Electrodynamics from Amp re to Einstein

This book recounts the developments of fundamental electrodynamics from Ampère's investigation of the forces between electric currents to Einstein's introduction of a new doctrine of space and time.

Author: Olivier Darrigol

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198505930

Category: Architecture

Page: 552

View: 816


This book recounts the developments of fundamental electrodynamics from Ampère's investigation of the forces between electric currents to Einstein's introduction of a new doctrine of space and time. The emphasis is on the diverse, evolving practices of electrodynamics and the interactions between the corresponding scientific traditions. A richly documented, clearly written, and abundantly illustrated history of the subject.

Electrodynamics from Amp re to Einstein

This book recounts the developments of fundamental electrodynamics from Ampère's investigation of the forces between electric currents to Einstein's introduction of a new doctrine of space and time.

Author: Olivier Darrigol

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0198505949

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 186


This book recounts the developments of fundamental electrodynamics from Ampère's investigation of the forces between electric currents to Einstein's introduction of a new doctrine of space and time. The emphasis is on the diverse, evolving practices of electrodynamics, and on the interactions between the corresponding scientific traditions. This richly documented, clearly written, and abundantly illustrated history should appeal to students and scholars of physics, and those interested in the history and philosophy of science.

Foundations of Classical Electrodynamics

Darrigol , Electrodynamics from Ampère to Einstein ( Oxford University Press : New York , 2000 ) . [ 13 ] G. de Rham , Differentiable Manifolds : Forms , Currents , Harmonic Forms . Transl . from the French original ( Springer : Berlin ...

Author: Friedrich W. Hehl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817642226

Category: Science

Page: 113

View: 664


In this book we display the fundamental structure underlying classical electro dynamics, i. e. , the phenomenological theory of electric and magnetic effects. The book can be used as a textbook for an advanced course in theoretical electrodynamics for physics and mathematics students and, perhaps, for some highly motivated electrical engineering students. We expect from our readers that they know elementary electrodynamics in the conventional (1 + 3)-dimensional form including Maxwell's equations. More over, they should be familiar with linear algebra and elementary analysis, in cluding vector analysis. Some knowledge of differential geometry would help. Our approach rests on the metric-free integral formulation of the conservation laws of electrodynamics in the tradition of F. Kottler (1922), E. Cartan (1923), and D. van Dantzig (1934), and we stress, in particular, the axiomatic point of view. In this manner we are led to an understanding of why the Maxwell equa tions have their specific form. We hope that our book can be seen in the classical tradition of the book by E. J. Post (1962) on the Formal Structure of Electro magnetics and of the chapter "Charge and Magnetic Flux" of the encyclopedia article on classical field theories by C. Truesdell and R. A. Toupin (1960), in cluding R. A. Toupin's Bressanone lectures (1965); for the exact references see the end of the introduction on page 11. .

Relativity Principles and Theories from Galileo to Einstein

The electrodynamic revolution in Germany as documented by early German expositions of “Maxwell's theory.” AHES, 45: 189–280. 1993b. The electrodynamics of moving bodies from Faraday to Hertz. ... Electrodynamics from Ampère to Einstein.

Author: Olivier Darrigol

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192666185

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 321


Motion is always relative to some thing. Is this thing a concrete body like the earth, is it an abstract space, or is it an imagined frame? Do the laws of physics depend on the choice of reference? It there a choice for which the laws are simplest? Is this choice unique? Is there a physical cause for the choice made? These questions traverse the history of modern physics from Galileo to Einstein. The answers involved Galilean relativity, Newton's absolute space, the purely relational concepts of Descartes, Leibniz, and Mach, and many forgotten uses of relativity principles in mechanics, optics, and electrodynamics - until the relativity theories of Poincaré, Einstein, Minkowksi, and Laue radically redefined space and time to satisfy universal kinds of relativity. Accordingly, this book retraces the emergence of relativity principles in early modern mechanics, documents their constructive use in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century mechanics, optics, and electrodynamics, and gives a well-rooted account of the genesis of special and general relativity in the early twentieth century. As an exercise in long-term history, it demonstrates the connectivity of issues and approaches across several centuries, despite enormous changes in context and culture. As an account of the genesis of relativity theories, it brings unprecedented clarity and fullness by broadening the spectrum of resources on which the principal actors drew.

