Genetics Genomics and Breeding of Peanuts

Lack of genetic diversity as a result of polyploidization, hampered the genetic and genomic characterization ... and application in a breeder's toolbox to enable molecular breeding approaches for enhancing peanut yielding ability, ...

Author: Nalini Mallikarjuna

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482238372

Category: Science

Page: 266

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Peanut, an amphidiploid, is an important food and oil crop and has an interesting evolutionary history. This book provides a glimpse of the advances in genetic resources and genomics research of peanut made during the last decade. It contains an overview of germplasm, advances in genetic and genomic resources, genetic and trait mapping, proteomic a

The Peanut Genome

This book presents the current state of the art in peanut genomics, focusing particularly on the latest genomic findings, tools and strategies employed in genome sequencing, transcriptomes and analysis, availability of public and private ...

Author: Rajeev K. Varshney

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319876767

Category: Science

Page: 169

View: 202

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This book presents the current state of the art in peanut genomics, focusing particularly on the latest genomic findings, tools and strategies employed in genome sequencing, transcriptomes and analysis, availability of public and private genomic resources, and ways to maximize the use of this information in peanut breeding programs. Further, it demonstrates how advances in plant genomics can be used to improve crop breeding. The peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L. Millsp) is a globally important grain legume and oilseed crop, cultivated in over 100 countries and consumed in the form of roasted seeds, oil and confectionary in nearly every country on Earth. The peanut contributes towards achieving food and nutritional security, in addition to financial security through income generation; as such, it is also vital to the livelihood of the poor in the developing world. There have been significant advances in peanut research, especially in the last five years, including sequencing the genome of both diploid progenitors, and the availability of tremendous transcriptome resources, large-scale genomic variations that can be used as genetic markers, genetic populations (bi- and multiparent populations and germplasm sets), marker-trait associations and molecular breeding products. The immediate availability of the genome sequence for tetraploid cultivated peanuts is the most essential genomic resource for achieving a deeper understanding of peanut traits and their use in breeding programs.

The Peanut Genome

Mol Gen Genet 263(5):796–805 Katam R, Gottschalk V, Survajahala P et al (2014) Advances in proteomics research for peanut genetics and breeding. In: Mallikarjuna N, Varshney RK (eds) Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Peanuts.

Author: Rajeev K. Varshney

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319639352

Category: Science

Page: 169

View: 925

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This book presents the current state of the art in peanut genomics, focusing particularly on the latest genomic findings, tools and strategies employed in genome sequencing, transcriptomes and analysis, availability of public and private genomic resources, and ways to maximize the use of this information in peanut breeding programs. Further, it demonstrates how advances in plant genomics can be used to improve crop breeding. The peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L. Millsp) is a globally important grain legume and oilseed crop, cultivated in over 100 countries and consumed in the form of roasted seeds, oil and confectionary in nearly every country on Earth. The peanut contributes towards achieving food and nutritional security, in addition to financial security through income generation; as such, it is also vital to the livelihood of the poor in the developing world. There have been significant advances in peanut research, especially in the last five years, including sequencing the genome of both diploid progenitors, and the availability of tremendous transcriptome resources, large-scale genomic variations that can be used as genetic markers, genetic populations (bi- and multiparent populations and germplasm sets), marker-trait associations and molecular breeding products. The immediate availability of the genome sequence for tetraploid cultivated peanuts is the most essential genomic resource for achieving a deeper understanding of peanut traits and their use in breeding programs.

Peanuts

Genetics, Processing, and Utilization Thomas Stalker, Richard Wilson ... Variability in oil quality among peanut genotypes in the Florida breeding program. Peanut Sci. 14, 7–11. ... In: Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Peanuts.

Author: Thomas Stalker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781630670399

Category: Science

Page: 498

View: 270

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Peanuts: Genetics, Processing, and Utilization (Oilseed Monograph) presents innovations in crop productivity and processing technologies that help ensure global food security and high quality peanut products. The authors cover three central themes, modern breeding methods for development of agronomic varieties in the U.S., China, West Central Africa, and India, enhanced crop protection and quality through information from the peanut genome sequence, and state-of-the-art processing and manufacturing of products in market environments driven by consumer perception, legislation, and governmental policy. Discusses modern breeding methods and genetically diverse resources for the development of agronomic varieties in the U.S., China, India, and West Central Africa Provides enhanced crop protection and quality through the application of information and genetic tools derived from analysis of the peanut genome sequence Includes state-of-art processing and manufacture of safe, nutritious, and flavorful food products

Genomics Assisted Breeding of Crops for Abiotic Stress Tolerance Vol II

Biotechnol Adv 30:639–651 Pandey MK, Guo B, Holbrook CC et al (2014a) Molecular markers, genetic maps and QTLs for molecular breeding in peanut. In: Mallikarjuna N, Varshney R (eds) Genetics, genomics and breeding of peanuts.

