England and Russia in Central Asia

Presented here is Boulger's two-volume England and Russia in Central Asia, published in 1879 during the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878-80). Boulger was an unapologetic imperialist with strongly anti-Russian views.

Author: Demetrius Charles Boulger

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HNZWGL

Category: Asia

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Demetrius Charles Boulger (1853-1928) was a British orientalist who wrote prolifically on topics mainly related to the British Empire. With Sir Lepel Henry Griffin (1838-1908), a British administrator in India, he co-founded the Asiatic Quarterly Review, which he edited for a time. Presented here is Boulger's two-volume England and Russia in Central Asia, published in 1879 during the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878-80). Boulger was an unapologetic imperialist with strongly anti-Russian views. In this book he predicts an "imminent" Anglo-Russian war, which, he argues, Great Britain should undertake at a time when it is still "strong enough to solve the Central Asian Question wholly in our own favour." Volume one is largely dedicated to matters pertaining to Russia. Its 11 chapters cover such topics as recent Russian explorations in Central Asia, the Amu Darya River, Russian government of Turkestan, Russia's military strength in Central Asia, and Russia's relations with Khiva and Khokand, Bukhara, and Persia. This volume has seven appendices containing official documents, including the texts of the treaties concluded by Russia with the khanates of Khiva and Bukhara. A "latest" Russian official map of Central Asia is also included at the end of volume one. Volume two covers matters relating primarily to Great Britain and British India. It has ten chapters, covering such topics as recent British explorations in Central Asia, the Anglo-Indian army, Afghanistan, and England and Persia. The final chapter, "The Rivalry of England and Russia," summarizes the main arguments and warns of Russian intentions. Two appendices contain the texts of the treaties of Gulistan and Turcomanchai, imposed by Russia on Qajar Persia in 1813 and 1828 respectively. A third appendix, entitled "A French Opinion upon England and Russia in Central Asia," contains an assessment of the strategic situation in the region that was published by the influential French daily Le Journal des Débats in the spring of 1878. At the start of volume two there is also a fold-out map of Persia and Afghanistan. In the end, the Anglo-Russian war that Boulger predicted never materialized, as Russia never seriously threatened India and as subsequent events such as the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5), World War I, and the Russian Revolution shifted the focus of both powers to other regions.

England and Russia in the East

England and Russia in the East, published in 1875, is a collection of five essays by Rawlinson about Persian, Afghan, and Central Asian affairs, three of which are reprints of articles that appeared in the Calcutta Review and the Quarterly ...

Author: Henry Creswicke Rawlinson

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015008493689

Category: Eastern question (Central Asia).

Page: 393

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Henry Creswicke Rawlinson (1810-95) was a British scholar and diplomat, best known for his contributions to the field of Assyriology. In 1827 he entered the service of the East India Company, where he held a variety of posts. He was involved in the reorganization of the Persian army in 1833-39 and in 1843 was appointed political agent of the East India Company in Turkish Arabia. He later served as consul general in Baghdad, where, in addition to his official duties, he took part in archeological expeditions and worked at deciphering Akkadian cuneiform tablets. He returned to England in 1856 and in 1858 was elected to Parliament as a member of the Conservative Party. He served briefly as British minister to Persia, where he was known for his uncompromising attitude towards Russia, which he regarded as a growing threat to the security of British India and to British interests in the region. England and Russia in the East, published in 1875, is a collection of five essays by Rawlinson about Persian, Afghan, and Central Asian affairs, three of which are reprints of articles that appeared in the Calcutta Review and the Quarterly Review, and two of which were written for this volume. Rawlinson focuses on the perceived Russian threat and argues that "in the event of Russia's approach to Herát, it will be indispensable to the safety of India that we should resume our military occupation of Western Afghanistán...." Chapter four of the work, "Central Asia," is the most scholarly and least polemical part of the book. It offers a comprehensive overview of the geography of the entire region, which Rawlinson defines as located "between the Russian empire to the North and the British-Indian empire to the south, including, perhaps, a portion of the Persian province of Khorassán to the west, and Chinese Turkestán to the east." Rawlinson provides a wealth of detail about the region, drawn from all of the leading British, Russian, German, and French authorities as well as knowledge derived from his own travels and observations. Regional treaties dating from 1853 to 1874 are included in the appendix in whole or in extract.

