Durability of Building Materials and Components

A Probabilistic Framework for Performance-Based Durability Engineering Madeleine Flint, Jack Baker and Sarah Billington Abstract A proposed ... Durability of Building Materials and Components, Building Pathology and Rehabilitation 3, ...

Author: Vasco Peixoto de de Freitas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642374753

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 274

View: 750


Durability of Building Materials and Components provides a collection of recent research works to contribute to the systematization and dissemination of knowledge related to the long-term performance and durability of construction and, simultaneously, to show the most recent advances in this domain. It includes a set of new developments in the field of durability, service life prediction methodologies, the durability approach for historical and old buildings, asset and maintenance management and on the durability of materials, systems and components. The book is divided in several chapters that intend to be a resume of the current state of knowledge for benefit of professional colleagues.

Methodologies for Service Life Prediction of Buildings

In: Durability of building materials and components, building pathology and rehabilitation, vol 3. Springer, Berlin, pp 173–205 Frohnsdorff GJ, Martin JW (1996) Towards prediction of building service life: the standards imperative.

Author: Ana Silva

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319332901

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 787


Presenting an analysis of different approaches for predicting the service life of buildings, this monograph discusses various statistical tools and mathematical models, some of which have rarely been applied to the field. It explores methods including deterministic, factorial, stochastic and computational models and applies these to façade claddings. The models allow (i) identification of patterns of degradation, (ii) estimation of service life, (iii) analysis of loss of performance using probability functions, and (iv) estimation of service life using a probability distribution. The final chapter discusses the differences between the different methodologies and their advantages and limitations. The authors also argue that a better understanding of the service life of buildings results in more efficient building maintenance and reduced environmental costs. It not only provides an invaluable resource to students, researchers and industry professionals interested in service life prediction and sustainable construction, but is also of interest to environmental and materials scientists.

Drying and Wetting of Building Materials and Components

This chapter presents methods for moderating indoor humidity levels using hygroscopic materials, in the form of: (1) hygroscopic building materials, (2) a desiccant coated air-to-air energy wheel and (3) a new concept ceiling panel with ...

Author: J.M.P.Q. Delgado

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319045313

Category: Science

Page: 215

View: 658


This book, Drying and Wetting of Building Materials and Components, provides a collection of recent contributions in the field of drying and wetting in porous building materials. The main benefit of the book is that it discusses some of the most important topics related to the drying and wetting processes, namely, innovations and trends in drying science and technology, drying mechanism and theory, equipment, advanced modelling, complex simulation and experimentation. At the same time, these topics will be going to the encounter of a variety of scientific and engineering disciplines. The book is divided in several chapters that intend to be a resume of the current state of knowledge for benefit of professional colleagues.

Brick and Block Masonry

Behaviour to Salt Crystallization of Repointing by Ready-Mix Mortars: Experimental Data and Application of a Probabilistic Model, Durability of Building Materials and Components, Building Pathology and Rehabilitation 3, ...

Author: Claudio Modena

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498795920

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 406

View: 451


Brick and Block Masonry - Trends, Innovations and Challenges contains the lectures and regular papers presented at the 16th International Brick and Block Masonry Conference (Padova, Italy, 26-30 June 2016). In an ever-changing world, in which innovations are rapidly implemented but soon surpassed, the challenge for masonry, the oldest and most traditional building material, is that it can address the increasingly pressing requirements of quality of living, safety, and sustainability. This abstracts volume and full paper USB device, focusing on challenges, innovations, trends and ideas related to masonry, in both research and building practice, will proof to be a valuable source of information for researchers and practitioners, masonry industries and building management authorities, construction professionals and educators.

Moisture and Buildings

Journal of Building Pathology and Rehabilitation, 1. ... Journal of Building Physics, 29(3), 219À246. ... In: Fifth international conference on durability of buildings materials and components (pp. 615À624). Maia, J., Ramos, N. M. M., ...

Author: Arianna Brambilla

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780128210987

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 202

View: 516


One in three homes, on average, suffer from excessive dampness and mould proliferation, with significant health and economic impacts. The combination of new construction methodologies, stricter airtightness requirements and the changing social and cultural context that influences the way we live inside buildings has created unprecedented challenges for the built environment. In modifying indoor and outdoor environments and the building envelopes that serve as a filter between the two, we are changing the physical parameters of the ways in which buildings behave and respond to climatic stimuli. Understanding and predicting the way in which buildings and moisture may interact should be an important step in the design process, aiming to minimise possible negative long-term consequences. Understanding and predicting the way in which buildings and moisture may interact is, today more than ever, essential yet difficult, as the experience of the past has lost its applicability. Moisture-related issues never have a simple solution, since they involve multiple factors, including design, construction, maintenance, materials, climate and occupation pattern. Thus, while the topic is attracting growing attention among researchers, designers and practitioners, the pace with which actual change is occurring is still too slow. Moisture and Buildings provides a critical overview of current research, knowledge and policy frameworks, and presents a comprehensive analysis of the implications of moisture and the importance of accounting for it during the design process. It responds to the urgent need for a systematic organization of the existing knowledge to identify research gaps and provide directions for future developments. The ultimate goal is to increase awareness of the multifaceted implications of hygrothermal phenomena and promote integrated design processes that lead to healthier and more durable constructions. Presents advanced knowledge on hygrothermal processes and their interaction with buildings Integrates the three key areas of moisture transport and its impact on buildings, including durability, human health and comfort Considers the most useful computational tools for assessing moisture and building interactions Includes a section on the main European, American and Australian building codes Explains the risks of mold growth to human health, including growth models to assessment methods

Materials for Construction and Civil Engineering

In: PATORREB 2006—second meeting on buildings pathology and rehabilitation, Porto, vol II, pp 541–550 72. ... In: 10DBMC—international conference on durability on building materials and components, Lyon, CD Veiga MR (2009) Compatible ...

