From Masha Allah to Kepler

What was astrology's place in universities and academies? This book contains surveys of astrologers and their craft in Islamic, Jewish and Christian culture, and includes hitherto unpublished and unstudied astrological texts.

Author: Professor Charles Burnett

Publisher:

ISBN: 1907767061

Category:

Page: 552

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Astrology has recently become a subject of interest to scholars of the highest calibre. However, the tendency has been to look at the social context of astrology, the attacks on astrologers and their craft, and on astrological iconography and symbolism; i.e., largely looking on astrology from the outside. The intention of this book is to do is to look at the subject from the inside: the ideas and techniques of astrologers themselves. In both Western and Eastern cultures astrology was regarded as a pure science by most scholars, mathematicians, physicians, philosophers and theologians, and was taught in schools and universities. The greatest astronomers of the period under consideration, al-Kindi, Thabit ibn Qurra, Abraham Ibn Ezra, Galileo and Kepler, also wrote about and practised astrology. What did astrologers write about astrology and how did they teach their subject and practise their craft? What changes occurred in astrological theory and practice over time and from one culture to another? What cosmological and philosophical frameworks did astrologers use to describe their practice? What role did diagrams, tables and illustrations play in astrological text-books? What was astrology's place in universities and academies? This book contains surveys of astrologers and their craft in Islamic, Jewish and Christian culture, and includes hitherto unpublished and unstudied astrological texts.

An Astrologer at Work in Late Medieval France

Greenbaum, D. G., 'Kepler's Personal Astrology: Two Letters to Michael Maestlin', in From Māshā'allāh to Kepler: Theory and Practice in Medieval and Renaissance Astrology, Burnett, C. and Greenbaum, D. G., eds (Ceredigion, ...

Author: Helena Avelar de Carvalho

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004463387

Category: History

Page: 436

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This book offers an internalist view on the history of astrology by studying the case of S. Belle, an astrologer who lived in late fifteenth-century France. It addresses his methods of work, his process of learning, and his practice.

Astrology through History Interpreting the Stars from Ancient Mesopotamia to the Present

In From Mashaˉʾallaˉh to Kepler: Theory and Practice in Medieval and Renaissance Astrology, ed. Charles Burnett and Dorian Gieseler Greenbaum, 5–48. Ceredigion: Sophia Centre Press. Blake, Stephen P. 2014. Astronomy and Astrology in the ...

Author: William E. Burns

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440851438

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 401

View: 283

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Alphabetically arranged entries cover the history of astrology from ancient Mesopotamia to the 21st century. In addition to surveying the Western tradition, the book explores Islamic, Indian, East Asian, and Mesoamerican astrology. • Provides alphabetically arranged reference entries that delineate the historical and cultural significance of astrology from ancient Mesopotamia to the present • Directs direct users to additional sources of information via entry bibliographies • Offers sidebars offer additional facts from primary source documents • Incorporates a timeline to help readers to place astrological developments in chronological context • Features an introductory essay for a narrative overview of the history of astrology, priming readers on its cultural relevance

The Cambridge World History

... when the foundations were built at the very moment chosen by Nawbakht and Maˆshaˆ'allaˆh. ... “From Baghdad to Civitas Solis: Horoscopes of Foundations of Cities,” in From Masha'Allah to Kepler: The Theory and Practice of Astrology ...

Author: Norman Yoffee

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521190084

Category: History

Page: 595

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The first book to compare the world's earliest cities, the history of research and meaning of early cities.

The Cambridge World History Volume 3 Early Cities in Comparative Perspective 4000 BCE 1200 CE

... and Maˆshaˆ'allaˆh. ... Jean-Patrice Boudet's analysis, “From Baghdad to Civitas Solis: Horoscopes of Foundations of Cities,” in From Masha'Allah to Kepler: The Theory and Practice of Astrology in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance ...

