Computerized Modeling of Sedimentary Systems

State-of-the-art research work requires a thorough knowledge of processes at the interfaces between atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and lithosphere, and is therefore an interdisciplinary approach.

Author: Jan Harff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662039021

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 972


Computerized modeling is a powerful tool to describe the complex interrelations between measured data and the dynamics of sedimentary systems. Complex interaction of environmental factors with natural variations and increasing anthropogenic intervention is reflected in the sedimentary record at varying scales. The understanding of these processes gives way to the reconstruction of the past and is a key to the prediction of future trends. Especially in cases where observations are limited and/or expensive, computer simulations may substitute for the lack of data. State-of-the-art research work requires a thorough knowledge of processes at the interfaces between atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and lithosphere, and is therefore an interdisciplinary approach.

Analogue and Numerical Modelling of Sedimentary Systems

J. Computerized Modeling of Sedimentary Systems (Eds Harff, W. Lemke, and K. Stattegger), Springer, Berlin, 307–339. Long, J.A. (1988) Late Devonian fishes from Gogo, Western Australia. Natl. Geogr. Res., 4, 436–450.

Author: Poppe de Boer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444303148

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 723


Understanding basin-fill evolution and the origin of stratal architectures has traditionally been based on studies of outcrops, well and seismic data, studies of and inferences on qualitative geological processes, and to a lesser extent based on quantitative observations of modern and ancient sedimentary environments. Insight gained on the basis of these studies can increasingly be tested and extended through the application of numerical and analogue forward models. Present-day stratigraphic forward modelling follows two principle lines: 1) the deterministic process-based approach, ideally with resolution of the fundamental equations of fluid and sediment motion at all scales, and 2) the stochastic approach. The process-based approach leads to improved understanding of the dynamics (physics) of the system, increasing our predictive power of how systems evolve under various forcing conditions unless the system is highly non-linear and hence difficult or perhaps even impossible to predict. The stochastic approach is more direct, relatively simple, and useful for study of more complicated or less-well understood systems. Process-based models, more than stochastic ones, are directly limited by the diversity of temporal and spatial scales and the very incomplete knowledge of how processes operate and interact on the various scales. The papers included in this book demonstrate how cross-fertilization between traditional field studies and analogue and numerical forward modelling expands our understanding of Earth-surface systems.

Deepwater Sedimentary Systems

Computer modeling of sedimentary basins and petroleum systems dates at least as far back as the mid-late 1960s, when the Kansas Geological Survey initiated a new publication series, Computer Contributions, regarding the development and ...

Author: Jon R. Rotzien

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323919210

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 808

View: 849


Deepwater Sedimentary Systems: Science, Discovery and Applications helps readers identify, understand and interpret deepwater sedimentary systems at various scales – both onshore and offshore. This book describes the best practices in the integration of geology, geophysics, engineering, technology and economics used to inform smart business decisions in these diverse environments. It draws on technical results gained from deepwater exploration and production drilling campaigns and global field analog studies. With the multi-decadal resilience of deepwater exploration and production and the nature of its inherent uncertainty, this book serves as the essential reference for companies, consultancies, universities, governments and deepwater practitioners around the world seeking to understand deepwater systems and how to explore for and produce resources in these frontier environments. From an academic perspective, readers will use this book as the primer for understanding the processes, deposits and sedimentary environments in deep water – from deep oceans to deep lakes. This book provides conceptual approaches and state-of-the-art information on deepwater systems, as well as scenarios for the next 100 years of human-led exploration and development in deepwater, offshore environments. The students taught this material in today’s classrooms will become the leaders of tomorrow in Earth’s deepwater frontier. This book provides a broad foundation in deepwater sedimentary systems. What may take an individual dozens of academic and professional courses to achieve an understanding in these systems is provided here in one book. Presents a holistic view of how subsurface and engineering processes work together in the energy industry, bringing together contributions from the various technical and engineering disciplines Provides diverse perspectives from a global authorship to create an accurate picture of the process of deepwater exploration and production around the world Helps readers understand how to interpret deepwater systems at various scales to inform smart business decisions, with a significant portion of the workflows derived from the upstream energy industry

Geologic Modeling and Simulation

All of these subjects fall under the broad heading of sedimentary basin analysis. The fifteen papers in this volume are written by internationally recognized experts from academia and industry.

Author: Daniel F. Merriam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461513599

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 607


Modeling and simulation were introduced to the earth sciences about four decades ago. Modeling has proven its worth and now it is an accepted procedure for analyzing and solving geological problems. The papers in this collection are focused on modeling sediment deposition and sedimentary sequences and have a decidedly practical flavor. Some of the leading simulation packages, such as CORRELATOR, SEDFLUX, SEDpak, SEDSIM, STRATA, and STRATSIM are applied to problems in hydrocarbon exploration, oil production, groundwater development, coal-bed appraisal, geothermics, and environmental diagnosis. All of these subjects fall under the broad heading of sedimentary basin analysis. The fifteen papers in this volume are written by internationally recognized experts from academia and industry. The contributions represent the status of geologic modeling and simulation at the start of the 21st century, and will give the reader an insight into current research problems and their possible solutions.