Author: M. Clara Gonçalves

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319082363

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 902

View: 946


This expansive volume presents the essential topics related to construction materials composition and their practical application in structures and civil installations. The book's diverse slate of expert authors assemble invaluable case examples and performance data on the most important groups of materials used in construction, highlighting aspects such as nomenclature, the properties, the manufacturing processes, the selection criteria, the products/applications, the life cycle and recyclability, and the normalization. Civil Engineering Materials: Science, Processing, and Design is ideal for practicing architects; civil, construction, and structural engineers, and serves as a comprehensive reference for students of these disciplines. This book also: · Provides a substantial and detailed overview of traditional materials used in structures and civil infrastructure · Discusses properties of natural and synthetic materials in construction and materials' manufacturing processes · Addresses topics important to professionals working with structural materials, such as corrosion, nanomaterials, materials life cycle, not often covered outside of journal literature · Diverse author team presents expect perspective from civil engineering, construction, and architecture · Features a detailed glossary of terms and over 400 illustrations

Building Pathology

Bowyer, J. (1979)Guide to Domestic Building Surveys. 3rd edn. London: Architectural Press. British Standards Institution (1992) Guide to the Durability of Buildings and Building Elements, Products and Components. BS 7543. London: BSI.

Author: David S. Watt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444314038

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 709


Building pathology provides an interdisciplinary approach to the study of defects and performance in order to develop appropriate remedial and management solutions. It considers how the structure and materials of a building relate to its environment, its occupants and the way the building is used, so as to develop a better understanding of building failures. This book provides a well illustrated introduction to the discipline of building pathology, bridging the gap between current approaches to the surveying of buildings and the detailed study of defect diagnosis, prognosis and remediation. It features a number of case studies and a detailed set of references and further reading. This second edition has been updated to reflect changes in legislation, guidance and construction, and provides new case studies that demonstrate the breadth and depth of the subject.

Expert Knowledge based Inspection Systems

Durability of building materials and components 8. Institute for Research in Construction, Ottawa, ... In: 2nd international symposium on building pathology, durability and rehabilitation. Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil (LNEC) ...

Author: Jorge de Brito

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030424466

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 469

View: 754


This book provides a novel approach to building pathology in current buildings. Drawing on the available literature, hands-on experience and fieldwork inspections, it presents a systematic perspective on the pathology of the building envelope. The book addresses natural stone claddings, adhesive ceramic tiling, renders, painted surfaces, External Thermal Insulation Composite Systems (ETICS), architectural concrete surfaces, windows and doors framing, and claddings for pitched and flat roofs. In addition to highlighting selected materials and construction elements, the book proposes a global classification system for defects and their probable causes, together with in situ diagnosis methods and repair techniques. It also identifies the relationships between defects and causes, diagnosis methods and repair techniques, and the interdependence between different defects, presenting these relations in the form of correlation matrices. Support files with detailed information and an inspection form are also provided. Selected case studies are presented to illustrate the value of a guidance system in fieldwork. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable guide, particularly for researchers, building inspectors, civil engineers, architects and maintenance planners.

Seismic Rehabilitation Methods for Existing Buildings

Building features including structural and nonstructural component specifications, earthquake risk at the site, results of primary evaluation of seismic strength, history of past uses and future uses of the building, special economic ...

Author: Reza Mokarram Aydenlou

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780128203842

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 680

View: 798


Seismic Rehabilitation Methods for Existing Buildings covers various structures, effective parameters in seismic improvement, and other factors in seismic loading. The book offers guidance for a seismic reconstruction project based on the interpretation of publications FEMA 440, FEMA 172 and ATC 40. It includes real examples of completed and approved projects to stabilize the seismic improvement issues of existing buildings. Six perfectly executed examples, with complete refinement details, such as modeling, step-by-step improvement studies, and executive plans and seismic enhancement images are included. In essence, the book explains the classification of non-structural elements and how to carry out seismic reconstruction studies. Provides a fully functional way to evaluate, model and present details of a seismic rehabilitation plan for a building Presents real seismic refurbishment models and step-by-step methods for providing examples (including images, tables and charts)

Masonry Building Pathologies and Design

The chapter here illustrates a project for rehabilitation of the cafeteria in an administrative building. ... Geometric patterns are parts of design combinations used by many designers in exterior and interiors.

Author: João M. P. Q. Delgado

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030804961

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 159

View: 951


This book presents a collection of recent research works related to blast resistant design, building pathologies, seismic coating, bottle-shaped concrete struts, delayed ettringite formation and waterproofing. It features eight chapters on building pathologies as well as a detailed set of references and suggestions for further reading. Offering a systematic review of the current state of knowledge, it is a valuable resource for scientists, students, practitioners, and lecturers in various scientific and engineering disciplines, including civil and materials engineering, as well as and other interested parties.