Author: Vijay Rani Rajpal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319995731

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 133

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The abiotic stresses like drought, temperature, cold, salinity, heavy metals etc. affect a great deal on the yield performance of the agricultural crops. To cope up with these challenges, plant breeding programs world-wide are focussing on the development of stress tolerant varieties in all crop species. Significant genomic advances have been made for abiotic stress tolerance in various crop species in terms of availability of molecular markers, QTL mapping, genome-wide association studies (GWAS), genomic selection (GS) strategies, and transcriptome profiling. The broad-range of articles involving genomics and breeding approaches deepens our existing knowledge about complex traits. The chapters are written by authorities in their respective fields. This book provides comprehensive and consolidated account on the applications of the most recent findings and the progress made in genomics assisted breeding for tolerance to abiotic stresses in many important major crop species with a focus on applications of modern strategies for sustainable agriculture. The book is especially intended for students, molecular breeders and scientists working on the genomics-assisted genetic improvement of crop species for abiotic stress tolerance.

Fundamentals of Field Crop Breeding

Front Genet 10:1177 Pandey MK, Guo B, Holbrook CC et al (2014a) Molecular markers, genetic maps, and QTLs for molecular breeding in peanut. In: Mallikarjuna N (ed) Genetics, genomics and breeding of peanuts. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, ...

Author: Devendra Kumar Yadava

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811692574

Category: Agriculture

Page: 1389

View: 302

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This book is an advanced textbook and a reference book for the post-graduate plant-breeding students and the plant breeders. It consolidates fundamental concepts and also the latest advances in plant-breeding practices including development in crop genomics. It contains crop wise explanation on origin, reproduction, genetics of yield contributing traits, biotic and abiotic stresses, nutritional improvement and crop specific plant-breeding procedures and techniques. The chapters are planned to describe crop-focused breeding procedure for the major crop plants as per their economic importance. The recent developments in breeding of field crops have been reported. The recent progress made in mapping traits of economic importance has been critically reviewed for each crop. The progress made in markers assisted selected in few crops has been summarized. This book bridges the knowledge gap and bring to the researchers and students information on modern breeding tools for developing biotic and abiotic stress tolerant, climate resilient and micronutrient rich varieties of field crops. The chapters in book are contributed by experienced Plant Breeders.

Accelerated Plant Breeding Volume 4

In: Genetics, genomics and breeding of peanuts. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 161–177 Katam R, Sakata K, Suravajhala P, Pechan T, Kambiranda DM, Naik KS, Guo B, Basha SM (2016) Comparative leaf proteomics of drought-tolerant and-susceptible ...

Author: Satbir Singh Gosal

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030811075

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 549

View: 260

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Plant improvement has shifted its focus from yield, quality and disease resistance to factors that will enhance commercial export, such as early maturity, shelf life and better processing quality. Conventional plant breeding methods aiming at the improvement of a self-pollinating crop usually take 10-12 years to develop and release of the new variety. During the past 10 years, significant advances have been made and accelerated methods have been developed for precision breeding and early release of crop varieties. This book focuses on the accelerated breeding technologies that have been adopted for major oil crops. It summarizes concepts dealing with germplasm enhancement and development of improved varieties based on innovative methodologies that include doubled haploidy, marker assisted selection, marker assisted background selection, genetic mapping, genomic selection, high-throughput genotyping, high-throughput phenotyping, mutation breeding, reverse breeding, transgenic breeding, shuttle breeding, speed breeding, low cost high-throughput field phenotyping, etc. This edited volume is therefore an excellent reference on accelerated development of improved crop varieties.

Gene Pool Diversity and Crop Improvement

In: Mallikarjuna N, Varshney RK (eds) Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of peanuts. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton, Florida, pp 179–216 Taliansky ME, Robinson DJ, Murant AF (1996) Complete nucleotide sequence and organization ...

