Geo Spatial Knowledge and Intelligence

This two-volume set (CCIS 848 and CCIS 849) constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference Geo-Spatial Knowledge and Intelligence, GSKI 2017, held in Chiang Mai, Thailand, in December 2018.The 142 full ...

Author: Hanning Yuan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811308963

Category: Computers

Page: 774

View: 973

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This two-volume set (CCIS 848 and CCIS 849) constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference Geo-Spatial Knowledge and Intelligence, GSKI 2017, held in Chiang Mai, Thailand, in December 2018.The 142 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 579 submissions. They are organized in topical sections on smart city in resource management and sustainable ecosystem; spatial data acquisition through RS and GIS in resource management and sustainable ecosystem; ecological and environmental data processing and management; advanced geospatial model and analysis for understanding ecological and environmental process; applications of geo-informatics in resource management and sustainable ecosystem.

Geo Spatial Knowledge and Intelligence

The two volume proceedings of CCIS 698 and 699 constitutes revised selected papers from the 4th International Conference on Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem, GRMSE 2016, held in Hong Kong, China, in November ...

Author: Hanning Yuan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811039690

Category: Computers

Page: 497

View: 529

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The two volume proceedings of CCIS 698 and 699 constitutes revised selected papers from the 4th International Conference on Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem, GRMSE 2016, held in Hong Kong, China, in November 2016. The total of 118 papers presented in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 311 submissions. The contributions were organized in topical sections named: smart city in resource management and sustainable ecosystem; spatial data acquisition through RS and GIS in resource management and sustainable ecosystem; ecological and environmental data processing and management; advanced geospatial model and analysis for understanding ecological and environmental processes; applications of geo-informatics in resource management and sustainable ecosystem.

Geo Spatial Knowledge and Intelligence

The two volume proceedings of CCIS 698 and 699 constitutes revised selected papers from the 4th International Conference on Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem, GRMSE 2016, held in Hong Kong, China, in November ...

Author: Hanning Yuan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811039658

Category: Computers

Page: 605

View: 621

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The two volume proceedings of CCIS 698 and 699 constitutes revised selected papers from the 4th International Conference on Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem, GRMSE 2016, held in Hong Kong, China, in November 2016. The total of 118 papers presented in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 311 submissions. The contributions were organized in topical sections named: smart city in resource management and sustainable ecosystem; spatial data acquisition through RS and GIS in resource management and sustainable ecosystem; ecological and environmental data processing and management; advanced geospatial model and analysis for understanding ecological and environmental processes; applications of geo-informatics in resource management and sustainable ecosystem.

Geo Spatial Knowledge and Intelligence

The two volume proceedings of CCIS 698 and 699 constitutes revised selected papers from the 4th International Conference on Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem, GRMSE 2016, held in Hong Kong, China, in November ...

Author: Hanning Yuan

Publisher:

ISBN: 9811039674

Category: Computer simulation

Page: 605

View: 438

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Geospatial Intelligence

The book is a needed and essential primer to the profession that transcends the technical and prepares the professional to think critically about the art and science of GEOINT.”—Todd S. Bacastow, teaching professor of practice for ...

Author: Robert M. Clark

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781647120115

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 108

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A riveting introduction to the complex and evolving field of geospatial intelligence. Although geospatial intelligence is a term of recent origin, its underpinnings have a long and interesting history. Geospatial Intelligence: Origins and Evolution shows how the current age of geospatial knowledge evolved from its ancient origins to become ubiquitous in daily life across the globe. Within that framework, the book weaves a tapestry of stories about the people, events, ideas, and technologies that affected the trajectory of what has become known as GEOINT. Author Robert M. Clark explores the historical background and subsequent influence of fields such as geography, cartography, remote sensing, photogrammetry, geopolitics, geophysics, and geographic information systems on GEOINT. Although its modern use began in national security communities, Clark shows how GEOINT has rapidly extended its reach to other government agencies, NGOs, and corporations. This global explosion in the use of geospatial intelligence has far-reaching implications not only for the scientific, academic, and commercial communities but for a society increasingly reliant upon emerging technologies. Drones, the Internet of things, and cellular devices transform how we gather information and how others can collect that information, to our benefit or detriment.

