Generation Robot

robot, not that towel—the other towel!'” When I ask why there aren't more lights out factories, staffed only by robots that can work in the dark (hence the ... So there is hope for the job prospects of future generations: knot tying.

Author: Terri Favro

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781510723122

Category: Science

Page: 256

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Generation Robot covers a century of science fiction, fact and, speculation—from the 1950 publication of Isaac Asimov’s seminal robot masterpiece, I, Robot, to the 2050 Singularity when artificial and human intelligence are predicted to merge. Beginning with a childhood informed by pop-culture robots in movies, in comic books, and on TV in the 1960s to adulthood where the possibilities of self-driving cars and virtual reality are daily conversation, Terri Favro offers a unique perspective on how our relationship with robotics and futuristic technologies has shifted over time. Peppered with pop-culture fun-facts about Superman’s kryptonite, the human-machine relationships in the cult TV show Firefly, and the sexual and moral implications of the film Ex Machina, Generation Robot explores how the techno-triumphs and resulting anxieties of reality bleed into the fantasies of our collective culture. Clever and accessible, Generation Robot isn’t just for the serious, scientific reader—it’s for everyone interested in robotics and technology since their science-fiction origins. By looking back at the future she once imagined, analyzing the plugged-in present, and speculating on what is on the horizon, Terri Favro allows readers the chance to consider what was, what is, and what could be. This is a captivating book that looks at the pop-culture of our society to explain how the world works—now and tomorrow.

Conceptual Motorics Generation and Evaluation of Communicative Robot Gesture

Coneptual Motorics I Generation and Analysis of Communicative Robot Gesture. In Proceedings of the 2011 Human-Robot Interaction Pioneers Workshop, pages 78I79. Salem, M., Eyssel, F., Rohlfing, K., Kopp, S., and Joublin, F. (2011a).

Author: Maha Salem

Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN: 9783832532970

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

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How do humans perceive communicative gesture behavior in robots? Although gesture is a crucial feature of social interaction, this research question is still largely unexplored in the field of social robotics. The present work thus sets out to investigate how robot gesture can be used to design and realize more natural and human-like communication capabilities for social robots. The adopted approach is twofold. Firstly, the technical challenges encountered when implementing a speech-gesture generation model on a robotic platform are addressed. The realized framework enables a humanoid robot to produce finely synchronized speech and co-verbal hand and arm gestures. In contrast to many existing systems, these gestures are not limited to a predefined repertoire of motor actions but are flexibly generated at run-time. Secondly, the achieved expressiveness is exploited in controlled experiments to gain a deeper understanding of how robot gesture might impact human experience and evaluation of human-robot interaction. The findings reveal that participants evaluate the robot more positively when non-verbal behaviors such as hand and arm gestures are displayed along with speech. Surprisingly, this effect was particularly pronounced when the robot's gesturing behavior was partly incongruent with speech. These findings contribute new insights into human perception of communicative robot gesture and ultimately support the presented approach of endowing social robots with such non-verbal behaviors.

Robot

Similarly , a fourth - generation robot may employ its reasoning program to evaluate the effect of its shortterm choices on its long - term goals and perhaps decide on a different approach to its problems , one that avoids the dangerous ...

Author: Hans P. Moravec

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195136306

Category: Computers

Page: 227

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Moravec predicts a near-future in which robots will not only attain human levels of intelligence, they will also first displace human workers and then completely supplant humanity.

Robot Reliability and Safety

Industrial robots have been in use for over 25 years and at this stage may be divided into several categories [13]: first generation, second generation, third generation, and fourth generation. The first generation robots of the 1960s ...

