Economic Value and Ways of Life

... that economics can ignore fulfillment of meaningful needs or culture, would restrict economics to the study of how the ... What is perhaps the most problematic thing in this connection is that the meanings and values do not any more ...

Author: Ralf Eriksson

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105012433053

Category: Economics

Page: 238

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This text attempts to specify the place and nature of economic and economizing thinking, and individualism. It aims to illuminate the relation between the economy and other forms of culture and formulates a discussion coercing the philosophy of social science.

The Economic Value Of The Quality Of Life

For low income groups money income is of dominant importance and expansion of the economy is the most likely way to boost the money income received by low income residents . This argument must be challenged in several ways .

Author: Thomas M. Power

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000244281

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

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This book grew out of research funded by the Montana Department of Labor and Industry. This study will argue that the distinction between "economic values" and "social values" such as the "quality of life" is a misleading and dangerous distinction. There is nothing especially ethereal or spiritual or "noneconomic" about the quality of life (QOL). Similarly there is nothing especially "material", practical" or "economic" about job opportunities or money prices

Global Bioethics

This perspective is more related to Western culture (in which nature often has an economic value). Nonanthropocentric perspectives give a ... All life forms are 'moral patients', i.e. subjects that are entitled to moral consideration.

Author: Henk ten Have

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317300823

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

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The panorama of bioethical problems is different today. Patients travel to Thailand for fast surgery; commercial surrogate mothers in India deliver babies to parents in rich countries; organs, body parts and tissues are trafficked from East to Western Europe; physicians and nurses migrating from Africa to the U.S; thousands of children or patients with malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS are dying each day because they cannot afford effective drugs that are too expensive. Mainstream bioethics as it has developed during the last 50 years in Western countries is evolving into a broader approach that is relevant for people across the world and is focused on new global problems. This book provides an introduction into the new field of global bioethics. Addressing these problems requires a broader vision of bioethics that not only goes beyond the current emphasis on individual autonomy, but that criticizes the social, economic and political context that is producing the problems at global level. This book argues that global bioethics is a necessity because the social, economic and environmental effects of globalization require critical responses. Global bioethics is not a finished product that can simply be applied to solve global problems, but it is the ongoing result of interaction and exchange between local practices and global discourse. It combines recognition of differences and respect for cultural diversity with convergence towards common perspectives and shared values. The book examines the nature of global problems as well as the type of responses that are needed, in order to exemplify the substance of global bioethics. It discusses the ethical frameworks that are available for global discourse and shows how these are transformed into global governance mechanisms and practices.

Sacred Natural Sites

Local and individual Nature SacredNatural 6LWHV Spiritual Socio-economic Value domains of human well-being Policy and Law Knowledge and ... As such socio- economic values are linked to a) lifeways which refer to indigenous ways of life, ...

Author: Bas Verschuuren

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136530753

Category: Nature

Page: 337

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Sacred Natural Sites are the world's oldest protected places. This book focuses on a wide spread of both iconic and lesser known examples such as sacred groves of the Western Ghats (India), Sagarmatha /Chomolongma (Mt Everest, Nepal, Tibet - and China), the Golden Mountains of Altai (Russia), Holy Island of Lindisfarne (UK) and the sacred lakes of the Niger Delta (Nigeria). The book illustrates that sacred natural sites, although often under threat, exist within and outside formally recognised protected areas, heritage sites. Sacred natural sites may well be some of the last strongholds for building resilient networks of connected landscapes. They also form important nodes for maintaining a dynamic socio-cultural fabric in the face of global change. The diverse authors bridge the gap between approaches to the conservation of cultural and biological diversity by taking into account cultural and spiritual values together with the socio-economic interests of the custodian communities and other relevant stakeholders.

Prospects for an Ethics of Architecture

... to certain 'normal' ways of living in and through buildings, spaces and landscapes: ways of remembering buildings, physically inhabiting them or ascertaining their material or economic value. Contextualizing these ways of living via ...

Author: William M. Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135723361

Category: Architecture

Page: 222

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Bringing together the reflections of an architectural theorist and a philosopher, this book encourages philosophers and architects, scholars and designers alike, to reconsider what they do as well as what they can do in the face of challenging times. It does so by exploring the notion that architecture and design can (and possibly should), in their own right, make for a distinctive form of ethical investigation. The book is less concerned with absolutist understandings of the two components of ethics, a theory of ‘the good’ and a theory of ‘the right’, than with remaining open to multiple relations between ideas about the built environment, design practices and the plurality of kinds of human subjects (inhabitants, individuals and communities) accommodated by buildings and urban spaces. The built environment contributes to the inculcation of all sorts of values (good and bad). Thus, this book aims to change the way people commonly think about ethics, not only in relation to the built environment, but to themselves, their ways of thinking and modes of behaviour.

Gender Literacy Curriculum

Of note is the economic value placed on shifting cultivation practices with the terms pro- ductive and cheap . ... The last sentence of the essay reads : Traditional ways of life are not only productive and cheap but also valuable in ...

