The Invention of Party Politics

Cornell, Other Founders, 187–94. 62. See Hofstadter, Idea of a Party System, 123–28; Dunbar, “Study of Monarchical Tendencies”; Banning, ...

Author: Gerald Leonard

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807861318

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

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This ambitious work uncovers the constitutional foundations of that most essential institution of modern democracy, the political party. Taking on Richard Hofstadter's classic The Idea of a Party System, it rejects the standard view that Martin Van Buren and other Jacksonian politicians had the idea of a modern party system in mind when they built the original Democratic party. Grounded in an original retelling of Illinois politics of the 1820s and 1830s, the book also includes chapters that connect the state-level narrative to national history, from the birth of the Constitution to the Dred Scott case. In this reinterpretation, Jacksonian party-builders no longer anticipate twentieth-century political assumptions but draw on eighteenth-century constitutional theory to justify a party division between "the democracy" and "the aristocracy." Illinois is no longer a frontier latecomer to democratic party organization but a laboratory in which politicians use Van Buren's version of the Constitution, states' rights, and popular sovereignty to reeducate a people who had traditionally opposed party organization. The modern two-party system is no longer firmly in place by 1840. Instead, the system remains captive to the constitutional commitments on which the Democrats and Whigs founded themselves, even as the specter of sectional crisis haunts the parties' constitutional visions.

A Neofederalist Vision of TRIPS

110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. ... 346 (1966) (discussing an attempt by France to impose its automatic registration system on ...

Author: Graeme B. Dinwoodie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195304619

Category: Law

Page: 267

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The TRIPS Agreement (Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights), introduced intellectual property protection into the World Trade Organization's multilateral trading system for the first time. This book examines its interpretation, its impact on the creative environment, and much more.

Escape from Rome

See Cornell 1995: 327–44; Armstrong 2016: 183–289, esp. ... 1995: 367. way that neutralized the tactical skills of the Epirote king NOTES TO PAGES 68–73 545.

Author: Walter Scheidel

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691216737

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 704

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The gripping story of how the end of the Roman Empire was the beginning of the modern world The fall of the Roman Empire has long been considered one of the greatest disasters in history. But in this groundbreaking book, Walter Scheidel argues that Rome's dramatic collapse was actually the best thing that ever happened, clearing the path for Europe's economic rise and the creation of the modern age. Ranging across the entire premodern world, Escape from Rome offers new answers to some of the biggest questions in history: Why did the Roman Empire appear? Why did nothing like it ever return to Europe? And, above all, why did Europeans come to dominate the world? In an absorbing narrative that begins with ancient Rome but stretches far beyond it, from Byzantium to China and from Genghis Khan to Napoleon, Scheidel shows how the demise of Rome and the enduring failure of empire-building on European soil launched an economic transformation that changed the continent and ultimately the world.

Resources in Education

At the beginning of this kit , a concise summary covers purpose and formats of annual ... University of Toronto , Cornell University , Princeton University ...

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ISBN: MINN:30000004837252

Category: Education

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The Lost Region

2 (Winter 1970–1971): 121; Wilkins, “Orin G. Libby,” 110; Smith, “Frederick Merk ... On 124 124 000–000 | | notes to pages notes to page 47.

Author: Jon Lauck

Publisher: University of Iowa Press

ISBN: 9781609381899

Category: History

Page: 166

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The American Midwest is an orphan among regions. In comparison to the South, the far West, and New England, its history has been sadly neglected. To spark more attention to their region, midwestern historians will need to explain the Midwest’s crucial roles in the development of the entire country: it helped spark the American Revolution and stabilized the young American republic by strengthening its economy and endowing it with an agricultural heartland; it played a critical role in the Union victory in the Civil War; it extended the republican institutions created by the American founders, and then its settler populism made those institutions more democratic; it weakened and decentered the cultural dominance of the urban East; and its bustling land markets deepened Americans’ embrace of capitalist institutions and attitudes. In addition to outlining the centrality of the Midwest to crucial moments in American history, Jon K. Lauck resurrects the long-forgotten stories of the institutions founded by an earlier generation of midwestern historians, from state historical societies to the Mississippi Valley Historical Association. Their strong commitment to local and regional communities rooted their work in place and gave it an audience outside the academy. He also explores the works of these scholars, showing that they researched a broad range of themes and topics, often pioneering fields that remain vital today. The Lost Region demonstrates the importance of the Midwest, the depth of historical work once written about the region, the continuing insights that can be gleaned from this body of knowledge, and the lessons that can be learned from some of its prominent historians, all with the intent of once again finding the forgotten center of the nation and developing a robust historiography of the Midwest.