Author: B.S. Dhillon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461231486

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 254

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Robots are increasingly being used in industry to perform various types of tasks. Some of the tasks performed by robots in industry are spot welding, materials handling, arc welding, and routing. The population of robots is growing at a significant rate in various parts of the world; for example, in 1984, a report published by the British Robot Association indicated a robot popula tion distribution between Japan (64,600), Western Europe (20,500), and the United States (13,000). This shows a significant number of robots in use. Data available for West Germany and the United Kingdom indicate that in 1977 there were 541 and 80 robots in use, respectively, and in 1984 these numbers went up to 6600 and 2623, respectively. Just as for other engineering products, the reliability and safety of robots are important. A robot has to be safe and reliable. An unreliable robot may become the cause of unsafe conditions, high maintenance costs, inconvenience, etc. Robots make use of electrical, mechanical, pneumatic, electronic, and hydraulic parts. This makes their reliability problem a challenging task because of the many different sources of failures. According to some published literature, the best mean time between failures (MTBF) achieved by robots is only 2500 hours. This means there is definite room for further improvement in robot reliability. With respect to safety, there have been five fatal accidents involving robots since 1978.

Robot Colonies

[]0 7 0 [] 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Robot Generation (b) Robot Generation Robot Generation Figure 7. Phylogenetic learning: colony performance versus generation. ." "#" #5% o #" * |. < 100 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Robot Generation Figure 8.

Author: Ronald C. Arkin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475764512

Category: Computers

Page: 156

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Robots in groups or colonies can exhibit an enormous variety and richness of behaviors which cannot be observed with singly autonomous systems. Of course, this is analogous to the amazing variety of group animal behaviors which can be observed in nature. In recent years more and more investigators have started to study these behaviors. The studies range from classifications and taxonomies of behaviors, to development of architectures which cause such group activities as flocking or swarming, and from emphasis on the role of intelligent agents in such groups to studies of learning and obstacle avoidance. There used to be a time when many robotics researchers would question those who were interested in working with teams of robots: `Why are you worried about robotic teams when it's hard enough to just get one to work?'. This issue responds to that question. Robot Colonies provides a new approach to task problem-solving that is similar in many ways to distributed computing. Multiagent robotic teams offer the possibility of spatially distributed parallel and concurrent perception and action. A paradigm shift results when using multiple robots, providing a different perspective on how to carry out complex tasks. New issues such as interagent communications, spatial task distribution, heterogeneous or homogeneous societies, and interference management are now central to achieving coordinated and productive activity within a colony. Fortunately mobile robot hardware has evolved sufficiently in terms of both cost and robustness to enable these issues to be studied on actual robots and not merely in simulation. Robot Colonies presents a sampling of the research in this field. While capturing a reasonable representation of the most important work within this area, its objective is not to be a comprehensive survey, but rather to stimulate new research by exposing readers to the principles of robot group behaviors, architectures and theories. Robot Colonies is an edited volume of peer-reviewed original research comprising eight invited contributions by leading researchers. This research work has also been published as a special issue of Autonomous Robots (Volume 4, Number 1).

Robot Technology and Applications

1 Types of Robots and Their Integration into Computer - Integrated Manufacturing Systems RÜDIGER DILLMANN University of Karlsruhe , Karlsruhe ... A new robot type , the third - generation robot , will be of strategic importance .

Author: Ulrich Rembold

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000104271

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 696

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Introduces designers to hardware and software tools necessary for planning, laying out, and building advanced robot-based manufacturing cells surveying the available technology for creating innovative machines suitable to individual needs. Considers assembly system simulation, task-oriented programm

Robot Oriented Design

The notion of “generation robots” was introduced by Professor H. Moravec, Carnegie Mellon University, to describe the evolution of robot technology in the near future. First-generation robots (available in 2010) refer to robot systems ...

Author: Thomas Bock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316218105

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page:

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Robot-Oriented Design introduces the design, innovation, and management methodologies that are key to the realization and implementation of the advanced concepts and technologies presented in the subsequent volumes of the Cambridge Handbooks on Construction Robotics series. This book describes the efficient deployment of advanced construction and building technology. It is concerned with the co-adaptation of construction products, processes, organization, and management, and with automated/robotic technology, so that the implementation of modern technology becomes easier and more efficient. It is also concerned with technology and innovation management methodologies and the generation of life cycle-oriented views related to the use of advanced technologies in construction.

Robot Vision

Concluding remarks The ingredients which comprise the second generation robot are: O mechanisms with speed and precision, O cheap and reliable sensors, O elegant and rugged software. In all of these areas there exists a significant ...

