Contemporary Perspectives on Cognition and Writing

Explores the historical context of cognitive studies, the importance to our field of studies in neuroscience, the applicability of habits of mind, and the role of cognition in literate development and transfer.

Author: Patricia Portanova

Publisher: CSU Open Press

ISBN: 1607328585

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 368

View: 553


Explores the historical context of cognitive studies, the importance to our field of studies in neuroscience, the applicability of habits of mind, and the role of cognition in literate development and transfer.

Contemporary Perspectives on Early Childhood Curriculum

Experimental Reading and Writing Stage usually occurs in kindergarten when
young children become aware of and explore ... (2) skillfully apply cognitive and
metacognitive strategies in reading and writing; (3) display an expanding skill in
all ...

Author: Olivia Saracho

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781607528012

Category: Education

Page: 293

View: 167


Over the years, educational scholars have proposed different conceptions of the curriculum. It is as if each scholar, researcher, university educator, and practitioner has developed her or his own personal definition. Unfortunately, there is no one single definition that everybody has agreed upon. Table 1 presents a sample of these definitions. A universal definition for curriculum may continue to be elusive and may even change through the years to address changes in the social forces and changes in related school goals. Nonetheless, the approach in curriculum development is consistent. Curriculum developers establish goals, develop experiences, designate content, and evaluate experiences and outcomes. Most curriculum developers consistently use such terms as curriculum planning, curriculum development, curriculum implementation, and curriculum evaluation, and many others to describe curriculum related activities. Unfortunately, without a consistent definition of curriculum, it is difficult for the curriculum developers to identify what it is that needs to be planned, developed, implemented, or evaluated. If curriculum developers rely on the curriculum experts’ definitions, they will find that their definitions identify a product, a program, determine goals and objectives, and learner experiences. However, its heterogeneity may be inspiring if curriculum developers rely on the components of each definition that depict the richness of the field, which in turn, can provide a foundation for contemporary content, concepts, and creativity. A curriculum is an anthology of learning experiences, conceived and arranged based on a program’s educational goals and the community’s social forces. Each curriculum manifests an image of what children "ought to be and become" (Biber, 1984, p. 303) grounded on the awareness of social values and a system that interprets those values into experiences for learners. The concept of curriculum, as a distinctive domain of study within education, arose from the demand to arrange, organize, and translate such awareness into educational programs of study. It integrates the historical study of the goals and content of schooling, analyses of curriculum documents, and analyses of the children’s experiences in school. The first formal curriculum text was published in 1918 (Bobbit, 1918), although in the United States contemporary curriculum study goes back to the early 1890's, when lead committees challenged the form and structure of public schooling. Presently curriculum development is fundamental at all educational levels.

Contemporary Tools and Techniques for Studying Writing

Effects of attention directed to different texts on the mental effort related to writing
processes. Graphic presentation at the 1996 European ... Perspective cognitive [
The control of text composition: Cognitive perspective]. Habilitation à Diriger des

Author: T. Olive

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401004688

Category: Psychology

Page: 163

View: 945


This book brings together methods designed by psychologists, linguists, and practitioners who aim to study writing both within the laboratory and the workplace. Its primary focus is upon the computer-based techniques and methods available today that enable and foster new systematic investigations of writing theories and processes. It is of interest to writing professionals, teachers of writing, as well as those, like journalists, whose careers depend on managing multiple constraints and audiences for their work.

The Handbook of Transformative Learning

So I changed jobs but never changed my perspective of myself as “retired.” Now I
am ready to move ... Tara Fenwick (2000) has written about the role of
experiential learning in five contemporary perspectives of cognition. These
perspectives ...

Author: Edward W. Taylor

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470590720

Category: Education

Page: 624

View: 691


The Handbook of Transformative Learning The leading resource for the field, this handbook provides a comprehensive and critical review of more than three decades of theory development, research, and practice in transformative learning. The starting place for understanding and fostering transformative learning, as well as diving deeper, the volume distinguishes transformative learning from other forms of learning, explores future perspectives, and is designed for scholars, students, and practitioners. PRAISE FOR THE HANDBOOK OF TRANSFORMATIVE LEARNING "This book will be of inestimable value to students and scholars of learning irrespective of whether or not their emphasis is on transformative learning. It should find its way to the reference bookshelves of every academic library focusing on education, teaching, learning, or the care professions." —PETER JARVIS, professor of continuing education, University of Surrey "Can there be a coherent theory of transformative learning? Perhaps. This handbook goes a long way to answering this question by offering a kaleidoscope of perspectives, including non-Western, that consider the meaning and practice of transformative learning." —SHAUNA BUTTERWICK, associate professor, University of British Columbia "This handbook will be valuable and accessible to both scholars and practitioners who are new to the study of adult education and transformative learning and to more seasoned scholars who seek a sophisticated analysis of the state of transformative learning thirty years after Mezirow first shared his version of a then-fledgling theory of adult learning." —JOVITA ROSS-GORDON, professor and program coordinator, MA in Adult Education, Texas State University

