Faculty Retirement in the Arts and Sciences

Faculty Tenure and the End of Mandatory Retirement.” Academe, September/October, 48. Bayer, Alan E., and Jeffrey E. Dutton. 1977. “Career Age and Research—Professional Activities of Academic Scientists: Tests of Alternative Nonlinear ...

Author: Albert Rees

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400862467

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 120

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In 1986 the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) was amended to abolish mandatory retirement for tenured faculty members in colleges and universities effective January 1, 1994. Will this "uncapping" of the retirement age adversely affect the vitality of academic departments or the prospects of advancement for younger scholars? In a definitive study of faculty retirement in the arts and sciences, Albert Rees and Sharon Smith seek to answer this question. Basing their conclusions on original data collected from thirty-three colleges and universities, they do much to resolve an issue that is a frequent subject of discussion in the academic world and in the press. Rees and Smith reveal that the ending of mandatory retirement will have much smaller effects than those generally anticipated--so small that there is no justification for efforts to have Congress continue exempting faculty members from the ADEA past 1994, the date that the exemption is now due to expire. In addition to their data on retirement patterns, the authors make use of surveys of senior faculty and retired faculty to explore attitudes toward retirement. Originally published in 1991. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Ending Mandatory Retirement for Tenured Faculty

The Consequences for Higher Education National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, ... On the basis of their study of the retirement patterns of tenured arts and science faculty at 19 public and ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309044981

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

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The proportion of older faculty is increasing nationwide. This book offers guidance not only for dealing with the elimination of mandatory retirement in higher education but also for current retirement-related issues facing all colleges and universities. Ending Mandatory Retirement addresses such questions as: Do the special circumstances of higher education warrant the continuation of mandatory retirement? How would an increase in the number of older faculty affect individual colleges and universities and their faculty members? Where there are undesirable effects, what could be done to minimize them? The book contains analyses of early retirement programs, faculty performance evaluation practices, pension and benefit policies, tenure policies, and faculty ages and retirement patterns.

To Retire Or Not

“Supply and Demand for Scientists and Engineers: A National Crisis in the Making.” Science 248 (April 27): 425–32. Bowen, William G. and Julie Ann Sosa. 1989. Prospects for Faculty in the Arts and Sciences: A Study of Factors Affecting ...

Author: Robert L. Clark

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9781512821635

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

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What impact has the end of mandatory retirement had on colleges and universities as well as on the academic job market? From the Wharton School, To Retire or Not? outlines the critical issues associated with faculty aging, retirement policy, and human resource needs in higher education over the next decades.

Forbidden Grounds

So There is little reason to expect that this class of professors 46. Id . at 4-5 . 47. Albert Rees and Sharon P. Smith , Faculty Retirement in the Arts and Sciences ( 1991 ) . 48. Id . at ch . 4 . 49.

Author: Richard A. Epstein

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674308093

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 530

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This controversial book presents a powerful argument for the repeal of anti-discrimination laws within the workplace. These laws--frequently justified as a means to protect individuals from race, sex, age, and disability discrimination--have been widely accepted by liberals and conservatives alike since the passing of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and are today deeply ingrained in our legal culture. Richard Epstein demonstrates that these laws set one group against another, impose limits on freedom of choice, undermine standards of merit and achievement, unleash bureaucratic excesses, mandate inefficient employment practices, and cause far more invidious discrimination than they prevent. Epstein urges a return to the common law principles of individual autonomy that permit all persons to improve their position through trade, contract, and bargain, free of government constraint. He advances both theoretical and empirical arguments to show that competitive markets outperform the current system of centralized control over labor markets. Forbidden Grounds has a broad philosophical, economic, and historical sweep. Epstein offers novel explanations for the rational use of discrimination, and he tests his theory against a historical backdrop that runs from the early Supreme Court decisions, such as Plessy v. Ferguson which legitimated Jim Crow, through the current controversies over race-norming and the 1991 Civil Rights Act. His discussion of sex discrimination contains a detailed examination of the laws on occupational qualifications, pensions, pregnancy, and sexual harassment. He also explains how the case for affirmative action is strengthened by the repeal of employment discrimination laws. He concludes the book by looking at the recent controversies regarding age and disability discrimination. Forbidden Grounds will capture the attention of lawyers, social scientists, policymakers, and employers, as well as all persons interested in the administration of this major

Retirement and Other Departure Plans of Instructional Faculty and Staff in Higher Education Institutions

Whereas Bowen and Schuster made estimates of attrition for faculty in general , a 1989 study of the academic labor market for faculty in the arts and sciences made more detailed estimates of faculty retirement and attrition for that one ...