Author: A. Pugh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662097717

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

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Over the past five years robot vision has emerged as a subject area with its own identity. A text based on the proceedings of the Symposium on Computer Vision and Sensor-based Robots held at the General Motors Research Laboratories, Warren, Michigan in 1978, was published by Plenum Press in 1979. This book, edited by George G. Dodd and Lothar Rosso!, probably represented the first identifiable book covering some aspects of robot vision. The subject of robot vision and sensory controls (RoViSeC) occupied an entire international conference held in the Hilton Hotel in Stratford, England in May 1981. This was followed by a second RoViSeC held in Stuttgart, Germany in November 1982. The large attendance at the Stratford conference and the obvious interest in the subject of robot vision at international robot meetings, provides the stimulus for this current collection of papers. Users and researchers entering the field of robot vision for the first time will encounter a bewildering array of publications on all aspects of computer vision of which robot vision forms a part. It is the grey area dividing the different aspects of computer vision which is not easy to identify. Even those involved in research sometimes find difficulty in separating the essential differences between vision for automated inspection and vision for robot applications. Both of these are to some extent applications of pattern recognition with the underlying philosophy of each defining the techniques used.

Human Robot Intimate Relationships

of the older generation. After assembling a new robot, the older one transfers to the new one not only its original program, which might itself have evolved during the older robot's “life”, ? la Tierra for example, but the older one ...

Author: Adrian David Cheok

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319947303

Category: Computers

Page: 228

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The idea of humans falling in love with artificial beings is not a modern conception. Our relationship with artificial partners has come a long way since Pygmalion and his ivory lover. In recent years, there has been a strong upsurge of interest and discussions in the various aspects of intimate relationships between humans and artificial partners. This interest is evidenced by the increase in media coverage, TV documentaries and films on this topic, as well as the active research efforts within the academic community. This book provides a comprehensive collection and overview of the latest development in the field of intimate relationships between humans and artificial partners, in particular robots and virtual agents. It includes relevant research work undertaken by the authors, the latest advancements in technology and commercial products, and future predictions and insights from leading experts in the area. This book contains an in-depth discussion of the engineering, philosophical, psychological, ethical, and sociological implications of relationships with artificial companions. It also gives a glimpse of some future directions of artificial intelligence, human-computer love and sexual interaction, robotics engineering etc. It is a great resource for researchers and professionals working in these areas. The narrative style of the book also makes it an enjoyable and educational read for everyone.

Human Robot Interaction

Second generation robot languages were introduced in the mid 1980s. The main characteristics of these languages are: (1) complete control structures; (2) varied data types with full arithmetic support; (3) powerful interrupt handling ...

Author: Waldemar Karwowski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203210932

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 378

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As Robotic Systems Become Widespread In The Manufacturing And Service industries, this book is one of few to address the key question of how they interact with humans.

Creation of a Conscious Robot

Robotics researchers hit upon the idea of using the techniques of evolution that were broadly adopted in ... The principle of the survival of the fittest is again applied to the next generation, and robots that act desirably survive.

Author: Junichi Takeno

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789814364508

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 250

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Present-day computers lack well-defined functions to accept various kinds of sensual information such as vision, hearing, and smelling (binding problem). Computers also lack any well-defined mechanisms to coordinate various behaviors in the presence of an object (conscious mechanism). This book serves as a breakthrough that opens a new world. Using the ideas presented in the book, computer systems can be developed to conduct conscious activities like human beings. Human beings will be able to develop mechanisms in which machines will have their own feelings, will behave according to their own consciousness, and will continue to learn for their betterment.

Basics of Robotics

Theory and Components of Manipulators and Robots Adam Morecki, Jozef Knapczyk. |IU PC. Am|--|At-SM-I*. TP decoder memory f interpolation coder Second generation robots are designed to employ those tactics in their contact with ...

Author: Adam Morecki

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783709125328

Category: Science

Page: 580

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This volume contains the basic concepts of modern robotics, basic definitions, systematics of robots in industry, service, medicine and underwater activity. Important information on walking and mili-walking machines are included as well as possible applications of microrobots in medicine, agriculture, underwater activity.