Author: Norman Yoffee

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316297742

Category: History

Page:

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From the fourth millennium BCE to the early second millennium CE the world became a world of cities. This volume explores this critical transformation, from the appearance of the earliest cities in Mesopotamia and Egypt to the rise of cities in Asia and the Mediterranean world, Africa, and the Americas. Through case studies and comparative accounts of key cities across the world, leading scholars chart the ways in which these cities grew as nodal points of pilgrimages and ceremonies, exchange, storage and redistribution, and centres for defence and warfare. They show how in these cities, along with their associated and restructured countrysides, new rituals and ceremonies connected leaders with citizens and the gods, new identities as citizens were created, and new forms of power and sovereignty emerged. They also examine how this unprecedented concentration of people led to disease, violence, slavery and subjugations of unprecedented kinds and scales.

Scandalous Error

In Zwischen Copernicus und Kepler, ed. Gerhard Betsch and Jürgen Hamel, 33–63. Frankfurt/Main: Deutsch. Hamel, Jürgen. 2014. ... In From Māshā allāh to Kepler, ed. Charles Burnett and Dorian Gieseler Greenbaum, 231–78.

Author: C. Philipp E. Nothaft

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192520197

Category: History

Page: 416

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The Gregorian calendar reform of 1582, which provided the basis for the civil and Western ecclesiastical calendars still in use today, has often been seen as a triumph of early modern scientific culture or an expression of papal ambition in the wake of the Counter-Reformation. Much less attention has been paid to reform's intellectual roots in the European Middle Ages, when the reckoning of time by means of calendrical cycles was a topic of central importance to learned culture, as impressively documented by the survival of relevant texts and tables in thousands of manuscripts copied before 1500. For centuries prior to the Gregorian reform, astronomers, mathematicians, theologians, and even Church councils had been debating the necessity of improving or emending the existing ecclesiastical calendar, which throughout the Middle Ages kept losing touch with the astronomical phenomena at an alarming pace. Scandalous Error is the first comprehensive study of the medieval literature devoted to the calendar problem and its cultural and scientific contexts. It examines how the importance of ordering liturgical time by means of a calendar that comprised both solar and lunar components posed a technical-astronomical problem to medieval society and details the often sophisticated ways in which computists and churchmen reacted to this challenge. By drawing attention to the numerous connecting paths that existed between calendars and mathematical astronomy between the Fall of Rome and the end of the fifteenth century, the volume offers substantial new insights on the place of exact science in medieval culture.

Unveiling the Hidden Anticipating the Future

... its significance for Greek astronomical and astrological practice” (2017). Among other texts, she has edited Johannes Kepler's astrological writings, Kepler's Astrology (2010), and, with Charles Burnett, From Māshāʾallāh to Kepler: ...

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004445703

Category: History

Page: 430

View: 169

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Unveiling the Hidden—Anticipating the Future investigates the Jewish components of Jewish divination, showing practitioners and their practices within their cultural and intellectual contexts, along with their fears, wishes, and anxieties, drawing from original sources in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Judaeo-Arabic.

Neoplatonic Demons and Angels

... and Ethnoastronomy, and edited/co-translated the volume, Kepler's Astrology (Lampeter,2010).Recentpublicationsinclude(withco-editorCharlesBurnett) viii list of contributors From Māshāʾallāh to Kepler: Theory and ‎List of Contributors.

Author: Luc Brisson

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004374980

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

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Neoplatonic Demons and Angels is a collection of studies which examine the place reserved for angels and demons not only by the main Neoplatonic philosophers, but also in Gnosticism, the Chaldaean Oracles and Christian Neoplatonism.

From Influence to Inhabitation

Kepler v. the Epicureans: Causality, coincidence and the origins of the new star of 1604. Journal for the History of Astronomy 38: 207–221 ... In From MāshāʼAllah to Kepler: Theory and practice in medieval and Renaissance astrology, ed.

Author: James E. Christie

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030221690

Category: Science

Page: 215

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This book describes how and why the early modern period witnessed the marginalisation of astrology in Western natural philosophy, and the re-adoption of the cosmological view of the existence of a plurality of worlds in the universe, allowing the possibility of extraterrestrial life. Founded in the mid-1990s, the discipline of astrobiology combines the search for extraterrestrial life with the study of terrestrial biology – especially its origins, its evolution and its presence in extreme environments. This book offers a history of astrobiology's attempts to understand the nature of life in a larger cosmological context. Specifically, it describes the shift of early modern cosmology from a paradigm of celestial influence to one of celestial inhabitation. Although these trends are regarded as consequences of Copernican cosmology, and hallmarks of a modern world view, they are usually addressed separately in the historical literature. Unlike others, this book takes a broad approach that examines the relationship of the two. From Influence to Inhabitation will benefit both historians of astrology and historians of the extraterrestrial life debate, an audience which includes researchers and advanced students studying the history and philosophy of astrobiology. It will also appeal to historians of natural philosophy, science, astronomy and theology in the early modern period.

Contingency and Natural Order in Early Modern Science

In From Masha'Allah to Kepler: Theory and Practice in Medieval and Renaissance Astrology, ed. Charles Burnett and Dorian Gieseler Greenbaum. Bath: Sophia Centre Press. Vescovini, Graziella Federici. 1988.

Author: Pietro Daniel Omodeo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319673783

Category: Science

Page: 342

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This volume considers contingency as a historical category resulting from the combination of various intellectual elements – epistemological, philosophical, material, as well as theological and, broadly speaking, intellectual. With contributions ranging from fields as diverse as the histories of physics, astronomy, astrology, medicine, mechanics, physiology, and natural philosophy, it explores the transformation of the notion of contingency across the late-medieval, Renaissance, and the early modern period. Underpinned by a necessitated vision of nature, seventeenth century mechanism widely identified apparent natural irregularities with the epistemological limits of a certain explanatory framework. However, this picture was preceded by, and in fact emerged from, a widespread characterization of contingency as an ontological trait of nature, typical of late-Scholastic and Renaissance science. On these bases, this volume shows how epistemological categories, which are preconditions of knowledge as “historically-situated a priori” and, seemingly, self-evident, are ultimately rooted in time. Contingency is intrinsic to scientific practice. Whether observing the behaviour of a photon, diagnosing a patient, or calculating the orbit of a distant planet, scientists face the unavoidable challenge of dealing with data that differ from their models and expectations. However, epistemological categories are not fixed in time. Indeed, there is something fundamentally different in the way an Aristotelian natural philosopher defined a wonder or a “monstrous” birth as “contingent”, a modern scientist defines the unexpected result of an experiment, and a quantum physicist the behavior of a photon. Although to each inquirer these instances appeared self-evidently contingent, each also employs the concept differently.

The Light Ages

The work of Charles Burnett has been foundational, editing and translating previously unpublished source materials, and co-ordinating and supporting research; From Māshā'allāh to Kepler: Theory and Practice in Medieval and Renaissance ...

Author: Seb Falk

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780241374276

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 771

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Chosen as a Book of the Year by The Times, Daily Telegraph, TLS, BBC History Magazine and Tablet 'Compulsive, brilliantly clear and superbly well-written, it's a charismatic evocation of another world' Ian Mortimer, author of The Time Traveller's Guide to Medieval England The Middle Ages were a time of wonder. They gave us the first universities, the first eyeglasses and the first mechanical clocks as medieval thinkers sought to understand the world around them, from the passing of the seasons to the stars in the sky. In this book, we walk the path of medieval science with a real-life guide, a fourteenth-century monk named John of Westwyk - inventor, astrologer, crusader - who was educated in England's grandest monastery and exiled to a clifftop priory. Following the traces of his life, we learn to see the natural world through Brother John's eyes: navigating by the stars, multiplying Roman numerals, curing disease and telling the time with an astrolabe. We travel the length and breadth of England, from Saint Albans to Tynemouth, and venture far beyond the shores of Britain. On our way, we encounter a remarkable cast of characters: the clock-building English abbot with leprosy, the French craftsman-turned-spy and the Persian polymath who founded the world's most advanced observatory. An enthralling story of the struggles and successes of an ordinary man and an extraordinary time, The Light Ages conjures up a vivid picture of the medieval world as we have never seen it before.

Sapientia Astrologica Astrology Magic and Natural Knowledge ca 1250 1800

In From Masha'allah to Kepler, 353–406. ———. Astrology, Politics and Power in 16th-century Florence: Giuliano Ristori's Extensive Judgment on Cosimo I's Nativity (1537). In Astrologers and their Clients in Medieval and Early Modern ...