Einstein s Revolution A Study Of Theory Unification

And namely that was performed in "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies", published several months after the photon paper. ... [http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511527333] [3] O. Darrigol, Electrodynamics from Ampere to Einstein.

Author: Rinat M. Nugayev

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 9781681086354

Category: Science

Page: 215

View: 787


Einstein’s Revolution: A Study of Theory Unification gives students of physics and philosophy, and general readers, an epistemological insight into the genesis of Einstein’s special relativity and its further unification with other theories. The book starts with an introductory analysis of the reasons for mature theory change in science. This leads to a discussion about special relativity genesis. It is contended that Einstein’s ingenious approach to special relativity creation, substantially distinguishing him from Lorentz’s and Poincaré’s invaluable impacts, turns to be a milestone of maxwellian electrodynamics, statistical mechanics and thermodynamics reconciliation design. Special relativity turns out to be grounded on Einstein’s breakthrough 1905 light quantum hypothesis. Eventually the author amends the received view on the general relativity genesis by stressing that the main reason for Einstein’s victory over the rival programmes of Abraham and Nordström was a unificationist character of Einstein’s research programme.

Physics Before and After Einstein

Darrigol O. 1996: “The electrodynamic origins of relativity theory”. Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, 26, pp. 241–312. Darrigol O. 2000: Electrodynamics from Ampère to Einstein. New York: Oxford University ...

Author: Marco Mamone Capria

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586034627

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 752


It is now a century ago that one of the icons of modern physics published some of the most influential scientific papers of all times. With his work on relativity and quantum theory, Albert Einstein has altered the field of physics forever. It should not come as a surprise that looking back at Einstein's work, one needs to rethink the whole scope of physics, before and after his time. This books aims to provide a perspective on the history of modern physics, spanning from the late 19th century up to today. It is not an encyclopaedic work, but it presents the groundbreaking and sometimes provocative main contributions by Einstein as marking the line between 'old' and 'new' physics, and expands on some of the developments and open issues to which they gave rise. This presentation is not meant as a mere celebration of Einstein's work, but as a critical appraisal which provides accurate historical and conceptual information. The contributing authors all have a reputation for working on themes related to Einstein's work and its consequences.Therefore, the collection of papers gives a good representation of what happened in the 100 years after Einstein's landmark Annalen der Physik articles. All people interested in the field of physics, history of science and epistemology could benefit from this book. An effort has been made to make the book attractive not only to scientists, but also to people with a more basic knowledge of mathematics and physics.

The Cambridge Companion to Einstein

The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Vol. 11, Cumulative Index, Bibliography, ... “Henri Poincaré's Criticism of fin de siècle Electrodynamics.” Studies in History and Philosophy of ... Electrodynamics from Ampère to Einstein.

Author: Michel Janssen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521828345

Category: History

Page: 575

View: 602


These fourteen essays by leading historians and philosophers of science introduce the reader to the work of Albert Einstein. Following an introduction that places Einstein's work in the context of his life and times, the essays explain his main contributions to physics in terms that are accessible to a general audience, including special and general relativity, quantum physics, statistical physics, and unified field theory. The closing essays explore the relation between Einstein's work and twentieth-century philosophy, as well as his political writings.

Archimedes to Hawking

Darrigol, Olivier, Electrodynamics from Ampere to Einstein (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000). Hofmann, James, André-Marie Ampère: Enlightenment and Electrodynamics (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Author: Clifford Pickover