Live Line Operation and Maintenance of Power Distribution Networks

The first generation robot is designed, with two degrees of freedom (DOF), to perform work under manual control and is driven either by motor or hydraulically, as shown in Figure 6.22. A worker operates in the high‐altitude insulating ...

Author: Tianyou Li

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119055563

Category: Computers

Page: 296

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Excellent reference outlining the technical basis and working principles of live-line working, with current application technology, tools and working methods Introduces live-line working technology for the operation and maintenance of medium and low voltage power distribution networks, covering both the methods and techniques of live-line working on distribution networks with O&M field practices and experiences Elaborates the technical basis and working principles of live-line working in detail, with current application technology, tools and working methods Combining theory and practice closely, it provides technical guidance and helpful references to technical personnel who are engaged in distribution operation management, as well as related academics and researchers Written by a team of authors with extensive experience in both industry and academic fields, providing first-hand testimony of the issues facing electricity distribution companies, and offering sound theoretical foundations and rich field experiences

Japanese Robot Culture

Takanishi and Yonezawa are in agreement that their generation of Japanese who were born between the mid-1950s and the mid-1960s were exposed to robot manga/anime on a daily basis while growing up, and Takanishi admits that from ...

Author: Yuji Sone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137525277

Category: Social Science

Page: 265

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Japanese Robot Culture examines social robots in Japan, those in public, domestic, and artistic contexts. Unlike other studies, this book sees the robot in relation to Japanese popular culture, and argues that the Japanese ‘affinity’ for robots is the outcome of a complex loop of representation and social expectation in the context of Japan’s continuing struggle with modernity. Considering Japanese robot culture from the critical perspectives afforded by theatre and performance studies, this book is concerned with representations of robots and their inclusion in social and cultural contexts, which science and engineering studies do not address. The robot as a performing object generates meaning in staged events and situations that make sense for its Japanese observers and participants. This book examines how specific modes of encounter with robots in carefully constructed mises en scène can trigger reflexive, culturally specific, and often ideologically-inflected responses.

Generating Robot Motion

Two motion generation approaches were developed within this framework . The global dynamic window approach allows goal - directed robot navigation at high velocities in unknown and dynamic environments . The elastic strip framework is a ...

Author: Oliver Brock

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105023671675

Category:

Page: 404

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Robot Fish

Bio-inspired Fishlike Underwater Robots Ruxu Du, Zheng Li, Kamal Youcef-Toumi, Pablo Valdivia y Alvarado. The second generation of Robo-ray II is shown in Fig. 8b. The length of the prototype was 0.7 m, the wingspan was 0.98 m, ...

Author: Ruxu Du

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662468708

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 377

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This book provides a comprehensive coverage on robot fish including design, modeling and optimization, control, autonomous control and applications. It gathers contributions by the leading researchers in the area. Readers will find the book very useful for designing and building robot fish, not only in theory but also in practice. Moreover, the book discusses various important issues for future research and development, including design methodology, control methodology, and autonomous control strategy. This book is intended for researchers and graduate students in the fields of robotics, ocean engineering and related areas.

Learning Based Robot Vision

Next, the Robot Vision paradigm is characterized and confronted with the field of Computer Vision. Robot Vision is the indisputable kernel of Autonomous Camera-Equipped Robot Systems. For the development of such new-generation robot ...

Author: Josef Pauli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540451242

Category: Computers

Page: 292

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Industrial robots carry out simple tasks in customized environments for which it is typical that nearly all e?ector movements can be planned during an - line phase. A continual control based on sensory feedback is at most necessary at e?ector positions near target locations utilizing torque or haptic sensors. It is desirable to develop new-generation robots showing higher degrees of autonomy for solving high-level deliberate tasks in natural and dynamic en- ronments. Obviously, camera-equipped robot systems, which take and process images and make use of the visual data, can solve more sophisticated robotic tasks. The development of a (semi-) autonomous camera-equipped robot must be grounded on an infrastructure, based on which the system can acquire and/or adapt task-relevant competences autonomously. This infrastructure consists of technical equipment to support the presentation of real world training samples, various learning mechanisms for automatically acquiring function approximations, and testing methods for evaluating the quality of the learned functions. Accordingly, to develop autonomous camera-equipped robot systems one must ?rst demonstrate relevant objects, critical situations, and purposive situation-action pairs in an experimental phase prior to the application phase. Secondly, the learning mechanisms are responsible for - quiring image operators and mechanisms of visual feedback control based on supervised experiences in the task-relevant, real environment. This paradigm of learning-based development leads to the concepts of compatibilities and manifolds. Compatibilities are general constraints on the process of image formation which hold more or less under task-relevant or accidental variations of the imaging conditions.