The Great Game

By the end, some Russian outposts were within 20 miles of India.This book tells the story of the Great Game through the exploits of the young officers, both British and Russian, who risked their lives playing it.

Author: Peter Hopkirk

Publisher:

ISBN: 0192802321

Category: Afghan Wars

Page: 562

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For nearly a century the two most powerful nations on earth - Victorian Britain and Tsarist Russia - fought a secret war in the lonely passes and deserts of Central Asia. Those engaged in this shadowy struggle called it 'The Great Game', a phrase immortalized in Kipling's Kim. When play firstbegan the two rival empires lay nearly 2,000 miles apart. By the end, some Russian outposts were within 20 miles of India.This book tells the story of the Great Game through the exploits of the young officers, both British and Russian, who risked their lives playing it. Disguised as holy men or native horsetraders, they mapped secret passes, gathered intelligence, and sought the allegiance of powerful khans. Some neverreturned.

The Great Game

Describes the nineteenth-century struggle between Britain and Russia for control of Central Asia

Author: Peter Hopkirk

Publisher: Kodansha Globe

ISBN: 1568360223

Category: History

Page: 565

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Describes the nineteenth-century struggle between Britain and Russia for control of Central Asia

Securing the Indian Frontier in Central Asia

An important contribution to the study of Asian history, Tsarist Russia, imperial history and the history of British India, this book will also be of interest in India and Pakistan as a study of the events that led to the definition and ...

Author: Martin Ewans

Publisher:

ISBN: 041562746X

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

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The three decades between 1865 and 1895 marked a particularly contentious period in the relationship between Britain and Russia in Central Asia, which more than once brought them to the verge of war. Moderates tried to settle the problem by the negotiation of ‘neutral zones’, or firm boundaries, but the issue was complicated by misreading of intentions, much internal confusion and dispute, and considerable ignorance of the geographical and geopolitical factors involved. This careful and detailed analysis examines the strategic thinking and diplomatic discourse which underlay the whole period, and in particular of the succession of efforts to establish a frontier, which eventually brought the period to a close without a major confrontation being provoked. Based on relevant records in the PRO and the British Library, as well as private papers, press comment, parliamentary debates and other contemporary accounts, Sir Martin Ewans provides a ‘history of thought' of this crucial period in Central Asia. He provides an insight into the manner in which issues of war and peace were handled in the 19thCentury and a fascinating case study of a great power relationship prior to the First World War. An important contribution to the study of Asian history, Tsarist Russia, imperial history and the history of British India, this book will also be of interest in India and Pakistan as a study of the events that led to the definition and consolidation of their northern frontiers.

Britain and Russia in Central Asia 18801907

While this did not remove tension in the region altogether, no significant confrontation subsequently occurred.The principal events and themes covered in this new Major Work include: the Russian assault on Denghil-Tepe and the defeat of the ...

Author: Martin Ewans

Publisher:

ISBN: 0415443598

Category:

Page: 350

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Britain and Russia in Central Asia, 1880-1907 is the third in a series of collections of books and documents on the relationship between Britain and Russia in Central Asia during the nineteenth century. The previous sets have covered the periods 1800-42 ( The Great Game: Britain and Russia in Central Asia ), and 1842-80 ( Great Power Rivalry in Central Asia ).The period covered by the present collection is notable for a major crisis centred on the northern frontier of Afghanistan, which in 1885 brought the two empires to the verge of war. During the 1890s, attention switched to the Pamirs and Tibet. Early in the twentieth century, however, both powers found themselves seriously overextended, both militarily and financially, Britain primarily on account of the Boer War and Russia by the war with Japan. The outcome was a convention covering Persia, Afghanistan and Tibet, concluded in 1907. While this did not remove tension in the region altogether, no significant confrontation subsequently occurred.The principal events and themes covered in this new Major Work include: the Russian assault on Denghil-Tepe and the defeat of the Tekke Turkmen in 1880 the Russian railway construction programme in Transcaspia and its implications the Russian occupation of Merv, 1884 the Pandjeh crisis and the British ultimatum over Herat, April 1885 the Anglo-Russian Boundary Commission and Agreement of 1887 the growth of Russian influence in Persia, 1880s onwards the Lockhart survey of the Pamirs, 1885 the Ney Elias and Younghusband missions to the Pamirs, 1889-91 Durand's missions to Gilgit and Hunza, and the relief of Chitral, 1891-5 the Pamir Boundary Agreement, 1895 the Bower/Thorold mission to Tibet, 1881 Dorjief's supposed intrigues in Tibet and Younghusband's assault on Lhasa, 1903-4 the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907.

