Contemporary Perspectives on Cognition and Writing

Explores the historical context of cognitive studies, the importance to our field of studies in neuroscience, the applicability of habits of mind, and the role of cognition in literate development and transfer.

Author: Patricia Portanova

Publisher: CSU Open Press

ISBN: 1607328585

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 368

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Explores the historical context of cognitive studies, the importance to our field of studies in neuroscience, the applicability of habits of mind, and the role of cognition in literate development and transfer.

Contemporary Perspectives on Reading and Spelling

Each paper in this volume provides an account of empirical research that challenges aspects of accepted models and widely accepted theories about reading and spelling.

Author: Clare Wood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134004232

Category: Education

Page: 304

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With contributions from leading international researchers, Contemporary Perspectives on Reading and Spelling offers a critique of current thinking on the research literature into reading, reading comprehension and writing. Each paper in this volume provides an account of empirical research that challenges aspects of accepted models and widely accepted theories about reading and spelling. This book develops the argument for a need to incorporate less widely cited research into popular accounts of written language development and disability, challenging the idea that the development of a universal theory of written language development is attainable. The arguments within the book are explored in three parts: overarching debates in reading and spelling reading and spelling across languages written language difficulties and approaches to teaching. Opening up the existing debates, and incorporating psychological theory and the politics surrounding the teaching and learning of reading and spelling, this edited collection offers some challenging points for reflection about how the discipline of psychology as a whole approaches the study of written language skills. Highlighting ground-breaking new perspectives, this book forms essential reading for all researchers and practitioners with a focus on the development of reading and spelling skills.

Contemporary Perspectives on Literacy in Early Childhood Education

This volume identifies and critically analyzes research studies related to the critical skills, environments, and adult interactions that contribute to young children’s literacy development.

Author: Olivia Saracho

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781607525288

Category: Education

Page: 209

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This volume identifies and critically analyzes research studies related to the critical skills, environments, and adult interactions that contribute to young children’s literacy development. The volume reminisces on the reformation that has emerged in the language and literacy education of young children. Prior to the 1960's, few studies were available on pre?first?grade literacy. Then studies began to emerge in the 1960's focusing on the reading readiness paradigm and on the conventional assumption that literacy development was only introduce and when children experienced formal reading instruction in school (Sulzby & Teale, 1986). Fortunately, Durkin (1966) found that there were children reading before first grade and determined that the reading readiness paradigm was theoretically and pragmatically incongruous. Others followed Durkin’s footsteps. Sulzby and Teale (1986) identify the following concepts about young children’s acquisition of literacy learning: 1. Literacy development originates well before children are introduced to formal instruction. 2. The notion that reading precedes writing or that writing precedes reading is a fallacy. 3. Literacy blooms in "real?life" settings and by performing real?life activities that are used to "get things done." 4. The purposes of literacy for young children are as important in learning about writing and reading as are the dimensions of literacy. 5. Children’s cognitive development is important to their acquisition of literacy during the years from birth to six. 6. Children learn written language when they actively engage in their world. Competent teachers throughout the United States suggest that prior to attending school, children have acquired a distinctive culture, collection of experiences, and group of abilities (Vacca & Vacca, 2000). Many prekindergarten children have been in a group setting for three and four years such as a child care setting where teachers and caregivers teach them reading and writing.

Childhood Social Development

This book provides an account of research in action and debate in progress in a selection of areas of childhood social development where significant progress is underway.

Author: Harry McGurk

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0863772757

Category: Psychology

Page: 247

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This book provides an account of research in action and debate in progress in a selection of areas of childhood social development where significant progress is underway. The chapters are written by an eminent group of British and American developmental psychologists each of whom has made primary contributions to research in the areas covered in the volume. The contributors were invited to reflect upon the current scene in social developmental research and to develop their own distinctive viewpoint and contribution to the field. The book addresses issues in social development from infancy to adolescence. The topics examined include: interactions between biological and social factors in social development; sex role development; the development of friendships; the role of peer interaction in social and cognitive development; and the influence of cultural artifacts in the social and cognitive development of children. Although each chapter is concerned with a different aspect of social development, there are a number of themes that recur throughout the volume. One concerns the nature of social development: the acquisition of social understanding and the development of social skills are not individual achievements of children reared in isolation. Rather, they are the outcome of social processes in which the developing child engages, sometimes in an unequal partnership with experienced adults; at other times in more equal partnership with peers and playmates. In both cases the development change is a constructive outcome. A second recurrent theme is a concern for developmental researchers to take fuller account than they may traditionally have done of the nature of the cultural settings in which social development occurs. Different cultures have different customs and artifacts, and these can constrain development in different ways. This issue is considered throughout the book and is the specific focus of the final chapter.