Cauldron of Resistance

Savani, “Notes sur le Caodaisme,” (mimeographed, n.p., n.d.), 123. ... For more on anticolonial political activity within the French colonial prison system, ...

Author: Jessica M. Chapman

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801467417

Category: History

Page: 294

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In 1955, Ngo Dinh Diem organized an election to depose chief-of-state Bao Dai, after which he proclaimed himself the first president of the newly created Republic of Vietnam. The United States sanctioned the results of this election, which was widely condemned as fraudulent, and provided substantial economic aid and advice to the RVN. Because of this, Diem is often viewed as a mere puppet of the United States, in service of its Cold War geopolitical strategy. That narrative, Jessica M. Chapman contends in Cauldron of Resistance, grossly oversimplifies the complexity of South Vietnam's domestic politics and, indeed, Diem's own political savvy. Based on extensive work in Vietnamese, French, and American archives, Chapman offers a detailed account of three crucial years, 1953-1956, during which a new Vietnamese political order was established in the south. It is, in large part, a history of Diem's political ascent as he managed to subdue the former Emperor Bao Dai, the armed Hoa Hao and Cao Dai religious organizations, and the Binh Xuyen crime organization. It is also an unparalleled account of these same outcast political powers, forces that would reemerge as destabilizing political and military actors in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Chapman shows Diem to be an engaged leader whose personalist ideology influenced his vision for the new South Vietnamese state, but also shaped the policies that would spell his demise. Washington's support for Diem because of his staunch anticommunism encouraged him to employ oppressive measures to suppress dissent, thereby contributing to the alienation of his constituency, and helped inspire the organized opposition to his government that would emerge by the late 1950s and eventually lead to the Vietnam War.

Computational Logic CL 2000

In C. E. Shannon and J. McCarthy, editors, Automata Studies, pages 3–41. ... volume 1258 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 244–259, Utrecht, ...

Author: John Lloyd

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540449577

Category: Computers

Page: 1382

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These are the proceedings of the First International Conference on Compu- tional Logic (CL 2000) which was held at Imperial College in London from 24th to 28th July, 2000. The theme of the conference covered all aspects of the theory, implementation, and application of computational logic, where computational logic is to be understood broadly as the use of logic in computer science. The conference was collocated with the following events: { 6th International Conference on Rules and Objects in Databases (DOOD 2000) { 10th International Workshop on Logic-based Program Synthesis and Tra- formation (LOPSTR 2000) { 10th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming (ILP 2000). CL 2000 consisted of seven streams: { Program Development (LOPSTR 2000) { Logic Programming: Theory and Extensions { Constraints { Automated Deduction: Putting Theory into Practice { Knowledge Representation and Non-monotonic Reasoning { Database Systems (DOOD 2000) { Logic Programming: Implementations and Applications. The LOPSTR 2000 workshop constituted the program development stream and the DOOD 2000 conference constituted the database systems stream. Each stream had its own chair and program committee, which autonomously selected the papers in the area of the stream. Overall, 176 papers were submitted, of which 86 were selected to be presented at the conference and appear in these proceedings. The acceptance rate was uniform across the streams. In addition, LOPSTR 2000 accepted about 15 extended abstracts to be presented at the conference in the program development stream.

European Socialists Respond to Fascism Ideology Activism and Contingency in the 1930s

262—286; and Daniel R. Brower, The New Jacobins (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell ... 110. 54. Denis Peschanski, in his lexicographic study of PCF language in the ...

Author: Gerd-Rainer Horn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195357554

Category: History

Page: 224

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Based on documents collected in six European countries, European Socialists Respond to Fascism: Ideology, Activism and Contingency in the 1930s is a transnational study of largely parallel developments in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, and Spain in the years 1933-1936. Triggered into action by the shock effect of the Nazi rise to power in Germany, socialists throughout Western Europe entered an unusually active period of practical reorientation and debate over political strategy which helped determine the contours of European politics up to the outbreak of World War II and beyond. Stressing the transnational dimension of this process while simultaneously integrating local, regional, and national factors, this work finds that it was social democracy, rather than communism, that acted as the primary vehicle for radical change among European marxists during the 1930s. Following major figures within the European left and the significant events that made up the inter-war period, Gerd-Rainer Horn demonstrates the interconnectedness of Europe's interwar socialists. Finally, Horn manages to relate these findings to the ongoing interdisciplinary debate on structure, agency, and contingency in the historical process.