Author: Alison Lee

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781135345174

Category: Education

Page: 274

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First Published in 1996. Gender, Literacy, Curriculum is a major contribution to research and theory in literacy and curriculum studies. Alison Lee looks at how the texts and discourses of schooling construct 'geography' as a curriculum field, and how this construction is tied closely with students' gendered identities and practices in the classroom. She brings together discourse analyses of research texts, textbooks, classroom talk, students' and teachers' accounts, with a detailed linguistic analysis of students' written work. This title is of particular interest to those working in literacy education and curriculum, discourse analysis and applied linguistics, feminisms and critical pedagogies.

Is Planet Earth Green

heritage in its tangible and intangible forms, the former referring to the physical properties such as historic ... customs, and ways of life, is a capital asset with measurable economic value which creates a 'cultural ecosystem' with ...

Author: Gabriela Mádlo

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9781848881181

Category: Political Science

Page: 119

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This volume provides an understanding of key factors for the balance between human race and nature that leans against the human proactive behaviour supported by the environmental justice.

The New Public Health

In health economics some arbitrary measures are used in order to demonstrate alternative ways of using limited resources. The implicit social value (ISV) of life (Box 11.6) rates a program by the lives it saves, and assumes that, ...

Author: Theodore H. Tulchinsky

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123708908

Category: Medical

Page: 697

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The New Public Health has established itself as a solid textbook throughout the world. Translated into 7 languages, TNPH distinguishes itself from other public health textbooks, which are either highly locally oriented or, if international, lack the specificity of local issues relevant to students' understanding of applied public health in their own setting. This textbook offers students both a comprehensive overview of public health theories as well as in-depth topical chapters, separately presenting special areas of public health practice applied to local settings and case studies. Following the "gold standard" of knowledge set by the Council for Education in Public Health, the new edition includes: * 40% of new material, including all new tables, figures, data, and chapter bibliographies * Updates based on the 2005 accreditation criteria of the Council for Education in Public Health (CEPH), as will feedback received from an extensive survey of professors using NPH1 * Multiple case studies, chapter-ending bibliographies, and "recommended readings" * Companion web site features an Instructors' Guide, PowerPoint lectures slides by the authors on topics related to the chapters, Case Studies, and Links to key websites for continuous updating of material for study and research The second edition of NPH provides a unified approach to public health appropriate for all masters' level students and practitioners – specifically for courses in MPH programs, community health and preventive medicine programs, community health education programs, community health nursing programs, as well as programs for other medical professionals such as pharmacy, physiotherapy, and other public health courses. Specific courses include: Fundamentals of Public Health, Introduction to Public Health Policy, Philosophy of Public Health, History of Public Health, Public Health and Healthcare Management, New Technologies and Public Health, Genetics and Biotechnologies, Bio-preparedness and others. * 40% new material, including all new tables, figures, data, and chapter bibliographies * Updates based on the 2005 accreditation criteria of the Council for Education in Public Health (CEPH) * Multiple case studies, chapter-ending bibliographies, and "recommended readings" * Includes detailed companion website featuring and instructors' guide, PowerPoint slides, case studies and much more

Abortion and the Ways We Value Human Life

She contends that , " [ i ] f the first abortion controversy [ in the second half of the nineteenth century ] was a reaction to the decreasing economic value of large families to nineteenth - century Americans , the second abortion ...

Author: Jeffrey H. Reiman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0847692086

Category: Philosophy

Page: 152

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In Abortion and the Ways We Value Human Life, Jeffrey Reiman argues that an overlooked clue to the solution of the moral problem of abortion lies in the unusual way in which we value the lives of individual human beings-namely, that we value them irreplaceably. We think it is not only wrong to kill an innocent child or adult, but that it would not be made right by replacing the dead one with another living one, or even several. Reiman argues that there are only a limited number of facts that could justify such valuing, with the result that human children and adults have the fullest right to protection of their lives, infants have a lesser but substantial right to such protection, and fetuses do not qualify at all. Leading up to this argument, Reiman presents a survey of Western attitudes and laws about abortion from Hammurabi's Code to Roe v. Wade, and a critical analysis of all the major philosophical arguments on the issue, pro and con. The book is written in straightforward, jargon-free language that makes it accessible to college students at all levels and to the educated lay reader as well.

Health Economics

This chapter begins with the concerns and difficulties of the valuation of life from an individual and aggregate ... Several ways of measuring the economic value of life, the quality of life, and changes in health have been proposed.

Author: Xavier Martinez-Giralt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136598845

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 362

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Research in Health Economics has developed into a separate discipline for the last 25 years. All this intense research activity, has translated in the inclusion of courses of health economics, mostly at graduate level. However, the Industrial Organization aspects of the health care market do not occupy a central place in those courses. We propose a textbook of health economics whose distinguishing feature is the analysis of the health care market from an Industrial Organization perspective. This textbook will provide teachers and students with a reference to study the market structure aspects of the health care sector. The book is structured in three parts. The first part will present the basic principles of economics. It will bring all readers to the required level of knowledge to follow subsequent parts. Part II will review the main concepts of health economics. The third part will contain the core of the book. It will present the industrial organization analysis of the health care market, based on our own research.