Future U S Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence

he gaps in geospatial intelligence-related knowledge and skills identified in Chapter 5 can be filled through education and training. Training in the disciplines, methods, and technologies underlying geospatial intelligence is offered ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309268646

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 543

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We live in a changing world with multiple and evolving threats to national security, including terrorism, asymmetrical warfare (conflicts between agents with different military powers or tactics), and social unrest. Visually depicting and assessing these threats using imagery and other geographically-referenced information is the mission of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). As the nature of the threat evolves, so do the tools, knowledge, and skills needed to respond. The challenge for NGA is to maintain a workforce that can deal with evolving threats to national security, ongoing scientific and technological advances, and changing skills and expectations of workers. Future U.S. Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence assesses the supply of expertise in 10 geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) fields, including 5 traditional areas (geodesy and geophysics, photogrammetry, remote sensing, cartographic science, and geographic information systems and geospatial analysis) and 5 emerging areas that could improve geospatial intelligence (GEOINT fusion, crowdsourcing, human geography, visual analytics, and forecasting). The report also identifies gaps in expertise relative to NGA's needs and suggests ways to ensure an adequate supply of geospatial intelligence expertise over the next 20 years.

Big Data

number of geoprocessing service modules or geospatial models to meet diverse requirements and needs is beyond the ... Therefore, an intelligent knowledge system automatically converts data to user-specific geospatial information and ...

Author: Hassan A. Karimi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466586512

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

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Big data has always been a major challenge in geoinformatics as geospatial data come in various types and formats, new geospatial data are acquired very fast, and geospatial databases are inherently very large. And while there have been advances in hardware and software for handling big data, they often fall short of handling geospatial big data efficiently and effectively. Big Data: Techniques and Technologies in Geoinformatics tackles these challenges head on, integrating coverage of techniques and technologies for storing, managing, and computing geospatial big data. Providing a perspective based on analysis of time, applications, and resources, this book familiarizes readers with geospatial applications that fall under the category of big data. It explores new trends in geospatial data collection, such as geo-crowdsourcing and advanced data collection technologies such as LiDAR point clouds. The book features a range of topics on big data techniques and technologies in geoinformatics including distributed computing, geospatial data analytics, social media, and volunteered geographic information. With chapters contributed by experts in geoinformatics and in domains such as computing and engineering, the book provides an understanding of the challenges and issues of big data in geoinformatics applications. The book is a single collection of current and emerging techniques, technologies, and tools that are needed to collect, analyze, manage, process, and visualize geospatial big data.

Geospatial Intelligence Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

NN uses learning algorithms to model knowledge and save spatial knowledge in weighted connections, mimicking the function of a human brain. It is also capable to the models feedforward backpropagation ANN. SPATIAL DATA MINING SYSTEMS In ...

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522580553

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1853

View: 493

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Decision makers, such as government officials, need to better understand human activity in order to make informed decisions. With the ability to measure and explore geographic space through the use of geospatial intelligence data sources including imagery and mapping data, they are better able to measure factors affecting the human population. As a broad field of study, geospatial research has applications in a variety of fields including military science, environmental science, civil engineering, and space exploration. Geospatial Intelligence: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications explores multidisciplinary applications of geographic information systems to describe, assess, and visually depict physical features and to gather data, information, and knowledge regarding human activity. Highlighting a range of topics such as geovisualization, spatial analysis, and landscape mapping, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for data scientists, engineers, government agencies, researchers, and graduate-level students in GIS programs.

Big Data and Computational Intelligence in Networking

The primary challenge is how to distribute the geospatial data within a knowledge base over computing nodes to enable global and local spatial indices and to distribute the spatial computation workload. One possible research direction ...

Author: Yulei Wu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498784870

Category: Computers

Page: 530

View: 910

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This book presents state-of-the-art solutions to the theoretical and practical challenges stemming from the leverage of big data and its computational intelligence in supporting smart network operation, management, and optimization. In particular, the technical focus covers the comprehensive understanding of network big data, efficient collection and management of network big data, distributed and scalable online analytics for network big data, and emerging applications of network big data for computational intelligence.

Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency

The report also suggests promising approaches in geospatial science and related disciplines for meeting these challenges. The results of this study are intended to help NGA prioritize geospatial science research directions.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309180376

Category: Political Science

Page: 114

View: 203

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The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) provides geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) to support national security, both as a national intelligence and a combat support agency. In the post-9/11 world, the need for faster and more accurate geospatial intelligence is increasing. GEOINT uses imagery and geospatial data and information to provide knowledge for planning, decisions, and action. For example, data from satellites, pilotless aircraft and ground sensors are integrated with maps and other intelligence data to provide location information on a potential target. This report defines 12 hard problems in geospatial science that NGA must resolve in order to evolve their capabilities to meet future needs. Many of the hard research problems are related to integration of data collected from an ever-growing variety of sensors and non-spatial data sources, and analysis of spatial data collected during a sequence of time (spatio-temporal data). The report also suggests promising approaches in geospatial science and related disciplines for meeting these challenges. The results of this study are intended to help NGA prioritize geospatial science research directions.

Geospatial Intelligence

The key issue in this approach is the obtainment of this knowledge, which is usually implicit and not formalized. Analysis methods must reduce the dimensionality of this very high-dimensional feature space to make any classifi- cation ...

Author: Fatimazahra Barramou

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030804589

Category:

Page:

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Spatial Information Theory

This volume contains the papers presented at the 9th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory, COSIT 2009, held in Aber Wrac’h, France, September 21–25, 2009. For COSIT 2009, 70 full paper submissions were received.

Author: Kathleen Stewart Hornsby

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642038327

Category: Computers

Page: 505

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First established in 1993 with a conference in Elba, Italy, COSIT (the International C- ference on Spatial Information Theory) is widely acknowledged as one of the most - portant conferences for the field of spatial information theory. This conference series brings together researchers from a wide range of disciplines for intensive scientific - changes centered on spatial information theory. COSIT submissions typically address research questions drawn from cognitive, perceptual, and environmental psychology, geography, spatial information science, computer science, artificial intelligence, cog- tive science, engineering, cognitive anthropology, linguistics, ontology, architecture, planning, and environmental design. Some of the topical areas include, for example, the cognitive structure of spatial knowledge; events and processes in geographic space; incomplete or imprecise spatial knowledge; languages of spatial relations; navigation by organisms and robots; ontology of space; communication of spatial information; and the social and cultural organization of space to name a few. This volume contains the papers presented at the 9th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory, COSIT 2009, held in Aber Wrac’h, France, September 21–25, 2009. For COSIT 2009, 70 full paper submissions were received. These papers were carefully reviewed by an international Program Committee based on relevance to the conference, intellectual quality, scientific significance, novelty, relation to previously published literature, and clarity of presentation. After reviewing was completed, 30 papers were selected for presentation at the conference and appear in this volume. This number of papers reflects the high quality of submissions to COSIT this year.

New Research Directions for the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency

... Science Committee, Steering Committee on New Research Directions for the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency ... with existing geospatial information using prior knowledge and multiple sources of information and knowledge.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309159997

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 70

View: 413

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The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) within the Department of Defense has the primary mission of providing timely, relevant, and accurate imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial information--collectively known as geospatial intelligence (GEOINT)--in support of national security. In support of its mission, NGA sponsors research that builds the scientific foundation for geospatial intelligence and that reinforces the academic base, thus training the next generation of NGA analysts while developing new approaches to analytical problems. Historically, NGA has supported research in five core areas: (1) photogrammetry and geomatics, (2) remote sensing and imagery science, (3) geodesy and geophysics, (4) cartographic science, and (5) geographic information systems (GIS) and geospatial analysis. Positioning NGA for the future is the responsibility of the InnoVision Directorate, which analyzes intelligence trends, technological advances, and emerging customer and partner concepts to provide cutting-edge technology and process solutions. At the request of InnoVision, the National Research Council (NRC) held a 3-day workshop to explore the evolution of the five core research areas and to identify emerging disciplines that may improve the quality of geospatial intelligence over the next 15 years. This workshop report offers a potential research agenda that would expand NGA's capabilities and improve its effectiveness in providing geospatial intelligence.

