Combating Anti competitive Practices

Therefore, measures to reform railways have to integrate novel strategies to avoid the 'natural monopoly· created by railway ... Several 'modes· of creating competition have been implemented by countries in reforming the railway sector.

Author: International Trade Centre

Publisher: United Nations

ISBN: 9789213614853

Category: Political Science

Page: 84

View: 347


This book provides a wide range of examples of the impact of anti-competitive practices and arrangements on developing country suppliers. Anti-competitive practices and market structures undercut export market opportunities and the productive capacities on which developing country businesses depend. The publication focuses on the impact of state monopolies and abuses of dominant positions in infrastructure markets, the impact of anti-competitive practices in the international distribution and retail sector, and the effect of international cartels. The role and response of the private sector is discussed, as well as the scope for enhanced international cooperation to address these issues.

National Trade Policy for Export Success

Several 'modes' of creating competition have been implemented by countries in reforming the railway sector. Researchers, having assessed evidence from the experiences or reform efforts across countries and continents, conclude that 'no ...

Author: International Trade Centre

Publisher: United Nations

ISBN: 9789213614884

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 909


This book outlines how trade policy reform can reduce business costs for production and logistics to improve competitiveness of companies and industry sectors. It provides business associations with a valuable tool to assess and influence trade policy and related regulations using cases and examples of policy, legal and regulatory changes (both positive and negative) from around the world. It weighs the benefits and costs of trade policy options, which is relevant to both business associations and other stakeholders engaging in advocacy campaigns on trade policy issues. This publication is also for government policymakers endeavouring to understand the business implications of their policies. Above all, this book promotes a culture of informed public-private dialogue, which is an essential component of the democratic process of policy formulation.

Emerging Issues in Competition Collusion and Regulation of Network Industries

Monti, M (2002), 'Effective Competition in the Railway Sector: A Big Challenge', speech given at the annual meeting of the UNIFE, Brussels, 21 May, Nash, C (2005), 'Rail Infrastructure Charges in Europe', ...

Author: Antonio Estache

Publisher: CEPR

ISBN: 9781907142352

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 587


This book presents a comprehensive review of the vast economic literature covering the governance issues of network industries and suggests paths to improve their efficiences.

Creating Competition in the Railway Industry

This book aims at decision makers faced with the regulation of railroad industry and people interested in the actual and future setting of railroad competition all over the world.

Author: Sebastian Arendt

Publisher: VDM Publishing

ISBN: 3836411954

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 67

View: 148


Throughout the world, the rail industry historically has been one of the most extensively regulated of all industrial sectors. In the past three decades however, policymakers and economists have become increasingly critical of traditional regulation of the rail industry and it is generally accepted that in markets where transportation carriers seek to meet demand, there is habitually effective competition. Today, facilitating competition in the railroad transport industry is frequently seen as beneficial. Introducing competition enhances efficiency and innovation in the competitive rail activities, enhances the range and variety of products available to consumers, and focuses the regulatory interventions on the core of the underlying network market problems. This book examines the underlying policies and tools to promote competition in the railroad market. Two of these tools, vertical separation and the enforcement of intramodal competition, are examined in more details. This book aims at decision makers faced with the regulation of railroad industry and people interested in the actual and future setting of railroad competition all over the world.

Opening the Northeast Corridor to Private Competition for the Development of High speed Rail

5.1 Objectives of privatisation not achieved The primary objective of the privatisation of GB rail in the mid ... level of Government involvement in railway matters ; . overcoming the industry's aversion to risk ; . creating competition ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure


ISBN: UCSD:31822038362554

Category: Competition

Page: 227

View: 340


Competition in the Railway Industry

The 2003 Rail Sector Law has established a new framework where RENFE becomes only an operator and the infrastructure ... access prices and the low-profile nature of the new rail regulatory body created within the Ministry of Fomento, ...

Author: José A. Gómez-Ibáñez

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781847202949

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 307


Numerous countries have attempted to improve the performance of their railways by introducing more competition, but there is fierce debate and no consensus on how this is best achieved. This book reveals how railways were an obvious target for reform because they were often losing traffic and money, and because the government was typically deeply involved as either owner or regulator.

Regulatory Reform of Railways in Russia

Competition in non-transport services, such as rolling stock manufacture and maintenance, is being created through ... large industrial rail users to build up their own wagon fleets in the face of a national shortage of wagons.

Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789282123119


Page: 164

View: 624


In this report, some of the world's leading experts in rail regulation examine the restructuring of the sector, focusing on tariff reform and the introduction of competition in one of the world's largest rail networks.

Railway Reform Regulation of Freight Transport Markets

Fostering competition between vertically integrated rail freight companies (i.e. the US approach) may be a less costly ... In order to promote competition in a vertically separated rail system, regulation is needed to create a level ...

Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789282112731


Page: 144

View: 367


This report examines the form regulation should take in rail freight markets to promote efficiency in railways and the wider economy.

Handbook on Railway Regulation

6461 replaced the state monopoly in the railway sector and aimed to create a competitive and transparent market for railway operations. According to Law No. 6461, the railway service was divided into infrastructure management and ...

Author: Matthias Finger

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781789901788

Category: Transportation

Page: 416

View: 146


Taking a global approach, this insightful Handbook brings together leading researchers to provide a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in railway regulation with a particular focus on countries that rely heavily on railways for transportation links. The Handbook also considers the most pressing issues for those working in and with railway systems, and outlines future trends in the development of rail globally.

Eastern European Railways in Transition

At present when train-operating companies are about to compete for the market that was created by the railway network ... Economic efficiency in the railway industry does not depend on operational costs alone, but of course also on the ...

Author: Henry Jacolin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317146537

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 615


During the nineteenth century, railway lines spread rapidly across Europe, linking the continent in ways unimaginable to previous generations. By the beginning of the twentieth century the great cities of the continent were linked by a complex and extensive rail network. Yet this high-point of interconnectivity, was abruptly cut-off after 1945, as the Cold War built barriers - both physical and ideological - between east and west. In this volume, leading transport history scholars take a fresh look at this situation, and the ramifications it had for Europe. As well as addressing the parallel development of railways either side of the Iron Curtain, the book looks at how transport links have been reconnected and reconfigured in the twenty years since the reunification of Europe. In particular, it focuses upon the former communist countries and how they have responded to the challenges and opportunities railways offer both nationally and internationally. Including contributions from historians, researchers, policy makers, representatives of railway companies and railway museum staff, the essays in this collection touch upon a rich range of subjects. Divided into four sections: 'The Historical Overview', 'Under Russian Protection', After the Fall of the Iron Curtain, and 'The Heritage of Railways in Eastern Europe' the volume offers a broadly chronological introduction to the issue, that provides both a snap-shot of current debates and a starting point for further research. It concludes that in an era of increased globalisation and interconnectivity - and despite the rise of air and road transport and virtual methods of communication - railways still have a crucial role to play in the development of a prosperous and connected Europe.