Contemporary Perspectives on Asian and Pacific American Education

Orthographies and Reading : Perspectives From Cognitive Psychology ,
Neuropsychology and Linguistics . Hillsdale , N . J . : Erlbaum , 1984 .
Seidenberg , M . S . " The Time Course of Phonological Code Activation in Two
Writing Systems .

Author: Russell Endo

Publisher: Multiculture Distribution Center

ISBN: UOM:39015029978213

Category: Asian Americans

Page: 193

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A variety of issues in the education of Asian American and Pacific American immigrants and refugees are addressed in the following papers: "The Acquisition of English and Ethnic Language Attrition: Implications for Research" (Michael A. Power); "Language Difference and Language Disorder in Asian Language Populations: Assessment and Intervention" (Christine Yoshinaga-Itano); "Orthography and Second Language Reading" (Keiko Koda); "Attainment Status of Asian Americans in Higher Education" (Samuel S. Peng); "Higher Education in Hawai-i: A Comparison of Graduation Rates Among Asian and Pacific Americans" (David T. Takeuchi, Amefil Agbayani, Lloyd Kuniyoshi); "The Acculturation of Korean American High School Students" (John Golden); "College Aspirations of Asian and Pacific Americans: A Review of Four Studies" (Rosalind Y. Mau); "Socio-Psychological Adjustments of Refugees in Colorado: Implications for Grassroots Education Regarding Mental Health" (Peter W. van Arsdale, Elizabeth Skartvedt); "A Curricular Framework for Integrating Multicultural Education and International Studies" (Bob H. Suzuki); and "The Evaluation and Internment of Japanese Americans During World War II: An Invaluable Lesson on the American Judicial System" (Nobuya Tsuchida). (MSE)

Contemporary Perspectives on Early Childhood Curriculum

Experimental Reading and Writing Stage usually occurs in kindergarten when
young children become aware of and explore ... (2) skillfully apply cognitive and
metacognitive strategies in reading and writing; (3) display an expanding skill in
all ...

Author: Olivia Saracho

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781607528012

Category: Education

Page: 293

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Over the years, educational scholars have proposed different conceptions of the curriculum. It is as if each scholar, researcher, university educator, and practitioner has developed her or his own personal definition. Unfortunately, there is no one single definition that everybody has agreed upon. Table 1 presents a sample of these definitions. A universal definition for curriculum may continue to be elusive and may even change through the years to address changes in the social forces and changes in related school goals. Nonetheless, the approach in curriculum development is consistent. Curriculum developers establish goals, develop experiences, designate content, and evaluate experiences and outcomes. Most curriculum developers consistently use such terms as curriculum planning, curriculum development, curriculum implementation, and curriculum evaluation, and many others to describe curriculum related activities. Unfortunately, without a consistent definition of curriculum, it is difficult for the curriculum developers to identify what it is that needs to be planned, developed, implemented, or evaluated. If curriculum developers rely on the curriculum experts’ definitions, they will find that their definitions identify a product, a program, determine goals and objectives, and learner experiences. However, its heterogeneity may be inspiring if curriculum developers rely on the components of each definition that depict the richness of the field, which in turn, can provide a foundation for contemporary content, concepts, and creativity. A curriculum is an anthology of learning experiences, conceived and arranged based on a program’s educational goals and the community’s social forces. Each curriculum manifests an image of what children "ought to be and become" (Biber, 1984, p. 303) grounded on the awareness of social values and a system that interprets those values into experiences for learners. The concept of curriculum, as a distinctive domain of study within education, arose from the demand to arrange, organize, and translate such awareness into educational programs of study. It integrates the historical study of the goals and content of schooling, analyses of curriculum documents, and analyses of the children’s experiences in school. The first formal curriculum text was published in 1918 (Bobbit, 1918), although in the United States contemporary curriculum study goes back to the early 1890's, when lead committees challenged the form and structure of public schooling. Presently curriculum development is fundamental at all educational levels.