Geospatial Semantic Web

... Bregt A, Rajabifard A et al (2004) Assessing the worldwide developments of national spatial data, Inter J Geogr Inf Sci 18:665–689 Di L (2005) A framework for developing web-service-based intelligent geospatial knowledge systems.

Author: Chuanrong Zhang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319178011

Category: Science

Page: 194

View: 484

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This book covers key issues related to Geospatial Semantic Web, including geospatial web services for spatial data interoperability; geospatial ontology for semantic interoperability; ontology creation, sharing, and integration; querying knowledge and information from heterogeneous data source; interfaces for Geospatial Semantic Web, VGI (Volunteered Geographic Information) and Geospatial Semantic Web; challenges of Geospatial Semantic Web; and development of Geospatial Semantic Web applications. This book also describes state-of-the-art technologies that attempt to solve these problems such as WFS, WMS, RDF, OWL and GeoSPARQL and demonstrates how to use the Geospatial Semantic Web technologies to solve practical real-world problems such as spatial data interoperability.

Automating Open Source Intelligence

CONCLUSIONS In this chapter, we have provided an overview of the different kinds of geospatial reasoning that may be used with open geospatial data, and briefly discussed the structure of the knowledge representations that support that ...

Author: Robert Layton

Publisher: Syngress

ISBN: 9780128029176

Category: Computers

Page: 222

View: 500

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Algorithms for Automating Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) presents information on the gathering of information and extraction of actionable intelligence from openly available sources, including news broadcasts, public repositories, and more recently, social media. As OSINT has applications in crime fighting, state-based intelligence, and social research, this book provides recent advances in text mining, web crawling, and other algorithms that have led to advances in methods that can largely automate this process. The book is beneficial to both practitioners and academic researchers, with discussions of the latest advances in applications, a coherent set of methods and processes for automating OSINT, and interdisciplinary perspectives on the key problems identified within each discipline. Drawing upon years of practical experience and using numerous examples, editors Robert Layton, Paul Watters, and a distinguished list of contributors discuss Evidence Accumulation Strategies for OSINT, Named Entity Resolution in Social Media, Analyzing Social Media Campaigns for Group Size Estimation, Surveys and qualitative techniques in OSINT, and Geospatial reasoning of open data. Presents a coherent set of methods and processes for automating OSINT Focuses on algorithms and applications allowing the practitioner to get up and running quickly Includes fully developed case studies on the digital underground and predicting crime through OSINT Discusses the ethical considerations when using publicly available online data

GeoSpatial Semantics

Hernández, D. Qualitative Representation of Spatial Knowledge. ... Hornsby, K. and Egenhofer, M. Modelling Moving Objects over Multiple Granularities, Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence, 36 (1-2), 177-194, 2002.

Author: M. Andrea Rodriguez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540322832

Category: Computers

Page: 260

View: 491

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on GeoSpatial Semantics, GeoS 2005, held in Mexico City, Mexico in November 2005. The 15 revised full papers presented together with 4 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 42 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on theories for the semantics of geospatial information, formal representations for geospatial data, similarity comparison of spatial data sets, ontology-based spatial information retrieval, and geospatial semantic Web.

Physical Security and Environmental Protection

GEOINT is an intelligence discipline involving the exploitation and analysis of geospatial data and information to describe ... Geospatial knowledge is structuring of geospatial information, accompanied by an interpretation or analysis.