Contemporary Perspectives on Reading and Spelling

Each paper in this volume provides an account of empirical research that challenges aspects of accepted models and widely accepted theories about reading and spelling.

Author: Clare Wood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134004232

Category: Education

Page: 304

View: 604


With contributions from leading international researchers, Contemporary Perspectives on Reading and Spelling offers a critique of current thinking on the research literature into reading, reading comprehension and writing. Each paper in this volume provides an account of empirical research that challenges aspects of accepted models and widely accepted theories about reading and spelling. This book develops the argument for a need to incorporate less widely cited research into popular accounts of written language development and disability, challenging the idea that the development of a universal theory of written language development is attainable. The arguments within the book are explored in three parts: overarching debates in reading and spelling reading and spelling across languages written language difficulties and approaches to teaching. Opening up the existing debates, and incorporating psychological theory and the politics surrounding the teaching and learning of reading and spelling, this edited collection offers some challenging points for reflection about how the discipline of psychology as a whole approaches the study of written language skills. Highlighting ground-breaking new perspectives, this book forms essential reading for all researchers and practitioners with a focus on the development of reading and spelling skills.

Personality Disorders in Modern Life

Writing from the perspective of cognitive therapy in Beck et al. ... Personality and
its disorders are accessible through each of the classical and contemporary
perspectives described previously, none of which really offers any possibility of ...

Author: Theodore Millon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118428818

Category: Psychology

Page: 624

View: 486


A revision of the leading textbook on personality disorders by renowned expert Theodore Millon "Personalities are like impressionistic paintings. At a distance, each person is 'all of a piece'; up close, each is a bewildering complexity of moods, cognitions, and motives." -Theodore Millon Exploring the continuum from normal personality traits to the diagnosis and treatment of severe cases of personality disorders, Personality Disorders in Modern Life, Second Edition is unique in its coverage of both important historical figures and contemporary theorists in the field. Its content spans all the major disorders-Antisocial, Avoidant, Depressive, Compulsive, Histrionic, Narcissistic, Paranoid, Schizoid, and Borderline-as well as their many subtypes. Attention to detail and in-depth discussion of the subtleties involved in these debilitating personality disorders make this book an ideal companion to the DSM-IV(TM). Fully updated with the latest research and theory, this important text features: Discussion of the distinctive clinical features and developmental roots of personality disorders Balanced coverage of the major theoretical perspectives-biological, psychodynamic, interpersonal, cognitive, and evolutionary Individual chapters on all DSM-IV(TM) personality disorders and their several subtypes and mixtures Case studies throughout the text that bring to life the many faces of these disorders Including a new assessment section that singles out behavioral indicators considered to have positive predictive power for the disorders, this Second Edition also includes a special focus on developmental, gender, and cultural issues specific to each disorder. A comprehensive reference suitable for today's practitioners, Personality Disorders in Modern Life, Second Edition features a clear style that also makes it a valuable resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. The most thorough book of its kind, this Second Edition is a powerful, practical resource for all trainees and professionals in key mental health fields, such as psychology, social work, and nursing.

Contemporary Perspectives on the Psychology of Attitudes

In this volume, internationally renowned contributors review contemporary developments in research and theory to capture the current metamorphosis of this central concept.

Author: Geoffrey Haddock

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135425418

Category: Psychology

Page: 488

View: 729


What is an attitude? How do different research approaches characterise 'attitude' and its applications in social psychology? The Attitude concept has long formed an indispensable construct in social psychology. In this volume, internationally renowned contributors review contemporary developments in research and theory to capture the current metamorphosis of this central concept. This book draws together the latest developments in the field to provide a scholarly and accessible overview of the study of attitudes, examining the implications for its position as a paradigm of social psychological understanding. Dividing the subject into two main parts, this book first addresses the structural and behavioural properties of attitudes, including the affective-cognitive structure of attitudes, the nature of attitude ambivalence and intention-behaviour relations. The second section focuses on representational and transformational processes, such as meta-cognitive attitudinal processes, the role of implicit and explicit attitudinal processes, cultural influences and attitude change. In a third, concluding section, the editors draw together these contemporary perspectives and elaborate on their impact for future theorising and research into attitudes. Empirically supported throughout, this collection represents a timely integration of the burgeoning range of approaches to attitude research. It will be of interest to social psychologists, sociologists, political scientists and researchers with an interest in attitudinal phenomena.

