Encountering the Sacred

88 It seems from the Onomasticon that Eusebius had very little to say about third-century Christian geography in Palestine.89 Nevertheless, this work should be regarded in a broader perspective—that of Eusebius's early scriptural ...

Author: Brouria Bitton-Ashkelony

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520931121

Category: Religion

Page: 270

View: 793


This innovative study sheds new light on one of the most spectacular changes to occur in late antiquity—the rise of pilgrimage all over the Christian world—by setting the phenomenon against the wide background of the political and theological debates of the time. Asking how the emerging notion of a sacred geography challenged the leading intellectuals and ecclesiastical authorities, Brouria Bitton-Ashkelony deftly reshapes our understanding of early Christian mentalities by unraveling the process by which a territory of grace became a territory of power. Examining ancient writers' responses to the rising practice of pilgrimage, Bitton-Ashkelony offers a nuanced reading of their thinking on the merits and the demerits of pilgrimage, revealing theological and ecclesiastical motivations that have been overlooked, and questioning the long-held assumption of scholars that pilgrimage was only a popular, not an elite, religious practice. In addition to Greek and Latin sources, she includes Syriac material, which allows her to build a rich picture of the emerging theology of landscape that took shape over the fourth to sixth centuries.

Empire and Ideology in the Graeco Roman World

In the following pages I shall attempt to show that the Onomasticon if properly interpreted has more to tell us about the ... Hildesheim, 1966), introduction, pp. vii-xxxiv.; W. Kubitschek, Ein Strassennetz in Eusebius Onomasticon', ...

Author: Benjamin Isaac

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108210799

Category: History


View: 457


Benjamin Isaac is one of the most distinguished historians of the ancient world, with a number of landmark monographs to his name. This volume collects most of his published articles and book chapters of the last two decades, many of which are not easy to access, and republishes them for the first time along with some brand new chapters. The focus is on Roman concepts of state and empire and mechanisms of control and integration. Isaac also discusses ethnic and cultural relationships in the Roman Empire and the limits of tolerance and integration, as well as attitudes to foreigners and minorities, including Jews. The book will appeal to scholars and students of ancient, imperial, and military history, as well as to those interested in the ancient history of problems which still resonate in today's societies.

From the Passion to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Eusebius includes Golgotha in his Onomasticon : Γολγοθά , κρανίου τόπος , ἔνθα ὁ Χριστός ἐσταυρώθη , ὅς καὶ δείκνυται ἐν Αἰλιᾳ πρὸς τοῖς βορείοις τοῦ Σιὼν ὄρους . Golgotha , “ Place of a Skull , ” where Christ was crucified , which is ...

Author: Jordan J. Ryan

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567677464

Category: Religion

Page: 293

View: 619


Since the early 4th century, Christian pilgrims and visitors to Judea and Galilee have worshipped at and been inspired by monumental churches erected at sites traditionally connected with the life and ministry of Jesus of Nazareth. This book examines the history and archaeology of early Christian holy sites and traditions connected with specific places in order to understand them as interpretations of Jesus and to explore them as instantiations of memories of him. Ryan's overarching aim is to construe these places as instantiations of what historian Pierre Nora has called “lieux de mémoires,” sites where memory crystallizes and, where possible, to track the course and development of the traditions underlying them from their genesis in the Gospel narratives to their eventual solidification in the form of pilgrimage sites. So doing will bring rarely considered evidence to the study of early Christian memory, which in turn helps to illuminate the person of Jesus himself in both history and reception.

The Transformation of Biblical Proper Names

All the more precious is the first scientific edition of the Onomasticon, published by Klostermann, Eusebius: Das Onomastikon der biblischen Ortsnamen. More recently several translations of the Onomasticon have been published: a Hebrew ...

Author: Joze Krasovec

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9780567429902

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 487


In the transmission we encounter various transformations of biblical proper names. The basic phonetic relationship between Semitic languages on the one hand and non-Semitic languages, like Greek and Latin, on the other hand, is so complex that it was hardly possible to establish a unified tradition in writing biblical proper names within the Greek and Latin cultures. Since the Greek and Latin alphabets are inadequate for transliteration of Semitic languages, authors of Greek and Latin Bibles were utter grammatical and cultural innovators. In Greek and Latin Bibles we note an almost embarrassing number of phonetic variants of proper names. A survey of ancient Greek and Latin Bible translations allows one to trace the boundary between the phonetic transliterations that are justified within Semitic, Greek, and Latin linguistic rules, and those forms that transgress linguistic rules. The forms of biblical proper names are much more stable and consistent in the Hebrew Bible than in Greek, Latin and other ancient Bible translations. The inexhaustible wealth of variant pronunciations of the same proper names in Greek and Latin translations indicate that Greek and Latin translators and copyists were in general not fluent in Hebrew and did therefore not have sufficient support in a living Hebrew phonetic context. This state affects personal names of rare use to a far greater extent than the geographical names, whose forms are expressed in the oral tradition by a larger circle of the population.

Congress Volume Ljubljana 2007

All the more precious is the first scientific edition of the Onomasticon, published by Erich Klostermann, Das Onomastikon ... There is a Hebrew translation published by Ezra Zion Melamed, The Onomastikon of Eusebius (Jerusalem: Israel ...