Author: Jay L. Chronister

Publisher: Department of Education Office of Educational

ISBN: OSU:32435057344699

Category: College teachers

Page: 145

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The Case for Tenure

Faculty Retirement in the Arts and Sciences Albert Rees and Sharon Smith The passage of the 1986 amendments was viewed by the higher education community with considerable alarm . Shortly before their passage , the prestigious Commission ...

Author: Matthew W. Finkin

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801433169

Category: Education

Page: 211

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At a time when some institutions of higher learning are questioning the need for academic tenure and numerous state legislatures are considering its abolishment, Matthew W. Finkin presents a thorough and unapologetic case in defense of tenure. Finkin has culled materials from a variety of sources'economic analyses, judicial opinions, investigative reports, institutional studies, speeches and personal essays'to survey the entire system of tenure from probationary appointment to retirement or dismissal for cause. To these viewpoints, he adds his own commentary to illuminate what tenure means, and to clarify what it does and does not protect. He places the need for tenure not only in historical perspective, but also in the highly charged context of the contemporary campus. In suggesting the origins of the concept of academic tenure, for example, Finkin excerpts the 1915 Declaration on Academic Freedom and Tenure. That document characterized the university as ?an intellectual experiment station, where new ideas may germinate and where their fruit, though still distasteful to the community as a whole, may be allowed to ripen until finally, perchance, it may become a part of the accepted intellectual food of the nation or of the world.'

The Faculty Factor

1991. “Projecting Faculty Retirement: Factors Influencing Individual Decisions.” AEA Papers and Proceedings 81, no. 2: 101–05. Rees, Albert, and Sharon P. Smith. 1991. Faculty Retirement in the Arts and Sciences.

Author: Martin J. Finkelstein

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421420929

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 557

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Over the past 70 years, the American university has become the global gold standard of excellence in research and graduate education. The unprecedented surge of federal research support of the postWorld War II American university paralleled the steady strengthening of the American academic profession itself, which managed to attract the best and brightest educators from around the world while expanding the influence of the "faculty factor" throughout the academic realm. But in the past two decades, escalating costs and intensifying demands for efficiency have resulted in a wholesale reshaping of the academic workforce, one marked by skyrocketing numbers of contingent faculty members. Extending Jack H. Schuster and Martin J. Finkelstein's richly detailed classic The American Faculty: The Restructuring of Academic Work and Careers, this important book documents the transformation of the American faculty—historically the leading global source of Nobel laureates and innovation—into a diversified and internally stratified professional workforce. Drawing on heretofore unpublished data, the book provides the most comprehensive contemporary depiction of the changing nature of academic work and what it means to be a college or university faculty member in the second decade of the twenty-first century. The rare higher education study to incorporate multinational perspectives by comparing the status and prospects of American faculty to teachers in the major developing economies of Europe and East Asia, The Faculty Factor also explores the redistribution of academic work and the ever-more diverse pathways for entering into, maneuvering through, and exiting from academic careers. Using the tools of sociology, anthropology, and demography, the book charts the impact of waves of technological change, mass globalization, and the severe financial constraints of the last decade to show the impact on the lives and careers of those who teach in higher education. The authors propose strategic policy recommendations to extend the strengths of American higher education to retain leadership in the global economy. Written for professors, adjuncts, graduate students, and academic, political, business, and not-for-profit leaders, this data-rich study offers a balanced assessment of the risks and opportunities posed for the American faculty by economic, market-driven forces beyond their control.

Economic Challenges in Higher Education

... several recent studies suggest that the uncapping of mandatory retirement in 1994 is unlikely to have effects on retirement rates of even the above magnitudes. Rees and Smith (1990) contrasted arts and sciences faculty retirement ...

Author: Charles T. Clotfelter

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226110622

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

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The last two decades have been a turbulent period for American higher education, with profound demographic shifts, gyrating salaries, and marked changes in the economy. While enrollments rose about 50% in that period, sharp increases in tuition and fees at colleges and universities provoke accusations of inefficiency, even outright institutional greed and irresponsibility. As the 1990s progress, surpluses in the academic labor supply may give way to shortages in many fields, but will there be enough new Ph.D.'s to go around? Drawing on the authors' experience as economists and educators, this book offers an accessible analysis of three crucial economic issues: the growth and composition of undergraduate enrollments, the supply of faculty in the academic labor market, and the cost of operating colleges and universities. The study provides valuable insights for administrators and scholars of education.

Hearing on Early Retirement in Higher Education

colleges and universities have non - discriminatory , age - neutral ways to motivate tenured professors to retire . ... Faculty Retirement in the Arts and Sciences ( Princeton University Press , 1991 ) ; the congressionally mandated ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Education and the Workforce. Subcommittee on Employer-Employee Relations

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210011112180

Category: College teachers

Page: 62

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