Formal Hardware Verification

Methods and Systems in Comparison Thomas Kropf ... International Journal of Formal System Design , pages 165-230 , 1993 . ... Cornell University .

Author: Thomas Kropf

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540634754

Category: Computers

Page: 376

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This state-of-the-art monograph presents a coherent survey of a variety of methods and systems for formal hardware verification. It emphasizes the presentation of approaches that have matured into tools and systems usable for the actual verification of nontrivial circuits. All in all, the book is a representative and well-structured survey on the success and future potential of formal methods in proving the correctness of circuits. The various chapters describe the respective approaches supplying theoretical foundations as well as taking into account the application viewpoint. By applying all methods and systems presented to the same set of IFIP WG10.5 hardware verification examples, a valuable and fair analysis of the strenghts and weaknesses of the various approaches is given.

Communication Based Systems

Unreliable failure detectors for reliable distributed systems. ... WDAG '95, volume 972 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 87-100, ...

Author: Günter Hommel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401596084

Category: Mathematics

Page: 196

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Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop held at the TU Berlin, Germany, 31 March-1 April 2000

Popular Mechanics

EDISON Storage batteries for light- power systems. Non-acid. ... Harry Cornell. ... 762 illustrations and 214 pages in 1940 Shop Notes, 50c.

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Page: 264

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Popular Mechanics inspires, instructs and influences readers to help them master the modern world. Whether it’s practical DIY home-improvement tips, gadgets and digital technology, information on the newest cars or the latest breakthroughs in science -- PM is the ultimate guide to our high-tech lifestyle.

School Education

Dr. E. Cornell Esten , Philadelphia , Pa . , says : " I have met with the greatest and most satisfactory results in dyspepsia and general derangement of the cerebral and nervous systems , causing debility and exhaustion .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044102790698

Category: Education

Page:

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Beyond Camelot

109. Bentham, supra note 9, at 10–12. 110. Niklas Luhmann, Social Systems (John Bednarz, trans.) ... fights under a sobriquet, and in 423 NOTES TO PAGES 253–258.

Author: Edward L. Rubin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400826624

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

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This book argues that many of the basic concepts that we use to describe and analyze our governmental system are out of date. Developed in large part during the Middle Ages, they fail to confront the administrative character of modern government. These concepts, which include power, discretion, democracy, legitimacy, law, rights, and property, bear the indelible imprint of this bygone era's attitudes, and Arthurian fantasies, about governance. As a result, they fail to provide us with the tools we need to understand, critique, and improve the government we actually possess. Beyond Camelot explains the causes and character of this failure, and then proposes a new conceptual framework, drawn from management science and engineering, which describes our administrative government more accurately, and identifies its weaknesses instead of merely bemoaning its modernity. This book's proposed framework envisions government as a network of connected units that are authorized by superior units and that supervise subordinate ones. Instead of using inherited, emotion-laden concepts like democracy and legitimacy to describe the relationship between these units and private citizens, it directs attention to the particular interactions between these units and the citizenry, and to the mechanisms by which government obtains its citizens' compliance. Instead of speaking about law and legal rights, it proposes that we address the way that the modern state formulates policy and secures its implementation. Instead of perpetuating outdated ideas that we no longer really believe about the sanctity of private property, it suggests that we focus on the way that resources are allocated in order to establish markets as our means of regulation. Highly readable, Beyond Camelot offers an insightful and provocative discussion of how we must transform our understanding of government to keep pace with the transformation that government itself has undergone.

Biology of the Plant Bugs Hemiptera Miridae

Notes on the orchid miride Campyloneura virgula et l'anCamargo , E. P. and F. G. Wallace ... Pages 27-28 in B. A. Haws , com1958. ... Appl . 7 : 110- 1964.