Robot Operating System ROS

As shown in the Fig.2, from the very beginning, 5 generations robots have been created. ... always using omni-directional vision system [24, 25], and have been equipped with omni-directional chassis since the second generation [26].

Author: Anis Koubaa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319549279

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 655

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This second volume is a continuation of the successful first volume of this Springer book, and as well as addressing broader topics it puts a particular focus on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with Robot Operating System (ROS). Consisting of three types of chapters: tutorials, cases studies, and research papers, it provides comprehensive additional material on ROS and the aspects of developing robotics systems, algorithms, frameworks, and applications with ROS. ROS is being increasingly integrated in almost all kinds of robots and is becoming the de-facto standard for developing applications and systems for robotics. Although the research community is actively developing applications with ROS and extending its features, amount of literature references is not representative of the huge amount of work being done. The book includes 19 chapters organized into six parts: Part 1 presents the control of UAVs with ROS, while in Part 2, three chapters deal with control of mobile robots. Part 3 provides recent work toward integrating ROS with Internet, cloud and distributed systems. Part 4 offers five case studies of service robots and field experiments. Part 5 presents signal-processing tools for perception and sensing, and lastly, Part 6 introduces advanced simulation frameworks. The diversity of topics in the book makes it a unique and valuable reference resource for ROS users, researchers, learners and developers.

Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 2

The first generation prototype has a transputer as processor, pressure and temperature sensors and a diving tank for vertical movements. The second generation robot is also based on a transputer, but it has another tank for reagent ...

Author: Hajime Asama

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9784431669425

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 441

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Great interest is now focused on distributed autonomous robotic systems (DARS) as a new strategy for the realization of flexible, robust, and intelligent robots. Inspired by autonomous, decentralized, and self-organizing biological systems, the field of DARS encompasses broad interdisciplinary technologies related not only to robotics and computer engineering but also to biology and psychology. The rapidly growing interest in this new area of research was manifest in the first volume of Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems, published in 1994. This second volume in the series presents the most recent work by eminent researchers and includes such topics as multirobot control, distributed robotic systems design, self-organizing systems, and sensing and navigation for cooperative robots. Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 2 is a valuable source for those whose work involves robotics and will be of great interest to those in the fields of artificial intelligence, self-organizing systems, artificial life, and computer science.

Robot sensors and transducers

First generation robots: These are robots without any external (i.e. exteroceptive) sensors or transducers. They do not therefore have the means (i.e. the sensors) nor, usually, the computing power to interact with their environment.

Author: S Ruocco

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401168724

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 166

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The use of sensor's with machines, whether to control them continuously or to inspect and verify their operation, can be highly cost-effective in particular areas of industrial automation. Examples of such areas include sensing systems to monitor tool condition, force and torque sensing for robot assembly systems, vision-based automatic inspection, and tracking sensor's for robot arc welding and seam sealing. Many think these will be the basis of an important future industry. So far, design of sensor systems to meet these needs has been (in the interest of cheapness) rather ad hoc and carefully tailored to the application both as to the transducer hardware and the associated processing software. There are now, however, encouraging signs of commonality emerging between different sensor application areas. For instance, many commercial vision systems and some tactile systems just emerging from research are able to use more or less standardized techniques for two-dimensional image processing and shape representation. Structured-light triangulation systems can be applied with relatively minor hardware and software variations to measure three-dimensional profiles of objects as diverse as individual soldered joints, body pressings, and weldments. Sensors make it possible for machines to recover 'sensibly' from errors, and standard software proce dures such as expert systems can now be applied to facilitate this.