Consciousness Cognitive Schemata and Relativism

It is reasonable to hypothesize that representations do not operate in isolation from one another, but are clustered into systems of representations, or cognitive schemata. At first sight, there are interesting differences among these ...

Author: M. Kamppinen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401711418

Category: Psychology

Page: 254

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This series includes monographs and collections of studies devoted to the investigation and exploration of knowledge, information, and data-processing systems of all kinds, no matter whether human, (other) animal, or machine. Its scope spans the full range of interests from classical problems in the philosophy of mind and philosophical psychology through issues in cognitive psychology and sociobiology (concerning the mental powers of other species) to ideas related to artificial intelligence and computer science. While primary emphasis is placed upon theoretical, conceptual, and epistemological aspects of these problems and domains, empirical, experimental, and methodological studies will also appear from time to time. This multi-authored volume provides investigations that fall into three broad areas of inquiry. In Part I, Antti Revonsuo reviews and evaluates contem porary discussions of the nature of consciousness. In Part II, Matti Kamppinen explores methodological issues, distinguishing between "intentional" and "structural" explanations. In Part III, Seppo Sajama and Simo Vihjanen consider whether humans ever have direct access to reality (in Section A), while Matti Kamppinen and Antti Revonsuo explore the conse quences of the claim that our knowledge of reality is conceptually mediated (in Section B). These studies combine to provide a stimulating exploration of cognitive science that should appeal to students and to scholars alike. J.H.F. vii PREFACE BY THE EDITOR The purpose of the book is to illustrate how empirical and conceptual problems interact in modem cognitive science. We argue that several topics discussed in contemporary research have long historical roots in philosophy.

Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience

In M. Kamppinen (Ed), Consciousness, cognitive schemata, and relativism (pp. 27-130). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Revonsuo, A. (I993b). Is there a ghost in the cognitive machinery? Philosophical Psychology, 6(4), 387—405.

Author: Antti Revonsuo

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781134783021

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

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Consciousness seems to be an enigmatic phenomenon: it is difficult to imagine how our perceptions of the world and our inner thoughts, sensations and feelings could be related to the immensely complicated biological organ we call the brain. This volume presents the thoughts of some of the leading philosophers and cognitive scientists who have recently participated in the discussion of the status of consciousness in science. The focus of inquiry is the question: "Is it possible to incorporate consciousness into science?" Philosophers have suggested different alternatives -- some think that consciousness should be altogether eliminated from science because it is not a real phenomenon, others that consciousness is a real, higher-level physical or neurobiological phenomenon, and still others that consciousness is fundamentally mysterious and beyond the reach of science. At the same time, however, several models or theories of the role of conscious processing in the brain have been developed in the more empirical cognitive sciences. It has been suggested that non-conscious processes must be sharply separated from conscious ones, and that the necessity of this distinction is manifested in the curious behavior of certain brain-damaged patients. This book demonstrates the dialogue between philosophical and empirical points of view. The writers present alternative solutions to the brain-consciousness problem and they discuss how the unification of biological and psychological sciences could thus become feasible. Covering a large ground, this book shows how the philosophical and empirical problems are closely interconnected. From this interdisciplinary exploration emerges the conviction that consciousness can and should be a natural part of our scientific world view.

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness

Cognitive models of consciousness. In M. Kamppinen (Ed.), Consciousness, cognitive schemata and relativism (pp. 27– 130). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer. Roediger, H. (1990). Implicit memory: Retention without remembering.

Author: Philip David Zelazo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139464062

Category: Psychology

Page:

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The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness is the first of its kind in the field, and its appearance marks a unique time in the history of intellectual inquiry on the topic. After decades during which consciousness was considered beyond the scope of legitimate scientific investigation, consciousness re-emerged as a popular focus of research towards the end of the last century, and it has remained so for nearly 20 years. There are now so many different lines of investigation on consciousness that the time has come when the field may finally benefit from a book that pulls them together and, by juxtaposing them, provides a comprehensive survey of this exciting field. An authoritative desk reference, which will also be suitable as an advanced textbook.

Conscious Experience

A neuropsychological model of memory and consciousness . In L.R. Squire & N. Butters ( eds ) ... European Journal of Cognitive Psychology , 4 , 1-20 . ... In M. Kamppinen ( ed ) , Consciousness , Cognitive Schemata , and Relativism .

Author: Thomas Metzinger

Publisher: Imprint Academic

ISBN: 0907845053

Category: Philosophy

Page: 564

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The contributions to this book are original articles, representing a cross-section of current philosophical work on consciousness and thereby allowing students and readers from other disciplines to acquaint themselves with the very latest debate, so that they can then pursue their own research interests more effectively. The volume includes a bibliography on consciousness in philosophy, cognitive science and brain research, covering the last 25 years and consisting of over 1000 entries in 18 thematic sections, compiled by David Chalmers and Thomas Metzinger.

Trends in Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive models of consciousness . In M. Kamppinen ( ed . ) , Consciousness , Cognitive Schemata and Relativism . 27-130 . Kluwer , Dordrecht , Netherland . Rosenbloom , P. , Laird , J. and Newell , A. ( 1993 ) .

