Digital Stereoscopy

This book will let you discover the basic principles of how we perceive objects in 3D, how we can shoot 3D pictures and movies, what digital processes are required to produce quality 3D images, and how 3D movies are distributed.

Author: Benoit Michel

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 1480157090

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 354

View: 843

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Why buy "Digital Stereoscopy"?Digital Stereoscopy is the bible of modern 3D technologies where students, amateurs, and professional stereographers will find a clear description of all 3D facets of the stereoscopic business as well as detailed info on the 3D image production, distribution, and presentation workflow. Abstract and special featuresStereoscopic images are a century old but the recent rise of digital 3D in all aspects of audiovisual production allows for a constant high quality level, making stereoscopy pleasant and comfortable for the viewer's eyes. The range of media influenced by stereoscopy is impressive, going from motion pictures and television to print and Internet distribution. This book will let you discover the basic principles of how we perceive objects in 3D, how we can shoot 3D pictures and movies, what digital processes are required to produce quality 3D images, and how 3D movies are distributed. We will also study less known aspects of the production workflow, such as 2D to 3D conversion, storage, real-time transmission for broadcasting, and 3D Blu-ray authoring. The various methods of displaying and projecting 3D images will be covered, along with their pros and cons. The book provides a large number of technical details on all these subjects, making it a reference work for professionals in the field, with explanations of the most commonly used software, hardware, and standards.To make the book as useful as possible, an abundance of sidebars explaining the most important concepts in each chapter and a glossary of the most frequently used 3D-specific terms have been included.

Digital Visual Effects in Cinema

Moreover, digital imaging applications like Autodesk Maya offer numerous tools that permit digital stereoscopy to ... more virtual cameras and will calculate the desired horizontal parallax for stereoscopic viewing based on the way that ...

Author: Stephen Prince

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813552187

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 272

View: 431

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Avatar. Inception. Jurassic Park. Lord of the Rings. Ratatouille. Not only are these some of the highest-grossing films of all time, they are also prime examples of how digital visual effects have transformed Hollywood filmmaking. Some critics, however, fear that this digital revolution marks a radical break with cinematic tradition, heralding the death of serious realistic movies in favor of computer-generated pure spectacle. Digital Visual Effects in Cinema counters this alarmist reading, by showing how digital effects–driven films should be understood as a continuation of the narrative and stylistic traditions that have defined American cinema for decades. Stephen Prince argues for an understanding of digital technologies as an expanded toolbox, available to enhance both realist films and cinematic fantasies. He offers a detailed exploration of each of these tools, from lighting technologies to image capture to stereoscopic 3D. Integrating aesthetic, historical, and theoretical analyses of digital visual effects, Digital Visual Effects in Cinema is an essential guide for understanding movie-making today.

Image Processing and Data Analysis with ERDAS IMAGINE

Digital. Stereoscopy. Overview. An additional procedure for extracting information from imagery is being able to view the relief of the ... Stereo Analyst is a digital stereoscopic software module within the ERDAS IMAGINE® package.

Author: Stacy A.C. Nelson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351980586

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 330

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Globally, a wide variety of organizations rely on ERDAS IMAGINE® daily, including local, state and national mapping agencies, transportation departments, defense organizations, engineering and utility companies and many more. ERDAS IMAGINE® is a powerful software package used to collect, process, analyze and understand raw geospatial data, it has become the industry standard in digital image processing. This book provides the first comprehensive guide to develop a proficiency in digital image processing of remotely sensed data from a research/real-world application perspective, along with robust hands-on, start-to-finish examples that represent the most commonly/traditionally used methods.

The Johns Hopkins Guide to Digital Media

192 Film and Digital Media and it can be easily transferred to digital postproduction. ... facial performance capture, a virtual camera, and other digital techniques but have also been driving a trend toward digital stereoscopy ...

Author: Marie-Laure Ryan

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421412238

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 538

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The study of what is collectively labeled “New Media”—the cultural and artistic practices made possible by digital technology—has become one of the most vibrant areas of scholarly activity and is rapidly turning into an established academic field, with many universities now offering it as a major. The Johns Hopkins Guide to Digital Media is the first comprehensive reference work to which teachers, students, and the curious can quickly turn for reliable information on the key terms and concepts of the field. The contributors present entries on nearly 150 ideas, genres, and theoretical concepts that have allowed digital media to produce some of the most innovative intellectual, artistic, and social practices of our time. The result is an easy-to-consult reference for digital media scholars or anyone wishing to become familiar with this fast-developing field.

Acting and Performance in Moving Image Culture

Instead, she argued, aboriginal narratives in digital media respond to Promethean narratives with »trickster« ... digital puppetry, computer generated animation, performance capture, and digital stereoscopy—and specifically, ...

Author: Jörg Sternagel

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 9783839416488

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 488

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This volume offers transdisciplinary perspectives on the study of acting and performance in moving image forms. It assembles 26 international scholars from dance, theatre, film, media and cultural studies, art history and philosophy to investigate the art of acting and the presence of the human body in analog and digital film, animation and video art. The volume includes classical case studies and essays devoted to acting history and acting and genres, but its particular emphasis is on introducing a wide range of groundbreaking theoretical approaches - from continental and analytic philosophy to new media theory and cognitivist research - all of which interrogate the fundamental conceptions of »act« and »actor« that underwrite both popular and academic notions of performance in moving image culture.

Hidden in Plain Sight

EARLY CINEMA THROUGH DIGITAL EYES With a nod to the nineteenthcentury stereoscope, Hugo was filmed in 3D using digital cameras and computergenerated imagery. Although the use of digital stereoscopy has a distinct teleological dimension, ...

Author: Colin Williamson

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813572550

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 248

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What does it mean to describe cinematic effects as “movie magic,” to compare filmmakers to magicians, or to say that the cinema is all a “trick”? The heyday of stage illusionism was over a century ago, so why do such performances still serve as a key reference point for understanding filmmaking, especially now that so much of the cinema rests on the use of computers? To answer these questions, Colin Williamson situates film within a long tradition of magical practices that combine art and science, involve deception and discovery, and evoke two forms of wonder—both awe at the illusion displayed and curiosity about how it was performed. He thus considers how, even as they mystify audiences, cinematic illusions also inspire them to learn more about the technologies and techniques behind moving images. Tracing the overlaps between the worlds of magic and filmmaking, Hidden in Plain Sight examines how professional illusionists and their tricks have been represented onscreen, while also considering stage magicians who have stepped behind the camera, from Georges Méliès to Ricky Jay. Williamson offers an insightful, wide-ranging investigation of how the cinema has functioned as a “device of wonder” for more than a century, while also exploring how several key filmmakers, from Orson Welles to Christopher Nolan and Martin Scorsese, employ the rhetoric of magic. Examining pre-cinematic visual culture, animation, nonfiction film, and the digital trickery of today’s CGI spectacles, Hidden in Plain Sight provides an eye-opening look at the powerful ways that magic has shaped our modes of perception and our experiences of the cinema.

New Perspectives on Computer Concepts 2018 Introductory

What's the modern version of stereoscopic imaging? Modern stereoscopic imaging uses digital images and viewers. Apps for capturing QUICKCHECK a stereo pair with a single lens camera are available, but somewhat tricky to use.

Author: June Jamrich Parsons

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781337516372

Category: Computers

Page: 632

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In today’s world where technology impacts every aspect of life, you need to know how to evaluate devices, choose apps, maintain a professional online reputation, and ensure digital security. NEW PERSPECTIVES ON COMPUTER CONCEPTS 2018, INTRODUCTORY offers the insights to help. This book goes beyond the intuitive how-to of apps and social media to delve into broad concepts that are guiding current technologies such as self-driving cars, virtual reality, file sharing torrents, encrypted communications, photo forensics, and the Internet of Things. Numerous illustrations and interactive features make mastering technical topics a breeze, while the book’s proven learning path is structured with today's busy reader in mind. This edition offers an insightful overview of what today’s readers must know about using technology to complete an education, secure a successful career, and engage in issues that shape today's world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

New Perspectives on Computer Concepts 2018 Comprehensive

a What's the modern version of stereoscopic imaging? Modern stereoscopic imaging uses digital images and viewers. Apps for capturing QUICKCHECK a stereo pair with a single lens camera are available, but somewhat tricky to use.

Author: June Jamrich Parsons

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781337516365

Category: Computers

Page: 952

View: 851

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In today’s world where technology impacts every aspect of life, you need to know how to evaluate devices, choose apps, maintain a professional online reputation, and ensure digital security. NEW PERSPECTIVES ON COMPUTER CONCEPTS 2018, COMPREHENSIVE offers the insights to help. This book goes beyond the intuitive how-to of apps and social media to delve into broad concepts that are guiding current technologies such as self-driving cars, virtual reality, file sharing torrents, encrypted communications, photo forensics, and the Internet of Things. Numerous illustrations and interactive features make mastering technical topics a breeze, while the book’s proven learning path is structured with today's busy reader in mind. This edition offers an insightful overview of what today’s readers must know about using technology to complete an education, secure a successful career, and engage in issues that shape today's world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Marketing of Stereoscopic Cinema

Finally, this bachelor thesis is meant to analyze whether the wave of digital stereoscopy is a technological impact with long lasting severity. More specifically, this would mean to raise the question of the sustainability of 3D cinema ...

Author: Philip Jaime Alcazar

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783656390633

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 35

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Bachelor Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Communications - Public Relations, Advertising, Marketing, Social Media, grade: 1, Vienna University of Economics and Business (International Business), course: International Marketing Management, language: English, abstract: With the rise of Internet platforms providing both legal and illegal file sharing utilities, media companies – especially the ones focusing theatrical cinema markets – are facing new problems and difficulties to remain merchantable in opposition with their online competition. With the beginning of the new century, the number of sales, as to say the worldwide number of cinema attendances, experienced an ongoing stagnation or even a decrease. In order to cope with this challenge, international film production companies and cinema chains are challenged to develop new strategies if they mean to endeavor market changes. One possibility to attract a larger audience to the cinemas could be the usage of stereoscopic 3D technology, due to the lack of an online substitute. This phenomenon is not new. When, in the 1950s, television started to become part of the average households and cinema attendance numbers collapsed, 3D films experienced a heyday. The task of this research is to compare the former boom with today's trend and to evaluate whether the stereoscopic technology is a proper tool to enhance sales in terms of cinema attendance for international media companies.

Applied Photographic Optics

2 , 86-98 Schoenaker , G. ( 1968 ) Stereo drawings made with a digital computer . ... L. ( 1982 ) Foundations of the Stereoscopic Cinema , Van Nostrand Reinhold , Wokingham Lipton , L. ( 1991 ) The evolution of electronic stereoscopy .

Author: Sidney Ray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136097027

Category: Photography

Page: 680

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Selected by the American Library Association's 'Choice' magazine as "best technical book", the first edition of this book soon established itself as the standard reference work on all aspects of photographic lenses and associated optical systems. This is unsurprising, as Sidney Ray provides a complete, comprehensive reference source for anyone wanting information on photographic lenses, from the student to the practitioner or specialist working with visual and digital media worldwide. This third edition has been fully revised and expanded to include the rapid progress in the last decade in optical technology and advances in relevant electronic and digital forms of imaging. Every chapter has been revised and expanded using new figures and photographs as appropriate, as well as extended bibliographies. New chapters include details of filters, measurements from images and the optical systems of digital cameras. Details of electronic and digital imaging have been integrated throughout. More information is given on topics such as aspherics, diffractive optics, ED glasses, image stabilization, optical technology, video projection and new types of lenses. A selection of the contents includes chapters on: optical theory, aberrations, auto focus, lens testing, depth of field, development of photographic lenses, general properties of lenses, wide-angle lenses, telephoto lenses, video lenses, viewfinder systems, camera movements, projection systems and 3-D systems.

Landslides

Landslide intensity, multi-temporal analysis, digital stereoscopy, cultural heritage 13.1 Introduction The paper reports a multi-temporal analysis of the large landslide of Craco (S Italy) implemented through the ap- plication of ...

Author: Kyoji Sassa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540286806

Category: Science

Page: 385

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Based on contributions to the first General Assembly of the International Consortium on Landslides, this reference and status report emphasizes the mechanisms of different types of landslides, landslide risk analysis, and sustainable disaster management. It comprises the achievements of the ICL over the past three years, since the Kyoto assembly. It consists of three parts: research results of the International Programme on Landslides (IPL); contributions on landslide risk analysis; and articles on sustainable disaster management. In addition, the history of the ICL activities (under the support of UNESCO, WMO, FAO, UN/ISDR, and UNU) is recounted to create a comprehensive overview of international activity on landslides. The contributions reflect a wide range of topics and concerns, randing from field studies, identification of objects of cultural heritage at landslide risk, as well as landslide countermeasures.

Stereoscopy

The Ideal Medium by Michael K. Davis , Flower Mound , Texas USA I 12 in the rush to digital , film has been it's reasonable to argue that they may not all but forgotten by the majority of exist for many years .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105133539796

Category: Stereoscope

Page:

View: 484

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DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING AND APPLICATIONS

Within this part our company are going to go over stereoscopy, energised triangulation, through which among the 2 electronic cameras is really changed through a light source, intensity coming from focus, and confocal microscopy.

Author: V. Chandra Shekhar Rao, Sunkari Venkatramulu & Dr. P. Sammulal

Publisher: Horizon Books ( A Division of Ignited Minds Edutech P Ltd)

ISBN: 9788194469940

Category: Computers

Page: 157

View: 148

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The influence and impact of digital images on modern society, science, technology and art are tremendous. Image processing has become such a critical component in contemporary science and technology that many tasks would not be attempted without it. It is a truly interdisciplinary subject that draws from synergistic developments involving many disciplines and is used in medical imaging, microscopy, astronomy, computer vision, geology and many other fields. With a few exceptions, the topics of optical information processing and digital information processing are usually covered in different books, written by experts in one field or the other. It is rare that the two topics are both covered in the same volume. This book is an exception to this trend, and is notable in several different aspects, but especially in its breadth of coverage of both topics. It seems very appropriate to have both general topics covered in the same book, for optical processing systems (defined broadly) commonly include digital systems to drive the optical system and to post-process the data (example: adaptive-optic systems), while digital processing systems most commonly operate on data that has been gathered by an optical system. As a consequence, sophisticated image-gathering and handling systems today include both types of technology, a merger that grows more complete as time progresses. Indeed, even consumer-oriented devices such as digital cameras are sophisticated systems with optical and digital parts. This is a text for use in a first practical course in image processing and analysis, for final-year undergraduate or first-year graduate students with a background in biomedical engineering, computer science, radiologic sciences or physics. Designed for readers who will become “end users” of digital image processing in the biomedical sciences, it emphasizes the conceptual framework and the effective use of image processing tools and uses mathematics as a tool, minimizing the advanced mathematical development of other textbooks.

Spaces Mapped and Monstrous

The expanded opportunities for alteration that digital images offer, by contrast, are key not only to their ... In Leon Gurevitch's words, “Digital technology has finally allowed the combination of cinematic and stereoscopic spectacle ...

Author: Nick Jones

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231550710

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 305

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Digital 3D has become a core feature of the twenty-first-century visual landscape. Yet 3D cinema is a contradictory media form: producing spaces that are highly regimented and exhaustively detailed, it simultaneously relies upon distortions of vision and space that are inherently strange. Spaces Mapped and Monstrous explores the paradoxical nature of 3D cinema to offer a critical analysis of an inescapable part of contemporary culture. Considering 3D’s distinctive visual qualities and its connections to wider digital systems, Nick Jones situates the production and exhibition of 3D cinema within a web of aesthetic, technological, and historical contexts. He examines 3D’s relationship with computer interfaces, virtual reality, and digital networks as well as tracing its lineage to predigital models of visual organization. Jones emphasizes that 3D is not only a technology used in films but also a tool for producing, controlling, and distorting space within systems of surveillance, corporatization, and militarization. The book features detailed analysis of a wide range of films—including Avatar (2009), Goodbye to Language (2014), Love (2015), and Clash of the Titans (2010)—demonstrating that 3D is not merely an augmentation of 2D cinema but that it has its own unique properties. Spaces Mapped and Monstrous brings together media archaeology, digital theory, and textual analysis to provide a new account of the importance of 3D to visual culture today.

High Dynamic Range Video

If the digital world remains controversial for cinematography, the same is not true for stereoscopy. The development of digital imaging and motion control cameras is the basis for sustained control in staging and visual comfort.

Author: Frédéric Dufaux

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128030394

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 630

View: 822

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At the time of rapid technological progress and uptake of High Dynamic Range (HDR) video content in numerous sectors, this book provides an overview of the key supporting technologies, discusses the effectiveness of various techniques, reviews the initial standardization efforts and explores new research directions in all aspects involved in HDR video systems. Topics addressed include content acquisition and production, tone mapping and inverse tone mapping operators, coding, quality of experience, and display technologies. This book also explores a number of applications using HDR video technologies in the automotive industry, medical imaging, spacecraft imaging, driving simulation and watermarking. By covering general to advanced topics, along with a broad and deep analysis, this book is suitable for both the researcher new or familiar to the area. With this book the reader will: Gain a broad understanding of all the elements in the HDR video processing chain Learn the most recent results of ongoing research Understand the challenges and perspectives for HDR video technologies Covers a broad range of topics encompassing the whole processing chain in HDR video systems, from acquisition to display Provides a comprehensive overview of this fast emerging topic Presents upcoming applications taking advantages of HDR

3D TV and 3D Cinema

digital stereoscopy. If you are into motion controls, optics, data wrangling, or in any technical or engineering job in the entertainment industry, you are most likely experiencing that 3D challenge in your everyday activity.

Author: Bernard Mendiburu

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781136040573

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 246

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Helps you master the technical requirements of shooting 3D stereoscopic images. This title defines the concept of a professional 3D camera system and describes what features are required to make a successful unit to keep your production on schedule and on budget.

A History of Three Dimensional Cinema

Hayes, R. M. 3- D Movies: A History and Filmography of Stereoscopic Cinema, revised edition. ... 3D Movie Making: Stereoscopic Digital Cinema from Script to Screen. ... Digital Stereoscopy: Scene to Screen 3D Production Workflow.

Author: David A. Cook

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 9781839980138

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 208

View: 317

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A History of Three-Dimensional Cinema chronicles 3-D cinema as a single, continuous and coherent medium, proceeding from 19th-century experiments in stereoscopic photography and lantern projection (1839–1892) to stereoscopic cinema’s “long novelty period” (1893–1952). It proceeds to examine the first Hollywood boom in anaglyphic stereo (1953–1955), when the mainstream industry produced 69 features in 3-D, mostly action films that could exploit the depth illusion, but also a handful of big-budget films—for example, Kiss Me Kate (George Sidney, 1953) and Dial M for Murder (Alfred Hitchcock, 1954)—until audiences tired of the process; the anaglyphic revival of 1970–1985, when 3-D was sustained as a novelty feature in sensational genres like soft-core pornography and horror; the age of IMAX 3-D (1986–2008); the current era of digital 3-D cinema, which began in 2009 when James Cameron’s Avatar became the highest-grossing feature of all time and the studios once again stampeded into 3-D production; and finally the future promise of Virtual Reality.

Experi ncia m gica del cinema L Col lecci Josep Queralt

By means of a process of digital manipulation, the screen displays old stereoscopic plates with a similar visual effect to that obtained by looking through a stereoscopic viewer. Three-dimensional images from 1905, 1910 and 1920 have ...

Author: Universitat de Barcelona

Publisher: Edicions Universitat Barcelona

ISBN: 9788447537402

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 92

View: 613

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La Col·lecció Josep M. Queraltó, una de les més importants d’Europa sobre la tècnica cinematogràfica, reuneix innombrables peces i enginys de tota mena, avui insospitats, que van fer possible l’origen i l’evolució del setè art. La seva història, el seu relat, és apassionant. Aquest catàleg –que publiquem amb motiu de la mostra «L’experiència màgica del cinema», celebrada a la Universitat de Barcelona–, submergeix el lector en l’univers fascinador del cinema i n’explica la història des de les primeres albors fins a l’aparició del cinematògraf dels germans Lumière, així com els seus vincles amb les ciències i l’art. Les ombres xineses, les llanternes, les kinores, les joguines òptiques i tants d’altres artefactes avui desconeguts són la materialització de l’anhel reeixit de la humanitat de captar i reproduir la realitat o, més aviat, l’experiència fugissera que en tenim. Els textos de Josep Maria Caparrós i Jordi S. Bonet contextualitzen i expliquen amb amenitat l’abast d’aquests objectes primigenis, que han evolucionat en paral·lel a la història d’una disciplina tan universal i estimada com ho és el cinema. Sens dubte una de les millors maneres d’endinsar-nos en la màgia dels orígens, que encara avui conservem. ; ; The Josep M. Queraltó Collection, one of the most important in Europe on the Technology of the cinema, includes countless pieces and all kinds of devices, now forgotten, that made the origins and the development of the Seventh Art possible. Its history, the story it tells, is exciting. This catalogue – published for the show “The Magical Experience of the Cinema”, held in the University of Barcelona – immerses readers in the fascinating world of the cinema and tells its story from the earliest days to the appearance of the Lumière brothers’ cinématographe, and its connections with the sciences and art. Chinese shadows, lanterns, Kinoras, optical toys and so many other artefacts, now unknown, are the materialization of mankind’s successful longing to capture and reproduce reality or, rather, the fleeting experience that we have of it. The texts by Josep Maria Caparrós and Jordi S. Bonet pleasantly contextualize and explain the scope of these rudimentary objects, which have developed parallel to the history of such a universal and well-loved discipline: the cinema. It is unquestionably one of the best ways to learn about the magic of the origins, which we still conserve today.

Aerial Photography and Archaeology 2003

During the war for the first time AP's were studied using a stereoscope . Owing to the rudimentary ... This was obtained by creating digital stereoscopic views ( anaglyphs ) from two overlapping pictures with ILWIS 3.2 . Academic .

Author: Jean Bourgeois

Publisher: Academia Press

ISBN: 9038207824

Category: Social Science

Page: 412

View: 591

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This publication contains the selected proceedings of a conference devoted to the history of aerial photography (Ghent, 2003).

Encyclopedia of Snow Ice and Glaciers

Digital Elevation Model Generation Over Glacierized Region, Figure 4 Interferometric. account in these experiments, which applied Lambertian reflectivity with large field-of-view images (Landsat, MODIS, and AVHRR). Stereoscopy To obtain ...

Author: Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048126422

Category: Science

Page: 1253

View: 367

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The earth’s cryosphere, which includes snow, glaciers, ice caps, ice sheets, ice shelves, sea ice, river and lake ice, and permafrost, contains about 75% of the earth’s fresh water. It exists at almost all latitudes, from the tropics to the poles, and plays a vital role in controlling the global climate system. It also provides direct visible evidence of the effect of climate change, and, therefore, requires proper understanding of its complex dynamics. This encyclopedia mainly focuses on the various aspects of snow, ice and glaciers, but also covers other cryospheric branches, and provides up-to-date information and basic concepts on relevant topics. It includes alphabetically arranged and professionally written, comprehensive and authoritative academic articles by well-known international experts in individual fields. The encyclopedia contains a broad spectrum of topics, ranging from the atmospheric processes responsible for snow formation; transformation of snow to ice and changes in their properties; classification of ice and glaciers and their worldwide distribution; glaciation and ice ages; glacier dynamics; glacier surface and subsurface characteristics; geomorphic processes and landscape formation; hydrology and sedimentary systems; permafrost degradation; hazards caused by cryospheric changes; and trends of glacier retreat on the global scale along with the impact of climate change. This book can serve as a source of reference at the undergraduate and graduate level and help to better understand snow, ice and glaciers. It will also be an indispensable tool containing specialized literature for geologists, geographers, climatologists, hydrologists, and water resources engineers; as well as for those who are engaged in the practice of agricultural and civil engineering, earth sciences, environmental sciences and engineering, ecosystem management, and other relevant subjects.