England s Cross of Gold

In England's Cross of Gold, James Ashley Morrison challenges the conventional view that the UK's ruinous return to gold in 1925 was inevitable.

Author: James Ashley Morrison

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501758430

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 402

View: 427


In England's Cross of Gold, James Ashley Morrison challenges the conventional view that the UK's ruinous return to gold in 1925 was inevitable. Instead, he offers a new perspective on the struggles among elites in London to define and redefine the gold standard—from the first discussions during the Great War; through the titanic ideological clash between Winston Churchill and John Maynard Keynes; to the final, ill-fated implementation of the "new gold standard." Following World War I, Churchill promised to restore the ancient English gold standard—and thus Britain's greatness. Keynes portended that this would prove to be one of the most momentous—and ill-advised—decisions in financial history. From the vicious peace settlement at Versailles to the Great Depression, the gold standard was central to the worst disasters of the time. Economically, Churchill's move exacerbated the difficulties of repairing economies shattered by war. Politically, it set countries at odds as each endeavored to amass gold, sowing the seeds of further strife. England's Cross of Gold, grounded in masterful archival research, reveals that these events turned crucially on the beliefs of a handful of pivotal policymakers. It recasts the legends of Churchill, Keynes, and their collision, and it shows that the gold standard itself was a metaphysical abstraction rooted more in mythology than material reality.

The Currency of Politics

As discussed in Morrison, England's Cross of Gold, 179. 126. Managed in the sense of left to discretionary decisions concerning the level of inflation and employment in the economy, rather than semiautomatically guided by the rules of ...

Author: Stefan Eich

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691235448

Category: Philosophy

Page: 344

View: 556


Money in the history of political thought, from ancient Greece to the Great Inflation of the 1970s In the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, critical attention has shifted from the economy to the most fundamental feature of all market economies—money. Yet despite the centrality of political struggles over money, it remains difficult to articulate its democratic possibilities and limits. The Currency of Politics takes readers from ancient Greece to today to provide an intellectual history of money, drawing on the insights of key political philosophers to show how money is not just a medium of exchange but also a central institution of political rule. Money appears to be beyond the reach of democratic politics, but this appearance—like so much about money—is deceptive. Even when the politics of money is impossible to ignore, its proper democratic role can be difficult to discern. Stefan Eich examines six crucial episodes of monetary crisis, recovering the neglected political theories of money in the thought of such figures as Aristotle, John Locke, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Karl Marx, and John Maynard Keynes. He shows how these layers of crisis have come to define the way we look at money, and argues that informed public debate about money requires a better appreciation of the diverse political struggles over its meaning. Recovering foundational ideas at the intersection of monetary rule and democratic politics, The Currency of Politics explains why only through greater awareness of the historical limits of monetary politics can we begin to articulate more democratic conceptions of money.

Divine Worship in England in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries Contrasted with and Adapted to that in the Nineteenth

Thus at Canterbury , 1 295 , were four Crosses for Processions , “ Cum Patibulis deauratis et gemmis ornatis . ... The Cross over the Altar may be of wood , but was and may be also more frequently of metal , adorned with gold and silver ...

Author: John David Chambers

Publisher: London : B.M. Pickering

ISBN: UOM:39015008785878


Page: 9

View: 817


The Place of the Cross in Anglo Saxon England

... has nothing to say about a cross on Calvary.48 Theophanes , writing in the ninth century , states that the emperor Theodosius II ( 408–50 ) sent a cross of gold , decorated with gems , to be installed on Golgotha , but his testimony ...

Author: Catherine E. Karkov

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 1843831945

Category: Art

Page: 171

View: 128


The cross pervaded the whole of Anglo-Saxon culture, in art, in sculpture, in religion, in medicine. These new essays explore its importance and significance.

A disquisition upon the right of succession to the Crown of England as by law established To which is added an historical inquiry into the nature of the kingly office etc By Thomas Christopher Banks

The said crown is - composed ( as all the imperial crowns of England are ) of four crosses , and as many fleurs de liz , of gold , upon a rim , or circlet , of gold , all embellished with precious stones , from the tops of which crosses ...



ISBN: BL:A0017332334


Page: 160

View: 372


The Encyclop dia Britannica

Crevequer of Kent bore “ Gold a voided cross gules. ... Latimer is described twice as a “ cross flory,” six times as a “ cross patonce,” but not once by its own name, although there is no better known example of this bearing in England.

Author: Paul Robert Kruse


ISBN: UOM:39015087701481

Category: Encyclopaedia Britannica

Page: 451

View: 316


Fielding s New Peerage of England Scotland Ireland

From the middle of this cap rifes an arched fillet enriched with pearls , and furindunted of a mound whereon is a cross of pearls : The crown of Great Britain is a circle of gold , bordered with ermine , enriched with pearls and ...

Author: John Fielding (Bookseller)


ISBN: BL:A0022003882


Page: 259

View: 911


The Church in Anglo Saxon England

(d) Gold brooch from Liege, now in the collection of Mr Mark Dineley, Berwick St John, Wilts. 2 (a) Silver pendant cross, from Gravesend. Late ninth century, (b) Gilt-bronze chalice (probably portable), from Hexham, (c) Gilt-bronze ...

Author: John Godfrey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521050890

Category: England

Page: 529

View: 719