Through the Models of Writing

Writing as a conceptual process: a text-analytical study of developmental aspects
. PhD. dissertation ... Becoming a self-regulated writer: a social cognitive
perspective. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 22, 73-101. SUBJECT

Author: D. Alamargot

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401008044

Category: Psychology

Page: 269

View: 396


This book provides both young and senior scientists with a comparative view of current theoretical models of text production. Models are clearly situated in their historical context, scrutinized in their further evolution with a fine-grained observation of differences between models. Very complete and informative to read, this book will be useful to people working in teaching of writing or studying this specific human activity.

Contemporary Perspectives on Lesbian Gay and Bisexual Identities

Over the years the series editors have striven to maintain the highest standards of a- demic excellence and to highlight some of the most important trends in psychology.

Author: Debra A. Hope

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387095551

Category: Psychology

Page: 200

View: 864


Debra A. Hope The Nebraska Symposium on Motivation is steeped in history and tradition. Over the years the series editors have striven to maintain the highest standards of a- demic excellence and to highlight some of the most important trends in psychology. Perusing the chapter titles in the first 53 volumes shows the shifting emphasis as the science of psychology developed in the latter half of the twentieth century. All of the most important topics are there — drive theory, social learning, the cognitive revolution, developing perspectives on understanding individual differences and the role of culture, and the increasing role of neuroscience. The key figures are there as well — Harry Harlow, Kenneth Spence, Raymond Cattell, George Kelly, Albert Bandura, Carl Rogers, Carroll Izard, Walter Mischel, Sandra Bem, Sandra Spence, Herbert Simon, David Barlow, and many others. In late 2004, I met with a group of interested graduate students, and together we developed a proposal to join this long and proud tradition with a volume on sexual orientation. Our motivation stemmed, in part, from the events around us. The same-sex m- riage debate was covered extensively in the media, reflecting a rapid and important discussion about sexual orientation that we were having (and are still having) as a society. Psychology and related fields have much to offer on many of the issues raised in this debate.

Write in Tune Contemporary Music in Fiction

From a cognitive perspective, a reader continually seeks to create a mental
architecture from the words on the printed page. For certain signifiers of everyday
objects, such as “table,” variations will invariably occur within the mind of the ...

Author: Erich Hertz

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781623561451

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

View: 875


Contemporary popular music provides the soundtrack for a host of recent novels, but little critical attention has been paid to the intersection of these important art forms. Write in Tune addresses this gap by offering the first full-length study of the relationship between recent music and fiction. With essays from an array of international scholars, the collection focuses on how writers weave rock, punk, and jazz into their narratives, both to develop characters and themes and to investigate various fan and celebrity cultures surrounding contemporary music. Write in Tune covers major writers from America and England, including Don DeLillo, Jonathan Franzen, Zadie Smith, and Jim Crace. But it also explores how popular music culture is reflected in postcolonial, Latino, and Australian fiction. Ultimately, the book brings critical awareness to the power of music in shaping contemporary culture, and offers new perspectives on central issues of gender, race, and national identity.

Contemporary Perspectives on Asian and Pacific American Education

Orthographies and Reading : Perspectives From Cognitive Psychology ,
Neuropsychology and Linguistics . Hillsdale , N . J . : Erlbaum , 1984 .
Seidenberg , M . S . " The Time Course of Phonological Code Activation in Two
Writing Systems .