Author: André Lemaire

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047444077

Category: Religion

Page: 658

View: 713


This volume presents all the main lectures of the XIXth Congress of the International Organization for the Study of the Old Testament held in Ljubljana (july 2007). The thirty-one authors represent a very good sample of the main trends and progress of current biblical research.

The Arabs in Antiquity

Eusebius, History 6.42.4. Panegyrici 11 (3) 5.4. Eusebius, Chronicle 23b. Schwartz, Easebios 1376. Eusebius, Chronicle 162, 211. See pp. 433 ff., 457 ff. Schwartz, Easebios 1434; Morau, Eusebius 1063. Eusebius, Onomasticon 118:22.

Author: Jan Retso

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136872891

Category: History

Page: 704

View: 690


The history of the Arabs in antiquity from their earliest appearance around 853 BC until the first century of Islam, is described in this book. It traces the mention of people called Arabs in all relevant ancient sources and suggests a new interpretation of their history. It is suggested that the ancient Arabs were more a religious community than an ethnic group, which would explain why the designation 'Arab' could be easily adopted by the early Muslim tribes. The Arabs of antiquity thus resemble the early Islamic Arabs more than is usually assumed, both being united by common bonds of religious ideology and law.

Palestine in Late Antiquity

At the dawn of the fourth century, Eusebius of Caesarea, an indefatigable collector of biblical traditions, inaugurated a series of scholarly promenades through biblical alleys of which the so-called Onomasticon is the sole survivor.65 ...

Author: Hagith Sivan

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199284177

Category: History

Page: 450

View: 142


An original study of Palestine in late antiquity, a time when the fortunes of the 'east' and the 'west' were intimately linked. Thousands of westerners flocked to what became a Christian holy land, while Jerusalem grew from a sleepy Roman town into an international centre of Christianity and ultimately into a centre of Islamic worship.

The Mosaic Map of Madaba

Apart from the Holy Bible the mosaicist knew and used the oldest geographical lexicon to the Bible : the famous Onomasticon of Biblical Place Names , written in Greek by the bishop Eusebius of Caesarea around 320 A.D. and translated ...

Author: Herbert Donner

Publisher: Peeters Publishers

ISBN: 9039000115

Category: Bible

Page: 108

View: 751


In the early 1880's dissension arose among the Muslim and Christian inhabitants of al-Karak, east of the Dead Sea. Up to that time the believers of both religions had lived peacefully together in the city. Problems arose and the Christians decicded to move. They were allowed to settle at Madaba. The government gave permission to build churches, but exclusively on those spots where churches had existed in Antiquity. The immigrants removed the debris from still partially visible foundation walls of the ancient churches. During this work they discovered in 1884 a marvelous mosaic map. It had been part of the floor of a large cathedral. The surviving fragments were roughly repaired and incorporated in the floor of the new St. George's church. It took nearly a hundred years and many admirers to have the map finally restored. This book is an introductory guide and can be a help to different kinds of people, such as visitors, students, and professors teaching first level archaeology, bible, and Umwelt. Numbers on the sketch included in the guide, refer the reader to appropriate information in the booklet. A colour reproduction of the map and a black/white sketch is included.

Mirage of the Saracen

Elsewhere in the Onomasticon, Eusebius says that Raphidim is located “near Pharan.” Since Pharan lies about fifty kilometers away from Mount Sinai today, either Eusebius was confused about the topography and location of sites within the ...

Author: Walter D. Ward

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520283770

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 327


Mirage of the Saracen analyzes the growth of monasticism and Christian settlements in the Sinai Peninsula through the early seventh century C.E. Walter D. Ward examines the ways in which Christian monks justified occupying the Sinai through creating associations between Biblical narratives and Sinai sites while assigning uncivilized, negative, and oppositional traits to the indigenous nomadic population, whom the Christians pejoratively called ÒSaracens.Ó By writing edifying tales of hostile nomads and the ensuing martyrdom of the monks, Christians not only reinforced their claims to the spiritual benefits of asceticism but also provoked the Roman authorities to enhance defense of pilgrimage routes to the Sinai. When Muslim armies later began conquering the Middle East, Christians also labeled these new conquerors as Saracens, connecting Muslims to these pre-Islamic representations. This timely and relevant work builds a historical account of interreligious encounters in the ancient world, showing the Sinai as a crucible for forging long-lasting images of both Christians and Muslims, some of which endure today.

The Manasseh Hill Country Survey Volume 2

ability that Eusebius' two villages are both sites no. 42 and no. 44. See also discussion of site no. 23, Kh. Salhab. Bibliography: Eusebius Onomasticon, 36; Conder 1876, 69; 1881, 44; Mazar 1973; Welten 1965; Zertal 1992a. Site no. 45: ...

Author: Adam Zertal

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047423874

Category: History

Page: 808

View: 464


The book presents the results of a complete and detailed archaeological survey in the area of ancient Shechem and Samaria. It is a detailed and thorough archaeological and historical work, which deals with the most important area for biblical and other researches.