Principles of Psychology

It balances contemporary approaches with classic perspectives, weaves stimulating conceptual issues throughout the text, and encourages students to think critically, creatively, and practically about the subject and how it applies to the ...

Author: Matt Jarvis

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780198813156

Category: Psychology

Page: 904

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Principles of Psychology offers students a complete introduction to psychology. It balances contemporary approaches with classic perspectives, weaves stimulating conceptual issues throughout the text, and encourages students to think critically, creatively, and practically about the subject and how it applies to the real-world.

Past Present and Future Contributions of Cognitive Writing Research to Cognitive Psychology

In L. Gregg & E. R. Sternberg (Eds.), Cognitive processes in writing (pp. 3–30). ...
Developmental disorders of language learning and cognition. ... In C. Wood & V
Connelly (Eds.), Contemporary perspectives on reading and spelling (pp.

Author: Virginia Wise Berninger

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781848729636

Category: Psychology

Page: 626

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This volume tells the story of research on the cognitive processes of writing—from the perspectives of the early pioneers, the contemporary contributors, and visions of the future for the field. Writing processes yield important insights into human cognition, and is increasingly becoming a mainstream topic of investigation in cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Technological advances have made it possible to study cognitive writing processes as writing unfolds in real time. This book provides an introduction to these technologies. The first part of the volume provides the historical context for the significance of writing research for contemporary cognitive psychology and honors the pioneers in cognitive and social-cognitive research in this field. The book then explores the rapidly expanding work on the social foundations of cognitive processes in writing and considers not only gender differences but also gender similarities in writing. The third part presents a lifespan view of writing in early and middle childhood, adolescence, higher education, and the world of work. There follows an examination of the relationships of language processes –at the word, sentence, and text levels—to the cognitive processes in writing. Part V covers representative research on the cognitive processes of writing—translation and reviewing and revision—and the working memory mechanisms that support those processes. A review of the current technologies used to study these cognitive processes on-line as they happen in real time is provided. Part VII provides an introduction to the emerging new field of the cognitive neuroscience of writing made possible by the rapidly evolving brain imaging technologies, which are interpretable in reference to paradigms in cognitive psychology of writing. The final section of the book offers visions of the future of writing research from the perspective of contemporary leaders in writing research.

COHESION AND COGNITION IN STUDENT WRITING CRITICAL THINKING

Cooper , Marilyn M. " The Pragmatics of Form : How Do Writers Discover What to
Do When ? " New Directions in ... Cognitive Processes in Comprehension . Ed .
Mariel Adam Just ... Contemporary Perspectives on Rhetoric . Prospect Heights ...

Author: GLORIA JEAN OWEN-RODDY

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015021907988

Category: English language

Page: 163

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writing in student essays. The Cohesion Scoring Scale merits further development and use in research.

Urban Experience and Design

This volume invites students, academics and scholars to see how cognitive science and biometric findings give us remarkable 21st-century metrics for evaluating and improving designs, even before they are built.

Author: Justin B. Hollander

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000178395

Category: Architecture

Page: 230

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Embracing a biological and evolutionary perspective to explain the human experience of place, Urban Experience and Design explores how cognitive science and biometric tools provide an evidence-based foundation for architecture and planning. Aiming to promote the creation of a healthier and happier public realm, this book describes how unconscious responses to stimuli, outside our conscious awareness, direct our experience of the built environment and govern human behavior in our surroundings. This collection contains 15 chapters, including contributions from researchers in the US, the UK, the Netherlands, France and Iran. Addressing topics such as the impact of eye-tracking analysis and seeing beauty and empathy within buildings, Urban Experience and Design encourages us to reframe our understanding of design, including the narrative of how modern architecture and planning came to be in the first place. This volume invites students, academics and scholars to see how cognitive science and biometric findings give us remarkable 21st-century metrics for evaluating and improving designs, even before they are built.