Author: Russell Endo

Publisher: Multiculture Distribution Center

ISBN: UOM:39015029978213

Category: Asian Americans

Page: 193

View: 688


A variety of issues in the education of Asian American and Pacific American immigrants and refugees are addressed in the following papers: "The Acquisition of English and Ethnic Language Attrition: Implications for Research" (Michael A. Power); "Language Difference and Language Disorder in Asian Language Populations: Assessment and Intervention" (Christine Yoshinaga-Itano); "Orthography and Second Language Reading" (Keiko Koda); "Attainment Status of Asian Americans in Higher Education" (Samuel S. Peng); "Higher Education in Hawai-i: A Comparison of Graduation Rates Among Asian and Pacific Americans" (David T. Takeuchi, Amefil Agbayani, Lloyd Kuniyoshi); "The Acculturation of Korean American High School Students" (John Golden); "College Aspirations of Asian and Pacific Americans: A Review of Four Studies" (Rosalind Y. Mau); "Socio-Psychological Adjustments of Refugees in Colorado: Implications for Grassroots Education Regarding Mental Health" (Peter W. van Arsdale, Elizabeth Skartvedt); "A Curricular Framework for Integrating Multicultural Education and International Studies" (Bob H. Suzuki); and "The Evaluation and Internment of Japanese Americans During World War II: An Invaluable Lesson on the American Judicial System" (Nobuya Tsuchida). (MSE)

Contemporary Task Based Language Teaching in Asia

In R. DeKeyser (Ed.), Practice in second language learning: Perspectives from
applied linguistics and cognitive psychology (p. 51–84). ... Learners' uses of two
types of written corrective feedback on an L2 writing revision task. Studies in ...

Author: Michael Thomas

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472572233

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 368

View: 814


Over the last decade task-based approaches to language learning and teaching (TBLT) have become a global focus of increased levels of research. Governments around the world have turned to TBLT as a potential solution for curricula that lack authentic and meaningful engagement with language learning and are failing to motivate students as a result. This book focuses on Asia, where this shift has been particularly in evidence. TBLT has often been implemented in top-down approaches to curriculum development, which presents a huge range of challenges at the cultural as well as the pedagogic level. Contemporary Task Based Language Teaching in Asia looks at the drivers, stakeholders and obstacles across the region. Some countries have adapted TBLT to deal with the local constraints, others have found it hard to apply and many are still in the process of investigating its implementation in their specific contexts. This collection is important to all involved in language development, from curriculum reform to materials development. It assists from programme evaluation to the setting of assessment standards. The chapters cover all aspects of language education across Asia, from primary to tertiary, private and public education, as well as innovations at local, regional and national levels.

Contemporary Perspectives on Psychotherapy with Lesbians and Gay Men

Much has been written about this “coming out” process, postulating that
homosexually oriented individuals share similar ... expectations which are in
direct conflict with what later emerges as his sexual, affectional, and cognitive
sense of self.

Author: Terry S. Stein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475798326

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 557


The psychiatric view of homosexuality has undergone a fascinating evo lution in recent years. This includes not only the change from viewing homosexuality as a diagnosable illness, as opposed to an alternative life style, but also the development of considerable professional concern for providing appropriate mental health services to this previously under served minority community. There has been an increasing recognition of the need for comprehensive services including, but not limited to, counseling, individual psychotherapy, and couples therapy. This book is written for the practicing clinician, and offers a compre hensive survey of the important clinical issues involved in the counsel ing and psychotherapy of gay men and lesbian women. It is an extraor dinarily practical book and its breadth and depth make it appropriate for both the novice and the experienced therapist. SHERWYN M. WOODS Series Editor ix Preface We hear our mentors but do not often heed them. Freud's supportive, nonjudgmental approach to homosexuality provided an ambience with in which discoveries could be made, that is, the discovery that homosex uality was not a disease of mental degeneration and that sexuality, in the sense of a fundamental human propensity to find pleasure in social and physical attachments, was at its root directed to both sexes. The ad herence to a nonjudgmental approach was short-lived, suffered repres sion by homophobic defenses, and scientific zeal was directed toward "cure" rather than comprehension of the homosexual state.

Third Update on Adult Learning Theory

... T. J. “Expanding Conceptions of Experiential Learning: A Review of the Five
Contemporary Perspectives on Cognition. ... Irwin, R. R. "Narrative Competence
and Constructive Development Theory: A Proposal for Writing the Bildungsroman

Author: Sharan B. Merriam

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111804553X

Category: Education

Page: 96

View: 343


This Third Update on Adult Learning Theory followstwo earlier volumes on the same topic, the ahref=""firstpublished in 1993/a and the ahref=""secondin 2001/a. Only one topic, transformative learning theory, can befound in all three updates, representing the continuingdevelopments in research and alternative theoretical conceptions ofTL. Thanks to a growing body of research and theory-building, threetopics briefly touched on in 2001 are now separate chapters in thisthird update: spirituality and adult learning learning through the body narrative learning in adulthood Also new in this update is a chapter on non-Western perspectiveson learning and knowing. New developments in two other areas arealso explored: understanding the connection between the brain andlearning, and how modern and postmodern ways of knowing areconverging and are bring expressed in social movements. Theconcluding chapter identifies two trends in adult learning theoryfor the twenty-first century: attention to context, and to theholistic nature of learning in adulthood. This is 119th volume of the Jossey-Bass quarterly report seriesahref=""NewDirections for Adult and Continuing Education/a. Noted forits depth of coverage, New Directions for Adult andContinuing Education is an indispensable series thatexplores issues of common interest to instructors, administrators,counselors, and policymakers in a broad range of adult andcontinuing education settings, such as colleges and universities,extension programs, businesses, libraries, and museums.