Author: H Darrel Rutkin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030107796

Category: Philosophy

Page: 515

View: 443

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This book explores the changing perspective of astrology from the Middle Ages to the Early Modern Era. It introduces a framework for understanding both its former centrality and its later removal from legitimate knowledge and practice. The discussion reconstructs the changing roles of astrology in Western science, theology, and culture from 1250 to 1500. The author considers both the how and the why. He analyzes and integrates a broad range of sources. This analysis shows that the history of astrology—in particular, the story of the protracted criticism and ultimate removal of astrology from the realm of legitimate knowledge and practice—is crucial for fully understanding the transition from premodern Aristotelian-Ptolemaic natural philosophy to modern Newtonian science. This removal, the author argues, was neither obvious nor unproblematic. Astrology was not some sort of magical nebulous hodge-podge of beliefs. Rather, astrology emerged in the 13th century as a richly mathematical system that served to integrate astronomy and natural philosophy, precisely the aim of the “New Science” of the 17th century. As such, it becomes a fundamentally important historical question to determine why this promising astrological synthesis was rejected in favor of a rather different mathematical natural philosophy—and one with a very different causal structure than Aristotle's.

Prognostication in the Medieval World

Rodríguez-Arribas, Josefina. “Quantitative Concepts in Hellenistic and Medieval Astrology.” From Masha'allah to Kepler. Eds. Charles Burnett and Dorian Gieseler Greenbaum. London, 2017. 325–352. Roth, Norman. “Jewish Translators at the ...

Author: Matthias Heiduk

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110499773

Category: History

Page: 1039

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Two opposing views of the future in the Middle Ages dominate recent historical scholarship. According to one opinion, medieval societies were expecting the near end of the world and therefore had no concept of the future. According to the other opinion, the expectation of the near end created a drive to change the world for the better and thus for innovation. Close inspection of the history of prognostication reveals the continuous attempts and multifold methods to recognize and interpret God’s will, the prodigies of nature, and the patterns of time. That proves, on the one hand, the constant human uncertainty facing the contingencies of the future. On the other hand, it demonstrates the firm believe during the Middle Ages in a future which could be shaped and even manipulated. The handbook provides the first overview of current historical research on medieval prognostication. It considers the entangled influences and transmissions between Christian, Jewish, Islamic, and non-monotheistic societies during the period from a wide range of perspectives. An international team of 63 renowned authors from about a dozen different academic disciplines contributed to this comprehensive overview.

The Daimon in Hellenistic Astrology

See G. Cornelius, 'Interpreting Interpretations: The Aphorism in the Practice of the Renaissance Astrologers', in From Māshā'allāh to Kepler: Theory and Practice in Medieval and Renaissance Astrology, ed. Charles Burnett and Dorian ...

Author: Dorian Gieseler Greenbaum

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004306219

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

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In her wide-ranging study The Daimon in Hellenistic Astrology, Dorian Greenbaum explores the daimon and astrology’s connections to fate, mythology, philosophy; Greek, Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Gnostic and Mithraic religion; the doctrine of lots and allotment; concepts of fortune, love and necessity.

Alphanumeric Cosmology From Greek into Arabic

... MA: Weiser Books, 2004), 231– 39; see also P. Mancuso, 'Cosmological Traditions in JudeoByzantine South Italy: A Preliminary Analysis', in From Māshā'allāh to Kepler: Theory and Practice in Medieval and Renaissance Astrology, ed.

Author: Juan Acevedo

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161592454

Category: Philosophy

Page: 351

View: 673

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Divination and Knowledge in Greco Roman Antiquity

In From Masha'allah to Kepler: Theory and Practice in Medieval and Renaissance Astrology, edited by and Charles Burnett and Dorian Gieseler Greenbaum, 49–76. Ceredigion: Sophia Centre Press. Brouwer, René. 2015. “Stoic Sympathy”.