Contemporary Perspectives on Psychotherapy and Homosexualities

She is Vice - Chair of Training of the Association of Cognitive Analytic Therapists
and a training and supervising therapist with that organisation . Dr Denman
maintains an interest in sexuality and psychotherapy and has written extensively
in ...

Author: Christopher Shelley

Publisher: Free Assn Books

ISBN: UOM:39015043268781

Category: Psychology

Page: 231

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This text addresses some of the issues that surround psychotherapy training programmes and the special needs of the gay and lesbian populations. It examines theories and models of practice that should be more beneficial to the therapeutic needs of homosexual clients.

Contemporary Perspectives on Interpersonal Communication

Writers from Plato ( 1969 ) to Fromm ( 1956 ) have addressed the issues of
romantic love from an idealistic , normative ... Many scholars have sought to
correlate emotions such as love with underlying cognitive processes ( e . g . ,
Seligman et ...

Author: Sandra Sporbert Petronio

Publisher: WCB/McGraw-Hill

ISBN: 0697133567

Category: Psychology

Page: 517

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Panpsychism

This book collects many of the most recent voices arguing for panpsychism as a genuine alternative in analytic philosophy of mind in the 21st century as well as some of the most prominent critics.

Author: Ludwig Jaskolla

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199359943

Category:

Page: 424

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Recent debates in philosophy of mind seemingly have resulted in an impasse. Reductive physicalism cannot account for the phenomenal mind, and nonreductive physicalism cannot safeguard a causal role for the mental as mental. Dualism was formerly considered to be the only viable alternative, but in addition to exacerbating the problem of mental causation, it is hard to square with a naturalist evolutionary framework. By 1979, Thomas Nagel argued that if reductionism and dualism fail, and a non-reductionist form of strong emergence cannot be made intelligible, then panpsychism-the thesis that mental being is a fundamental and ubiquitous feature of the universe-might be a viable alternative. But it was not until David Chalmers' The Conscious Mind in 1996 that debates on panpsychism entered the philosophical mainstream. Since then the field has been growing rapidly, and some leading philosophers of mind as well as scientist have argued in favor of panpsychism. This book features contemporary arguments for panpsychism as a genuine alternative in analytic philosophy of mind in the 21st century. Different varieties of panpsychism are represented and systematically related to each other in the volume's 16 essays, which feature not only proponents of panpsychism but also prominent critics from both the physicalist and non-physicalist camps.

Contemporary Perspectives in Hearing Assessment

... knowledge of language to ensure a basis for the normal development of
reading skills and subsequent writing skills . ... for many of them to acquire the
fundamental language , social , and cognitive skills that provide the foundation
for later ...

Author: Frank E. Musiek

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: NWU:35556032273377

Category: Medical

Page: 518

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Completely updating the material presented in Hearing Assessment, Second Edition, this book also offers new data on the more complex and sometimes controversial assessment procedures in contemporary audiology. In addition to covering the fundamental concepts of clinical audiology, it provides discussions of clinical decisions and hearing conservation approaches, as well as comprehensive explanations of important diagnostics, presented by a team of top experts with clinical and research experience.The book covers both clinical procedures that have changed little in the past decade (pure tone audiometry, clinical masking) and topics that have evolved and expanded in recent years (evoked potentials, otoacoustic emissions). Other topics include tympanometry; acoustic-reflex measurements; intraoperative monitoring; hearing assessment of newborns, children, and the elderly; behavioral assessment of the central auditory nervous system; pseudohypacusis; occupational hearing loss prevention; and instrumentation and calibration. For hearing professionals and others looking for the latest information on contemporary hearing assessment.

The Mishnah in Contemporary Perspective

In other words , the dominant cognitive strategy of this work is that of synecdoche
. ... than the concatenation of a thousand texts treated as documents — that is , at
any rate , the belief upon which this work of historical writing is predicated .

Author: Alan Jeffery Avery-Peck

Publisher: Handbook of Oriental Studies

ISBN: UOM:39015063354859

Category: History

Page: 218

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This second volume of a two-part project displays the best of contemporary Israeli, North American, and European scholarship on the Mishnah, revealing the intellectual vitality of scholarship in all three centers of learning. Because of the many viewpoints included here, it is the most representative selection of contemporary Mishnah-study available in any collection in a Western language.