Author: Vijay Rani Rajpal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319270968

Category: Science

Page: 484

View: 863

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The world population is estimated to reach to more than 10 billion by the year 2050. These projections pose a challenging situation for the agricultural scientists to increase crops productivity to meet the growing food demands. The unavailability and/or inaccessibility to appropriate gene pools with desired traits required to carry out genetic improvement of various crop species make this task formidable for the plant breeders. Incidentally, most of the desired genes reside in the wild genetic relatives of the crop species. Therefore, exploration and characterization of wild genetic resources of important crop species is vital for the efficient utilization of these gene pools for sustainable genetic improvements to assure food security. Further, understanding the myriad complexities of genic and genomic interactions among species, more particularly of wild relatives of crop species and/or phylogenetically distant germplasm, can provide the necessary inputs to increase the effectiveness of genetic improvement through traditional and/or genetic engineering methods. This book provides comprehensive and latest insights on the evolutionary genesis of diversity, access and its utilization in the evolution of various crop species. A comprehensive account of various crops, origin, exploitation of the primary, secondary and tertiary gene pools through breeding, biosystematical, cytogenetical and molecular phylogenetical relationships, and genetic enhancement through biotechnological interventions among others have been provided as the necessary underpinnings to consolidate information on the effective and sustainable utilization of the related genetic resources. The book stresses upon the importance of wild germplasm exploration, characterization and exploitation in the assimilation of important crop species. The book is especially intended for students and scientists working on the genetic improvement of crop species. Plant Breeders, Geneticists, Taxonomists, Molecular Biologists and Plant Biotechnologists working on crop species are going to find this book very useful.

QTL Mapping in Crop Improvement

A microsatellite-based, gene-rich linkage map for the AA genome of Arachis (Fabaceae). Theor. Appl. Genet. 111, 1060–1071. ... In: Mallikarjuna, N. (Ed.), Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Peanuts. CRC Press, Boca Raton, ...

Author: Shabir Hussain Wani

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780323902854

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 991

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QTL Mapping in Crop Improvement: Present Progress and Future Perspectives presents advancements in QTL breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses and nutritional improvement in a range of crop plants. The book presents a roadmap for future breeding for resilience to various stresses and improvement in nutritional quality. Crops such as rice, wheat, maize, soybeans, common bean, and pigeon pea are the major staple crops consumed globally, hence fulfilling the nutritional requirements of global populations, particularly in the under-developed world, is extremely important. Sections cover the challenges facing maximized production of these crops, including diseases, insect damage, drought, heat, salinity and mineral toxicity. Covering globally important crops including maize, wheat, rice, barley, soybean, common bean and pigeon pea, this book will be an important reference for those working in agriculture and crop improvement. Uses the latest molecular markers to identify QTLs/genes responsible for biotic and abiotic stress tolerance in plants Includes multiple core crops for efficient comparison and translational learning Provides a ready reference for improving quality traits through the use of the latest technologies

Cash Crops

Genetic Diversity, Erosion, Conservation and Utilization P.M. Priyadarshan, S. Mohan Jain ... Food Sec 1:457–462 Mallikarjuna N, Varshney RK (2014) Genetics, genomics and breeding of peanut: an introduction.

Author: P.M. Priyadarshan

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030749262

Category: Science

Page: 620

View: 631

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Cash crops are grown and sold for monetary gain and not necessarily for sustenance. They include coffee, tea, coconut, cotton, jute, groundnut, castor, linseed, cocoa, rubber, cassava, soybean, sweet potato, potato, wheat, corn and teff. While some of these crops have been improved for realizing yield potential, breeding of many of them is still in infancy. Crops that underwent rigorous breeding have eventually lost much of the diversity due to extensive cultivation with a few improved varieties and the diversity in less bred species is to be conserved. Over the past years, scholars and policy makers have become increasingly aware of the short and long-run impact of climatic factors on economic, food security, social and political outcomes . Genetic diversity, natural and induced, is much needed for the future generations to sustain food production with more climate resilient crops. In contrast, crop uniformity produced across the farm fields in the form of improved varieties is genetically vulnerable to biotic and abiotic stresses. Thus, it is essential and challenging to address the issue of compromising between maximizing crop yield under a given set of conditions and minimizing the risk of crop failure when conditions change. Cash crops are grown in an array of climatic conditions. Many of the world’s poor still live in rural areas. Many are subsistence farmers, operating very small farms using very little agricultural inputs for achieving marketable outputs. Conserving the diversity of these crops and addressing all issues of crop culture through modern tools of biotechnology and genomics is a real challenge. We believe the focus of this book is to fill an unmet need of this and other grower communities by providing the necessary knowledge, albeit indirectly via the academics, to manage the risks of cash crops breeding through managing genetic diversity.