Author: Crystal Addey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315449463

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 298

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Addressing the close connections between ancient divination and knowledge, this volume offers an interlinked and detailed set of case studies which examine the epistemic value and significance of divination in ancient Greek and Roman cultures. Focusing on diverse types of divination, including oracles, astrology, and the reading of omens and signs in the entrails of sacrificial animals, chance utterances and other earthly and celestial phenomena, this volume reveals that divination was conceived of as a significant path to the attainment of insight and understanding by the ancient Greeks and Romans. It also explores the connections between divination and other branches of knowledge in Greco-Roman antiquity, such as medicine and ethnographic discourse. Drawing on anthropological studies of contemporary divination and exploring a wide range of ancient philosophical, historical, technical and literary evidence, chapters focus on the interconnections and close relationship between divine and human modes of knowledge, in relation to nuanced and subtle formulations of the blending of divine, cosmic and human agency; philosophical approaches towards and uses of divination (particularly within Platonism), including links between divination and time, ethics, and cosmology; and the relationship between divination and cultural discourses focusing on gender. The volume aims to catalyse new questions and approaches relating to these under-investigated areas of ancient Greek and Roman life. which have significant implications for the ways in which we understand and assess ancient Greek and Roman conceptions of epistemic value and variant ways of knowing, ancient philosophy and intellectual culture, lived, daily experience in the ancient world, and religious and ritual traditions. Divination and Knowledge in Greco-Roman Antiquity will be of particular relevance to researchers and students in classics, ancient history, ancient philosophy, religious studies and anthropology who are working on divination, lived religion and intellectual culture, but will also appeal to general readers who are interested in the widespread practice and significance of divination in the ancient world.

Ptolemy in Perspective

I will publish more on Ristori and the comparison with Fantoni in a forthcoming piece in a collection of essays originating from the conference, “From Masha'allah to Kepler: The Theory and Practice of Astrology in the Middle Ages and ...

Author: Alexander Jones

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048127887

Category: Science

Page: 229

View: 917

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Ptolemy was the most important physical scientist of the Roman Empire, and for a millennium and a half his writings on astronomy, astrology, and geography were models for imitation, resources for new work, and targets of criticism. Ptolemy in Perspective traces reactions to Ptolemy from his own times to ours. The nine studies show the complex processes by which an ancient scientist and his work gained and subsequently lost an overreaching reputation and authority.

The Light The Stones and The Sacred

From Masha'allah to Kepler. The Theory and Practice of Astrology in the Middles Ages and the Renaissance. London Boethius: Historia Gentis Scotorum (1527) 37For example in Alstedius: “Duo cometae apparuerunt. ['.

Author: Andrea Orlando

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319544878

Category: Science

Page: 245

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This book addresses a variety of topics within the growing discipline of Archaeoastronomy, focusing especially on Archaeoastronomy in Sicily and the Mediterranean and Cultural Astronomy. A further priority is discussion of the astronomical and statistical methods used today to ascertain the degree of reliability of the chronological and cultural definition of sites and artifacts of archaeoastronomical interest. The contributions were all delivered at the XVth Congress of the Italian Society of Archaeoastronomy (SIA), held under the rubric "The Light, the Stones and the Sacred" – a theme inspired by the International Year of Light 2015, organized by UNESCO. The full meaning of many ancient monuments can only be understood by examining their relation to light, given the effects that light radiation produces in “interacting” with lithic structures. Moreover, in addition to manifestations of the sacred through the medium of light (hierophanies), there are many ties between temples, tombs, megalithic structures, and the architecture of almost all ages and cultures and our star, the Sun. Readers will find the book to be a source of fascinating insights based on synergies between the disciplines of archaeology and astronomy.

Sefer Yetzirah

Sefer Yetzirah is one of the oldest Jewish esoteric texts, which inspired mystics throughout the centuries, and it is hard to exaggerate its importance in the development of spiritual thought.

Author: Meira Epstein

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1726072959

Category:

Page: 196

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Sefer Yetzirah is one of the oldest Jewish esoteric texts, which inspired mystics throughout the centuries, and it is hard to exaggerate its importance in the development of spiritual thought. In a concise style it describes the Divine Primordial Creation of the World --the Ten Sefirot, Physical Space, Calendric Time, the Human Body and Life Conditions-- by combining the primary Elements of Air, Fire and Water, with the creative power of Numbers and the 22 Letters of the Hebrew Alphabet as the Prima Materia.