History of Central Asia The 4 volume set

2, 5, 16. Yorke, Playing the Great Game (2012), pp. 10, 12. pp. 68–71. 54 On the Russian overtures to local authorities of Kandahar, see: Lal, ... 137. 100 Terentief, Russia and England in Central Asia (1876, 2016), vol. 2, pp. 85–88.

Author: Christoph Baumer

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781838608682

Category: History

Page: 1568

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This set includes all four volumes of the critically acclaimed History of Central Asia series. The epic plains and arid deserts of Central Asia have witnessed some of the greatest migrations, as well as many of the most transformative developments, in the history of civilization. Christoph Baumer's ambitious four-volume treatment of the region charts the 3000-year drama of Scythians and Sarmatians; Soviets and transcontinental Silk Roads; trade routes and the transmission of ideas across the steppes; and the breathless and brutal conquests of Alexander the Great and Chinghiz Khan. Masterfully interweaving the stories of individuals and peoples, the author's engaging prose is richly augmented throughout by colour photographs taken on his own travels. This set includes The Age of the Steppe Warriors (Volume 1), The Age of the Silk Roads (Volume 2), The Age of Islam and the Mongols (Volume 3) and The Age of Decline and Revival (Volume 4)

The Rival Powers in Central Asia Or the Struggle Between England and Russia in the East

This early works is a fascinating and informative look at the subject.

Author: Josef Popowski

Publisher: Barzun Press

ISBN: 9781444637854

Category:

Page: 256

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This early works is a fascinating and informative look at the subject. Contents include; England and Russia - I. Russia's advance in Asia, II. Russia aspires to the Possession of India, III. Can England arrest Russia's Advance in Asia?, IV. Strategical Relations of the Two States, V. England's Value to the Central European Coalition. - Final Conclusions....... Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900's and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.

History of Central Asia The 4 volume set

Masterfully interweaving the stories of individuals and peoples, the author's engaging prose is richly augmented throughout by colour photographs taken on his own travels.

Author: Christoph Baumer

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781838608675

Category: History

Page: 1568

View: 850

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This set includes all four volumes of the critically acclaimed History of Central Asia series. The epic plains and arid deserts of Central Asia have witnessed some of the greatest migrations, as well as many of the most transformative developments, in the history of civilization. Christoph Baumer's ambitious four-volume treatment of the region charts the 3000-year drama of Scythians and Sarmatians; Soviets and transcontinental Silk Roads; trade routes and the transmission of ideas across the steppes; and the breathless and brutal conquests of Alexander the Great and Chinghiz Khan. Masterfully interweaving the stories of individuals and peoples, the author's engaging prose is richly augmented throughout by colour photographs taken on his own travels. This set includes The Age of the Steppe Warriors (Volume 1), The Age of the Silk Roads (Volume 2), The Age of Islam and the Mongols (Volume 3) and The Age of Decline and Revival (Volume 4)

England Russia and Central Asia

England and Russia in Central Asia . Two volumes , W. H. Allen & Co. , London 1879 . Boulger , Demetrius Charles . Ought we to hold Kandhar , W. H. Allen & Co. , London 1879 . “ British Subject , A. ” Russian Central Asia and British ...

Author: Mohammad Anwar Khan

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015027069221

Category: Afghanistan

Page: 356

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Narrative of a Journey from Heraut to Khiva Moscow and St Petersburgh During the Late Russian Invasion of Khiva

First published in 1843, this two-volume travelogue recounts British officer James Abbott's diplomatic mission through Central Asia and Russia, undertaken in 1839 to ensure British influence in the region.

Author: James Abbott

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108053952

Category: History

Page: 430

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First published in 1843, this two-volume travelogue recounts British officer James Abbott's diplomatic mission through Central Asia and Russia, undertaken in 1839 to ensure British influence in the region. In Volume 1, Abbott describes his journey from Herat to Khiva and the beginning of his journey to Russia.

