Double Zero and Soviet Military Strategy

Typeset by BookEns , Saffron Walden , Essex Printed and bound in United Kingdom by Biddles Ltd , Guildford and King's Lynn British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data Gormley , Dennis M , 1943– Double Zero and Soviet Military ...

Author: Dennis M. Gormley

Publisher: Janes Information Group

ISBN: UCAL:B4238829

Category: Political Science

Page: 229

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Examines the effect of the INF (Intermediate Nuclear Forces) treaty on Soviet military planning, and Western security

Double edged Diplomacy

cate by President Reagan's obvious enthusiasm for double zero . Throughout this debate , the Conservatives rehearsed familiar issues in NATO's strategy of flexible response : the fact that " double zero " would restrict NATO to weapons ...

Author: Peter and Isabel Malkin Professor of Public Policy Robert D Putnam

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520076818

Category: Political Science

Page: 490

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This original look at the dynamics of international relations untangles the vigorous interaction of domestic and international politics on subjects as diverse as nuclear disarmament, human rights, and trade. An eminent group of political scientists demonstrates how international bargaining that reflects domestic political agendas can be undone when it ignores the influence of domestic constituencies.The eleven studies in "Double-Edged Diplomacy" provide a major step in furthering a more complete understanding of how politics "between" nations affects politics "within" nations and vice versa. The result is a striking new paradigm for comprehending world events at a time when the global and the domestic are becoming ever more linked.

Nondeterminism in Algebraic Specifications and Algebraic Programs

... the specification DOUBLE' of example 2.3: DOUBLE – double(zero) -> zero: (1) - DET(zero) (AXIOM-2) (2) - double(zero) -> add(zero.zero) (AXIOM-1), (1) (3) - add(zero, Zero) -> zero (AXIOM-1), (1) (4) - double(zero) -> zero (TRANS), ...

Author: Hussmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468468342

Category: Mathematics

Page: 254

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Algebraic specification, nondeterminism and term rewriting are three active research areas aiming at concepts for the abstract description of software systems: Algebraic specifications are well-suited for describing data structures and sequential software systems in an abstract way. Term rewriting methods are used in many prototyping systems and form the basis for executing specifi cations. Nondeterminism plays a major role in formal language theory; in programming it serves for delaying design decisions in program development and occurs in a "natural" way in formalisations of distributed processes. Heinrich Hussmann presents an elegant extension of equational specification and term rewriting to include nondeterminism. Based on a clean modeltheoretic semantics he considers term rewriting systems without confluence restrictions as a specification language and shows that fundamental properties such as the existence of initial models or the soundness and completeness of narrowing, the basic mechanism for executing equational specifications, can be extended to nondeterministic computations. The work of Heinrich Hussmann is an excellent contribution to Algebraic Programming; it gives a framework that admits a direct approach to program verification, is suitable for describing concurrent and distributed processes, and it can be executed as fast as Prolog.

Canola and Rapeseed

The production of double - low seeds from a B. campestris cultivar was achieved shortly after the production of B. napus ... single- and double - zero varieties of Midas and Altex , respectively , contained mostly ( 57-59 % ) oleic acid ...

Author: Fereidoon Shahidi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0442002955

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 355

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This monograph reports recent advances in production, chemistry, analysis, nutritional properties and commercial processing of canola and rapeseed. Recent developments in biotechnology of canola production and genetic alterations and improvements of seeds, recent methods of analysis and recent studies to upgrade the canola proteins are presented.

Complex Analysis

leading term in the power series for f ( z ) is h ( zo ) ( z – zo ) " , and f ( z ) has a zero of order N at zo . A zero of order one is called a simple zero , and a zero of order two is called a double zero . Example .

Author: THEODORE GAMELIN

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387950699

Category: Mathematics

Page: 478

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An introduction to complex analysis for students with some knowledge of complex numbers from high school. It contains sixteen chapters, the first eleven of which are aimed at an upper division undergraduate audience. The remaining five chapters are designed to complete the coverage of all background necessary for passing PhD qualifying exams in complex analysis. Topics studied include Julia sets and the Mandelbrot set, Dirichlet series and the prime number theorem, and the uniformization theorem for Riemann surfaces, with emphasis placed on the three geometries: spherical, euclidean, and hyperbolic. Throughout, exercises range from the very simple to the challenging. The book is based on lectures given by the author at several universities, including UCLA, Brown University, La Plata, Buenos Aires, and the Universidad Autonomo de Valencia, Spain.

Theory of Third Order Differential Equations

From Lemma 2.1.1, it follows that x(t) < 0 for O > t < t 4. Since w(to) = w (ts) = 0 and x(t) < 0 for t e [to, ts], by Lemma 1.5.13, there exists a real number pu 1 such that w (t) – pulx(t) has a double zero at some point to e (to, ...