Author: Alfred George Wheeler

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801438276

Category: Science

Page: 507

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Plant bugs--Miridae, the largest family of the Heteroptera, or true bugs--are globally important pests of crops such as alfalfa, apple, cocoa, cotton, sorghum, and tea. Some also are predators of crop pests and have been used successfully in biological control. Certain omnivorous plant bugs have been considered both harmful pests and beneficial natural enemies of pests on the same crop, depending on environmental conditions or the perspective of an observer.As high-yielding varieties that lack pest resistance are planted, mirids are likely to become even more important crop pests. They also threaten crops as insecticide resistance in the family increases, and as the spread of transgenic crops alters their populations. Predatory mirids are increasingly used as biocontrol agents, especially of greenhouse pests such as thrips and whiteflies. Mirids provide abundant opportunities for research on food webs, intraguild predation, and competition.Recent worldwide activity in mirid systematics and biology testifies to increasing interest in plant bugs. The first thorough review and synthesis of biological studies of mirids in more than 60 years, Biology of the Plant Bugs will serve as the basic reference for anyone studying these insects as pests, beneficial IPM predators, or as models for ecological research.

Country Gentleman

If of 1,300 pages of reading matter , and over 1,700 engravings . ... utmost importance , must be obtained grown after a regular summer's fallow , and manured by Horses , NOTES FOR THE WEEK . ... 110 lower part with a mowing machine .

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Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015035128134

Category: Agriculture

Page:

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The Electrical Engineer

In the arrangement of the book the list of references comes first in each section and is followed by the notes of ... Against this second excuse militates this author's method of quoting from the Pandects , on pages 100 and 101.

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Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105025732749

Category: Electrical engineering

Page:

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Proof Technology and Computation

In E. Lusk and R. Overbeek, editors, 9th International Conference on Automated Deduction, volume 310 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 101-110.

Author: Helmut Schwichtenberg

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586036256

Category: Computers

Page: 445

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"Proof technology will become an established field in software engineering. It generally aims at integrating proof processing into industrial design and verifications tools. The origins of this technology lie in the systematic understanding of a fully-fledged, precise notion of proof by mathematics and logics. Using this profound understanding, computer scientists are able to implement proofs, to check and create them automatically and to connect the concepts of proof and programs in a deep way. Via this, connection proofs are used to support the development of reliable software systems. Software engineers have integrated proof processing into industrial development tools, and these implementations are now getting very efficient. The chapters deal with: The benefits and technical challenges of sharing formal mathematics among interactive theorem provers; proof normalization for various axiomatic theories; abstraction-refinement framework of temporal logic model checking; formal verification in industrial hardware design; readable machine-checked proofs and semantics and more."

Central Banks and Gold

Bytheway 2014, 109–110. ... Federal Reserve System 1943,538. 63. ... In a note to Strong on March 19, 1924, Inoue mentioned the comprehensive personal views ...

Author: Simon James Bytheway

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501706509

Category: History

Page: 260

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In recent decades, Tokyo, London, and New York have been the sites of credit bubbles of historically unprecedented magnitude. Central bankers have enjoyed almost unparalleled power and autonomy. They have cooperated to construct and preserve towering structures of debt, reshaping relations of power and ownership around the world. In Central Banks and Gold, Simon James Bytheway and Mark Metzler explore how this financialized form of globalism first took shape a century ago, when Tokyo first joined London and New York as a major financial center. As revealed here for the first time, close cooperation between central banks began along an unexpected axis, between London and Tokyo, around the year 1900, with the Bank of England’s secret use of large Bank of Japan funds to intervene in the London markets. Central-bank cooperation became multilateral during World War I—the moment when Japan first emerged as a creditor country. In 1919 and 1920, as Japan, Great Britain, and the United States adopted deflation policies, the results of cooperation were realized in the world’s first globally coordinated program of monetary policy. It was also in 1920 that Wall Street bankers moved to establish closer ties with Tokyo. Bytheway and Metzler tell the story of how the first age of central-bank power and pride ended in the disaster of the Great Depression, when a rush for gold brought the system crashing down. In all of this, we see also the quiet but surprisingly central place of Japan. We see it again today, in the way that Japan has unwillingly led the world into a new age of post-bubble economics.

The Sociology Student s Guide to Writing

... 168 See also Word-processing software Mills, C. Wright, 1 News and current events, 45–46 Notes from auditory material, 36–37 Cornell Note-Taking system, ...

Author: Angelique Harris

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781506367705

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

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The Sociology Student's Guide to Writing, by Angelique Harris and Alia R. Tyner-Mullings, is a brief, economical reference work that gives practical advice about the writing tasks and issues that undergraduate students face in their first sociology courses. Along with more traditional topics, it incorporates valuable information about composing emails, writing for online forums, and using technology for information-gathering and note-taking. Used by itself or in combination with other texts, this book will increase the quality of student writing and enhance their knowledge of how sociologists communicate in writing.