Explaining Variation in Juvenile Punishment

Explaining. Variation. in. Juvenile. Punishment. This research monograph provides a comparative analysis of juvenile court outcomes, exploring the influence of contextual factors on juvenile punishment across systems and communities.

Author: Steven N. Zane

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000409932

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

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This research monograph provides a comparative analysis of juvenile court outcomes, exploring the influence of contextual factors on juvenile punishment across systems and communities. In doing so, it investigates whether, how, and to what extent macro-social context influences variation in juvenile punishment. The contextual hypotheses under investigation evaluate three prominent macro-sociall theoretical approaches: the conflict-oriented perspective of community threat, the consensus-oriented perspective of social disorganization, and the organizational perspective of the political economy of the juvenile court. Using multilevel modeling techniques, the study investigates these macro-social influences on juvenile justice outcomes across nearly 500 counties in seven states—Alabama, Connecticut, Missouri, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, and Utah. Findings suggest that the contextual indicators under investigation did not explain variation in juvenile court punishment across communities and systems, and the study proposes several implications for future research and policy. This monograph is essential reading for scholars of juvenile justice system impact and reform as well as practitioners engaged in youth policy and juvenile justice work. It is unique in taking a comparative perspective that acknowledges that there is no one juvenile justice system in the United States, but many such systems.

Explaining Variation in Juvenile Punishment

This research monograph provides a comparative analysis of juvenile court outcomes, exploring the influence of contextual factors on juvenile punishment across systems and communities.

Author: Steven N. Zane

Publisher: Routledge Studies in Juvenile Justice and Delinquency

ISBN: 0367471868

Category: Juvenile corrections

Page: 184

View: 711

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"This research monograph provides a comparative analysis of juvenile court outcomes, exploring the influence of contextual factors on juvenile punishment across systems and communities. In doing so, it investigates whether, how, and to what extent context influences variation in juvenile punishment across these systems and communities. The contextual hypotheses under investigation evaluate three prominent macro-structural theoretical approaches: the conflict-oriented perspective of community threats, the consensus-oriented perspective of social disorganization, and an organizational perspective of the political economy of the juvenile court. Using multilevel modeling techniques, the study investigates these macro-social influences on juvenile justice outcomes across nearly 500 counties in seven states-Alabama, Connecticut, Missouri, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, and Utah. Findings suggest that the macro-social indicators under investigation did not explain variation in juvenile court punishment across communities and systems, and the study proposes several implications for future research and policy. This monograph is essential reading for scholars of juvenile justice system impact and reform as well as practitioners engaged in youth and juvenile justice work. It is unique in taking a comparative perspective that acknowledges that there is no one juvenile justice system in the United States, but many such systems"--

Juvenile Risk and Needs Assessment

Routledge Studies in Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Juvenile justice matters are of critical concern in both the ... Processes and the Spillover Effect for Youth Crime Aimée X. Delaney Explaining Variation in Juvenile Punishment The ...

Author: Christopher J. Sullivan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000456509

Category: Law

Page: 218

View: 914

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This book takes a comprehensive, analytic approach to understanding Juvenile Risk and Needs Assessment (JRNA), covering elements relevant to how the practice affects youths’ cases and the juvenile justice system. The work draws on both analysis of the extensive research on risk and needs assessment in the juvenile justice system as well as data from the authors’ recent work in the area. Authors Sullivan and Childs have extensive experience in teaching about and doing research on the juvenile justice system, including multiple studies on juvenile risk and needs assessment tools and their implementation. This expansive, integrative book leaves readers with a realistic sense of "where things stand" on the theory, research, policy, and practice of JRNA. By bringing together existing ideas and assessing them in depth, it identifies possible future paths and sparks ideas for improving the juvenile justice response to delinquent and at-risk youths. Juvenile Risk and Needs Assessment is essential reading for scholars of juvenile justice system impact and reform as well as practitioners engaged in youth and juvenile justice work ranging from the preventive to the rehabilitative stages.

Youth Violence in Context

Juvenile justice matters are of critical concern in both the United States and around the world. ... Violent Socialization Processes and the Spillover Effect for Youth Crime Aimée X. Delaney Explaining Variation in Juvenile Punishment ...

Author: Eileen M. Ahlin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429657535

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 993

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This book places youth violence within a Routine Activity Ecological Framework. Youth violence, specifically youth exposure to community violence and youth perpetration of violent behaviors, occur within various contexts. Ahlin and Antunes situate their discussion of youth violence within an ecological framework, identifying how it is nested within four mesosystem layers: community, family, peers and schools, and youth characteristics. Contextualized using an ecological framework, the Routine Activity Theory and Lifestyles perspective (RAT/LS) are well suited to guide an examination of youth violence risk and protective factors across the four layers. Drawing on scholarship that explores predictors and consequences of youth violence, the authors apply RAT/LS theory to explain how community, family, peers, schools, and youth characteristics influence youth behavior. Each layer of the ecological framework unfolds to reveal the latest scholarship and contextualizes how concepts of RAT/LS, specifically the motivated offender, target suitability, and guardianship, can be applied at each level. This book also highlights the mechanisms and processes that contribute to youth exposure to and involvement in violence by exploring factors examined in the literature as protective and risk factors of youth violence. Youth violence occurs in context, and, as such, the understanding of multilevel predictors and preventive measures against it can be situated within an RAT/LS ecological framework. This work links theory to extant research. Ahlin and Antunes demonstrate how knowledge of youth violence can be used to develop a robust theoretical foundation that can inform policy to improve neighborhoods and youth experiences within their communities, families, and peers and within their schools while acknowledging the importance of individual characteristics. This monograph is essential reading for those interested in youth violence, juvenile delinquency, and juvenile justice research and anyone dedicated to preventing crime among youths.

Juvenile Justice Sourcebook

Second, social scientific theories of juvenile crime and delinquency do not simply aim to explain why such behavior happens. Rather, the focus of most juvenile crime theories is explaining why there exists variation in juvenile crime ...

Author: Wesley T. Church

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199324613

Category: Social Science

Page: 706

View: 308

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Revised editon of: Juvenile justice sourcebook: past, present, and future / [edited by] Albert R. Roberts.

Oversight Hearing on the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Instead , analysis of these ratios of admissions to arrests further illustrates the enormous variation in state practices . ... In general the data on juvenile arrests for serious youth crime do not explain state variations in youth ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Education and Labor. Subcommittee on Human Resources

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015031758629

Category:

Page: 944

View: 765

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American Juvenile Justice

The Plenary Power of Rate Variations in Juvenile Homicide What I am calling the plenary power of rates on the volume of juvenile violence was a central ... But how can he predict future variations if he can't explain past variations?

Author: Franklin E. Zimring

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190914271

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 414

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American Juvenile Justice is a definitive volume for courses on the criminology and policy analysis of adolescence. The focus is on the principles and policy of a separate and distinct system of juvenile justice. The book opens with an introduction of the creation of adolescence, presenting a justification for the category of the juvenile or a period of partial responsibility before full adulthood. Subsequent sections include empirical investigations of the nature of youth criminality and legal policy toward youth crime. At the heart of the book is an argument for a penal policy that recognizes diminished responsibility and a youth policy that emphasizes the benefits of letting the maturing process continue with minimal interruption. In this updated and expanded second edition, Zimring has included four new chapters with examinations on important topics including, US Supreme Court decisions of life sentences for minors, the elected use of juvenile courts over criminal court, punitive sex offender registration for juveniles, and appropriate tactics for juvenile justice reform.

Juvenile Justice

Defining Basic Concepts and Examining Public Perceptions of Juvenile Crime CHAPTER OBJECTIVES After studying this ... contribute to variation and conflict in juvenile justice practice ' Explain why “juvenile justice system" may be a ...

Author: Preston Elrod

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9781449667603

Category: Law

Page: 539

View: 910

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The juvenile justice system is a multifaceted entity that continually changes under the influence of decisions, policies, and laws. The all new Fourth Edition of Juvenile Justice: A Social, Historical, and Legal Perspective, offers readers a clear and comprehensive look at exaclty what it is and how it works. Reader friendly and up-to-date, this text unravels the complexities of the juvenile justice system by exploring the history, theory, and components of the juvenile justice process and how they relate.

International Handbook of Juvenile Justice

In J. Junger-Tas & S. Decker (Eds.), International handbook of juvenile justice (pp. 439–471). ... A review of fixed penalty notices for antisocial behaviour. ... Explaining variation in stop and search rates in Scotland.

Author: Scott H Decker

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319450902

Category: Social Science

Page: 550

View: 678

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This comprehensive reference work presents an in-depth analysis of juvenile justice systems across the world. The second edition of this Handbook has been updated with 13 new chapters, now covering a total of 34 countries, across North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East from an international and comparative perspective. The International Handbook of Juvenile Justice is the result of research conducted by a group of outstanding scholars working in the field of juvenile justice. It reflects a collective concern about trends in juvenile justice over the past two decades, trends that have begun to blur the difference between criminal and juvenile justice. Also new to the second edition, each chapter is formatted to increase the comparative aspect of the book, highlighting: · The legal status of juveniles · Age of majority · The country’s stance toward the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child · Trends in juvenile crime over the period 2004-2014 · Causes of juvenile crime · Policing and juveniles · Courts and juveniles · Custodial rules for juveniles (detention, prison, mixing juveniles with adults) · Alternative sanctions for juveniles: home confinement, restorative justice, restitution, etc. · Differences in treatment of boys and girls This seminal work highlights similarities and differences between the various systems, and will be an important reference for researchers in criminology and criminal justice, particularly interested in juvenile delinquency and youth crime, as well as related disciplines like sociology, social work, and public policy.

Punishment and Crime

Do individual characteristics explain variation in sanction risk updating among serious juvenile offenders? Advancing the logic of differential deterrence. Law and Human Behavior 37:10–21. Ventura, Lois, and Gabrielle Davis. 2005.

Author: Gary Kleck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351392235

Category: Social Science

Page: 334

View: 373

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This book summarizes and synthesizes a vast body of research on the effects of legal punishment and criminal behavior. Covering studies conducted between 1967 and 2015, Punishment and Crime evaluates the assertion that legal punishment reduces crime by investigating the impacts, both positive and negative, of legal punishment on criminal behavior, with emphasis on the effects of punitive crime control policies via the mechanisms of deterrence and incapacitation. Brion Sever and Gary Kleck, author of the renowned Point Blank: Guns and Violence in America, present a literature review on legal punishment in the United States that is unparalleled in depth and scope. This text is a must-read for students, researchers, and policymakers concerned with the fields of corrections and crime prevention.