival our species in fact depends on the interaction between its reproductive characteristics and the productivity of the territory, which, even if increased by the intellectual capability of the human brain, has intrinsically limits. The adaptive choices (which are also biotechnological and biomedical) of the interaction between human population and the natural ambience is the conceptual basis of the new discipline “Global Bioethics”.

Dictionary of Global Bioethics

vi Preface Nonetheless, we are convinced that this dictionary covers the most relevant issues in today's global bioethics. Part I deals with those organizations that actively work in the field of global bioethics.

Author: Henk ten Have

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030541613

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1063

View: 477


This Dictionary presents a broad range of topics relevant in present-day global bioethics. With more than 500 entries, this dictionary covers organizations working in the field of global bioethics, international documents concerning bioethics, personalities that have played a role in the development of global bioethics, as well as specific topics in the field.The book is not only useful for students and professionals in global health activities, but can also serve as a basic tool that explains relevant ethical notions and terms. The dictionary furthers the ideals of cosmopolitanism: solidarity, equality, respect for difference and concern with what human beings- and specifically patients - have in common, regardless of their backgrounds, hometowns, religions, gender, etc. Global problems such as pandemic diseases, disasters, lack of care and medication, homelessness and displacement call for global responses.This book demonstrates that a moral vision of global health is necessary and it helps to quickly understand the basic ideas of global bioethics.

African Indigenous Ethics in Global Bioethics Limited Scope of Medical Ethics and the Increasing Need for Global Bioethics Even though informal bioethics can be said to be as old as humanity itself, formal bioethics has been associated with medical practice and the art of ...

Author: Leonard Tumaini Chuwa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401786256

Category: Philosophy

Page: 258

View: 308


This book educates whilst also challenging the contemporary schools of thought within philosophical and religious ethics. In addition, it underlines the fact that the substance of ethics in general and bioethics/healthcare ethics specifically, is much more expansive and inclusive than is usually thought. Bioethics is a relatively new academic discipline. However, ethics has existed informally since before the time of Hippocrates. The indigenous culture of African peoples has an ethical worldview which predates the western discourse. This indigenous ethical worldview has been orally transmitted over centuries. The earliest known written African text containing some concepts and content of ethics is the “Declaration of Innocence” written in 1500 B.C., found in an Egyptian text. Ubuntu is an example of African culture that presents an ethical worldview. This work interprets the culture of Ubuntu to explain the contribution of a representative indigenous African ethics to global bioethics. Many modern scholars have written about the meaning of Ubuntu for African societies over centuries. Some scholars have viewed Ubuntu as the greatest contribution of African cultures to other world cultures. None of the scholars, however has explored the culture of Ubuntu as providing a representative indigenous ethics that can contribute to global bioethics as discussed in this book.​

Cross Cultural Perspectives on the Im Possibility of Global Bioethics

Global Bioethics: 4th World Congress of Bioethics, 4-7 November, 1998 at Nihon University Hall, Nihon University, Japan, p. 97. Beauchamp, T. (1998). Foundations of global bioethics. Global Bioethics: 4th World Congress of Bioethics, ...

Author: J. Tao Lai Po-wah

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401711951

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 641


The contributions to this volume grew out of papers presented at an international conference Individual, Community & Society: Bioethics in the Third Millennium, held in Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, between 25-28 May 1999. The conference was organized by the Centre for Comparative Public Management and Social Policy, and Ethics in Contemporary China Research Group, in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at the City University of Hong Kong. The conference brought together scholars from east and west to investigate the challenges to caring and to traditional moral authorities that would confront bioethics in the third millennium. They explored the implications of moral loss and moral diversity in post-traditional and post-modern societies, and how these would shape the character of medical care and bioethics discourse in the new era. A proceedings volume under the same title of Individual, Community & Society: Bioethics in the Third Millennium, was published in May 1999 for the conference meeting.

Global Bioethics What for

He articulated a 'bioethical imperative', basing ethics on the recognition of this interdependence and making humans responsible for preserving life in its diversity. His idea of bioethics takes a global and ecological perspective on ...

Author: Solinís, Germán

Publisher: UNESCO Publishing

ISBN: 9789231000614

Category: Political Science

Page: 141

View: 664


Through the experiences of each of the authors, specialists from all over the world, men and women who have contributed to the Bioethics Programme of UNESCO, here are thirty articles of four pages each providing us with many accessible definitions of bioethics and its use. This book is just one of the ways in which the Programme is celebrating its twenty years of existence. The reader will find thought-provoking ideas with regard to philosophical concepts and attributes of bioethics, its normative interest and fields of application, and the challenges it faces. Authors such as Daniel Callahan, Michále Stanton-Jean, Federico Mayor, Juliana Gonzâlez, Michael Kirby, Mary Rawlinson, Henk ten Have or Vasil Gluchman talk of UNESCO's Programme's history and the benefits it provides and they debate which is the best framework for its future in terms of values, procedures, principles and policies. It is through bioethical discernment, with its complexity, cultural diversity, social differentiation and economic inequality that answers can be found, with our feet planted in local history but our sights set on the holistic horizon.

Global Bioethics The Impact of the UNESCO International Bioethics Committee

By explaining why an international organization such as UNESCO should be involved in global bioethics, the author presents some new bioethical challenges which the IBC should tackle in the next 20 years. In Chap. 2, Michèle Stanton-Jean ...

Author: Alireza Bagheri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319226507

Category: Philosophy

Page: 201

View: 651


The UNESCO International Bioethics Committee is an international body that sets standards in the field of bioethics. This collection represents the contributions of the IBC to global bioethics. The IBC is a body of 36 independent experts that follows progress in the life sciences and its applications in order to ensure respect for human dignity and freedom. Currently, some of the topics of the IBC contributions have been discussed in the bioethics literature, mostly journal articles. However, this is a unique contribution by the scholars who developed these universal declarations and reports. The contributors have not only provided a scholarly up to date discussion of their research topics, but as members of the IBC they have also discussed specific practical challenges in the development of such international documents. This book will be suited to academics within bioethics, health care policy and international law.