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199792682

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 717


Archimedes to Hawking takes the reader on a journey across the centuries as it explores the eponymous physical laws--from Archimedes' Law of Buoyancy and Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion to Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle and Hubble's Law of Cosmic Expansion--whose ramifications have profoundly altered our everyday lives and our understanding of the universe. Throughout this fascinating book, Clifford Pickover invites us to share in the amazing adventures of brilliant, quirky, and passionate people after whom these laws are named. These lawgivers turn out to be a fascinating, diverse, and sometimes eccentric group of people. Many were extremely versatile polymaths--human dynamos with a seemingly infinite supply of curiosity and energy and who worked in many different areas in science. Others had non-conventional educations and displayed their unusual talents from an early age. Some experienced resistance to their ideas, causing significant personal anguish. Pickover examines more than 40 great laws, providing brief and cogent introductions to the science behind the laws as well as engaging biographies of such scientists as Newton, Faraday, Ohm, Curie, and Planck. Throughout, he includes fascinating, little-known tidbits relating to the law or lawgiver, and he provides cross-references to other laws or equations mentioned in the book. For several entries, he includes simple numerical examples and solved problems so that readers can have a hands-on understanding of the application of the law. A sweeping survey of scientific discovery as well as an intriguing portrait gallery of some of the greatest minds in history, this superb volume will engage everyone interested in science and the physical world or in the dazzling creativity of these brilliant thinkers.

Transformations of Electricity in Nineteenth Century Literature and Science

affiliation between Ampère and Faraday was, effectively, a fiction; however, Faraday, ever the gentleman, declines to mention ... 76 Olivier Darrigol, Electrodynamics from Ampère to Einstein (oxford: oxford university Press, 2002), 20.

Author: Stella Pratt-Smith

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317007814

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 176

View: 119


Throughout the nineteenth century, practitioners of science, writers of fiction and journalists wrote about electricity in ways that defied epistemological and disciplinary boundaries. Revealing electricity as a site for intense and imaginative Victorian speculation, Stella Pratt-Smith traces the synthesis of nineteenth-century electricity made possible by the powerful combination of science, literature and the popular imagination. With electricity resisting clear description, even by those such as Michael Faraday and James Clerk Maxwell who knew it best, Pratt-Smith argues that electricity was both metaphorically suggestive and open to imaginative speculation. Her book engages with Victorian scientific texts, popular and specialist periodicals and the work of leading midcentury novelists, including Charles Dickens, Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte, William Makepeace Thackeray and Wilkie Collins. Examining the work of William Harrison Ainsworth and Edward Bulwer-Lytton, Pratt-Smith explores how Victorian novelists attributed magical qualities to electricity, imbuing it with both the romance of the past and the thrill of the future. She concludes with a case study of Benjamin Lumley’s Another World, which presents an enticing fantasy of electricity’s potential based on contemporary developments. Ultimately, her book contends that writing and reading about electricity appropriated and expanded its imaginative scope, transformed its factual origins and applications and contravened the bounds of literary genres and disciplinary constraints.

Einstein s Clocks Poincare s Maps Empires of Time

Electrodynamics from Ampere to Einstein. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Daston, L. 1986. “The Physicalist Tradition in Early Nineteenth Century French Geometry.” In Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 17, pp. 269—95.

Author: Peter Galison

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393243864

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 773


"More than a history of science; it is a tour de force in the genre."—New York Times Book Review A dramatic new account of the parallel quests to harness time that culminated in the revolutionary science of relativity, Einstein's Clocks, Poincaré's Maps is "part history, part science, part adventure, part biography, part meditation on the meaning of modernity....In Galison's telling of science, the meters and wires and epoxy and solder come alive as characters, along with physicists, engineers, technicians and others....Galison has unearthed fascinating material" (New York Times). Clocks and trains, telegraphs and colonial conquest: the challenges of the late nineteenth century were an indispensable real-world background to the enormous theoretical breakthrough of relativity. And two giants at the foundations of modern science were converging, step-by-step, on the answer: Albert Einstein, an young, obscure German physicist experimenting with measuring time using telegraph networks and with the coordination of clocks at train stations; and the renowned mathematician Henri Poincaré, president of the French Bureau of Longitude, mapping time coordinates across continents. Each found that to understand the newly global world, he had to determine whether there existed a pure time in which simultaneity was absolute or whether time was relative. Esteemed historian of science Peter Galison has culled new information from rarely seen photographs, forgotten patents, and unexplored archives to tell the fascinating story of two scientists whose concrete, professional preoccupations engaged them in a silent race toward a theory that would conquer the empire of time.