Author: Seshadev Padhi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9788132216148

Category: Mathematics

Page: 507

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This book discusses the theory of third-order differential equations. Most of the results are derived from the results obtained for third-order linear homogeneous differential equations with constant coefficients. M. Gregus, in his book written in 1987, only deals with third-order linear differential equations. These findings are old, and new techniques have since been developed and new results obtained. Chapter 1 introduces the results for oscillation and non-oscillation of solutions of third-order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, and a brief introduction to delay differential equations is given. The oscillation and asymptotic behavior of non-oscillatory solutions of homogeneous third-order linear differential equations with variable coefficients are discussed in Ch. 2. The results are extended to third-order linear non-homogeneous equations in Ch. 3, while Ch. 4 explains the oscillation and non-oscillation results for homogeneous third-order nonlinear differential equations. Chapter 5 deals with the z-type oscillation and non-oscillation of third-order nonlinear and non-homogeneous differential equations. Chapter 6 is devoted to the study of third-order delay differential equations. Chapter 7 explains the stability of solutions of third-order equations. Some knowledge of differential equations, analysis and algebra is desirable, but not essential, in order to study the topic.

NATO Defense and the INF Treaty

Hearings Before the Committee on Armed Services, United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session United States. Congress. Senate. ... Do you agree putting double zero on the table was a mistake , Mr. Gaffney ? Mr. GAFFNEY .

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015014766896

Category: Europe

Page:

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Mind Bugs

{ Borrow - Won't - Recurse } { Borrow - Across - Zero ! Touched - Zero - Is - Ten ! Touched - Double - Zero - Is - Quit } { Borrow - Across - Zero ! Touched - Double - Zero - Is - Quit } { Borrow - Across - Zero !

Author: Kurt VanLehn

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262220369

Category: Psychology

Page: 253

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As children acquire arithmetic skills, they often develop "bugs" - small, local misconceptions that cause systematic errors. Mind Bugs combines a novel cognitive simulation process with careful hypothesis testing to explore how mathematics students acquire procedural skills in instructional settings, focusing in particular on these procedural misconceptions and what they reveal about the learning process. VanLehn develops a theory of learning that explains how students develop procedural misconceptions that cause systematic errors. He describes a computer program, "Sierra," that simulates learning processes and predicts exactly what types of procedural errors should occur. These predictions are tested with error data from several thousand subjects from schools all over the world. Moreover, each hypothesis of the theory is tested individually by determining how the predictions would change if it were removed from the theory. Integrating ideas from research in machine learning, artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and linguistics, Mind Bugs specifically addresses error patterns on subtraction tests, showing, for example, why some students have an imperfect understanding of the rules for borrowing. Alternative explanatory hypotheses are explored by incorporating them in Sierra in place of the primary hypotheses, and seeing if the program still explains all the subtraction bugs that it explained before. Mind Bugs is included in the series Learning, Development, and Conceptual Change, edited by Lila Gleitman, Susan Carey, Elissa Newport, and Elizabeth Spelke. A Bradford Book

Parity time Symmetry and Its Applications

If n = 0, the ground state branch (11) leads to a double zero eigenvalue and a set of simple eigenvalues in pairs A e =Ei{2m, m e No) {0}}. The double zero eigenvalue is preserved in e due to gauge symmetry, whereas the simple neutrally ...

Author: Demetrios Christodoulides

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811312472

Category: Science

Page: 579

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This book offers a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art theoretical and experimental advances in linear and nonlinear parity-time-symmetric systems in various physical disciplines, and surveys the emerging applications of parity-time (PT) symmetry. PT symmetry originates from quantum mechanics, where if the Schrodinger operator satisfies the PT symmetry, then its spectrum can be all real. This concept was later introduced into optics, Bose-Einstein condensates, metamaterials, electric circuits, acoustics, mechanical systems and many other fields, where a judicious balancing of gain and loss constitutes a PT-symmetric system. Even though these systems are dissipative, they exhibit many signature properties of conservative systems, which make them mathematically and physically intriguing. Important PT-symmetry applications have also emerged. This book describes the latest advances of PT symmetry in a wide range of physical areas, with contributions from the leading experts. It is intended for researchers and graduate students to enter this research frontier, or use it as a reference book.

Solving PDEs in C

Numerical Methods in a Unified Object-Oriented Approach, Second Edition Yair Shapira. matrix3 Z3(point3(0.,0.,0.), point3(0.,0.,0.),point3(0.,0.,0.)); ... polynomial<polynomial<double> > Zero(l,zero); polynomial<double> one(l,l.); ...

Author: Yair Shapira

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9781611972160

Category: Computers

Page: 776

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In this much-expanded second edition, author Yair Shapira presents new applications and a substantial extension of the original object-oriented framework to make this popular and comprehensive book even easier to understand and use. It not only introduces the C and C++ programming languages, but also shows how to use them in the numerical solution of partial differential equations (PDEs). The book leads readers through the entire solution process, from the original PDE, through the discretization stage, to the numerical solution of the resulting algebraic system. The high level of abstraction available in C++ is particularly useful in the implementation of complex mathematical objects, such as unstructured mesh, sparse matrix, and multigrid hierarchy, often used in numerical modeling. The well-debugged and tested code segments implement the numerical methods efficiently and transparently in a unified object-oriented approach.