Proceedings in Central Asia Volume 2 Jul 1865 Jun 1866

Correspondence concerning the Russian advance into Central Asia, the Russian occupation of Tashkent, relations between Russia and Bukhara, and agents in the service of British India.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1266274821

Category: Battles

Page:

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Correspondence concerning the Russian advance into Central Asia, the Russian occupation of Tashkent, relations between Russia and Bukhara, and agents in the service of British India. Includes copies of correspondence between Prince Gorchakov and Baron Brunnow, and a Foreign Office memorandum on Russian assurances regarding Central Asia, given in 1865.

The Pall Mall Budget

say will shake the conviction of our astute Russiąn critic that he has “ RUSSIA AND ENGLAND IN CENTRAL ASIA . ... M. Terentyef to two mere toys , each carried on the back of a single yak . set himself the task of combating this ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924069724767

Category:

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The Heart of Asia

The book is valuable not only because of the quality of the historical work on the early period, but also because of the unique picture that it gives of contemporary views on the potential for Anglo-Russian conflict, at a time when the ...

Author: Edward Denison Ross

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0203641701

Category: Political Science

Page: 532

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Originally published in 1899, The Heart of Asia is a definitive history of Central Asia from pre-history to the contemporary machinations of the Russian empire. The book is valuable not only because of the quality of the historical work on the early period, but also because of the unique picture that it gives of contemporary views on the potential for Anglo-Russian conflict, at a time when the Russian Empire was Britain's closest rival for Asian hegemony. Scholars of modern Russia and Central Asia will find much that echoes, and indeed drives, more recent events. Includes 34 illustrations and two maps.

The Best Books

A Reader's Guide to the Choice of the Best Available Books (about 50,000) in Every Department of Science, ... BOULGER , D. C. England and Russia in Central Asia , 2 vols .; maps 36- 8 ° W. H. Allen 79 Central Asian Questions ; 3 maps ...

Author: William Swan Sonnenschein

Publisher: London S. Sonnenschein 1891.

ISBN: HARVARD:HNYX78

Category: Best books

Page: 1009

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Exploring Ottoman and Turkish History

Some of these papers were later collected in his Central Asia and the Anglo - Russian Frontier Question.29 The first two papers , which are also the volume's largest , are suggestively entitled ' The Rivalry of Russia with England in ...

Author: Jacob M. Landau

Publisher: C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS

ISBN: 1850657521

Category: Nationalism

Page: 434

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Consists of material published between 1966 and 2003. About half deals with the late Ottoman Empire and the other half with the Republic of Turkey and the territories of the newly independent ex- Soviet Turkic Republics in the Caucasus and Central Asia.

A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes

The “Great Game,” the British-Russian competition for land and influence across Asia, was played in two adjacent arenas. The main arena was Turkistan Afghanistan, where tsarist armies moved south to annex the former as British tried to ...

Author: Hamid Wahed Alikuzai

Publisher: Trafford Publishing

ISBN: 9781490714479

Category: History

Page: 1016

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For 35,000 years ancient Afghanistan was called Aryana (the Light of God) has existed. Then in 747 AD what is today called Afghanistan became Khorasan (which means Sunrise in Dari) which was a much larger geographical area. In the middle of the nineteenth century the name Afghanistan, which means home of the united tribes, was applied originally by the Saxons (present day British) and the Russians. During the Great Games in the middle of nineteenth century, the Durand Line was created in 1893 and was in place until 1993. Saxons created the state of Afghanistan out of a geographical area roughly the size of Texas: in 1893 before which there were 10 million square kilometers, larger than the size of Canada, as means to act as a buffer zone between the Saxon-India & Tsarist-Russia and the Chinese.

Endgame

By 1914 Britain and Russia were on the brink of war with each other to be saved only by the outbreak of World War I. This book is a groundbreaking and original study based on hitherto unseen archives in Moscow and St Petersburg, as well as ...

Author: Jennifer Siegel

Publisher: I.B. Tauris

ISBN: 1850433712

Category: History

Page: 272

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By the early 1900s both Britain and Russia, suspicious of Imperial Germany, decided to stabilize their relations and replace their rivalry in Central Asia - the 'Great Game' - with rapprochement. But as Jennifer Siegel here demonstrates, reality in the field told a different story. The momentum of imperial rivalry, spiced by oil and railway development, could not be arrested and various interests on both sides continued to stoke the fire with increasing aggressiveness. By 1914 Britain and Russia were on the brink of war with each other to be saved only by the outbreak of World War I. This book is a groundbreaking and original study based on hitherto unseen archives in Moscow and St Petersburg, as well as original research in London.