Author: Serge P. Shohov

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1590336658

Category: Psychology

Page: 266

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Cognitive psychology is concerned with several mental processes, including those involved in perception, attention, learning, memory, problem solving, decision making and the use of language. It is often said that cognitive psychology tries to understand how people represent their experience and then use these representations to operate effectively. Cognitive psychology holds that people are not passive organisms whose mental representations are simple or direct reflections of the outside world. Rater, they are active processors of environmental events, and as such they bring their past knowledge and their biases to bear on how they perceive and understand all current events. Thus perceiving, imagining, thinking, remembering, forming concepts, and solving problems, indeed all aspects of people's mental lives, define the domain of cognitive exploration. This book presents important research which was carefully selected and screened for both current relevance and long-term advancement of the field.

Downward Processes In The Perception Representation Mechanisms Proceedings Of The International School Of Biocybernetics

Koch, C. and J. Braun (1996) "Towards the neuronal correlate of visual awareness", Current Opinion in Neuroscience ... Revonsuo, A. (1993) "Cognitive models of consciousness", In: Consciousness, Cognitive Schemata, and Relativism, ...

Author: Cloe Taddei-ferretti

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814544474

Category:

Page: 604

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Perception is the first step in the whole of the cognitive processes (attention, learning, memory, categorization, imagery, intuition, inference, comprehension, thought, judgement, expression) which culminate in the reasoning activity and to which emotions make a contribution. The production of perception representations is correlated with the perception events. Such perception representations occur by means of the contribution of two kinds of factors: sensory signals which reproduce the spatio-temporal characteristics of the receptor modifications, and interpretation of the intrinsic ambiguity of such signals by means of unconscious inferences. Various interactions intervene between bottom-up signals from peripheral receptors and top-down signals from higher centres.

Advances in Psychology Research

The cognitive and neural architecture of sequence representation . Technical report No.98-03 , Institute of Cognitive and Decision Sciences . University of Oregon . ... Consciousness , Cognitive Schemata and Relativism .

Author: Serge P. Shohov

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1590334728

Category: Psychology

Page: 202

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Advances in Psychology Research

Rationality and the Study of Religion

Dialectical Anthropology, 13, 143-55. Kamppinen, Matti 1993. 'Cognitive Schemata'. In M. Kamppinen (ed.), Consciousness, Cognitive Schemata, and Relativism: Multidisciplinary Explorations in Cognitive Science. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 134-68.

Author: Jeppe Sinding Jensen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136480249

Category: Religion

Page: 224

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Does rationality, the intellectual bedrock of all science, apply to the study of religion? Religion, arguably the most subjective area of human behaviour, has particular challenges associated with its study. Attracting crowd-healers, conjurers, the pious and the prophetic alongside comparativists and sceptics, it excites opinions and generalizations whilst seldom explicitly staking out the territory for the discussions in which it partakes. Increasingly, scholars argue that religious study needs to define and critique its own field, and to distinguish itself from theology and other non-objective disciplines. Yet how can rational techniques be applied to beliefs and states of mind regarded by some as beyond the scope of human reason? Can these be made empirically testable, or comparable and replicable within academic communities? Can science explicate religion without reducing it to mere superstition, or redefine its truth in some empirical but meaningful way? Featuring contributions from leading international experts including Donald Wiebe, Roger Trigg and Michael Pye, Rationality and the Study of Religion gets under the surface of the religious studies discipline to expose the ideologies beneath. Reopening debate in a neglected yet philosophically significant field, it questions the role of rationality in religious anthropology, natural history and anti-scientific theologies, with implications not only for supposedly objective disciplines but for our deepest attitudes to personal experience. 'Interesting and important. Religion has long been associated with irrationality, both by its defenders and its critics, and the topic of rationality has been unjustly neglected The book certainly deserves to be widely circulated.' Greg Alles, Western Maryland College

Computers and Cognition Why Minds are not Machines

Consciousness, Cognitive Schemata, and Relativism. Multidisciplinary Explorations in Cognitive Science. 1993 ISBN 0-7923-2275-4 T.L. Smith: Behavior and its Causes. Philosophical Foundations of Operant Psychology.

Author: J.H. Fetzer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401009737

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 582

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An important collection of studies providing a fresh and original perspective on the nature of mind, including thoughtful and detailed arguments that explain why the prevailing paradigm - the computational conception of language and mentality - can no longer be sustained. An alternative approach is advanced, inspired by the work of Charles S. Peirce, according to which minds are sign-using (or `semiotic') systems, which in turn generates distinctions between different kinds of minds and overcomes problems that burden more familiar alternatives. Unlike conceptions of minds as machines, this novel approach has obvious evolutionary implications, where differences in semiotic abilities tend to distinguish the species. From this point of view, the scope and limits of computer and AI systems can be more adequately appraised and alternative accounts of consciousness and cognition can be more thoroughly criticised. Readership: Intermediate and advanced students of computer science, AI, cognitive science, and all students of the philosophy of the mind.