Fuzzy Logic in Geology

Harff, J., Lemke, W., & Stattegger, K. [1999], Computerized Modeling of Sedimentary Systems. Springer-Verlag, New York. Klir, G. J., & Yuan, B. [1995], Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic Theory and Applications. PrenticeHall, Upper Saddle River ...

Author: Robert V. Demicco

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080521893

Category: Science

Page: 347

View: 755


What is fuzzy logic?--a system of concepts and methods for exploring modes of reasoning that are approximate rather than exact. While the engineering community has appreciated the advances in understanding using fuzzy logic for quite some time, fuzzy logic's impact in non-engineering disciplines is only now being recognized. The authors of Fuzzy Logic in Geology attend to this growing interest in the subject and introduce the use of fuzzy set theory in a style geoscientists can understand. This is followed by individual chapters on topics relevant to earth scientists: sediment modeling, fracture detection, reservoir characterization, clustering in geophysical data analysis, ground water movement, and time series analysis. George Klir is the Distinguished Professor of Systems Science and Director of the Center for Intelligent Systems, Fellow of the IEEE and IFSA, editor of nine volumes, editorial board member of 18 journals, and author or co-author of 16 books Foreword by the inventor of fuzzy logic-- Professor Lotfi Zadeh

Advances in Coastal Modeling

Lagrangian modelling techniques simulating wave and sediment dynamics determining sand-body equilibria. In: Harff, J., Lemke, W., and Stattegger, K. (Editors), Computerized Modeling of Sedimentary Systems, Chapter 1, pp. 3–21.

Author: V.C. Lakhan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080526645

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 410


This book unifies and enhances the accessibility of contemporary scholarly research on advances in coastal modeling. A comprehensive spectrum of innovative models addresses the wide diversity and multifaceted aspects of coastal research on the complex natural processes, dynamics, interactions and responses of the coastal supersystem and its associated subsystems. The twenty-one chapters, contributed by internationally recognized coastal experts from fourteen countries, provide invaluable insights on the recent advances and present state-of-the-art knowledge on coastal models which are essential for not only illuminating the governing coastal process and various characteristics, but also for understanding and predicting the dynamics at work in the coastal system. One of the unique strengths of the book is the impressive and encompassing presentation of current functional and operational coastal models for all those concerned with and interested in the modeling of seas, oceans and coasts. In addition to chapters modeling the dynamic natural processes of waves, currents, circulatory flows and sediment transport there are also chapters that focus on the modeling of beaches, shorelines, tidal basins and shore platforms. The substantial scope of the book is further strengthened with chapters concentrating on the effects of coastal structures on nearshore flows, coastal water quality, coastal pollution, coastal ecological modeling, statistical data modeling, and coupling of coastal models with geographical information systems.

Machine Intelligence

Li , M. Z. , and Amos , C. L. , 1995 ; SEDTRANS92 : a sediment transport model of continental shelves . ... 1997 , Computer Modelling of Seas and Coastal Regions . ... 1999 , Computerized Modeling of Sedimentary Systems .

Author: Peter Sincak

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812562532

Category: Computers

Page: 480

View: 708


This book brings together the contributions of leading researchers inthe field of machine intelligence, covering areas such as fuzzy logic, neural networks, evolutionary computation and hybrid systems.There is wide coverage of the subject from simple tools, throughindustrial applications, to applications in high-level intelligentsystems which are biologically motivated, such as humanoid robots (andselected parts of these systems, like the visual cortex). Readers willgain a comprehensive overview of the issues in machine intelligence, afield which promises to play a very important role in the informationsociety of the future

The Northern North Atlantic

... between the last glacial and present; sediment core data and OGCM modelling, Paleoclimates, 2 (2-3), 101-131, 1998. ... Modelling circulation changes and glacio-marine deposition, in Computerized Modeling of Sedimentary Systems, ...

Author: Priska Schäfer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642568763

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 368


The northern North Atlantic is one of the regions most sensitive to past and present global changes. This book integrates the results of an interdisciplinary project studying the properties of the Greenland-Iceland-Norwegian Seas and the processes of pelagic and benthic particle formation, particle transport, and deposition in the deep-sea sediments. Ice-related and biogeochemical processes have been investigated to decipher the spatial and temporal variability of the production and fate of organic carbon in this region. Isotopic stratigraphy, microfossil assemblages and paleotemperatures are combined to reconstruct paleoceanographic conditions and to model past climatic changes in the Late Quaternary. The Greenland-Iceland-Norwegian Seas can now be considered one of the best studied subbasins of the world`s oceans.

Mud and Mudstones

In: Harff J (ed) Computerized Modeling of Sedimentary Systems. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 247–261 Sloss LL (1962) Stratigraphic models in exploration. Am Assoc Petrol Geol Bull 46:1050–1057 Smith GA, Landis CA (1995) ...

Author: Paul E. Potter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540270829

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 670


Clear writing and analysis of the broad spectrum of processes that produce shale are coupled with well-captioned 150 illustrations, 40 tables, boxed technical details, glossary and appendices. Recounts the step-by-step evolution and stages of shal, enabling readers to master the basics and to dig yet deeper into their origin, practical implications and relationship to earth history. Background information appears in appendices (Clay Mineralogy, Isotopes, Petrology, etc.); technicial details in high-lighted boxes, and definitions of 300+ terms in the Glossary.