In contrast , the emergent literacy perspective , which emanated from cognitive
psychology and psycholinguistics , takes a broader view of ... From an emergent
literacy perspective , reading and writing develop concurrently and interrelatedly
in young children , fostered by ... Thus , this contemporary perspective stresses
that developmental literacy learning occurs during the first years of a child ' s life ...

Author: David Wray

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415277094

Category: Education

Page: 512

View: 121


This four-volume collection reprints key debates about exactly what it means to be literate and how literacy can best be taught. Rather than centering on the emotional reaction of mass media debates, this set focuses on research findings into processes and pedagogy. The themes covered include Literacy : its nature and its teaching, Reading - processes and teaching, Writing - processes and teaching and New Literacies - the impact of technologies.


Cooper , Marilyn M. " The Pragmatics of Form : How Do Writers Discover What to
Do When ? " New Directions in ... Cognitive Processes in Comprehension . Ed .
Mariel Adam Just ... Contemporary Perspectives on Rhetoric . Prospect Heights ...



ISBN: UOM:39015021907988

Category: English language

Page: 163

View: 737


writing in student essays. The Cohesion Scoring Scale merits further development and use in research.

Contemporary Motivation Research

From Global to Local Perspectives Marold Wosnitza, Stuart A Karabenick,
Anastasia Efklides, Peter Nenniger ... on learning from spoken or written texts
and from static or animated pictures has been performed from a cognitive
perspective (e.g. ...

Author: Marold Wosnitza

Publisher: Hogrefe Publishing

ISBN: 9781616763565

Category: Psychology

Page: 393

View: 745


As with all scientific endeavors, the study of motivation - understanding behavior's direction and intensity, as well as the persistence of behavior and its cognitive and affective concomitants - faces the issue of theoretical and empirical generalizability: Knowing what works and under what range of conditions.

Contemporary Travel Writing of Latin America

... unilateral narrative perspective inorder to understand our positionsas
globalactors andtoconsider theways in whichour ... Inaddition to their currency
inthe context ofaform which has historically restedon the surety, authority,and
cognitive ...

Author: Claire Lindsay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135167660

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 218

View: 796


This book takes a new approach to travel writing about Latin America by examining ‘domestic’ journey narratives that have been produced by travellers from the continent itself and largely in Spanish. Historically, travel writing about Latin America has been written primarily from the perspective of the foreign, often European, traveller. As such, and following the large influx of military, scientific, and leisure travellers in the region since its colonisation, much of this foreign travel writing has depicted the continent in predominantly exoticist and/or imperialist terms. Lindsay explores how Latin American travellers have conceived and constructed narratives about travel at home and considers how such texts (many of them available in English translation or with subtitles) function to counter or corroborate long-standing myths about the continent. Through a series of regionally- and thematically-oriented case studies that engage with key issues, themes and debates in both Latin American and travel studies, Lindsay provides the first sustained interdisciplinary study of contemporary domestic travel narratives about the region and will also comprise an important intervention into methodological debates about travel and travel writing.

What Reading Research Tells Us About Children With Diverse Learning Needs

In contrast, the emergent literacy perspective, which emanated from cognitive
psychology and psycholinguistics, takes a broader view of literacy ... From an
emergent literacy perspective, reading and writing develop concurrently and
interrelatedly in young children, fostered by ... Thus, this contemporary
perspective stresses that developmental literacy learning occurs during the first
years of a child's 19 2.

Author: Deborah C. Simmons

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135686512

Category: Education

Page: 408

View: 798


The purpose of this book is to communicate findings of a research synthesis investigating the bases of reading failure and the curricular and instructional basics to help guide the design and advancement of children's reading performance. The synthesis--completed by the National Center to Improve the Tools of Educators (NCITE) and sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Special Education Programs--was conducted as part of NCITE's mission to improve the quality of educational tools that largely shape practice in American schools.