Author: John Perdikaris

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482211948

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 226

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Manage a Hazard or Threat Effectively and Prevent It from Becoming a Disaster When disaster strikes, it can present challenges to those caught off guard, leaving them to cope with the fallout. Adopting a risk management approach to addressing threats, vulnerability, and risk assessments is critical to those on the frontline. Developed with first responders at the municipal, state, provincial, and federal level in mind, Physical Security and Environmental Protection guides readers through the various phases of disaster management, including prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. It contains the steps and principles essential to effectively managing a hazard or threat, preventing it from becoming a disaster. From the Initial Threat Assessment to Response and Recovery Operations Considering both natural and manmade disasters, this text includes sections on hazard analysis, emergency planning, effective communication, and leadership. It covers threat assessment, examines critical infrastructure protection, and addresses violent behavior. The text also outlines protection strategies; discussing strategy management, identifying suspicious behavior, and detailing how to avoid a potential attack. The text includes an overview on developing force protection plans, security plans, and business continuity plans. The book also addresses response and recovery operations, explores post-incident stress management, and poses the following questions: What hazards exist in or near the community? How frequently do these hazards occur? How much damage can they cause? Which hazards pose the greatest threat? This text includes the tools and information necessary to help readers develop business continuity, force protection, and emergency preparedness plans for their own group or organization.

Information Management and Machine Intelligence

In H. Yuan, J. Geng, C. Liu, F. Bian, & T. Surapunt (Eds.), Geo-Spatial Knowledge and Intelligence, GSKI 2017. Communications in Computer and Information Science (Vol. 848). Singapore: Springer. 5. Li, Z., & Gongxun, Y. (2007).

Author: Dinesh Goyal

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811549366

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 677

View: 899

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This book features selected papers presented at the International Conference on Information Management and Machine Intelligence (ICIMMI 2019), held at the Poornima Institute of Engineering & Technology, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, on December 14–15, 2019. It covers a range of topics, including data analytics; AI; machine and deep learning; information management, security, processing techniques and interpretation; applications of artificial intelligence in soft computing and pattern recognition; cloud-based applications for machine learning; application of IoT in power distribution systems; as well as wireless sensor networks and adaptive wireless communication.

Geospatial Semantics and the Semantic Web

Alternate descriptions of what geospatial semantics is about can be stated as being the sub-area of geographic or geospatial information systems that deals with knowledge driven or intelligent processing techniques, or the particular ...

Author: Naveen Ashish

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441994462

Category: Computers

Page: 168

View: 459

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The availability of geographic and geospatial information and services, especially on the open Web has become abundant in the last several years with the proliferation of online maps, geo-coding services, geospatial Web services and geospatially enabled applications. The need for geospatial reasoning has significantly increased in many everyday applications including personal digital assistants, Web search applications, local aware mobile services, specialized systems for emergency response, medical triaging, intelligence analysis and more. Geospatial Semantics and the Semantic Web: Foundations, Algorithms, and Applications, an edited volume contributed by world class leaders in this field, provides recent research in the theme of geospatial semantics. This edited volume presents new information systems applications that have potential for high impact and commercialization. Also, special effort was made by the contributors to focus on geospatial ontology development, related standards, geospatial ontology alignment and integration, and algorithmic techniques for geospatial semantics. Case studies and examples will be provided throughout this book as well as possibilities for future research.

Geospatial Technologies and Geography Education in a Changing World

Geospatial Practices and Lessons Learned Osvaldo Muñiz Solari, Ali Demirci, Joop van der Schee ... In these fundamental activities, adolescents are using spatial skills to make connections that are essential to intellectual growth, ...

Author: Osvaldo Muñiz Solari

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9784431555193

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 451

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This book is an initiative presented by the Commission on Geographical Education of the International Geographical Union. It focuses particularly on what has been learned from geospatial projects and research from the past decades of implementing geospatial technologies (GST) in formal and informal education. The objective of this publication is to inform an international audience of teachers, professionals, scholars, and policymakers about the state of the art and prospects of geospatial practices (GPs) as organized activities that use GST and lessons learned in relation to geographical education. GST make up an advanced body of knowledge developed by practitioners of geographic information systems (GIS), remote sensing (RS), global positioning systems, (GPS), and digital cartography (DC). GST have long been applied in many different sectors; however, their first use in higher education began in the early 1980s and then diffused to secondary schools during the 1990s. Starting with GIS and RS, it evolved into a much broader context, as GST expanded to include GPS and DC with new communication technologies and Internet applications. GST have been used around the world as a combination of tools and special techniques to make research, teaching, and learning more effective.