The Peripatetics , by the following manifest petitio principii , pretend to prove , that the centre of the earth is ... in the shambles is eaten for dinner ; raw meat is bought in the shambles ; therefore raw meat is eaten for dinner .
Author: Alexander Jamieson
"Grammar, Logic, and Rhetoric are the handmaids of Literature, Science and Philosophy. The study of grammar is the study of language, and memory is the faculty which it chiefly employs and exercises. But in proceeding towards the cultivation of taste and genius, the acquisition of science, and other ulterior objects of education, the faculties most susceptible of improvement and refinement are the imagination and the understanding. Polite Literature is addressed to the imagination and the understanding in conjunction; science is addressed to the understanding alone. With the view, therefore, of conducting youth from the mere exercise of memory, in the study of language, towards investigations on the powers of the understanding, in the regions of science, my Grammar of Rhetoric and Polite Literature professes, by a proper gradation, to occupy the mind for some time, in those agreeable prospects exhibited to the imagination, and in those interesting speculations, also, addressed to the understanding, with which the arts of speaking and writing so amply abound. But the most successful initiation and discipline into the researches of philosophy, are disquisitions about the objects with which we are familiar, and inquiries into the operations of the human mind, which we every day experience. And Logic has been justly styled the history of the human mind, inasmuch as it traces the progress of our knowledge, from our first and simple perceptions, through all their different combinations, and all those numerous deductions, that result from variously comparing them one with another. This volume is divided into five (5) sections discussing the interrelationships between aspects of logic, philosophy, intellect, and knowledge"--Introduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved).