History of Criminal Justice

Covering criminal justice history on a cross-national basis, this book surveys criminal justice in Western civilization and American life chronologically from ancient times to the present.

Author: Mark Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781437734911

Category: History

Page: 398

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Covering criminal justice history on a cross-national basis, this book surveys criminal justice in Western civilization and American life chronologically from ancient times to the present. It is an introduction to the historical problems of crime, law enforcement and penology, set against the background of major historical events and movements. Integrating criminal justice history into the scope of European, British, French and American history, this text provides the opportunity for comparisons of crime and punishment over boundaries of national histories. The text concludes with a chapter that addresses terrorism and homeland security. * Spans all of western history, and examines the core beliefs about human nature and society that informed the development of criminal justice systems. The fifth edition gives increased coverage of American law enforcement, corrections, and legal systems * Each chapter is enhanced with supplemental "Timeline," "Time Capsule," and "Featured Outlaw" boxes as well as discussion questions, notes and problems * Contains discussion questions, notes, learning objectives, key terms lists, biographical vignettes of key historical figures, and "History Today" exercises to engage the reader and encourage critical thinking

Comparative Criminal Justice

Generalisations about criminal justice in faraway lands are commonplace: 'In the Netherlands they don't have juries'; 'In Saudi Arabia they cut off your hand for stealing'; 'British judges wear wigs'; 'Police officers in China do ...

Author: Francis Pakes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136308932

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 672

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This book aims to meet the need for an accessible introductory text on comparative criminal justice, examining the ways different countries and jurisdictions deal with the main stages and elements in the criminal justice process, from policing through to sentencing. Examples are taken from all over the world, with a particular focus on Europe, the UK, the United States and Australasia. The main aims of the book are to provide the reader with: a comparative perspective on criminal justice and its main components an understanding of the increasing globalization of justice and standards of the administration of justice a knowledge of methodology for comparative research and analysis an understanding of the most important concepts in criminal justice (such as inquisitorial and adversarial trial systems, policing styles, crime control versus due process, retribution versus rehabilitation etc) discussion of global trends such as the rise of imprisonment, penal populism, diversion, international policing and international tribunals an insight into what the essential ingredients of doing justice might be. This fully updated and expanded new edition of Comparative Criminal Justice takes into account the considerable advances in comparative criminal justice research since the first edition in 2004. Each chapter has been thoroughly updated and in addition, there is a new chapter on establishing the rate of crime in a comparative context. The rate of development in international policing and international development has been such that there is now an individual chapter devoted to each; and throughout the book, the role of globalization, changing both the local and the global in criminal justice arrangements, orientations and discourses, has now been given the prominence it deserves.

Black Women s Experiences of Criminal Justice

Home Office, (2000d), Statistics on Women and the Criminal Justice System: A Section 95 Publication under the Criminal Justice Act 1991, London: Home Office, Research, Development and Statistics Directorate.

Author: Ruth Chigwada-Bailey

Publisher: Waterside Press

ISBN: 9781872870526

Category: Law

Page: 160

View: 569

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An incisive account of how the multiple disadvantages of race, gender and class come together to create deeper levels of discrimination and unfair treatment in the criminal process. Written by one of the UK's leading women commentators in this field, who has found a strong niche in gender and discrimination studies.

The Making of Criminal Justice Policy

Hodgkinson, S. and Tilley, N. (2007) 'Policing anti-social behaviour: constraints, dilemmas and opportunities'. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 46(4): 385–400. Hudson, B. (1993) Penal and Social Justice. London: Macmillan.

Author: Sue Hobbs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317755487

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 777

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This new textbook will provide students of criminology with a better understanding of criminal justice policy and, in doing so, offers a framework for analysing the social, economic and political processes that shape its creation. The book adopts a policy-oriented approach to criminal justice, connecting the study of criminology to the wider study of British government, public administration and politics. Throughout the book the focus is on key debates and competing perspectives on how policy decisions are made. Recognising that contemporary criminal justice policymakers operate in a highly politicised, public arena under the gaze of an ever-increasing variety of groups, organisations and individuals who have a stake in a particular policy issue, the book explores how and why these people seek to influence policymaking. It also recognises that criminal policy differs from other areas of public policy, as policy decisions affect the liberty and freedoms of citizens. Throughout, key ideas and debates are linked to wider sociology, criminology and social policy theory. Key features include: a foreword by Tim Newburn, leading criminologist and author of Criminology (2nd Edition, 2013), a critical and informed analysis of the concepts, ideas and institutional practices that shape criminal justice policy making, an exploration of the relationship between criminal justice and wider social policy, a critical analysis of the debate about how and why behaviour becomes defined as requiring a criminal justice solution, a range of case studies, tasks, seminar questions and suggested further readings to keep the student engaged. This text is perfect for students taking modules in criminology; criminal justice; and social and public policy, as well as those taking courses on criminal and administrative law.

Debates in Criminal Justice

Marsh,I., Cochrane, J. and Melville, G.(2004) Criminal Justice: An Introduction to Philosophies, Theories andPractice. London: Routledge. Marshall, T. (1984)Reparation, Conciliation and Mediation: Current Projects inEngland and Wales.

Author: Tom Ellis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136640940

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 634

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This innovative new book recognises that, while criminal justice studies is a core component of all criminology/criminal justice undergraduate degrees, it can be a confusing, overwhelming and a relatively dry topic despite its importance. Taking an original approach, this book sets out a series of ten key dilemmas - presented as debates - designed to provide students with a clear framework within which to develop their knowledge and analysis in a way that is both effective and an enjoyable learning experience. It is also designed for use by lecturers, who can structure a core unit of their courses around it. Debates in Criminal Justice provides a new and dynamic framework for learning, making considerable use of the other already available academic key texts, press articles, web sources and more.

The Realities of International Criminal Justice

justice mission. However, critics of a tribunal-based approach to international criminal justice suggest that the true peace-keeping potential of international criminal justice and global governance is achieved more through the ...

Author: Dawn L. Rothe

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789004251113

Category: Law

Page: 364

View: 527

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The Realities of the International Criminal Justice System takes an analytical and critical look at the impact of the major instruments of international criminal justice since the 1990s with the advent of the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and Yugoslavia.

EU Criminal Justice and the Challenges of Diversity

Criminal law policy specifically concerns the 'social or civic debate and decision making in questions concerning the three levels of the criminal justice system'.15 'Criminal law policy' therefore is a sub-segment of 'criminal policy' ...

Author: Renaud Colson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107096585

Category: Law

Page: 275

View: 721

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The volume examines how diversity in Member States' legal cultures is being addressed in the development of EU criminal justice.

Federal assistance to State and local criminal justice agencies

hese programs address one of the principal flaws in our criminal justice cem : its continued inability to deal effectively with the career criminalrepeat offender who uses his familiarity with the system to beat the system . he ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Criminal Laws and Procedures

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105119505688

Category:

Page:

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The Rehnquist Court and Criminal Justice

Although Rehnquist expanded the deference given to state and local criminal justice officials and practices, the majority established tighter limits on that deference than Rehnquist preferred. While Rehnquist's preference for deference, ...

Author: Christopher E. Smith

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739140826

Category: Law

Page: 334

View: 617

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By analyzing the perspectives and influential decisions of individual justices on the Rehnquist Court (1986-2005), this volume reveals how a divided Supreme Court limited the scope of rights affecting criminal justice without fulfilling conservatives' goal of eliminating foundational concepts established during the Warren Court era. The era's generally conservative Supreme Court preserved rights in several contexts because individual justices do not necessarily view all constitutional rights issues through a simple, consistent philosophical lens.

Crime Criminal Justice and the Evolving Science of Criminology in South Asia

Washington, DC: Urban Institute (Justice Policy Center). Saferstein, R. (1995). Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Sahito, I. H. (2009). The Criminal Investigations in Pakistan: ...

Author: Shahid M. Shahidullah

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137507501

Category: Social Science

Page: 484

View: 543

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Written by some of the most notable criminologists of South Asia, this book examines advances in law, criminal justice, and criminology in South Asia with particular reference to India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. The edited collection explores, on the basis of surveys, interviews, court records, and legislative documents, a wide range of timely issues such as: the impacts of modernization and globalization on laws combating violence against women and children, evolution of rape laws and the issues of gender justice, laws for combating online child sexual abuse, transformation in juvenile justice, integration of women into policing, the dynamics of violence and civility, and the birth of colonial criminology in South Asia. Students of criminology and criminal justice, practitioners, policy-makers, and human rights advocates will find this distinctive volume highly valuable.